Bank Franchise Tax§ 58.1-1200. Title.
This chapter shall be known and may be cited as the "Virginia Bank Franchise Tax Act."
1984, c. 675.§ 58.1-1201. Definitions.
As used in this chapter, unless the context clearly shows otherwise, the term or phrase:
"Bank" means any incorporated bank, banking association, savings bank that is a member of the Federal Reserve System, or trust company organized by or under the authority of the laws of the Commonwealth and any bank or banking association organized by or under the authority of the laws of the United States, doing business or having an office in the Commonwealth or having a charter which designates any place within the Commonwealth as the place of its principal office, and any bank which establishes and maintains a branch in this Commonwealth under Article 6 (§ 6.2-836 et seq.) of Title 6.2 or Article 7 (§ 6.2-849 et seq.) of Title 6.2, whether such bank or banking association is authorized to transact business as a trust company or not, and any joint stock land bank or any other bank organized by or under the authority of the laws of the United States upon which the Commonwealth is authorized to impose a tax. The term shall exclude all corporations organized under the laws of other states and doing business in the Commonwealth, corporations organized not as banks under the laws of the Commonwealth and all natural persons and partnerships.
"Bank holding company" means any corporation that is organized under the laws of Virginia, is doing business in the Commonwealth, and is a bank holding company under the provisions of the Federal Bank Holding Company Act of 1956.
Code 1950, §§ 58-485.01, 58-485.02; 1980, c. 578; 1984, c. 675; 1995, c. 301; 2002, c. 29.§ 58.1-1202. Bank capital assessable.
Every bank or trust company shall pay an annual franchise tax measured by its net capital as defined in § 58.1-1205. Such tax shall be in lieu of all other taxes whatsoever for state, county or local purposes except the real estate and tangible personal property taxes enumerated in § 58.1-1203, retail sales and use taxes under Chapter 6 (§ 58.1-600 et seq.) of this title, recordation taxes under § 58.1-800 et seq., motor vehicle sales and use taxes under Chapter 24 (§ 58.1-2400 et seq.) of this title, watercraft sales and use taxes under Chapter 14 (§ 58.1-1400 et seq.) of this title, aircraft sales and use taxes under Chapter 15 (§ 58.1-1500 et seq.) of this title, taxes properly assessable upon users of utility services, and local license taxes in connection with the sale of tangible personal property sold by banks in connection with promotions or otherwise.
Code 1950, § 58-485.04; 1980, c. 578; 1981, c. 432; 1984, c. 675.§ 58.1-1203. Real and leased tangible personal property of banks to be assessed as other real and personal property.
A. The real estate of all banks shall be assessed on the land books with the same taxes with which other real estate is assessed.
B. The tangible personal property of all banks which is leased for a consideration to customers or other lessees shall be assessed on the personal property books with the same taxes with which other tangible personal property held for lease is assessed.
Code 1950, § 58-485.05; 1980, c. 578; 1984, c. 675.§ 58.1-1204. Rate of tax.
The franchise tax imposed under this chapter shall be at the rate of $1 on each $100 of net capital as hereinafter defined. The total tax liability per taxpayer under this chapter shall not exceed $18 million annually. If at least five banks pay such maximum amount of franchise tax for three consecutive calendar years, beginning in 2017, as determined by the Department of Taxation, then such maximum amount shall increase to $20 million beginning in the calendar year immediately following the third consecutive year. After two years at $20 million, such maximum amount shall increase by three percent annually. There shall be no deduction in respect to shares owned by exempt institutions.
The Department of Taxation shall notify all bank and trust companies in the Commonwealth of the increase in the maximum annual tax liability no later than August 15 of the year immediately prior to the year of such increase.
Code 1950, § 58-485.06; 1980, c. 578; 1981, c. 432; 1984, c. 675; 2016, cc. 325, 755.§ 58.1-1204.1. Proration for new banks.
Notwithstanding § 58.1-1204, any bank which did not operate for the entire twelve-month period preceding the January 1 assessment date provided for under § 58.1-1207 shall be entitled to a prorated tax rate as follows:
1. Transacting business as of March 31 of the preceding year, no proration shall be available and the tax rate shall be $1 on each $100 of net capital.
2. Transacting business as of June 30 of the preceding year but not before April 1, the tax rate shall be 75 cent(s) on each $100 of net capital.
3. Transacting business as of September 30 of the preceding year but not before July 1, the tax rate shall be 50 cent(s) on each $100 of net capital.
4. Transacting business as of December 31 of the preceding year but not before October 1, the tax rate shall be 25 cent(s) on each $100 of net capital.
For purposes of this section, "transacting business" shall mean accepting deposits from customers in the regular course of doing business. A bank shall be eligible for the prorated tax rate provided for hereunder with respect to the first return it is required to file after accepting deposits; provided, that a bank shall not be eligible for the prorated tax rate if it was organized or created as part of a reorganization within the meaning of § 368(a) of the Internal Revenue Code .
1989, c. 64 .§ 58.1-1205. Computation of net capital.
The net capital of any bank shall be ascertained by adding together its capital, surplus, undivided profits, and one half of any reserve for loan losses net of applicable deferred tax to obtain gross capital and deducting therefrom (i) the assessed value of real estate as provided in § 58.1-1206, (ii) the book value of tangible personal property under § 58.1-1206, (iii) the pro rata share of government obligations as set forth in § 58.1-1206, (iv) the capital accounts of any bank subsidiaries under § 58.1-1206, (v) the amount of any reserve for marketable securities valuation which is included in capital, surplus and undivided profits as defined hereinabove to the extent that such reserve reflects the difference between the book value and the market value of such marketable securities on December 31 next preceding the date for filing the bank's return under § 58.1-1207, and (vi) the value of goodwill described under subdivision A 5 of § 58.1-1206.
Code 1950, § 58-485.07; 1980, c. 578; 1984, c. 675; 1999, c. 84; 2002, c. 667.§ 58.1-1206. Deductions from gross capital.
A. There shall be deducted from the gross capital otherwise ascertainable under § 58.1-1205:
1. The assessed value of real estate if otherwise taxed in this Commonwealth which is owned by such bank, or is used or occupied by such bank, if held in the name of a majority-owned subsidiary of the bank or of a bank holding company which owns a majority of the capital stock of such bank or of any wholly-owned subsidiary of the bank holding company which owns the majority of the capital stock of such bank and the assessed value, up to the amount of the unencumbered equity, of real estate in the nature of improvements which are owned by the bank, or used or occupied by the bank and held by a majority-owned subsidiary or a bank holding company or a wholly-owned subsidiary of a bank holding company, even if assessed in the name of some other person because of the ownership of the underlying land by such person. Real estate used or occupied by a subsidiary or originally conveyed as collateral for loans made by a subsidiary of the bank and reacquired upon foreclosure of mortgage loans will be deemed to be used or occupied by the bank. The deduction for assessed value of real estate shall be the most recent assessment made prior to January 1 of the current bank franchise tax year for real estate owned by the bank or affiliate on January 1 of the current year.
2. The book value of tangible personal property which shall be held for lease and is otherwise taxed which is owned by such bank or in the name of a majority-owned subsidiary of the bank. If the bank does not own all the stock of such subsidiary, it shall be entitled to deduct only such portion of the assessed value of the real estate and the value of such tangible personal property as the common stock it owns in such subsidiary bears to the whole issue of common stock of such corporation.
3. An amount which shall equal the same percentage of the gross capital account, defined as its capital, surplus and undivided profits as set forth in § 58.1-1205 at December 31 next preceding as the obligations of the United States bear to the total assets of the bank. Such percentage of U.S. obligations shall be determined as of the four most recent (or less in case of a new bank) Reports of Condition and the percentage obtained shall be averaged. For purposes of computing such percentage, total assets shall not include the goodwill described in subdivision 5. The obligations of the United States as used herein shall include all obligations of the United States exempt from taxation under 31 U.S.C. § 3124, of the United States Constitution or any other statute, or any instrumentality or agency of the United States which obligations shall be exempt from state or local taxation under the United States Constitution or any statute of the United States.
4. The amount of retained earnings and surplus of subsidiaries to the extent included in the gross capital of the bank. In addition, any portion of the amount added to federal taxable income pursuant to subdivision B 9 of § 58.1-402 by a corporation that is for interest expenses and costs paid to the bank for a loan or other obligation made by the bank to such corporation shall be deducted from the gross capital of the bank provided that (i) at the time of payment of such portion to the bank, the bank was a related member of the corporation, and (ii) such portion has not otherwise been deducted from gross capital. For purposes of this subdivision, the terms "interest expenses and costs" and "related member" mean the same as those terms are defined in § 58.1-302.
5. Any amount equal to 90 percent of goodwill created in connection with any acquisition or merger occurring on or after July 1, 2001.
B. For purposes of this section, "goodwill" shall be determined using generally accepted accounting principles.
Code 1950, § 58-485.08; 1980, c. 578; 1981, c. 432; 1984, c. 675; 2002, c. 667; 2004, Sp. Sess. I, c. 3.§ 58.1-1207. Filing of return and payment of tax.
Each bank as defined in § 58.1-1201 as of January 1 of each year shall prepare and file with the commissioner of the revenue or comparable assessing officer of the county, city or town where the principal office of the bank is located on or before March 1, a return in duplicate which shall set forth the tax on net capital as computed under this chapter. The return shall be in a form prescribed by the Department of Taxation. The commissioner of the revenue or comparable assessing officer shall certify a copy of the bank's return and schedules and shall forthwith transmit such certified copy to the Department of Taxation. Additionally, a copy of the real estate deduction schedules and the apportionment under § 58.1-1211 shall be filed with the appropriate assessing officer of each political subdivision imposing a tax on the filing bank. Such return shall set forth the tax on net capital owing to each such political subdivision as computed under this chapter and shall include the listing of the real estate, as assessed for the prior year, as well as a description of the total of the obligations of the United States and the average percentage thereof on the four dates prescribed in subdivision 3 of § 58.1-1206. Every bank, on or before June 1 of each year, shall pay into the state treasury the state taxes assessed under this chapter and into the treasurer's office or other official of the local political subdivisions all taxes assessed by such political subdivision.
Code 1950, § 58-485.013; 1980, c. 578; 1984, c. 675.§ 58.1-1208. City tax.
Any city in this Commonwealth in which is located any bank may, by ordinance, impose a tax not to exceed 80 percent of the state rate of taxation on each $100 of the net capital of such bank located in such city. If such bank also has offices that are located outside the corporate limits of such city, the tax shall be apportioned as provided in § 58.1-1211.
Code 1950, § 58-485.09; 1980, c. 578; 1984, c. 675.§ 58.1-1209. Town tax.
Any incorporated town in this Commonwealth in which is located a bank may, by ordinance, impose a tax not to exceed 80 percent of the state rate of taxation for each $100 of the net capital of a bank located in such town. If such bank also has offices that are located outside the corporate limits of such town, the tax shall be apportioned as provided in § 58.1-1211.
Code 1950, § 58-485.010; 1980, c. 578; 1984, c. 675.§ 58.1-1210. County tax.
Any county of this Commonwealth in which is located any bank outside any incorporated town therein may, by ordinance, impose a tax not to exceed 80 percent of the state rate of taxation for each $100 of the net capital of the bank so located in such county outside the corporate limits of any town therein. If such bank also has offices that are located outside such county or within the corporate limits of any town therein, the tax shall be apportioned as provided in § 58.1-1211.
Code 1950, § 58-485.011; 1980, c. 578; 1984, c. 675.§ 58.1-1211. Branch banks.
If any bank has offices located in two or more political subdivisions, which includes cities, towns and counties, the tax which may be imposed by any subdivision under §§ 58.1-1208, 58.1-1209 or § 58.1-1210 shall be imposed upon only such proportion of the taxable value of the net capital under § 58.1-1204 as the total deposits of such bank, or offices located inside the taxing subdivision, bears to total deposits as of the end of the preceding year. For the purposes of this section, offices located within an incorporated town shall be deemed not within the county where such banks are located.
Code 1950, § 58-485.012; 1980, c. 578; 1984, c. 675.§ 58.1-1212. Record of deposits through branches required.
Each bank in this Commonwealth that has as of the beginning of any tax year a bank located in any county, incorporated town or city other than the county, incorporated town or city wherein such bank's principal office is located, shall maintain a record of the deposits through each such branch as of the beginning of the tax year. Each bank shall also submit to the commissioner of the revenue or other assessing officer of the locality wherein such principal office is located a report of such deposits with the return required under § 58.1-1207.
Code 1950, § 58-485.014; 1980, c. 578; 1984, c. 675.§ 58.1-1213. Credit against state tax for amounts paid cities, towns and counties.
Any bank paying any tax assessed by any city, incorporated town, or county within this Commonwealth shall be entitled to credit upon the state tax assessed against it for that year on account of any city, town or county franchise tax paid by such bank for that year. In no event, however, shall the credit exceed the amount of such city, incorporated town or county levies authorized by this chapter.
Code 1950, § 58-485.015; 1980, c. 578; 1984, c. 675; 1994, c. 186.§ 58.1-1214. Auditing of returns.
The Department of Taxation may audit returns as the Commissioner deems necessary for the proper enforcement of the tax levied by this chapter. The Department shall correct all errors discovered by such audit and notify the bank concerned in each case. In case of an adjustment, it shall also notify every political subdivision imposing a tax against the bank for which the bank claimed a credit against the state tax under § 58.1-1213.
Code 1950, § 58-485.016; 1980, c. 578; 1984, c. 675.§ 58.1-1215. Banks in liquidation.
When the affairs of any bank are being wound up under §§ 6.2-913, 6.2-916, and 6.2-1038 or the comparable sections of the National Banking Act, such bank will not be subject to tax under this chapter, except as provided in this section. Returns of such assets on January 1 of each year shall be made by those having custody or control thereof. If any surplus remains after payment of all creditors and depositors, the liquidating officer shall ascertain the net capital of such bank, just prior to each year-end during the period of liquidation and cause to be paid an appropriate tax thereon before any distribution of any such surplus, but any such tax on the bank, even though paid late, shall not be subject to penalty.
Code 1950, § 58-485.017; 1980, c. 578; 1984, c. 675.§ 58.1-1216. Penalty upon bank for failure to comply with chapter.
Any bank which fails to file a return or pay the state tax required by this chapter or fails to comply with any other provision of this chapter shall be subject to a penalty of five percent of the tax due. If the Commissioner is satisfied that such failure is due to providential or other good cause, such return and payment of tax shall be accepted exclusive of such penalty, but with interest determined in accordance with § 58.1-15.
Code 1950, § 58-485.018; 1980, c. 578; 1984, c. 675.§ 58.1-1217. State banks and national banks treated the same in matter of taxation.
In the event that any state or local tax is held by a court of competent jurisdiction to be invalid in its application to national banks, as a class, such tax shall not thereafter be assessed against state banks.
Code 1950, § 58-485.03; 1980, c. 578; 1984, c. 675.