Code of Virginia

Creating a Report: Check the sections you'd like to appear in the report, then use the "Create Report" button at the bottom of the page to generate your report. Once the report is generated you'll then have the option to download it as a pdf, print or email the report.

Code of Virginia
Title 46.2. Motor Vehicles
8/20/2017

Chapter 3. Licensure of DriversRead Chapter

  • Article 1. Unlicensed Driving ProhibitedRead all
  • § 46.2-300
    Driving without license prohibited; penalties
    § 46.2-301
    Driving while license, permit, or privilege to drive suspended or revoked
    § 46.2-301.1
    Administrative impoundment of motor vehicle for certain driving while license suspended or revoked offenses; judicial impoundment upon conviction; penalty for permitting violation with one's vehicle
    § 46.2-302
    Driving while restoration of license is contingent on furnishing proof of financial responsibility
  • Article 2. When License Not RequiredRead all
  • § 46.2-303
    Licenses not required for operating road roller or farm tractor
    § 46.2-304
    Limited operation of farm tractor by persons convicted of driving under influence of intoxicants or drugs
    § 46.2-305
    Exemption of persons in armed services
    § 46.2-306
    Exemption of armed services personnel and spouses and dependent children of armed services personnel
    § 46.2-307
    Nonresidents licensed under laws of home state or country; extension of reciprocal privileges
    § 46.2-308
    Temporary exemption for new resident licensed under laws of another state; privately owned vehicle driver's licenses
    § 46.2-309
    Repealed
    § 46.2-310
    Localities may not require license except for taxicabs; prosecutions for operation of vehicle without license or while suspended
  • Article 3. Persons Not to Be LicensedRead all
  • § 46.2-311
    Persons having defective vision; minimum standards of visual acuity and field of vision; tests of vision
    § 46.2-312
    Persons using bioptic telescopic lenses
    § 46.2-313
    Persons with suspended or revoked licenses
    § 46.2-314
    Repealed
    § 46.2-315
    Disabled persons
    § 46.2-316
    Persons convicted or found not innocent of certain offenses; requirement of proof of financial responsibility for certain offenses
    § 46.2-317
    Persons making false statement in application
    § 46.2-318
    Cancellation or revocation of license where application is false in material particular
    § 46.2-319
    Refusal or revocation of license for certain fraudulent acts in obtaining a driver's license
    § 46.2-320
    Other grounds for refusal or suspension
    § 46.2-320.1
    Other grounds for suspension; nonpayment of child support
    § 46.2-320.2
    Other grounds for suspension; nonpayment of fees owed to local correctional facilities or regional jails
    § 46.2-321
    Appeal from denial, suspension, or revocation of license; operation of vehicle pending appeal
    § 46.2-322
    Examination of licensee believed incompetent; suspension or restriction of license; license application to include questions as to physical or mental conditions of applicant; false answers; examination of applicant; physician's, nurse practitioner's, or physician assistant's statement
  • Article 4. Obtaining Licenses, GenerallyRead all
  • § 46.2-323
    Application for driver's license; proof of completion of driver education program; penalty
    § 46.2-323.01
    Issuance of documents; relationship with federal law
    § 46.2-323.1
    Certification of Virginia residency; nonresidents not to be issued driver's licenses, commercial driver's licenses, learner's permits, or special identification card; penalty
    § 46.2-324
    Applicants and license holders to notify Department of change of address; fee
    § 46.2-324.1
    Requirements for initial licensure of certain applicants
    § 46.2-325
    Examination of applicants; waiver of Department's examination under certain circumstances; behind-the-wheel and knowledge examinations
    § 46.2-326
    Designation of examiners; conduct of examination; reports
    § 46.2-327
    Copies of applications; record of licenses and learner's permits issued, suspended, or revoked
    § 46.2-328
    Department to issue licenses; endorsements, classifications, and restrictions authorizing operation of certain vehicles
    § 46.2-328.1
    Licenses, permits and special identification cards to be issued only to United States citizens, legal permanent resident aliens, or holders of valid unexpired nonimmigrant visas; exceptions; renewal, duplication, or reissuance
    § 46.2-329
    Special restrictions on particular licensees
    § 46.2-330
    Expiration and renewal of licenses; examinations required
    § 46.2-331
    Repealed
    § 46.2-332
    Fees
    § 46.2-333
    Disposition of fees; expenses
    § 46.2-333.1
    Surcharges on certain fees of Department; disposition of proceeds
  • Article 5. Licensure of Minors, Student Drivers, School Bus Drivers, and MotorcyclistsRead all
  • § 46.2-334
    Conditions and requirements for licensure of persons under 18
    § 46.2-334.001
    Court to suspend driver's license issued to certain minors
    § 46.2-334.01
    Licenses issued to persons less than 18 years old subject to certain restrictions
    § 46.2-334.02
    Licenses issued to persons less than twenty years old subject to certain restrictions
    § 46.2-334.1
    Knowledge test; waiting period prior to reexamination
    § 46.2-335
    Learner's permits; fees; certification required
    § 46.2-335.1
    Knowledge test; waiting period prior to reexamination
    § 46.2-335.2
    Learner's permits; required before driver's license; minimum holding period
    § 46.2-336
    Manner of issuing original driver's licenses to minors
    § 46.2-337
    Examination and road test required for license to operate motorcycle; regulations
    § 46.2-338
    Repealed
    § 46.2-339
    Qualifications of school bus driver; examination
    § 46.2-340
    Information concerning school bus drivers and driver education instructors
  • Article 7. Form of Licenses; Identity Documents Issued by DepartmentRead all
  • § 46.2-342
    What license to contain; organ donor information; Uniform Donor Document
    § 46.2-343
    Duplicate driver's license, reissued driver's licenses, learner's permit; fees
    § 46.2-344
    Temporary driver's permit
    § 46.2-345
    Issuance of special identification cards; fee; confidentiality; penalties
    § 46.2-345.1
    Veterans identification card; fee
  • Article 8. Prohibited Uses of Driver's LicensesRead all
  • § 46.2-346
    Unlawful acts enumerated
    § 46.2-347
    Fraudulent use of driver's license or Department of Motor Vehicles identification card to obtain alcoholic beverages; penalties
    § 46.2-348
    Fraud or false statements in applications for license; penalties
    § 46.2-349
    Unlawful to permit violations of chapter
    § 46.2-350
    Penalty for violation
  • Article 9. Habitual OffendersRead all
  • § 46.2-351
    Repealed
    § 46.2-355.1
    Intervention required for certain offenders; fee; penalty; notice
    § 46.2-356
    Period during which habitual offender not to be licensed to drive motor vehicle
    § 46.2-357
    Operation of motor vehicle or self-propelled machinery or equipment by habitual offender prohibited; penalty; enforcement of section
    § 46.2-358
    Restoration of privilege of driving motor vehicle; when petition may be brought; terms and conditions
    § 46.2-359
    Restoration of driving privilege to certain persons
    § 46.2-360
    Restoration of privilege of operating motor vehicle; restoration of privilege to persons convicted under certain other provisions of Habitual Offender Act
    § 46.2-361
    Restoration of privilege after driving while license revoked or suspended for failure to pay fines or costs, furnish proof of financial responsibility or pay uninsured motorist fee
    § 46.2-362
    Appeals
    § 46.2-363
    Construction of article
  • Article 10. Driver Responsibilities, GenerallyRead all
  • § 46.2-364
    Definitions
    § 46.2-365
    Plaintiff not prevented from relying upon other legal process
    § 46.2-366
    Partial application to certain motor vehicles
    § 46.2-367
    Persons included within scope of chapter
    § 46.2-368
    Certificate of self-insurance exempts from chapter
    § 46.2-369
    Commissioner to administer and enforce chapter; regulations; summoning witnesses and taking testimony
    § 46.2-370
    Revoked driver's licenses, special identification cards, certificates of title, license plates, registration cards to be returned; Commissioner may take possession of them
  • Article 11. Accident ReportsRead all
  • § 46.2-371
    Driver to give immediate notice of certain accidents
    § 46.2-372
    Driver to report certain accidents in writing; certification of financial responsibility to Department; supplemental reports; reports by witnesses
    § 46.2-373
    Report by law-enforcement officer investigating accident
    § 46.2-373.1
    Report of law-enforcement officer involved in accident
    § 46.2-374
    Department to prepare and supply forms for reports
    § 46.2-375
    Reports by medical examiners of deaths resulting from accidents
    § 46.2-376
    Report required of person in charge of garage or repair shop
    § 46.2-377
    Reports made by garages to be without prejudice and confidential; exceptions
    § 46.2-378
    Extent to which reports may be used as evidence
    § 46.2-379
    Use of crash reports made by investigating officers
    § 46.2-380
    Reports made under certain sections open to inspection by certain persons; copies; maintenance of reports and photographs for three-year period
    § 46.2-381
    Accident reports required by county or municipal ordinance; copies
    § 46.2-382
    Courts to keep full records of certain cases
    § 46.2-382.1
    Courts to make findings relating to commercial motor vehicles
    § 46.2-383
    Courts to forward abstracts of records or furnish abstract data of conviction by electronic means in certain cases; records in office of Department; inspection; clerk's fee for reports
    § 46.2-384
    Law-enforcement officers arresting drivers for certain offenses to request abstracts or transcripts of drivers' conviction records
    § 46.2-385
    Prosecuting attorneys to appear in certain cases
    § 46.2-386
    Forms for and information to be contained in abstracts; certification
    § 46.2-387
    Penalty for failure to forward record of conviction or of judgment for damages
    § 46.2-388
    Uniform summons to be used for reportable motor vehicle law violations; citations
  • Article 12. Suspension and Revocation of Licenses, Generally; Additional PenaltiesRead all
  • § 46.2-389
    Required revocation for one year upon conviction or finding of guilty of certain offenses; exceptions
    § 46.2-390
    Required suspension for conviction of theft or unauthorized use of a motor vehicle
    § 46.2-390.1
    (For effective date -- see Editor's note) Required revocation for conviction of drug offenses or deferral of proceedings
    § 46.2-390.1
    (For expiration date -- see Editor's note) Required revocation for conviction of drug offenses or deferral of proceedings
    § 46.2-391
    Revocation of license for multiple convictions of driving while intoxicated; exception; petition for restoration of privilege
    § 46.2-391.01
    Administrative enforcement of ignition interlock requirements
    § 46.2-391.1
    Suspension of registration certificates and plates upon suspension or revocation of driver's license
    § 46.2-391.2
    Administrative suspension of license or privilege to operate a motor vehicle
    § 46.2-391.3
    Content of notice of suspension
    § 46.2-391.4
    When suspension to be rescinded
    § 46.2-391.5
    Preparation and distribution of forms
    § 46.2-392
    Suspension of license or issuance of a restricted license on conviction of reckless or aggressive driving; probationary conditions required; generally
    § 46.2-393
    Suspension of license on conviction of certain reckless offenses; restricted licenses
    § 46.2-394
    Revocation of license for fourth conviction of certain offenses
    § 46.2-395
    Suspension of license for failure or refusal to pay fines or costs
    § 46.2-396
    Suspension of license for reckless driving resulting in death of any person
    § 46.2-396.1
    Conviction of serious driving offense
    § 46.2-397
    Suspension of license for certain violations while transporting explosives, inflammable gas or liquid
    § 46.2-398
    Disposition of surrendered licenses on revocation or suspension
    § 46.2-398.1
    Issuance of restricted driver's privilege to out-of-state licensees
    § 46.2-399
    Revocation of license for improper use or failure to pay certain taxes
    § 46.2-400
    Suspension of license of person not competent to drive; restoration of license; duty of clerk of the court
    § 46.2-401
    Reports to Commissioner of discharge of individuals from state facilities
    § 46.2-402
    When Commissioner may suspend or revoke license for not more than one year after hearing
    § 46.2-403
    Contents of notice of hearing
    § 46.2-404
    Where and before whom hearing held
    § 46.2-405
    How hearings to be conducted
    § 46.2-406
    Appointment and authority of hearing officers
    § 46.2-407
    Form and contents of decision; copies
    § 46.2-408
    When Commissioner may suspend or revoke license for no more than five years
    § 46.2-409
    Certain abstracts of conviction to be prima facie evidence of conviction
    § 46.2-410
    Appeals from order suspending or revoking license or registration
    § 46.2-410.1
    Judicial review of revocation or suspension by Commissioner
    § 46.2-410.2
    License suspension or revocation by Commissioner; offenses under the laws of other jurisdictions
    § 46.2-411
    Reinstatement of suspended or revoked license or other privilege to operate or register a motor vehicle; proof of financial responsibility; reinstatement fee
    § 46.2-411.1
    Reinstatement of driver's license suspended or revoked for a conviction of driving while intoxicated
    § 46.2-412
    Time suspension or revocation
    § 46.2-413
    Effect of reversal of conviction
    § 46.2-414
    Commencement of periods for suspension or revocation of licenses, registration cards, or license plates
    § 46.2-415
    United States magistrates and judges of district courts authorized to revoke or suspend driver's license under certain conditions
    § 46.2-416
    Notice of suspension or revocation of license
    § 46.2-416.1
    Suspension for failure to comply with traffic citation issued under federal law
  • Article 13. Suspension of Licenses for Unsatisfied Judgments and After Certain AccidentsRead all
  • § 46.2-417
    Suspension for failure to satisfy motor vehicle accident judgment; exceptions; insurance in liquidated company; insurer obligated to pay judgment
    § 46.2-418
    Nonpayment of judgments of Virginia and other states
    § 46.2-419
    When judgment satisfied
    § 46.2-420
    Order for payment of judgment in installments
    § 46.2-421
    Effect of order for such payment and proof of financial responsibility
    § 46.2-422
    Suspension on failure to pay installments
    § 46.2-423
    Creditor's consent to license notwithstanding default in payment
    § 46.2-424
    Duty of insurance carrier after notice of accident; report of omissions by insurers to State Corporation Commission; investigation and assessment for omissions
    § 46.2-425
    Driver or owner having no license issued by Department
    § 46.2-426
    Custody and application of cash or securities deposited; limitation of actions; assignment
    § 46.2-427
    When suspensions to remain effective; relief from furnishing proof of financial responsibility; prohibition against registration in name of another person
    § 46.2-428
    Commonwealth responsible for deposits
    § 46.2-429
    Release of deposits only upon consent of Commissioner
  • Article 14. Suspension of Licenses of Nonresidents or for Accidents in Other StatesRead all
  • § 46.2-430
    Power over nonresidents
    § 46.2-431
    Chapter applies to nonresidents
    § 46.2-432
    Failure of nonresident to report accident
    § 46.2-433
    Notification of officers in nonresident's home state
    § 46.2-434
    Conviction of or judgment against resident in another jurisdiction
  • Article 15. Proof of Financial ResponsibilityRead all
  • § 46.2-435
    Proof of financial responsibility to be furnished for each vehicle
    § 46.2-436
    Methods of proving financial responsibility
    § 46.2-437
    Proof of financial responsibility by owner in lieu of driver
    § 46.2-438
    Proof by owner of vehicles operated under permit or certificate of State Corporation Commission or Department of Motor Vehicles
    § 46.2-439
    Certificate of insurance carrier
    § 46.2-440
    Certificate for nonresident may be by carrier not qualified in Commonwealth
    § 46.2-441
    Nonresident may file proof of future financial responsibility of insurance company or other state-authorized entity providing insurance
    § 46.2-442
    Default of foreign insurance carrier
    § 46.2-443
    Chapter not applicable to certain policies of insurance
    § 46.2-444
    Surety requirements of bond
    § 46.2-445
    How bond to be conditioned
    § 46.2-446
    Notice to Commissioner prerequisite to cancellation of bond; cancellation not to affect rights arising prior thereto
    § 46.2-447
    Bond to constitute lien on real estate of surety
    § 46.2-448
    Notice of cancellation; record; fees
    § 46.2-449
    Cancellation of bond with individual sureties; certificates of cancellation
    § 46.2-450
    Order discharging lien of bond
    § 46.2-451
    Action or suit on bond
    § 46.2-452
    Parties to suit on bond with individual sureties
    § 46.2-453
    Proof of financial responsibility by delivering cash or securities
    § 46.2-454
    Moneys or securities to be deposited with State Treasurer subject to execution
    § 46.2-455
    Assessment for expense of holding deposits
    § 46.2-456
    Additional security if fund impaired by any legal process, or otherwise
    § 46.2-457
    Substitution of new proof; cancellation or return of old
    § 46.2-458
    Interpleader to determine rights in deposits; other proceedings
    § 46.2-459
    When other proof of financial responsibility required; suspension of license pending furnishing of proof required
    § 46.2-460
    When Commissioner to consent to cancellation of bond or policy, or return of money or securities
    § 46.2-461
    When Commissioner not to release proof of financial responsibility; affidavit of nonexistence of facts
    § 46.2-462
    New license or registration to person to whom proof surrendered
    § 46.2-463
    Penalty for forging evidence of financial responsibility
  • Article 16. Assignment of Insurance RisksRead all
  • § 46.2-464
    Application for assignment of risk to insurance carrier
    § 46.2-465
    Optional coverage for persons occupying insured motor vehicle and for named insured and his family
    § 46.2-466
    Regulations for assignment, rate classifications, and schedules
    § 46.2-467
    Action within power of Commission
    § 46.2-468
    Information filed with Commission by insurance carrier confidential
    § 46.2-469
    Commission not required to disclose reasons for action; liability of Commission for act or omission
    § 46.2-470
    Assignment of risks for nonresidents
    § 46.2-471
    Assignment of risks for certain carriers
  • Article 17. Motor Vehicle Liability Insurance PoliciesRead all
  • § 46.2-472
    Coverage of owner's policy
    § 46.2-473
    Coverage of driver's policy
    § 46.2-474
    Policy must contain certain agreement; additional coverage
    § 46.2-475
    Policy must comply with law
    § 46.2-476
    Liability covered by workers' compensation law
    § 46.2-477
    When chapter applicable to policy
    § 46.2-478
    Several policies together meeting requirements of chapter
    § 46.2-479
    Provisions to which every policy shall be subject but need not contain
    § 46.2-480
    Reimbursement of carrier and proration of insurance
    § 46.2-481
    Binder or endorsement in lieu of policy
    § 46.2-482
    Notification of cancellation or termination of certified policy
  • Article 18. Driver License CompactRead all
  • § 46.2-483
    Compact enacted into law; terms
    § 46.2-484
    Department of Motor Vehicles to be "licensing authority" within meaning of compact; duties of Department
    § 46.2-485
    Compensation and expenses of compact administrator
    § 46.2-486
    Governor to be "executive head" within meaning of compact
    § 46.2-487
    Statutes and ordinances deemed to cover offenses specified in subdivision (a) of Article IV of compact
    § 46.2-488
    Question to be included in application for driver's license; surrender of license issued by another party state