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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 12. Health
Agency 5. Department of Health
Chapter 481. Virginia Radiation Protection Regulations

12VAC5-481-670. Determination of Internal Exposure.

A. For purposes of assessing dose used to determine compliance with occupational dose equivalent limits, the licensee shall, when required under 12VAC5-481-760, take suitable and timely measurements of either:

1. Concentrations of radioactive materials in air in work areas;

2. Quantities of radionuclides in the body;

3. Quantities of radionuclides excreted from the body; or

4. Combinations of these measurements.

B. Unless respiratory protective equipment is used as provided in 12VAC5-481-830 or the assessment of intake is based on bioassays, the licensee shall assume that an individual inhales radioactive material at the airborne concentration in which the individual is present.

C. When specific information on the physical and biochemical properties of the radionuclides taken into the body or the behavior or the material in an individual is known, the licensee may:

1. Use that information to calculate the committed effective dose equivalent, and if used, the licensee shall document that information in the individual's record;

2. Upon prior approval from the agency, adjust the DAC or ALI values to reflect the actual physical and chemical characteristics of airborne radioactive material (e.g., aerosol size distribution or density); and

3. Separately assess the contribution of fractional intakes of Class D, W, or Y compounds of a given radionuclide (see Appendix B to 10 CFR Part 20) to the committed effective dose equivalent.

D. If the licensee chooses to assess intakes of Class Y material using the measurements given in subdivision A 2 or A 3 of this section, the licensee may delay the recording and reporting of the assessments for periods up to seven months, unless otherwise required by 12VAC5-481-1100 or 12VAC5-481-1110, in order to permit the licensee to make additional measurements basic to the assessments.

E. If the identity and concentration of each radionuclide in a mixture are known, the fraction of the DAC applicable to the mixture for use in calculating DAC-hours shall be either:

1. The sum of the ratios of the concentration to the appropriate DAC value (e.g., D, W, or Y) from Appendix B to 10 CFR Part 20 for each radionuclide in the mixture; or

2. The ratio of the total concentration for all radionuclides in the mixture to the most restrictive DAC value for any radionuclide in the mixture.

F. If the identity of each radionuclide in a mixture is known, but the concentration of one or more of the radionuclides in the mixture is not known, the DAC for the mixture shall be the most restrictive DAC of any radionuclide in the mixture.

G. When a mixture of radionuclides in air exists, licensees may disregard certain radionuclides in the mixture if:

1. The licensee uses the total activity of the mixture in demonstrating compliance with the dose limits in 12VAC5-481-640 and in complying with the monitoring requirements in 12VAC5-481-760 A 2,

2. The concentration of any radionuclide disregarded is less than 10% of its DAC, and

3. The sum of these percentages for all of the radionuclides disregarded in the mixture does not exceed 30%.

H. When determining the committed effective dose equivalent, the following information may be considered:

1. In order to calculate the committed effective dose equivalent, the licensee may assume that the inhalation of one ALI or an exposure of 2,000 DAC-hours results in a committed effective dose equivalent of 5 rem (0.05 Sv) for radionuclides that have their ALIs or DACs based on the committed effective dose equivalent.

2. When the ALI and the associated DAC is determined by the nonstochastic organ dose limit of 50 rem (0.5 Sv), the intake of radionuclides that would result in a committed effective dose equivalent of 5 rem (0.05 Sv) (the stochastic ALI) is listed in parentheses of Appendix B to 10 CFR Part 20. In this case, the licensee may, as a simplifying assumption, use the stochastic ALIs to determine committed effective dose equivalent. However, if the licensee uses the stochastic ALIs, the licensee shall also demonstrate that the limit in 12VAC5-481-640 A 1 (b) is met.

Statutory Authority

§ 32.1-229 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Volume 22, Issue 25, eff. September 20, 2006; amended, Virginia Register Volume 24, Issue 18, eff. June 12, 2008; Volume 32, Issue 24, eff. August 25, 2016.

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