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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 12. Health
Agency 5. Department of Health
5/28/2017

Chapter 421. Food RegulationsRead Chapter

Section 10
Definitions
Section 20
[Reserved]
Section 30
Purpose
Section 40
Administration of regulation
Section 50
Assignment of responsibility
Section 55
Certified food protection manager
Section 60
Demonstration of knowledge
Section 65
Food protection manager certification
Section 70
Duties of person in charge
Section 80
Responsibility of permit holder, person in charge, and conditional employees
Section 90
Exclusions and restrictions
Section 100
Removal, adjustment, or retention of exclusions and restrictions
Section 110
[Repealed]
Section 120
[Repealed]
Section 130
Clean condition of hands and arms
Section 140
Cleaning procedure of hands and arms
Section 150
[Repealed]
Section 160
When to wash
Section 170
Where to wash
Section 180
Hand antiseptics
Section 190
Maintenance of fingernails
Section 200
Prohibition of jewelry
Section 210
Clean condition of outer clothing
Section 220
Eating, drinking, or using tobacco
Section 230
Discharges from the eyes, nose, and mouth
Section 240
Effectiveness of hair restraints
Section 250
Handling of animals prohibited
Section 255
Clean-up of vomiting and diarrheal events
Section 260
Safe and unadulterated
Section 270
Compliance with food law
Section 280
Food in a hermetically sealed container
Section 290
Fluid milk and milk products
Section 295
Juice treated
Section 300
Fish
Section 310
Molluscan shellfish
Section 320
Wild mushrooms
Section 330
Game animals
Section 340
Temperature
Section 350
Additives
Section 360
Eggs
Section 370
Eggs and milk products, pasteurized
Section 380
Package integrity
Section 390
Ice
Section 400
Shucked shellfish, packaging and identification
Section 410
Shellstock identification
Section 420
Shellstock; condition
Section 430
Molluscan shellfish; original container
Section 440
Shellstock; maintaining identification
Section 450
Preventing contamination
Section 460
Preventing contamination when tasting
Section 470
Packaged and unpackaged food - separation, packaging, and segregation
Section 480
Food storage containers; identified with common name of food
Section 490
Pasteurized eggs; substitute for raw eggs for certain recipes and populations
Section 500
Protection from unapproved additives
Section 510
Washing fruits and vegetables
Section 520
Ice used as exterior coolant, prohibited as ingredient
Section 530
Storage or display of food in contact with water or ice
Section 540
Food contact with equipment and utensils
Section 550
In-use utensils, between-use storage
Section 560
Linens and napkins, use limitation
Section 570
Wiping cloths; use limitation
Section 580
Gloves; use limitation
Section 590
Using clean tableware for second portions and refills
Section 600
Refilling returnables
Section 610
Food storage
Section 620
Food storage; prohibited areas
Section 630
Vended time/temperature control for safety food; original container
Section 640
Food preparation
Section 650
Food display
Section 660
Condiments; protection
Section 670
Consumer self-service operations
Section 680
Returned food and reservice of food
Section 690
Miscellaneous sources of contamination
Section 700
Raw animal foods
Section 710
Microwave cooking
Section 720
Plant food cooking for hot holding
Section 725
Noncontinuous cooking
Section 730
Parasite destruction
Section 740
Records, creation and retention
Section 750
[Repealed]
Section 755
Preparation for immediate service
Section 760
Reheating for hot holding
Section 765
Treating juice
Section 770
Frozen food
Section 780
Time/temperature control for safety food, slacking
Section 790
Thawing
Section 800
Cooling
Section 810
Cooling methods
Section 820
Time/temperature control for safety food; hot and cold holding
Section 830
Ready-to-eat, time/temperature control for safety food; date marking
Section 840
Ready-to-eat, time/temperature control for safety food; disposition
Section 850
Time as a public health control
Section 860
Variance requirement
Section 870
Reduced oxygen packaging without a variance, criteria
Section 880
Standards of identity
Section 890
Honestly presented
Section 900
Food labels
Section 910
Other forms of information
Section 920
[Reserved]
Section 930
Consumer advisory: consumption of animal foods that are raw, undercooked, or not otherwise processed to eliminate pathogens
Section 940
Discarding unsafe, adulterated, or contaminated food
Section 950
Pasteurized foods, prohibited reservice, and prohibited food
Section 960
Multiuse, characteristics
Section 970
Cast iron, use limitation
Section 980
Lead, use limitation
Section 990
Copper, use limitation
Section 1000
Galvanized metal, use limitation
Section 1010
Sponges, use limitation
Section 1020
[Repealed]
Section 1030
[Repealed]
Section 1040
Wood, use limitation
Section 1050
Nonstick coatings, use limitation
Section 1060
Nonfood-contact surfaces
Section 1070
Single-service and single-use, characteristics
Section 1080
Equipment and utensils
Section 1090
Food temperature measuring devices
Section 1100
Food-contact surfaces; cleanability
Section 1110
CIP equipment
Section 1120
"V" threads; use limitation
Section 1130
Hot oil filtering equipment
Section 1140
Can openers
Section 1150
Nonfood-contact surfaces
Section 1160
Kick plates; removable
Section 1170
Ventilation hood systems; filters
Section 1180
Temperature measuring devices; food
Section 1190
Temperature measuring devices; ambient air and water
Section 1200
Pressure measuring devices, mechanical warewashing equipment
Section 1210
Ventilation hood systems, drip prevention
Section 1220
Equipment openings, closures and deflectors
Section 1230
Dispensing equipment, protection of equipment and food
Section 1240
Vending machine, vending stage closure
Section 1250
Bearings and gear boxes, leakproof
Section 1260
Beverage tubing, separation
Section 1270
Ice units, separation of drains
Section 1280
Condenser unit, separation
Section 1290
Can openers on vending machines
Section 1300
Molluscan shellfish tanks
Section 1310
Vending machines, automatic shutoff
Section 1320
Temperature measuring devices
Section 1330
Warewashing machine, data plate operating specifications
Section 1340
Warewashing machines, internal baffles
Section 1350
Warewashing machines, temperature measuring devices
Section 1360
Manual warewashing equipment, heaters and baskets
Section 1370
Warewashing machines, sanitizer level indicator automatic dispensing of detergents and sanitizers
Section 1380
Warewashing machines, flow pressure device
Section 1390
Warewashing sinks and drainboards, self-draining
Section 1400
Equipment compartments, drainage
Section 1410
Vending machines, liquid waste products
Section 1420
Case lot handling apparatuses, movability
Section 1430
Vending machine doors and openings
Section 1435
Food equipment, certification and classification
Section 1440
[Repealed]
Section 1450
Cooling, heating, and holding capacities
Section 1460
Manual warewashing, sink compartment requirements
Section 1470
Drainboards
Section 1480
Ventilation hood systems, adequacy
Section 1490
Clothes washers and dryers
Section 1500
Utensils, consumer self-service
Section 1510
Food temperature measuring devices
Section 1520
Temperature measuring devices, manual and mechanical warewashing
Section 1530
Sanitizing solutions, testing devices
Section 1535
Cleaning agents and sanitizers, availability
Section 1540
Equipment, clothes washers and dryers, and storage cabinets, contamination prevention
Section 1550
Fixed equipment, spacing or sealing
Section 1560
Fixed equipment, elevation or sealing
Section 1570
Good repair and proper adjustment
Section 1580
Cutting surfaces
Section 1590
Microwave ovens
Section 1600
Warewashing equipment, cleaning frequency
Section 1610
Warewashing machines, manufacturers' operating instructions
Section 1620
Warewashing sinks, use limitation
Section 1630
Warewashing equipment, cleaning agents
Section 1640
Warewashing equipment, clean solutions
Section 1650
Manual warewashing equipment, wash solution temperature
Section 1660
Mechanical warewashing equipment, wash solution temperature
Section 1670
Manual warewashing equipment, hot water sanitization temperatures
Section 1680
Mechanical warewashing equipment, hot water sanitization temperatures
Section 1690
Mechanical warewashing equipment, sanitization pressure
Section 1700
Manual and mechanical warewashing equipment, chemical sanitization - temperature, pH, concentration, and hardness
Section 1710
Manual warewashing equipment, chemical sanitization using detergent-sanitizers
Section 1720
Warewashing equipment, determining chemical sanitizer concentration
Section 1730
Good repair and calibration
Section 1740
Single-service and single-use articles, required use
Section 1750
Single-service and single-use articles, use limitation
Section 1760
Shells, use limitation
Section 1770
Equipment, food-contact surfaces, non-food-contact surfaces, and utensils
Section 1780
Equipment food-contact surfaces and utensils
Section 1790
Cooking and baking equipment
Section 1800
Nonfood-contact surfaces
Section 1810
Dry cleaning
Section 1820
Precleaning
Section 1830
Loading of soiled items, warewashing machines
Section 1840
Wet cleaning
Section 1850
Washing, procedures for alternative manual warewashing equipment
Section 1860
Rinsing procedures
Section 1870
[Repealed]
Section 1880
[Repealed]
Section 1885
Food-contact surfaces and utensils
Section 1890
Before use after cleaning
Section 1900
Hot water and chemical
Section 1910
Clean linens
Section 1920
Laundering frequency for linens, cloth gloves, napkins, and wiping cloths
Section 1930
Storage of soiled linens
Section 1940
Mechanical washing
Section 1950
Use of laundry facilities
Section 1960
Equipment and utensils, air-drying required
Section 1970
Wiping cloths, air-drying locations
Section 1980
Food-contact surfaces
Section 1990
Equipment
Section 2000
Equipment, utensils, linens, and single-service and single-use articles
Section 2010
Prohibitions
Section 2020
Kitchenware and tableware
Section 2030
Soiled and clean tableware
Section 2040
Preset tableware
Section 2045
Rinsing equipment and utensils after cleaning and sanitizing
Section 2050
Approved system
Section 2060
System flushing and disinfection
Section 2070
Bottled drinking water
Section 2080
Pure water standards
Section 2090
Nonpotable water
Section 2100
Sampling
Section 2110
Sample report
Section 2120
Capacity
Section 2130
Pressure
Section 2140
[Reserved]
Section 2150
[Repealed]
Section 2160
Alternative water supply
Section 2170
Approved materials
Section 2180
Approved system and cleanable fixtures
Section 2190
Handwashing sinks, water temperature, and flow
Section 2200
Backflow prevention, air gap
Section 2210
Backflow prevention device, design standard
Section 2220
Conditioning device, design
Section 2230
Handwashing sinks, numbers, and capacities
Section 2240
Toilets and urinals
Section 2250
Service sink
Section 2260
Backflow prevention device, when required
Section 2270
Backflow prevention device, carbonator
Section 2280
Handwashing sinks, location
Section 2290
Backflow prevention device, location
Section 2300
Conditioning device, location
Section 2310
Using a handwashing sink
Section 2320
Prohibiting a cross connection
Section 2330
Scheduling inspection and service for a water system device
Section 2340
Water reservoir of fogging devices, cleaning
Section 2350
System maintained in good repair
Section 2360
Mobile water tank approved materials
Section 2370
Enclosed system, sloped to drain
Section 2380
Inspection and cleaning port, protected and secured
Section 2390
"V" type threads, use limitation
Section 2400
Tank vent, protected
Section 2410
Inlet and outlet, sloped to drain
Section 2420
Hose, construction and identification
Section 2430
Filter, compressed air
Section 2440
Protective cover or device
Section 2450
Mobile food establishment tank inlet
Section 2460
System flushing and disinfection
Section 2470
Using a pump and hoses, backflow prevention
Section 2480
Protecting inlet, outlet, and hose fitting
Section 2490
Tank, pump, and hoses, dedication
Section 2500
Mobile holding tank capacity and drainage
Section 2510
[Repealed]
Section 2520
Backflow prevention
Section 2530
Grease trap
Section 2540
Conveying sewage
Section 2550
Removing mobile food establishment wastes
Section 2560
Flushing a waste retention tank
Section 2570
Approved sewage disposal system
Section 2580
Other liquid wastes and rainwater
Section 2590
[Repealed]
Section 2600
Outdoor storage surface
Section 2610
Outdoor enclosure
Section 2620
Receptacles
Section 2630
Receptacles in vending machines
Section 2640
Outside receptacles
Section 2650
Storage areas, rooms, and receptacles, capacity and availability
Section 2660
Toilet room receptacle, covered
Section 2670
Cleaning implements and supplies
Section 2680
Storage areas, redeeming machines, receptacles and waste handling units, location
Section 2690
Storing refuse, recyclables, and returnables
Section 2700
Areas, enclosures, and receptacles, good repair
Section 2710
Outside storage prohibitions
Section 2720
Covering receptacles
Section 2730
Using drain plugs
Section 2740
Maintaining refuse areas and enclosures
Section 2750
Cleaning receptacles
Section 2760
Removal frequency
Section 2770
Receptacles or vehicles
Section 2780
Community or individual facility
Section 2790
Indoor areas; surface characteristics
Section 2800
Outdoor areas; surface characteristics
Section 2810
Floors, walls, and ceilingscleanability
Section 2820
Floors, walls, and ceilings, utility lines
Section 2830
Floor and wall junctures, coved, and enclosed or sealed
Section 2840
Floor carpeting, restrictions and installation
Section 2850
Floor covering, mats and duckboards
Section 2860
Wall and ceiling coverings and coatings
Section 2870
Walls and ceilings, attachments
Section 2880
Walls and ceilings, studs, joists, and rafters
Section 2890
Light bulbs, protective shielding
Section 2900
Heating, ventilating, air conditioning system vents
Section 2910
Insect control devices, design and installation
Section 2920
Toilet rooms, enclosed
Section 2930
Outer openings, protected
Section 2940
Exterior walls and roofs, protective barrier
Section 2950
Outdoor food vending areas, overhead protection
Section 2960
Outdoor servicing areas, overhead protection
Section 2970
Outdoor walking and driving surfaces, graded to drain
Section 2980
Outdoor refuse areas, curbed and graded to drain
Section 2990
Private homes and living or sleeping quarters, use prohibition
Section 3000
Living or sleeping quarters, separation
Section 3010
[Repealed]
Section 3020
Handwashing cleanser, availability
Section 3030
Hand drying provision
Section 3040
Handwashing aids and devices, use restrictions
Section 3045
Handwashing signage
Section 3050
[Repealed]
Section 3060
[Repealed]
Section 3070
Toilet tissue, availability
Section 3080
Lighting, intensity
Section 3090
Ventilation, mechanical
Section 3100
Dressing areas and lockers, designation
Section 3110
[Repealed]
Section 3120
[Repealed]
Section 3130
Toilet rooms, convenience and accessibility
Section 3140
Employee accommodations, designated areas
Section 3150
Distressed merchandise, segregation and location
Section 3160
[Repealed]
Section 3170
Repairing
Section 3180
Cleaning, frequency and restrictions
Section 3190
Cleaning floors, dustless methods
Section 3200
Cleaning ventilation systems, nuisance and discharge prohibition
Section 3210
Cleaning maintenance tools, preventing contamination
Section 3220
Drying mops
Section 3230
Absorbent materials on floors, use limitation
Section 3240
Cleaning of plumbing fixtures
Section 3250
Closing toilet room doors
Section 3260
Using dressing rooms and lockers
Section 3270
Controlling pests
Section 3280
Removing dead or trapped birds, insects, rodents, and other pests
Section 3290
Storing maintenance tools
Section 3300
Maintaining premises, unnecessary items and litter
Section 3310
Prohibiting animals
Section 3320
Original containers - identifying information, prominence
Section 3330
Working containers - common name
Section 3340
Storage, separation
Section 3350
Presence and use restriction
Section 3360
Conditions of use
Section 3370
Poisonous or toxic material containers
Section 3380
Sanitizers, criteria
Section 3390
Chemicals for washing fruits and vegetables, criteria
Section 3400
Boiler water additives, criteria
Section 3410
Drying agents, criteria
Section 3420
Lubricants - incidental food contact, criteria
Section 3430
Restricted use pesticides, criteria
Section 3440
Rodent bait stations
Section 3450
Tracking powders, pest control, and monitoring
Section 3460
Medicines - restriction and storage
Section 3470
Refrigerated medicines, storage
Section 3480
First aid supplies, storage
Section 3490
Other personal care items, storage
Section 3500
Storage and display, separation
Section 3510
Public health protection
Section 3520
Preventing health hazards, provision for conditions not addressed
Section 3530
Application of Administrative Process Act
Section 3540
[Reserved]
Section 3550
Food Service Advisory Committee
Section 3560
Exemptions to regulations
Section 3570
Variances
Section 3580
Evaluation of a variance application
Section 3590
Disposition of a variance request
Section 3600
Facility and operating plans
Section 3610
Contents of the plans and specifications
Section 3620
When a HACCP plan is required
Section 3630
Contents of a HACCP plan
Section 3640
Confidentiality -- trade secrets
Section 3650
Preoperational inspections
Section 3660
Permits
Section 3670
Application procedure, submission before proposed opening
Section 3680
Form of submission
Section 3690
Qualifications and responsibilities of applicants
Section 3700
Contents of the application
Section 3710
New, converted, or remodeled establishments
Section 3720
Existing establishments, permit renewal, and change of ownership
Section 3730
Denial of application for permit, notice
Section 3740
Responsibilities of the regulatory authority
Section 3750
Responsibilities of the permit holder
Section 3760
Permits not transferable
Section 3770
Summary suspension of a permit
Section 3780
Revocation of a permit
Section 3790
Application after revocation
Section 3800
Periodic inspection
Section 3810
Performance-based and risk-based inspections
Section 3815
Competency of environmental health specialists
Section 3820
Access allowed at reasonable times after due notice
Section 3830
Refusal, notification of right to access, and final request for access
Section 3840
Refusal, reporting
Section 3850
Inspection warrants
Section 3860
Documenting information and observations
Section 3870
Specifying time frame for corrections
Section 3880
Issuing report and obtaining acknowledgment of receipt
Section 3890
Refusal to sign acknowledgment
Section 3900
Public records
Section 3910
Imminent health hazard, ceasing operations and reporting
Section 3920
Resumption of operations
Section 3930
Timely correction
Section 3940
Verification and documentation of correction
Section 3950
Core item, timeframe for correction
Section 3960
Examination for condemnation of food
Section 3970
Enforcement of regulation
Section 3980
Request for informal fact-finding conference
Section 3990
[Repealed]
Section 4000
Appeals
Section 4010
Penalties, injunctions, civil penalties and charges for violations
Section 4020
Compliance with the Uniform Statewide Building Code
Section 4030
Local ordinance superseded; exception
Section 4035
Exempt facilities that choose to be regulated
Section 4040
Investigation and control, obtaining information: personal history of illness, medical examination,
Section 4050
Restriction or exclusion of food employee, or summary suspension of permit
Section 4060
Restriction or exclusion order: warning or hearing not required, information required in order
Section 4070
Release of food employee from restriction or exclusion
FORMS
FORMS (12VAC5-421)
DIBR
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE (12VAC5-421)

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