Administrative Code

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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 12. Health
Agency 5. Department of Health
Chapter 481. Virginia Radiation Protection Regulations
8/19/2017

12VAC5-481-3770. Determination of a1 and a2.

A. Values of A1 and A2 for individual radionuclides, which are the bases for many activity limits elsewhere in these regulations, are given in Table 1 of this section. The curie (Ci) values specified are obtained by converting from the Terabecquerel (TBq) value. The terabecquerel values are the regulatory standard. The curie values are for information only and are not intended to be the regulatory standard. Where values of A1 and A2 are unlimited, it is for radiation control purposes only. For nuclear criticality safety, some materials are subject to controls placed on fissile material.

B. For individual radionuclides whose identities are known, but that are not listed in Table 1 or Table 2 of this section, the A1 and A2 values or exempt material activity concentration and exempt consignment activity values contained in Table 3 of this section may be used. Otherwise, the licensee shall obtain prior agency approval for radionuclides not listed in Table 1 or Table 2 of this section, before shipping the material. The licensee shall submit requests for prior approval to the agency.

C. In the calculations of A1 and A2 for a radionuclide not in Table 1 of this section, a single radioactive decay chain, in which radionuclides are present in their naturally occurring proportions, and in which no daughter radionuclide has a half-life either longer than 10 days, or longer than that of the parent radionuclide, shall be considered as a single radionuclide, and the activity to be taken into account, and the A1 or A2 value to be applied, shall be those corresponding to the parent radionuclide of that chain. In the case of radioactive decay chains in which any daughter radionuclide has a half-life either longer than 10 days or greater than that of the parent radionuclide, the parent and those daughter radionuclides shall be considered as mixtures of different radionuclides.

D. For mixtures of radionuclides whose identities and respective activities are known, the following conditions apply:

1. For special form radioactive material, the maximum quantity transported in a Type A package is as follows:

Value for normal form radioactive
material, transported in A Sub1 package

where B(i) is the activity of radionuclide (i), and A1(i) is the A1 value for radionuclide (i).

2. For normal form radioactive material, the maximum quantity transported in a Type A package is as follows:

∑B(i)/A2(i)≤1

where B(i) is the activity of radionuclide (i), and A2(i) is the A2 value for radionuclide (i) in special form.

3. Alternatively, the A1 value for mixtures of special form material may be determined as follows:

Formula for A Sub1 value for
mixtures of special form material

where f(i) is the fraction of activity for radionuclide (i) in the mixture, and A1(i) is the appropriate A1 value for radionuclide (i).

4. Alternatively, the A2 value for mixtures of normal form material may be determined as follows:

Formula for A Sub2 value for
mixtures of normal form material

where f(i) is the fraction of activity for radionuclide (i) in the mixture, and A2(i) is the appropriate A2 value for radionuclide (i).

5. The exempt activity concentration for mixtures of nuclides may be determined as follows:

Formula for exempt activity
concentration for mixture of nuclides

where f(i) is the fraction of activity concentration of radionuclide (i) in the mixture, and [A](i) is the activity concentration for exempt material containing radionuclide (i).

6. The activity limit for an exempt consignment for mixtures of radionuclides may be determined as follows:

Formula for the activity limit for an
exempt consignment for mixtures of radionuclides

where f(i) is the fraction of activity of radionuclide (i) in the mixture, and [A](i) is the activity limit for exempt consignments for radionuclide (i).

E. When the identity of each radionuclide is known, but the individual activities of some of the radionuclides are not known, the radionuclides may be grouped, and the lowest A1 or A2 value, as appropriate, for the radionuclides in each group may be used in applying the formulas in subsection D of this section. Groups may be based on the total alpha activity and the total beta/gamma activity when these are known, using the lowest A1 or A2 values for the alpha emitters and beta/gamma emitters.

F. Table 1. A1 and A2 Values for Radionuclides.

Symbol of radionuclide

Element and atomic number

A1 (TBq)

A1(Ci)b

A2 (TBq)

A2(Ci)b

Specific activity

(TBq/g)

(Ci/g)

Ac-225 (a)

Actinium (89)

8.0X10-1

2.2X10-1

6.0X10-3

1.6X10-1

2.1X103

5.8X104

Ac-227 (a)

9.0X10-1

2.4X10-1

9.0X10-5

2.4X10-3

2.7

7.2X101

Ac-228

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

5.0X10-1

1.4X101

8.4X104

2.2X106

Ag-105

Silver (47)

2.0

5.4X101

2.0

5.4X101

1.1X103

3.0X104

Ag-108m (a)

7.0X10-1

1.9X101

7.0X10-1

1.9X101

9.7X10-1

2.6X101

Ag-110m (a)

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

1.8X102

4.7X103

Ag-111

2.0

5.4X101

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

5.8X103

1.6X105

Al-26

Aluminum (13)

1.0X10-1

2.7

1.0X10-1

2.7

7.0X10-4

1.9X10-2

Am-241

Americium (95)

1.0X101

2.7X102

1.0X10-3

2.7X10-2

1.3X10-1

3.4

Am-242m (a)

1.0X101

2.7X102

1.0X10-3

2.7X10-2

3.6X10-1

1.0X101

Am-243 (a)

5.0

1.4X102

1.0X10-3

2.7X10-2

7.4X10-3

2.0X10-1

Ar-37

Argon (18)

4.0X101

1.1X103

4.0X101

1.1X103

3.7X103

9.9X104

Ar-39

4.0X101

1.1X103

2.0X101

5.4X102

1.3

3.4X101

Ar-41

3.0X10-1

8.1

3.0X10-1

8.1

1.5X106

4.2X107

As-72

Arsenic (33)

3.0X10-1

8.1

3.0X10-1

8.1

6.2X104

1.7X106

As-73

4.0X101

1.1X103

4.0X101

1.1X103

8.2X102

2.2X104

As-74

1.0

2.7X101

9.0X10-1

2.4X101

3.7X103

9.9X104

As-76

3.0X10-1

8.1

3.0X10-1

8.1

5.8X104

1.6X106

As-77

2.0X101

5.4X102

7.0X10-1

1.9X101

3.9X104

1.0X106

At-211 (a)

Astatine (85)

2.0X101

5.4X102

5.0X10-1

1.4X101

7.6X104

2.1X106

Au-193

Gold (79)

7.0

1.9X102

2.0

5.4X101

3.4X104

9.2X105

Au-194

1.0

2.7X101

1.0

2.7X101

1.5X104

4.1X105

Au-195

1.0X101

2.7X102

6.0

1.6X102

1.4X102

3.7X103

Au-198

1.0

2.7X101

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

9.0X103

2.4X105

Au-199

1.0X101

2.7X102

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

7.7X103

2.1X105

Ba-131 (a)

Barium (56)

2.0

5.4X101

2.0

5.4X101

3.1X103

8.4X104

Ba-133

3.0

8.1X101

3.0

8.1X101

9.4

2.6X102

Ba-133m

2.0X101

5.4X102

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

2.2X104

6.1X105

Ba-140 (a)

5.0X10-1

1.4X101

3.0X10-1

8.1

2.7X103

7.3X104

Be-7

Beryllium (4)

2.0X101

5.4X102

2.0X101

5.4X102

1.3X104

3.5X105

Be-10

4.0X101

1.1X103

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

8.3X10-4

2.2X10-2

Bi-205

Bismuth (83)

7.0X10-1

1.9X101

7.0X10-1

1.9X101

1.5X103

4.2X104

Bi-206

3.0X10-1

8.1

3.0X10-1

8.1

3.8X103

1.0X105

Bi-207

7.0X10-1

1.9X101

7.0X10-1

1.9X101

1.9

5.2X101

Bi-210

1.0

2.7X101

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

4.6X103

1.2X105

Bi-210m (a)

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

2.0X10-2

5.4X10-1

2.1X10-5

5.7X10-4

Bi-212 (a)

7.0X10-1

1.9X101

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

5.4X105

1.5X107

Bk-247

Berkelium (97)

8.0

2.2X102

8.0X10-4

2.2X10-2

3.8X10-2

1.0

Bk-249 (a)

4.0X101

1.1X103

3.0X10-1

8.1

6.1X101

1.6X103

Br-76

Bromine (35)

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

9.4X104

2.5X106

Br-77

3.0

8.1X101

3.0

8.1X101

2.6X104

7.1X105

Br-82

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

4.0X104

1.1X106

C-11

Carbon (6)

1.0

2.7X101

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

3.1X107

8.4X108

C-14

4.0X101

1.1X103

3.0

8.1X101

1.6X10-1

4.5

Ca-41

Calcium (20)

Unlimited

Unlimited

Unlimited

Unlimited

3.1X10-3

8.5X10-2

Ca-45

4.0X101

1.1X103

1.0

2.7X101

6.6X102

1.8X104

Ca-47 (a)

3.0

8.1X101

3.0X10-1

8.1

2.3X104

6.1X105

Cd-109

Cadmium (48)

3.0X101

8.1X102

2.0

5.4X101

9.6X101

2.6X103

Cd-113m

4.0X101

1.1X103

5.0X10-1

1.4X101

8.3

2.2X102

Cd-115 (a)

3.0

8.1X101

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

1.9X104

5.1X105

Cd-115m

5.0X10-1

1.4X101

5.0X10-1

1.4X101

9.4X102

2.5X104

Ce-139

Cerium (58)

7.0

1.9X102

2.0

5.4X101

2.5X102

6.8X103

Ce-141

2.0X101

5.4X102

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

1.1X103

2.8X104

Ce-143

9.0X10-1

2.4X101

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

2.5X104

6.6X105

Ce-144 (a)

2.0X10-1

5.4

2.0X10-1

5.4

1.2X102

3.2X103

Cf-248

Californium (98)

4.0X101

1.1X103

6.0X10-3

1.6X10-1

5.8X101

1.6X103

Cf-249

3.0

8.1X101

8.0X10-4

2.2X10-2

1.5X10-1

4.1

Cf-250

2.0X101

5.4X102

2.0X10-3

5.4X10-2

4.0

1.1X102

Cf-251

7.0

1.9X102

7.0X10-4

1.9X10-2

5.9X10-2

1.6

Cf-252 (h)

5.0X10-2

1.4

3.0X10-3

8.1X10-2

2.0X101

5.4X102

Cf-253 (a)

4.0X101

1.1X103

4.0X10-2

1.1

1.1X103

2.9X104

Cf-254

1.0X10-3

2.7X10-2

1.0X10-3

2.7X10-2

3.1X102

8.5X103

Cl-36

Chlorine (17)

1.0X101

2.7X102

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

1.2X10-3

3.3X10-2

Cl-38

2.0X10-1

5.4

2.0X10-1

5.4

4.9X106

1.3X108

Cm-240

Curium (96)

4.0X101

1.1X103

2.0X10-2

5.4X10-1

7.5X102

2.0X104

Cm-241

2.0

5.4X101

1.0

2.7X101

6.1X102

1.7X104

Cm-242

4.0X101

1.1X103

1.0X10-2

2.7X10-1

1.2X102

3.3X103

Cm-243

9.0

2.4X102

1.0X10-3

2.7X10-2

1.9X10-3

5.2X104

Cm-244

2.0X101

5.4X102

2.0X10-3

5.4X10-2

3.0

8.1X101

Cm-245

9.0

2.4X102

9.0X10-4

2.4X10-2

6.4X10-3

1.7X10-1

Cm-246

9.0

2.4X102

9.0X10-4

2.4X10-2

1.1X10-2

3.1X10-1

Cm-247 (a)

3.0

8.1X101

1.0X10-3

2.7X10-2

3.4X10-6

9.3X10-5

Cm-248

2.0X10-2

5.4X10-1

3.0X10-4

8.1X10-3

1.6X10-4

4.2X10-3

Co-55

Cobalt (27)

5.0X10-1

1.4X101

5.0X10-1

1.4X101

1.1X105

3.1X106

Co-56

3.0X10-1

8.1

3.0X10-1

8.1

1.1X103

3.0X104

Co-57

1.0X101

2.7X102

1.0X101

2.7X102

3.1X102

8.4X103

Co-58

1.0

2.7X101

1.0

2.7X101

1.2X103

3.2X104

Co-58m

4.0X101

1.1X103

4.0X101

1.1X103

2.2X105

5.9X106

Co-60

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

4.2X101

1.1X103

Cr-51

Chromium (24)

3.0X101

8.1X102

3.0X101

8.1X102

3.4X103

9.2X104

Cs-129

Cesium (55)

4.0

1.1X102

4.0

1.1X102

2.8X104

7.6X105

Cs-131

3.0X101

8.1X102

3.0X101

8.1X102

3.8X103

1.0X105

Cs-132

1.0

2.7X101

1.0

2.7X101

5.7X103

1.5X105

Cs-134

7.0X10-1

1.9X101

7.0X10-1

1.9X101

4.8X101

1.3X103

Cs-134m

4.0X101

1.1X103

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

3.0X105

8.0X106

Cs-135

4.0X101

1.1X103

1.0

2.7X101

4.3X10-5

1.2X10-3

Cs-136

5.0X10-1

1.4X101

5.0X10-1

1.4X101

2.7X103

7.3X104

Cs-137 (a)

2.0

5.4X101

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

3.2

8.7X101

Cu-64

Copper (29)

6.0

1.6X102

1.0

2.7X101

1.4X105

3.9X106

Cu-67

1.0X101

2.7X102

7.0X10-1

1.9X101

2.8X104

7.6X105

Dy-159

Dysprosium (66)

2.0X101

5.4X102

2.0X101

5.4X102

2.1X102

5.7X103

Dy-165

9.0X10-1

2.4X101

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

3.0X105

8.2X106

Dy-166 (a)

9.0X10-1

2.4X101

3.0X10-1

8.1

8.6X103

2.3X105

Er-169

Erbium (68)

4.0X101

1.1X103

1.0

2.7X101

3.1X103

8.3X104

Er-171

8.0X10-1

2.2X101

5.0X10-1

1.4X101

9.0X104

2.4X106

Eu-147

Europium (63)

2.0

5.4X101

2.0

5.4X101

1.4X103

3.7X104

Eu-148

5.0X10-1

1.4X101

5.0X10-1

1.4X101

6.0X102

1.6X104

Eu-149

2.0X101

5.4X102

2.0X101

5.4X102

3.5X102

9.4X103

Eu-150 (short lived)

2.0

5.4X101

7.0X10-1

1.9X101

6.1X104

1.6X106

Eu-150 (long lived)

7.0X10-1

1.9X101

7.0X10-1

1.9X101

6.1X104

1.6X106

Eu-152

1.0

2.7X101

1.0

2.7X101

6.5

1.8X102

Eu-152m

8.0X10-1

2.2X101

8.0X10-1

2.2X101

8.2X104

2.2X106

Eu-154

9.0X10-1

2.4X101

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

9.8

2.6X102

Eu-155

2.0X101

5.4X102

3.0

8.1X101

1.8X101

4.9X102

Eu-156

7.0X10-1

1.9X101

7.0X10-1

1.9X101

2.0X103

5.5X104

F-18

Fluorine (9)

1.0

2.7X101

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

3.5X106

9.5X107

Fe-52 (a)

Iron (26)

3.0X10-1

8.1

3.0X10-1

8.1

2.7X105

7.3X106

Fe-55

4.0X101

1.1X103

4.0X101

1.1X103

8.8X101

2.4X103

Fe-59

9.0X10-1

2.4X101

9.0X10-1

2.4X101

1.8X103

5.0X104

Fe-60 (a)

4.0X101

1.1X103

2.0X10-1

5.4

7.4X10-4

2.0X10-2

Ga-67

Gallium (31)

7.0

1.9X102

3.0

8.1X101

2.2X104

6.0X105

Ga-68

5.0X10-1

1.4X101

5.0X10-1

1.4X101

1.5X106

4.1X107

Ga-72

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

1.1X105

3.1X106

Gd-146 (a)

Gadolinium (64)

5.0X10-1

1.4X101

5.0X10-1

1.4X101

6.9X102

1.9X104

Gd-148

2.0X101

5.4X102

2.0X10-3

5.4X10-2

1.2

3.2X101

Gd-153

1.0X101

2.7X102

9.0

2.4X102

1.3X102

3.5X103

Gd-159

3.0

8.1X101

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

3.9X104

1.1X106

Ge-68 (a)

Germanium (32)

5.0X10-1

1.4X101

5.0X10-1

1.4X101

2.6X102

7.1X103

Ge-71

4.0X101

1.1X103

4.0X101

1.1X103

5.8X103

1.6X105

Ge-77

3.0X10-1

8.1

3.0X10-1

8.1

1.3X105

3.6X106

Hf-172 (a)

Hafnium (72)

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

4.1X101

1.1X103

Hf-175

3.0

8.1X101

3.0

8.1X101

3.9X102

1.1X104

Hf-181

2.0

5.4X101

5.0X10-1

1.4X101

6.3X102

1.7X104

Hf-182

Unlimited

Unlimited

Unlimited

Unlimited

8.1X10-6

2.2X10-4

Hg-194 (a)

Mercury (80)

1.0

2.7X101

1.0

2.7X101

1.3X10-1

3.5

Hg-195m (a)

3.0

8.1X101

7.0X10-1

1.9X101

1.5X104

4.0X105

Hg-197

2.0X101

5.4X102

1.0X101

2.7X102

9.2X103

2.5X105

Hg-197m

1.0X101

2.7X102

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

2.5X104

6.7X105

Hg-203

5.0

1.4X102

1.0

2.7X101

5.1X102

1.4X104

Ho-166

Holmium (67)

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

2.6X104

7.0X105

Ho-166m

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

5.0X10-1

1.4X101

6.6X10-2

1.8

I-123

Iodine (53)

6.0

1.6X102

3.0

8.1X101

7.1X104

1.9X106

I-124

1.0

2.7X101

1.0

2.7X101

9.3X103

2.5X105

I-125

2.0X101

5.4X102

3.0

8.1X101

6.4X102

1.7X104

I-126

2.0

5.4X101

1.0

2.7X101

2.9X103

8.0X104

I-129

Unlimited

Unlimited

Unlimited

Unlimited

6.5X10-6

1.8X10-4

I-131

3.0

8.1X101

7.0X10-1

1.9X101

4.6X103

1.2X105

I-132

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

3.8X105

1.0X107

I-133

7.0X10-1

1.9X101

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

4.2X104

1.1X106

I-134

3.0X10-1

8.1

3.0X10-1

8.1

9.9X105

2.7X107

I-135 (a)

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

1.3X105

3.5X106

In-111

Indium (49)

3.0

8.1X101

3.0

8.1X101

1.5X104

4.2X105

In-113m

4.0

1.1X102

2.0

5.4X101

6.2X105

1.7X107

In-114m (a)

1.0X101

2.7X102

5.0X10-1

1.4X101

8.6X102

2.3X104

In-115m

7.0

1.9X102

1.0

2.7X101

2.2X105

6.1X106

Ir-189 (a)

Iridium (77)

1.0X101

2.7X102

1.0X101

2.7X102

1.9X103

5.2X104

Ir-190

7.0X10-1

1.9X101

7.0X10-1

1.9X101

2.3X103

6.2X104

Ir-192 (c)

1.0

2.7X101

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

3.4X102

9.2X103

Ir-194

3.0X10-1

8.1

3.0X10-1

8.1

3.1X104

8.4X105

K-40

Potassium (19)

9.0X10-1

2.4X101

9.0X10-1

2.4X101

2.4X10-7

6.4X10-6

K-42

2.0X10-1

5.4

2.0X10-1

5.4

2.2X105

6.0X106

K-43

7.0X10-1

1.9X101

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

1.2X105

3.3X106

Kr-81

Krypton (36)

4.0X101

1.1X103

4.0X101

1.1X103

7.8X10-4

2.1X10-2

Kr-85

1.0X101

2.7X102

1.0X101

2.7X102

1.5X101

3.9X102

Kr-85m

8.0

2.2X102

3.0

8.1X101

3.0X105

8.2X106

Kr-87

2.0X10-1

5.4

2.0X10-1

5.4

1.0X106

2.8X107

La-137

Lanthanum (57)

3.0X101

8.1X102

6.0

1.6X102

1.6X10-3

4.4X10-2

La-140

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

2.1X104

5.6X105

Lu-172

Lutetium (71)

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

4.2X103

1.1X105

Lu-173

8.0

2.2X102

8.0

2.2X102

5.6X101

1.5X103

Lu-174

9.0

2.4X102

9.0

2.4X102

2.3X101

6.2X102

Lu-174m

2.0X101

5.4X102

1.0X101

2.7X102

2.0X102

5.3X103

Lu-177

3.0X101

8.1X102

7.0X10-1

1.9X101

4.1X103

1.1X105

Mg-28 (a)

Magnesium (12)

3.0X10-1

8.1

3.0X10-1

8.1

2.0X105

5.4X106

Mn-52

Manganese (25)

3.0X10-1

8.1

3.0X10-1

8.1

1.6X104

4.4X105

Mn-53

Unlimited

Unlimited

Unlimited

Unlimited

6.8X10-5

1.8X10-3

Mn-54

1.0

2.7X101

1.0

2.7X101

2.9X102

7.7X103

Mn-56

3.0X10-1

8.1

3.0X10-1

8.1

8.0X105

2.2X107

Mo-93

Molybdenum (42)

4.0X101

1.1X103

2.0X101

5.4X102

4.1X10-2

1.1

Mo-99 (a) (i)

1.0

2.7X101

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

1.8X104

4.8X105

N-13

Nitrogen (7)

9.0X10-1

2.4X101

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

5.4X107

1.5X109

Na-22

Sodium (11)

5.0X10-1

1.4X101

5.0X10-1

1.4X101

2.3X102

6.3X103

Na-24

2.0X10-1

5.4

2.0X10-1

5.4

3.2X105

8.7X106

Nb-93m

Niobium (41)

4.0X101

1.1X103

3.0X101

8.1X102

8.8

2.4X102

Nb-94

7.0X10-1

1.9X101

7.0X10-1

1.9X101

6.9X10-3

1.9X10-1

Nb-95

1.0

2.7X101

1.0

2.7X101

1.5X103

3.9X104

Nb-97

9.0X10-1

2.4X101

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

9.9X105

2.7X107

Nd-147

Neodymium (60)

6.0

1.6X102

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

3.0X103

8.1X104

Nd-149

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

5.0X10-1

1.4X101

4.5X105

1.2X107

Ni-59

Nickel (28)

Unlimited

Unlimited

Unlimited

Unlimited

3.0X10-3

8.0X10-2

Ni-63

4.0X101

1.1X103

3.0X101

8.1X102

2.1

5.7X101

Ni-65

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

7.1X105

1.9X107

Np-235

Neptunium (93)

4.0X101

1.1X103

4.0X101

1.1X103

5.2X101

1.4X103

Np-236 (short-lived)

2.0X101

5.4X102

2.0

5.4X101

4.7X10-4

1.3X10-2

Np-236 (long-lived)

9.0X100

2.4X102

2.0X10-2

5.4X10-1

4.7X10-4

1.3X10-2

Np-237

2.0X101

5.4X102

2.0X10-3

5.4X10-2

2.6X10-5

7.1X10-4

Np-239

7.0

1.9X102

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

8.6X103

2.3X105

Os-185

Osmium (76)

1.0

2.7X101

1.0

2.7X101

2.8X102

7.5X103

Os-191

1.0X101

2.7X102

2.0

5.4X101

1.6X103

4.4X104

Os-191m

4.0X101

1.1X103

3.0X101

8.1X102

4.6X104

1.3X106

Os-193

2.0

5.4X101

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

2.0X104

5.3X105

Os-194 (a)

3.0X10-1

8.1

3.0X10-1

8.1

1.1X101

3.1X102

P-32

Phosphorus (15)

5.0X10-1

1.4X101

5.0X10-1

1.4X101

1.1X104

2.9X105

P-33

4.0X101

1.1X103

1.0

2.7X101

5.8X103

1.6X105

Pa-230 (a)

Protactinium (91)

2.0

5.4X101

7.0X10-2

1.9

1.2X103

3.3X104

Pa-231

4.0

1.1X102

4.0X10-4

1.1X10-2

1.7X10-3

4.7X10-2

Pa-233

5.0

1.4X102

7.0X10-1

1.9X101

7.7X102

2.1X104

Pb-201

Lead (82)

1.0

2.7X101

1.0

2.7X101

6.2X104

1.7X106

Pb-202

4.0X101

1.1X103

2.0X101

5.4X102

1.2X10-4

3.4X10-3

Pb-203

4.0

1.1X102

3.0

8.1X101

1.1X104

3.0X105

Pb-205

Unlimited

Unlimited

Unlimited

Unlimited

4.5X10-6

1.2X10-4

Pb-210 (a)

1.0

2.7X101

5.0X10-2

1.4

2.8

7.6X101

Pb-212 (a)

7.0X10-1

1.9X101

2.0X10-1

5.4

5.1X104

1.4X106

Pd-103 (a)

Palladium (46)

4.0X101

1.1X103

4.0X101

1.1X103

2.8X103

7.5X104

Pd-107

Unlimited

Unlimited

Unlimited

Unlimited

1.9X10-5

5.1X10-4

Pd-109

2.0

5.4X101

5.0X10-1

1.4X101

7.9X104

2.1X106

Pm-143

Promethium (61)

3.0

8.1X101

3.0

8.1X101

1.3X102

3.4X103

Pm-144

7.0X10-1

1.9X101

7.0X10-1

1.9X101

9.2X101

2.5X103

Pm-145

3.0X101

8.1X102

1.0X101

2.7X102

5.2

1.4X102

Pm-147

4.0X101

1.1X103

2.0

5.4X101

3.4X101

9.3X102

Pm-148m (a)

8.0X10-1

2.2X101

7.0X10-1

1.9X101

7.9X102

2.1X104

Pm-149

2.0

5.4X101

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

1.5X104

4.0X105

Pm-151

2.0

5.4X101

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

2.7X104

7.3X105

Po-210

Polonium (84)

4.0X101

1.1X103

2.0X10-2

5.4X10-1

1.7X102

4.5X103

Pr-142

Praseodymium (59)

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

4.3X104

1.2X106

Pr-143

3.0

8.1X101

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

2.5X103

6.7X104

Pt-188 (a)

Platinum (78)

1.0

2.7X101

8.0X10-1

2.2X101

2.5X103

6.8X104

Pt-191

4.0

1.1X102

3.0

8.1X101

8.7X103

2.4X105

Pt-193

4.0X101

1.1X103

4.0X101

1.1X103

1.4

3.7X101

Pt-193m

4.0X101

1.1X103

5.0X10-1

1.4X101

5.8X103

1.6X105

Pt-195m

1.0X101

2.7X102

5.0X10-1

1.4X101

6.2X103

1.7X105

Pt-197

2.0X101

5.4X102

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

3.2X104

8.7X105

Pt-197m

1.0X101

2.7X102

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

3.7X105

1.0X107

Pu-236

Plutonium (94)

3.0X101

8.1X102

3.0X10-3

8.1X10-2

2.0X101

5.3X102

Pu-237

2.0X101

5.4X102

2.0X101

5.4X102

4.5X102

1.2X104

Pu-238

1.0X101

2.7X102

1.0X10-3

2.7X10-2

6.3X10-1

1.7X101

Pu-239

1.0X101

2.7X102

1.0X10-3

2.7X10-2

2.3X10-3

6.2X10-2

Pu-240

1.0X101

2.7X102

1.0X10-3

2.7X10-2

8.4X10-3

2.3X10-1

Pu-241 (a)

4.0X101

1.1X103

6.0X10-2

1.6

3.8

1.0X102

Pu-242

1.0X101

2.7X102

1.0X10-3

2.7X10-2

1.5X10-4

3.9X10-3

Pu-244 (a)

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

1.0X10-3

2.7X10-2

6.7X10-7

1.8X10-5

Ra-223 (a)

Radium (88)

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

7.0X10-3

1.9X10-1

1.9X103

5.1X104

Ra-224 (a)

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

2.0X10-2

5.4X10-1

5.9X103

1.6X105

Ra-225 (a)

2.0X10-1

5.4

4.0X10-3

1.1X10-1

1.5X103

3.9X104

Ra-226 (a)

2.0X10-1

5.4

3.0X10-3

8.1X10-2

3.7X10-2

1.0

Ra-228 (a)

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

2.0X10-2

5.4X10-1

1.0X101

2.7X102

Rb-81

Rubidium (37)

2.0

5.4X101

8.0X10-1

2.2X101

3.1X105

8.4X106

Rb-83 (a)

2.0

5.4X101

2.0

5.4X101

6.8X102

1.8X104

Rb-84

1.0

2.7X101

1.0

2.7X101

1.8X103

4.7X104

Rb-86

5.0X10-1

1.4X101

5.0X10-1

1.4X101

3.0X103

8.1X104

Rb-87

Unlimited

Unlimited

Unlimited

Unlimited

3.2X10-9

8.6X10-8

Rb(nat)

Unlimited

Unlimited

Unlimited

Unlimited

6.7X106

1.8X108

Re-184

Rhenium (75)

1.0

2.7X101

1.0

2.7X101

6.9X102

1.9X104

Re-184m

3.0

8.1X101

1.0

2.7X101

1.6X102

4.3X103

Re-186

2.0

5.4X101

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

6.9X103

1.9X105

Re-187

Unlimited

Unlimited

Unlimited

Unlimited

1.4X10-9

3.8X10-8

Re-188

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

3.6X104

9.8X105

Re-189 (a)

3.0

8.1X101

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

2.5X104

6.8X105

Re(nat)

Unlimited

Unlimited

Unlimited

Unlimited

0.0

2.4X10-8

Rh-99

Rhodium (45)

2.0

5.4X101

2.0

5.4X101

3.0X103

8.2X104

Rh-101

4.0

1.1X102

3.0

8.1X101

4.1X101

1.1X103

Rh-102

5.0X10-1

1.4X101

5.0X10-1

1.4X101

4.5X101

1.2X103

Rh-102m

2.0

5.4X101

2.0

5.4X101

2.3X102

6.2X103

Rh-103m

4.0X101

1.1X103

4.0X101

1.1X103

1.2X106

3.3X107

Rh-105

1.0X101

2.7X102

8.0X10-1

2.2X101

3.1X104

8.4X105

Rn-222 (a)

Radon (86)

3.0X10-1

8.1

4.0X10-3

1.1X10-1

5.7X103

1.5X105

Ru-97

Ruthenium (44)

5.0

1.4X102

5.0

1.4X102

1.7X104

4.6X105

Ru-103 (a)

2.0

5.4X101

2.0

5.4X101

1.2X103

3.2X104

Ru-105

1.0

2.7X101

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

2.5X105

6.7X106

Ru-106 (a)

2.0X10-1

5.4

2.0X10-1

5.4

1.2X102

3.3X103

S-35

Sulphur (16)

4.0X101

1.1X103

3.0

8.1X101

1.6X103

4.3X104

Sb-122

Antimony (51)

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

1.5X104

4.0X105

Sb-124

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

6.5X102

1.7X104

Sb-125

2.0

5.4X101

1.0

2.7X101

3.9X101

1.0X103

Sb-126

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

3.1X103

8.4X104

Sc-44

Scandium (21)

5.0X10-1

1.4X101

5.0X10-1

1.4X101

6.7X105

1.8X107

Sc-46

5.0X10-1

1.4X101

5.0X10-1

1.4X101

1.3X103

3.4X104

Sc-47

1.0X101

2.7X102

7.0X10-1

1.9X101

3.1X104

8.3X105

Sc-48

3.0X10-1

8.1

3.0X10-1

8.1

5.5X104

1.5X106

Se-75

Selenium (34)

3.0

8.1X101

3.0

8.1X101

5.4X102

1.5X104

Se-79

4.0X101

1.1X103

2.0

5.4X101

2.6X10-3

7.0X10-2

Si-31

Silicon (14)

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

1.4X106

3.9X107

Si-32

4.0X101

1.1X103

5.0X10-1

1.4X101

3.9

1.1X102

Sm-145

Samarium (62)

1.0X101

2.7X102

1.0X101

2.7X102

9.8X101

2.6X103

Sm-147

Unlimited

Unlimited

Unlimited

Unlimited

8.5X10-1

2.3X10-8

Sm-151

4.0X101

1.1X103

1.0X101

2.7X102

9.7X10-1

2.6X101

Sm-153

9.0

2.4X102

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

1.6X104

4.4X105

Sn-113 (a)

Tin (50)

4.0

1.1X102

2.0

5.4X101

3.7X102

1.0X104

Sn-117m

7.0

1.9X102

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

3.0X103

8.2X104

Sn-119m

4.0X101

1.1X103

3.0X101

8.1X102

1.4X102

3.7X103

Sn-121m (a)

4.0X101

1.1X103

9.0X10-1

2.4X101

2.0

5.4X101

Sn-123

8.0X10-1

2.2X101

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

3.0X102

8.2X103

Sn-125

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

4.0X103

1.1X105

Sn-126 (a)

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

1.0X10-3

2.8X10-2

Sr-82 (a)

Strontium (38)

2.0X10-1

5.4

2.0X10-1

5.4

2.3X103

6.2X104

Sr-85

2.0

5.4X101

2.0

5.4X101

8.8X102

2.4X104

Sr-85m

5.0

1.4X102

5.0

1.4X102

1.2X106

3.3X107

Sr-87m

3.0

8.1X101

3.0

8.1X101

4.8X105

1.3X107

Sr-89

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

1.1X103

2.9X104

Sr-90 (a)

3.0X10-1

8.1

3.0X10-1

8.1

5.1

1.4X102

Sr-91 (a)

3.0X10-1

8.1

3.0X10-1

8.1

1.3X105

3.6X106

Sr-92 (a)

1.0

2.7X101

3.0X10-1

8.1

4.7X105

1.3X107

T(H-3)

Tritium (1)

4.0X101

1.1X103

4.0X101

1.1X103

3.6X102

9.7X103

Ta-178 (long-lived)

Tantalum (73)

1.0

2.7X101

8.0X10-1

2.2X101

4.2X106

1.1X108

Ta-179

3.0X101

8.1X102

3.0X101

8.1X102

4.1X101

1.1X103

Ta-182

9.0X10-1

2.4X101

5.0X10-1

1.4X101

2.3X102

6.2X103

Tb-157

Terbium (65)

4.0X101

1.1X103

4.0X101

1.1X103

5.6X10-1

1.5X101

Tb-158

1.0

2.7X101

1.0

2.7X101

5.6X10-1

1.5X101

Tb-160

1.0

2.7X101

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

4.2X102

1.1X104

Tc-95m (a)

Technetium (43)

2.0

5.4X101

2.0

5.4X101

8.3X102

2.2X104

Tc-96

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

1.2X104

3.2X105

Tc-96m (a)

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

1.4X106

3.8X107

Tc-97

Unlimited

Unlimited

Unlimited

Unlimited

5.2X10-5

1.4X10-3

Tc-97m

4.0X101

1.1X103

1.0

2.7X101

5.6X102

1.5X104

Tc-98

8.0X10-1

2.2X101

7.0X10-1

1.9X101

3.2X10-5

8.7X10-4

Tc-99

4.0X101

1.1X103

9.0X10-1

2.4X101

6.3X10-4

1.7X10-2

Tc-99m

1.0X101

2.7X102

4.0

1.1X102

1.9X105

5.3X106

Te-121

Tellurium (52)

2.0

5.4X101

2.0

5.4X101

2.4X103

6.4X104

Te-121m

5.0

1.4X102

3.0

8.1X101

2.6X102

7.0X103

Te-123m

8.0

2.2X102

1.0

2.7X101

3.3X102

8.9X103

Te-125m

2.0X101

5.4X102

9.0X10-1

2.4X101

6.7X102

1.8X104

Te-127

2.0X101

5.4X102

7.0X10-1

1.9X101

9.8X104

2.6X106

Te-127m (a)

2.0X101

5.4X102

5.0X10-1

1.4X101

3.5X102

9.4X103

Te-129

7.0X10-1

1.9X101

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

7.7X105

2.1X107

Te-129m (a)

8.0X10-1

2.2X101

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

1.1X103

3.0X104

Te-131m (a)

7.0X10-1

1.9X101

5.0X10-1

1.4X101

3.0X104

8.0X105

Te-132 (a)

5.0X10-1

1.4X101

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

1.1X104

3.0X105

Th-227

Thorium (90)

1.0X101

2.7X102

5.0X10-3

1.4X10-1

1.1X103

3.1X104

Th-228 (a)

5.0X10-1

1.4X101

1.0X10-3

2.7X10-2

3.0X101

8.2X102

Th-229

5.0

1.4X102

5.0X10-4

1.4X10-2

7.9X10-3

2.1X10-1

Th-230

1.0X101

2.7X102

1.0X10-3

2.7X10-2

7.6X10-4

2.1X10-2

Th-231

4.0X101

1.1X103

2.0X10-2

5.4X10-1

2.0X104

5.3X105

Th-232

Unlimited

Unlimited

Unlimited

Unlimited

4.0X10-9

1.1X10-7

Th-234 (a)

3.0X10-1

8.1

3.0X10-1

8.1

8.6X102

2.3X104

Th(nat)

Unlimited

Unlimited

Unlimited

Unlimited

8.1X10-9

2.2X10-7

Ti-44 (a)

Titanium (22)

5.0X10-1

1.4X101

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

6.4

1.7X102

Tl-200

Thallium (81)

9.0X10-1

2.4X101

9.0X10-1

2.4X101

2.2X104

6.0X105

Tl-201

1.0X101

2.7X102

4.0

1.1X102

7.9X103

2.1X105

Tl-202

2.0

5.4X101

2.0

5.4X101

2.0X103

5.3X104

Tl-204

1.0X101

2.7X102

7.0X10-1

1.9X101

1.7X101

4.6X102

Tm-167

Thulium (69)

7.0

1.9X102

8.0X10-1

2.2X101

3.1X103

8.5X104

Tm-170

3.0

8.1X101

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

2.2X102

6.0X103

Tm-171

4.0X101

1.1X103

4.0X101

1.1X103

4.0X101

1.1X103

U-230 (fast lung absorption) (a)(d)

Uranium (92)

4.0X101

1.1X103

1.0X10-1

2.7

1.0X103

2.7X104

U-230 (medium lung absorption) (a)(e)

4.0X101

1.1X103

4.0X10-3

1.1X10-1

1.0X103

2.7X104

U-230 (slow lung absorption) (a)(f)

3.0X101

8.1X102

3.0X10-3

8.1X10-2

1.0X103

2.7X104

U-232 (fast lung absorption) (d)

4.0X101

1.1X103

1.0X10-2

2.7X10-1

8.3X10-1

2.2X101

U-232 (medium lung absorption) (e)

4.0X101

1.1X103

7.0X10-3

1.9X10-1

8.3X10-1

2.2X101

U-232 (slow lung absorption) (f)

1.0X101

2.7X102

1.0X10-3

2.7X10-2

8.3X10-1

2.2X101

U-233 (fast lung absorption) (d)

4.0X101

1.1X103

9.0X10-2

2.4

3.6X10-4

9.7X10-3

U-233 (medium lung absorption) (e)

4.0X101

1.1X103

2.0X10-2

5.4X10-1

3.6X10-4

9.7X10-3

U-233 (slow lung absorption) (f)

4.0X101

1.1X103

6.0X10-3

1.6X10-1

3.6X10-4

9.7X10-3

U-234 (fast lung absorption) (d)

4.0X101

1.1X103

9.0X10-2

2.4

2.3X10-4

6.2X10-3

U-234 (medium lung absorption) (e)

4.0X101

1.1X103

2.0X10-2

5.4X10-1

2.3X10-4

6.2X10-3

U-234 (slow lung absorption) (f)

4.0X101

1.1X103

6.0X10-3

1.6X10-1

2.3X10-4

6.2X10-3

U-235 (all lung absorption types) (a),(d),(e),(f)

Unlimited

Unlimited

Unlimited

Unlimited

8.0X10-8

2.2X10-6

U-236 (fast lung absorption) (d)

Unlimited

Unlimited

Unlimited

Unlimited

2.4X10-6

6.5X10-5

U-236 (medium lung absorption) (e)

4.0X101

1.1X103

2.0X10-2

5.4X10-1

2.4X10-6

6.5X10-5

U-236 (slow lung absorption) (f)

4.0X101

1.1X103

6.0X10-3

1.6X10-1

2.4X10-6

6.5X10-5

U-238 (all lung absorption types) (d),(e),(f)

Unlimited

Unlimited

Unlimited

Unlimited

1.2X10-8

3.4X10-7

U (nat)

Unlimited

Unlimited

Unlimited

Unlimited

2.6X10-8

7.1X10-7

U (enriched to 20% or less) (g)

Unlimited

Unlimited

Unlimited

Unlimited

See Table
A-4

See Table
A-4

U (dep)

Unlimited

Unlimited

Unlimited

Unlimited

See Table
A-4

See Table
A-3

V-48

Vanadium (23)

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

6.3X103

1.7X105

V-49

4.0X101

1.1X103

4.0X101

1.1X103

3.0X102

8.1X103

W-178 (a)

Tungsten (74)

9.0

2.4X102

5.0

1.4X102

1.3X103

3.4X104

W-181

3.0X101

8.1X102

3.0X101

8.1X102

2.2X102

6.0X103

W-185

4.0X101

1.1X103

8.0X10-1

2.2X101

3.5X102

9.4X103

W-187

2.0

5.4X101

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

2.6X104

7.0X105

W-188 (a)

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

3.0X10-1

8.1

3.7X102

1.0X104

Xe-122 (a)

Xenon (54)

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

4.8X104

1.3X106

Xe-123

2.0

5.4X101

7.0X10-1

1.9X101

4.4X105

1.2X10

Xe-127

4.0

1.1X102

2.0

5.4X101

1.0X103

2.8X104

Xe-131m

4.0X101

1.1X103

4.0X101

1.1X103

3.1X103

8.4X104

Xe-133

2.0X101

5.4X102

1.0X101

2.7X102

6.9X103

1.9X105

Xe-135

3.0

8.1X101

2.0

5.4X101

9.5X104

2.6X106

Y-87 (a)

Yttrium (39)

1.0

2.7X101

1.0

2.7X101

1.7X104

4.5X105

Y-88

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

5.2X102

1.4X104

Y-90

3.0X10-1

8.1

3.0X10-1

8.1

2.0X104

5.4X105

Y-91

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

9.1X102

2.5X104

Y-91m

2.0

5.4X101

2.0

5.4X101

1.5X106

4.2X10

Y-92

2.0X10-1

5.4

2.0X10-1

5.4

3.6X105

9.6X106

Y-93

3.0X10-1

8.1

3.0X10-1

8.1

1.2X105

3.3X106

Yb-169

Ytterbium (70)

4.0

1.1X102

1.0

2.7X101

8.9X102

2.4X104

Yb-175

3.0X101

8.1X102

9.0X10-1

2.4X101

6.6X103

1.8X105

Zn-65

Zinc (30)

2.0

5.4X101

2.0

5.4X101

3.0X102

8.2X103

Zn-69

3.0

8.1X101

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

1.8X106

4.9X10

Zn-69m (a)

3.0

8.1X101

6.0X10-1

1.6X101

1.2X105

3.3X106

Zr-88

Zirconium (40)

3.0

8.1X101

3.0

8.1X101

6.6X102

1.8X104

Zr-93

Unlimited

Unlimited

Unlimited

Unlimited

9.3X10

2.5X10

Zr-95 (a)

2.0

5.4X101

8.0X10-1

2.2X101

7.9X102

2.1X104

Zr-97 (a)

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

4.0X10-1

1.1X101

7.1X104

1.9X106

aA1 and/or A2 values include contributions from daughter nuclides with half-lives less than 10 days.
bThe values of A1 and A2 in Curies (Ci) are approximate and for information only; the regulatory standard units are terabecquerels (TBq).
cThe quantity may be determined from a measurement of the rate of decay or a measurement of the radiation level at a prescribed distance from the source.
dThese values apply only to compounds of uranium that take the chemical form of UF6, UO2F2 and UO2(NO3)2 in both normal and accident conditions of transport.
eThese values apply only to compounds of uranium that take the chemical form of UO3, UF4, UCl4 and hexavalent compounds in both normal and accident conditions of transport.
fThese values apply to all compounds of uranium other than those specified in notes d and e of this table.
gThese values apply to unirradiated uranium only.
hA1 = 0.1 TBq (2.7 Ci) and A2 = 0.001 TBq (0.027 Ci) for Cf-252 for domestic use.
iA2 = 0.74 TBq (20 Ci) for Mo-99 for domestic use.

G. Table 2. Exempt Material Activity Concentrations and Exempt Consignment Activity Limits for Radionuclides.

Symbol of radionuclide

Element and atomic number

Activity concentration for exempt material (Bq/g)

Activity concentration for exempt material (Ci/g)

Activity limit for exempt consignment (Bq)

Activity limit for exempt consignment (Ci)

Ac-225

Actinium (89)

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X104

2.7X10-7

Ac-227

1.0X10-1

2.7X10-12

1.0X103

2.7X10-8

Ac-228

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Ag-105

Silver (47)

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Ag-108m (b)

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Ag-110m

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Ag-111

1.0X103

2.7X10-8

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Al-26

Aluminum (13)

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

Am-241

Americium (95)

1.0

2.7X10-11

1.0X104

2.7X10-7

Am-242m (b)

1.0

2.7X10-11

1.0X104

2.7X10-7

Am-243 (b)

1.0

2.7X10-11

1.0X103

2.7X10-8

Ar-37

Argon (18)

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

1.0X108

2.7X10-3

Ar-39

1.0X107

2.7X10-4

1.0X104

2.7X10-7

Ar-41

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X109

2.7X10-2

As-72

Arsenic (33)

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

As-73

1.0X103

2.7X10-8

1.0X107

2.7X10-4

As-74

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

As-76

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

As-77

1.0X103

2.7X10-8

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

At-211

Astatine (85)

1.0X103

2.7X10-8

1.0X107

2.7X10-4

Au-193

Gold (79)

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X107

2.7X10-4

Au-194

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Au-195

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X107

2.7X10-4

Au-198

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Au-199

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Ba-131

Barium (56)

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Ba-133

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Ba-133m

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Ba-140 (b)

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

Be-7

Beryllium (4)

1.0X103

2.7X10-8

1.0X107

2.7X10-4

Be-10

1.0X104

2.7X10-7

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Bi-205

Bismuth (83)

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Bi-206

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

Bi-207

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Bi-210

1.0X103

2.7X10-8

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Bi-210m

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

Bi-212 (b)

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

Bk-247

Berkelium (97)

1.0

2.7X10-11

1.0X104

2.7X10-7

Bk-249

1.0X103

2.7X10-8

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Br-76

Bromine (35)

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

Br-77

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Br-82

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

C-11

Carbon (6)

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

C-14

1.0X104

2.7X10-7

1.0X107

2.7X10-4

Ca-41

Calcium (20)

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

1.0X107

2.7X10-4

Ca-45

1.0X104

2.7X10-7

1.0X107

2.7X10-4

Ca-47

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Cd-109

Cadmium (48)

1.0X104

2.7X10-7

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Cd-113m

1.0X103

2.7X10-8

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Cd-115

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Cd-115m

1.0X103

2.7X10-8

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Ce-139

Cerium (58)

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Ce-141

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X107

2.7X10-4

Ce-143

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Ce-144 (b)

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

Cf-248

Californium (98)

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X104

2.7X10-7

Cf-249

1.0

2.7X10-11

1.0X103

2.7X10-8

Cf-250

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X104

2.7X10-7

Cf-251

1.0

2.7X10-11

1.0X103

2.7X10-8

Cf-252

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X104

2.7X10-7

Cf-253

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

Cf-254

1.0

2.7X10-11

1.0X103

2.7X10-8

Cl-36

Chlorine (17)

1.0X104

2.7X10-7

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Cl-38

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

Cm-240

Curium (96)

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

Cm-241

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Cm-242

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

Cm-243

1.0

2.7X10-11

1.0X104

2.7X10-7

Cm-244

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X104

2.7X10-7

Cm-245

1.0

2.7X10-11

1.0X103

2.7X10-8

Cm-246

1.0

2.7X10-11

1.0X103

2.7X10-8

Cm-247

1.0

2.7X10-11

1.0X104

2.7X10-7

Cm-248

1.0

2.7X10-11

1.0X103

2.7X10-8

Co-55

Cobalt (27)

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Co-56

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

Co-57

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Co-58

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Co-58m

1.0X104

2.7X10-7

1.0X107

2.7X10-4

Co-60

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

Cr-51

Chromium (24)

1.0X103

2.7X10-8

1.0X107

2.7X10-4

Cs-129

Cesium (55)

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

Cs-131

1.0X103

2.7X10-8

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Cs-132

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

Cs-134

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X104

2.7X10-7

Cs-134m

1.0X103

2.7X10-8

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

Cs-135

1.0X104

2.7X10-7

1.0X107

2.7X10-4

Cs-136

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

Cs-137 (b)

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X104

2.7X10-7

Cu-64

Copper (29)

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Cu-67

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Dy-159

Dysprosium (66)

1.0X103

2.7X10-8

1.0X107

2.7X10-4

Dy-165

1.0X103

2.7X10-8

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Dy-166

1.0X103

2.7X10-8

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Er-169

Erbium (68)

1.0X104

2.7X10-7

1.0X107

2.7X10-4

Er-171

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Eu-147

Europium (63)

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Eu-148

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Eu-149

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X107

2.7X10-4

Eu-150 (short lived)

1.0X103

2.7X10-8

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Eu-150 (long lived)

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Eu-152

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Eu-152m

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Eu-154

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Eu-155

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X107

2.7X10-4

Eu-156

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

F-18

Fluorine (9)

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Fe-52

Iron (26)

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Fe-55

1.0X104

2.7X10-7

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Fe-59

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Fe-60

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

Ga-67

Gallium (31)

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Ga-68

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

Ga-72

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

Gd-146

Gadolinium (64)

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Gd-148

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X104

2.7X10-7

Gd-153

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X107

2.7X10-4

Gd-159

1.0X103

2.7X10-8

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Ge-68

Germanium (32)

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

Ge-71

1.0X104

2.7X10-7

1.0X108

2.7X10-3

Ge-77

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

Hf-172

Hafnium (72)

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Hf-175

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Hf-181

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Hf-182

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Hg-194

Mercury (80)

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Hg-195m

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Hg-197

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X107

2.7X10-4

Hg-197m

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Hg-203

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

Ho-166

Holmium (67)

1.0X103

2.7X10-8

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

Ho-166m

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

I-123

Iodine (53)

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X107

2.7X10-4

I-124

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

I-125

1.0X103

2.7X10-8

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

I-126

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

I-129

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

I-131

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

I-132

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

I-133

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

I-134

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

I-135

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

In-111

Indium (49)

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

In-113m

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

In-114m

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

In-115m

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Ir-189

Iridium (77)

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X107

2.7X10-4

Ir-190

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Ir-192

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X104

2.7X10-7

Ir-194

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

K-40

Potassium (19)

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

K-42

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

K-43

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Kr-81

Krypton (36)

1.0X104

2.7X10-7

1.0X107

2.7X10-4

Kr-85

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

1.0X104

2.7X10-7

Kr-85m

1.0X103

2.7X10-8

1.0X1010

2.7X10-1

Kr-87

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X109

2.7X10-2

La-137

Lanthanum (57)

1.0X103

2.7X10-8

1.0X107

2.7X10-4

La-140

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

Lu-172

Lutetium (71)

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Lu-173

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X107

2.7X10-4

Lu-174

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X107

2.7X10-4

Lu-174m

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X107

2.7X10-4

Lu-177

1.0X103

2.7X10-8

1.0X107

2.7X10-4

Mg-28

Magnesium (12)

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

Mn-52

Manganese (25)

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

Mn-53

1.0X104

2.7X10-7

1.0X109

2.7X10-2

Mn-54

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Mn-56

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

Mo-93

Molybdenum (42)

1.0X103

2.7X10-8

1.0X108

2.7X10-3

Mo-99

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

N-13

Nitrogen (7)

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X109

2.7X10-2

Na-22

Sodium (11)

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Na-24

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

Nb-93m

Niobium (41)

1.0X104

2.7X10-7

1.0X107

2.7X10-4

Nb-94

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Nb-95

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Nb-97

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Nd-147

Neodymium (60)

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Nd-149

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Ni-59

Nickel (28)

1.0X104

2.7X10-7

1.0X108

2.7X10-3

Ni-63

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

1.0X108

2.7X10-3

Ni-65

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Np-235

Neptunium (93)

1.0X103

2.7X10-8

1.0X107

2.7X10-4

Np-236 (short-lived)

1.0X103

2.7X10-8

1.0X107

2.7X10-4

Np-236 (long-lived)

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

Np-237 (b)

1.0

2.7X10-11

1.0X103

2.7X10-8

Np-239

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X107

2.7X10-4

Os-185

Osmium (76)

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Os-191

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X107

2.7X10-4

Os-191m

1.0X103

2.7X10-8

1.0X107

2.7X10-4

Os-193

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Os-194

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

P-32

Phosphorus (15)

1.0X103

2.7X10-8

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

P-33

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

1.0X108

2.7X10-3

Pa-230

Protactinium (91)

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Pa-231

1.0

2.7X10-11

1.0X103

2.7X10-8

Pa-233

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X107

2.7X10-4

Pb-201

Lead (82)

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Pb-202

1.0X103

2.7X10-8

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Pb-203

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Pb-205

1.0X104

2.7X10-7

1.0X107

2.7X10-4

Pb-210 (b)

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X104

2.7X10-7

Pb-212 (b)

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

Pd-103

Palladium (46)

1.0X103

2.7X10-8

1.0X108

2.7X10-3

Pd-107

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

1.0X108

2.7X10-3

Pd-109

1.0X103

2.7X10-8

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Pm-143

Promethium (61)

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Pm-144

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Pm-145

1.0X103

2.7X10-8

1.0X107

2.7X10-4

Pm-147

1.0X104

2.7X10-7

1.0X107

2.7X10-4

Pm-148m

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Pm-149

1.0X103

2.7X10-8

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Pm-151

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Po-210

Polonium (84)

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X104

2.7X10-7

Pr-142

Praseodymium (59)

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

Pr-143

1.0X104

2.7X10-7

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Pt-188

Platinum (78)

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Pt-191

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Pt-193

1.0X104

2.7X10-7

1.0X107

2.7X10-4

Pt-193m

1.0X103

2.7X10-8

1.0X107

2.7X10-4

Pt-195m

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Pt-197

1.0X103

2.7X10-8

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Pt-197m

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Pu-236

Plutonium (94)

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X104

2.7X10-7

Pu-237

1.0X103

2.7X10-8

1.0X107

2.7X10-4

Pu-238

1.0

2.7X10-11

1.0X104

2.7X10-7

Pu-239

1.0

2.7X10-11

1.0X104

2.7X10-7

Pu-240

1.0

2.7X10-11

1.0X103

2.7X10-8

Pu-241

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

Pu-242

1.0

2.7X10-11

1.0X104

2.7X10-7

Pu-244

1.0

2.7X10-11

1.0X104

2.7X10-7

Ra-223 (b)

Radium (88)

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

Ra-224 (b)

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

Ra-225

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

Ra-226 (b)

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X104

2.7X10-7

Ra-228 (b)

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

Rb-81

Rubidium (37)

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Rb-83

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Rb-84

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Rb-86

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

Rb-87

1.0X104

2.7X10-7

1.0X107

2.7X10-4

Rb(nat)

1.0X104

2.7X10-7

1.0X107

2.7X10-4

Re-184

Rhenium (75)

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Re-184m

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Re-186

1.0X103

2.7X10-8

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Re-187

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

1.0X109

2.7X10-2

Re-188

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

Re-189

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Re(nat)

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

1.0X109

2.7X10-2

Rh-99

Rhodium (45)

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Rh-101

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X107

2.7X10-4

Rh-102

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Rh-102m

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Rh-103m

1.0X104

2.7X10-7

1.0X108

2.7X10-3

Rh-105

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X107

2.7X10-4

Rn-222 (b)

Radon (86)

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X108

2.7X10-3

Ru-97

Ruthenium (44)

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X107

2.7X10-4

Ru-103

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Ru-105

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Ru-106 (b)

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

S-35

Sulphur (16)

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

1.0X108

2.7X10-3

Sb-122

Antimony (51)

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X104

2.7X10-7

Sb-124

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Sb-125

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Sb-126

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

Sc-44

Scandium (21)

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

Sc-46

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Sc-47

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Sc-48

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X105

2.7X10-6

Se-75

Selenium (34)

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Se-79

1.0X104

2.7X10-7

1.0X107

2.7X10-4

Si-31

Silicon (14)

1.0X103

2.7X10-8

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Si-32

1.0X103

2.7X10-8

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Sm-145

Samarium (62)

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X107

2.7X10-4

Sm-147

1.0X101

2.7X10-10

1.0X104

2.7X10-7

Sm-151

1.0X104

2.7X10-7

1.0X108

2.7X10-3

Sm-153

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Sn-113

Tin (50)

1.0X103

2.7X10-8

1.0X107

2.7X10-4

Sn-117m

1.0X102

2.7X10-9

1.0X106

2.7X10-5

Sn-119m

1.0X103

2.7X10-8

1.0X107

2.7X10-4

Sn-121m

1.0X103

2.7X10-8