Administrative Code

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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 12. Health
Agency 30. Department of Medical Assistance Services
Chapter 120. Waivered Services
1/21/2020

12VAC30-120-1060. Participation Standards for Provision of Services; Providers' Requirements.

A. The required documentation for residential support services, day support services, supported employment services, and prevocational support shall be as follows:

1. A completed copy of the DBHDS-approved SIS assessment form or its approved alternative form during the phase in period.

2. A Plan for Supports containing, at a minimum, the following elements:

a. The individual's strengths, desired outcomes, required or desired supports or both, and skill-building needs;

b. The individual's support activities to meet the identified outcomes;

c. The services to be rendered and the schedule of such services to accomplish the above desired outcomes and support activities;

d. A timetable for the accomplishment of the individual's desired outcomes and support activities;

e. The estimated duration of the individual's needs for services; and

f. The provider staff responsible for the overall coordination and integration of the services specified in the Plan for Supports.

3. Documentation indicating that the Plan for Supports' desired outcomes and support activities have been reviewed by the provider quarterly, annually, and more often as needed. The results of the review must be submitted to the case manager. For the annual review and in cases where the Plan for Supports is modified, the Plan for Supports shall be reviewed with and agreed to by the individual enrolled in the waiver and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate.

4. All correspondence to the individual and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, the case manager, DMAS, and DBHDS.

5. Written documentation of contacts made with family/caregiver, physicians, formal and informal service providers, and all professionals concerning the individual.

B. The required documentation for personal assistance services, respite services, and companion services shall be as set out in this subsection. The agency provider holding the service authorization or the services facilitator, or the EOR in the absence of a services facilitator, shall maintain records regarding each individual who is receiving services. At a minimum, these records shall contain:

1. A copy of the completed DBHDS-approved SIS assessment (or its approved alternative during the phase in period) and, as needed, an initial assessment completed by the supervisor or services facilitator prior to or on the date services are initiated.

2. A Plan for Supports, that contains, at a minimum, the following elements:

a. The individual's strengths, desired outcomes, required or desired supports;

b. The individual's support activities to meet these identified outcomes;

c. Services to be rendered and the frequency of such services to accomplish the above desired outcomes and support activities; and

d. For the agency-directed model, the provider staff responsible for the overall coordination and integration of the services specified in the Plan for Supports. For the consumer-directed model, the identifying information for the assistant or assistants and the Employer of Record.

3. Documentation indicating that the Plan for Supports' desired outcomes and support activities have been reviewed by the provider quarterly, annually, and more often as needed. The results of the review must be submitted to the case manager. For the annual review and in cases where the Plan for Supports is modified, the Plan for Supports shall be reviewed with and agreed to by the individual enrolled in the waiver and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate.

4. The companion services supervisor or CD services facilitator, as required by 12VAC30-120-1020, shall document in the individual's record in a summary note following significant contacts with the companion and home visits with the individual:

a. Whether companion services continue to be appropriate;

b. Whether the plan is adequate to meet the individual's needs or changes are indicated in the plan;

c. The individual's satisfaction with the service;

d. The presence or absence of the companion during the supervisor's visit;

e. Any suspected abuse, neglect, or exploitation and to whom it was reported; and

f. Any hospitalization or change in medical condition, and functioning or cognitive status;

5. All correspondence to the individual and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, the case manager, DMAS, and DBHDS;

6. Contacts made with family/caregiver, physicians, formal and informal service providers, and all professionals concerning the individual; and

7. Documentation provided by the case manager as to why there are no providers other than family members available to render respite assistant care if this service is part of the individual's Plan for Supports.

C. The required documentation for assistive technology, environmental modifications (EM), and Personal Emergency Response Systems (PERS) shall be as follows:

1. The appropriate IDOLS documentation, to be completed by the case manager, may serve as the Plan for Supports for the provision of AT, EM, and PERS services. A rehabilitation engineer may be involved for AT or EM services if disability expertise is required that a general contractor may not have. The Plan for Supports/IDOL shall include justification and explanation that a rehabilitation engineer is needed, if one is required. The IDOL shall be submitted to the state-designated agency or its contractor in order for service authorization to occur;

2. Written documentation for AT services regarding the process and results of ensuring that the item is not covered by the State Plan for Medical Assistance as DME and supplies, and that it is not available from a DME provider;

3. AT documentation of the recommendation for the item by a qualified professional;

4. Documentation of the date services are rendered and the amount of service that is needed;

5. Any other relevant information regarding the device or modification;

6. Documentation in the case management record of notification by the designated individual or individual's representative family/caregiver of satisfactory completion or receipt of the service or item; and

7. Instructions regarding any warranty, repairs, complaints, or servicing that may be needed.

D. Assistive technology (AT). In addition to meeting the service coverage requirements in 12VAC30-120-1020 and the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-1040, AT shall be provided by DMAS-enrolled durable medical equipment (DME) providers or DMAS-enrolled CSBs/BHAs with an ID Waiver provider agreement to provide AT. DME shall be provided in accordance with 12VAC30-50-165.

E. Companion services (both agency-directed and consumer-directed). In addition to meeting the service coverage requirements in 12VAC30-120-1020 and the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-1040, companion service providers shall meet the following qualifications:

1. For the agency-directed model, the provider shall be licensed by DBHDS as either a residential service provider, supportive in-home residential service provider, day support service provider, or respite service provider or shall meet the DMAS criteria to be a personal care/respite care provider.

2. For the consumer-directed model, there may be a services facilitator (or person serving in this capacity) meeting the requirements found in 12VAC30-120-1020.

3. Companion qualifications. Persons functioning as companions shall meet the following requirements:

a. Be at least 18 years of age;

b. Be able to read and write English to the degree required to function in this capacity and possess basic math skills;

c. Be capable of following a Plan for Supports with minimal supervision and be physically able to perform the required work;

d. Possess a valid social security number that has been issued by the Social Security Administration to the person who is to function as the companion;

e. Be capable of aiding in IADLs; and

f. Receive an annual tuberculosis screening.

4. Persons rendering companion services for reimbursement by DMAS shall not be the individual's spouse. Other family members living under the same roof as the individual being served may not provide companion services unless there is objective written documentation completed by the services facilitator, or the EOR when the individual does not select services facilitation, as to why there are no other providers available to provide companion services.

a. Family members who are approved to be reimbursed by DMAS to provide companion services shall meet all of the companion qualifications.

b. Companion services shall not be provided by adult foster care providers or any other paid caregivers for an individual residing in that foster care home.

5. For the agency-directed model, companions shall be employees of enrolled providers that have participation agreements with DMAS to provide companion services. Providers shall be required to have a companion services supervisor to monitor companion services. The companion services supervisor shall have a bachelor's degree in a human services field and have at least one year of experience working in the ID field, or be a licensed practical nurse (LPN) or a registered nurse (RN) with at least one year of experience working in the ID field. Such LPNs and RNs shall have the appropriate current licenses to either practice nursing in the Commonwealth or have multi-state licensure privilege as defined herein.

6. The companion services supervisor or services facilitator, as appropriate, shall conduct an initial home visit prior to initiating companion services to document the efficacy and appropriateness of such services and to establish a Plan for Supports for the individual enrolled in the waiver. The companion services supervisor or services facilitator must provide quarterly follow-up home visits to monitor the provision of services under the agency-directed model and semi-annually (every six months) under the consumer-directed model or more often as needed.

7. In addition to the requirements in subdivisions 1 through 6 of this subsection the companion record for agency-directed service providers must also contain:

a. The specific services delivered to the individual enrolled in the waiver by the companion, dated the day of service delivery, and the individual's responses;

b. The companion's arrival and departure times;

c. The companion's weekly comments or observations about the individual enrolled in the waiver to include observations of the individual's physical and emotional condition, daily activities, and responses to services rendered; and

d. The companion's and individual's and the individual's family/caregiver's, as appropriate, weekly signatures recorded on the last day of service delivery for any given week to verify that companion services during that week have been rendered.

8. Consumer-directed model companion record. In addition to the requirements outlined in this subsection, the companion record for services facilitators must contain:

a. The services facilitator's dated notes documenting any contacts with the individual enrolled in the waiver and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, and visits to the individual's home;

b. Documentation of training provided to the companion by the individual or EOR, as appropriate;

c. Documentation of all employer management training provided to the individual enrolled in the waiver or the EOR, including the individual's and the EOR's, as appropriate, receipt of training on their legal responsibility for the accuracy and timeliness of the companion's timesheets; and

d. All documents signed by the individual enrolled in the waiver and the EOR that acknowledge their responsibilities and legal liabilities as the companion's or companions' employer, as appropriate.

F. Crisis stabilization services. In addition to the service coverage requirements in 12VAC30-120-1020 and the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-1040, the following crisis stabilization provider qualifications shall apply:

1. A crisis stabilization services provider shall be licensed by DBHDS as a provider of either outpatient services, crisis stabilization services, residential services with a crisis stabilization track, supportive residential services with a crisis stabilization track, or day support services with a crisis stabilization track.

2. The provider shall employ or use QMRPs, licensed mental health professionals, or other qualified personnel who have demonstrated competence to provide crisis stabilization and related activities to individuals with ID who are experiencing serious psychiatric or behavioral problems.

3. To provide the crisis supervision component, providers must be licensed by DBHDS as providers of residential services, supportive in-home residential services, or day support services. Documentation of providers' qualifications shall be maintained for review by DBHDS and DMAS staff or DMAS' designated agent.

4. A Plan for Supports must be developed or revised and submitted to the case manager for submission to DBHDS within 72 hours of the requested start date for authorization.

5. Required documentation in the individual's record. The provider shall maintain a record regarding each individual enrolled in the waiver who is receiving crisis stabilization services. At a minimum, the record shall contain the following:

a. Documentation of the face-to-face assessment and any reassessments completed by a QMRP;

b. A Plan for Supports that contains, at a minimum, the following elements:

(1) The individual's strengths, desired outcomes, required or desired supports;

(2) Services to be rendered and the frequency of services to accomplish these desired outcomes and support activities;

(3) A timetable for the accomplishment of the individual's desired outcomes and support activities;

(4) The estimated duration of the individual's needs for services; and

(5) The provider staff responsible for the overall coordination and integration of the services specified in the Plan for Supports; and

c. Documentation indicating the dates and times of crisis stabilization services, the amount and type of service or services provided, and specific information regarding the individual's response to the services and supports as agreed to in the Plan for Supports.

G. Day support services. In addition to meeting the service coverage requirements in 12VAC30-120-1020 and the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-1040, day support providers, for both intensive and regular service levels, shall meet the following additional requirements:

1. The provider of day support services must be specifically licensed by DBHDS as a provider of day support services. (12VAC 35-105-20)

2. In addition to licensing requirements, day support staff shall also have training in the characteristics of intellectual disabilities and the appropriate interventions, skill building strategies, and support methods for individuals with intellectual disabilities and such functional limitations. All providers of day support services shall pass an objective, standardized test of skills, knowledge, and abilities approved by DBHDS and administered according to DBHDS' defined procedures. (See www.dbhds.virginia.gov for further information.)

3. Documentation confirming the individual's attendance and amount of time in services and specific information regarding the individual's response to various settings and supports as agreed to in the Plan for Supports. An attendance log or similar document must be maintained that indicates the individual's name, date, type of services rendered, staff signature and date, and the number of service units delivered, in accordance with the DMAS fee schedule.

4. Documentation indicating whether the services were center-based or noncenter-based shall be included on the Plan for Supports.

5. In instances where day support staff may be required to ride with the individual enrolled in the waiver to and from day support services, the day support staff transportation time may be billed as day support services and documentation maintained, provided that billing for this time does not exceed 25% of the total time spent in day support services for that day.

6. If intensive day support services are requested, documentation indicating the specific supports and the reasons they are needed shall be included in the Plan for Supports. For ongoing intensive day support services, there shall be specific documentation of the ongoing needs and associated staff supports.

H. Environmental modifications. In addition to meeting the service coverage requirements in 12VAC30-120-1020 and the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-1040, environmental modifications shall be provided in accordance with all applicable federal, state, or local building codes and laws by CSBs/BHAs contractors or DMAS-enrolled providers.

I. Personal assistance services (both consumer-directed and agency directed models). In addition to meeting the service coverage requirements in 12VAC30-120-1020 and the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-1040, personal assistance providers shall meet additional provider requirements:

1. For the agency-directed model, services shall be provided by an enrolled DMAS personal care provider or by a residential services provider licensed by the DBHDS that is also enrolled with DMAS. All agency-directed personal assistants shall pass an objective standardized test of skills, knowledge, and abilities approved by DBHDS that must be administered according to DBHDS' defined procedures.

2. For the CD model, services shall meet the requirements found in 12VAC30-120-1020.

3. For DBHDS-licensed residential services providers, a residential supervisor shall provide ongoing supervision of all personal assistants.

4. For DMAS-enrolled personal care providers, the provider shall employ or subcontract with and directly supervise an RN or an LPN who shall provide ongoing supervision of all assistants. The supervising RN or LPN shall have at least one year of related clinical nursing experience that may include work in an acute care hospital, public health clinic, home health agency, ICF/ID, or nursing facility.

5. For agency-directed services, the supervisor, or for CD services the services facilitator, shall make a home visit to conduct an initial assessment prior to the start of services for all individuals enrolled in the waiver requesting, and who have been approved to receive, personal assistance services. The supervisor or services facilitator, as appropriate, shall also perform any subsequent reassessments or changes to the Plan for Supports. All changes that are indicated for an individual's Plan for Supports shall be reviewed with and agreed to by the individual and, if appropriate, the family/caregiver.

6. The supervisor or services facilitator, as appropriate, shall make supervisory home visits as often as needed to ensure both quality and appropriateness of services. The minimum frequency of these visits shall be every 30 to 90 days under the agency-directed model and semi-annually (every six months) under the CD model of services, depending on the individual's needs.

7. Based on continuing evaluations of the assistant's performance and individual's needs, the supervisor (for agency-directed services) or the individual or the employer of record (EOR) (for the CD model) shall identify any gaps in the assistant's ability to function competently and shall provide training as indicated.

8. Qualifications for consumer directed personal assistants. The assistant shall:

a. Be 18 years of age or older and possess a valid social security number that has been issued by the Social Security Administration to the person who is to function as the attendant;

b. Be able to read and write English to the degree necessary to perform the tasks expected and possess basic math skills;

c. Have the required skills and physical abilities to perform the services as specified in the individual's Plan for Supports;

d. Be willing to attend training at the individual's and EOR's, as appropriate, request;

e. Understand and agree to comply with the DMAS' ID Waiver requirements as contained in this part (12VAC30-120-1000 et seq.); and

f. Receive an annual tuberculosis screening.

9. Additional requirements for DMAS-enrolled (agency-directed) personal care providers.

a. Personal assistants shall have completed an educational curriculum of at least 40 hours of study related to the needs of individuals who have disabilities, including intellectual/developmental disabilities, as ensured by the provider prior to being assigned to support an individual, and have the required skills and training to perform the services as specified in the individual's Plan for Supports and related supporting documentation. Personal assistants' required training, as further detailed in the applicable provider manual, shall be met in one of the following ways:

(1) Registration with the Board of Nursing as a certified nurse aide;

(2) Graduation from an approved educational curriculum as listed by the Board of Nursing; or

(3) Completion of the provider's educational curriculum, as conducted by a licensed RN who shall have at least one year of related clinical nursing experience that may include work in an acute care hospital, public health clinic, home health agency, ICF/ID, or nursing facility.

b. Assistants shall have a satisfactory work record, as evidenced by two references from prior job experiences, if applicable, including no evidence of possible abuse, neglect, or exploitation of elderly persons, children, or adults with disabilities.

10. Personal assistants to be paid by DMAS shall not be the parents of individuals enrolled in the waiver who are minor children or the individuals' spouses.

a. Payment shall not be made for services furnished by other family members living under the same roof as the individual enrolled in the waiver receiving services unless there is objective written documentation completed by the services facilitator, or the case manager when the individual does not select services facilitation, as to why there are no other providers available to render the services.

b. Family members who are approved to be reimbursed for providing this service shall meet the same qualifications as all other personal assistants.

11. Provider inability to render services and substitution of assistants (agency-directed model).

a. When assistants are absent or otherwise unable to render scheduled supports to individuals enrolled in the waiver, the provider shall be responsible for ensuring that services continue to be provided to the affected individuals. The provider may either provide another assistant, obtain a substitute assistant from another provider if the lapse in coverage is to be less than two weeks in duration, or transfer the individual's services to another personal care or respite provider. The provider that has the service authorization to provide services to the individual enrolled in the waiver must contact the case manager to determine if additional, or modified, service authorization is necessary.

b. If no other provider is available who can supply a substitute assistant, the provider shall notify the individual and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, and the case manager so that the case manager may find another available provider of the individual's choice.

c. During temporary, short-term lapses in coverage that are not expected to exceed approximately two weeks in duration, the following procedures shall apply:

(1) The service authorized provider shall provide the supervision for the substitute assistant;

(2) The provider of the substitute assistant shall send a copy of the assistant's daily documentation signed by the assistant, the individual, and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, to the provider having the service authorization; and

(3) The service authorized provider shall bill DMAS for services rendered by the substitute assistant.

d. If a provider secures a substitute assistant, the provider agency shall be responsible for ensuring that all DMAS requirements continue to be met including documentation of services rendered by the substitute assistant and documentation that the substitute assistant's qualifications meet DMAS' requirements. The two providers involved shall be responsible for negotiating the financial arrangements of paying the substitute assistant.

12. For the agency-directed model, the personal assistant record shall contain:

a. The specific services delivered to the individual enrolled in the waiver by the assistant, dated the day of service delivery, and the individual's responses;

b. The assistant's arrival and departure times;

c. The assistant's weekly comments or observations about the individual enrolled in the waiver to include observations of the individual's physical and emotional condition, daily activities, and responses to services rendered; and

d. The assistant's and individual's and the individual's family/caregiver's, as appropriate, weekly signatures recorded on the last day of service delivery for any given week to verify that services during that week have been rendered.

13. The records of individuals enrolled in the waiver who are receiving personal assistance services in a congregate residential setting (because skill building services are no longer appropriate or desired for the individual), must contain:

a. The specific services delivered to the individual enrolled in the waiver, dated the day that such services were provided, the number of hours as outlined in the Plan for Supports, the individual's responses, and observations of the individual's physical and emotional condition; and

b. At a minimum, monthly verification by the residential supervisor of the services and hours rendered and billed to DMAS.

14. For the consumer-directed model, the services facilitator's record shall contain, at a minimum:

a. Documentation of all employer management training provided to the individual enrolled in the waiver and the EOR including the individual or the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, and EOR, as appropriate, receipt of training on their legal responsibilities for the accuracy and timeliness of the assistant's timesheets; and

b. All documents signed by the individual enrolled in the waiver and the EOR, as appropriate, which acknowledge the responsibilities as the employer.

J. Personal Emergency Response Systems. In addition to meeting the service coverage requirements in 12VAC30-120-1020 and the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-1040, PERS providers shall also meet the following qualifications:

1. A PERS provider shall be either: (i) an enrolled personal care agency; (ii) an enrolled durable medical equipment provider; (iii) a licensed home health provider; or (iv) a PERS manufacturer that has the ability to provide PERS equipment, direct services (i.e., installation, equipment maintenance, and service calls), and PERS monitoring services.

2. The PERS provider must provide an emergency response center with fully trained operators who are capable of receiving signals for help from an individual's PERS equipment 24-hours a day, 365, or 366, days per year as appropriate, of determining whether an emergency exists, and of notifying an emergency response organization or an emergency responder that the PERS service individual needs emergency help.

3. A PERS provider must comply with all applicable Virginia statutes, applicable regulations of DMAS, and all other governmental agencies having jurisdiction over the services to be performed.

4. The PERS provider shall have the primary responsibility to furnish, install, maintain, test, and service the PERS equipment, as required, to keep it fully operational. The provider shall replace or repair the PERS device within 24 hours of the individual's notification of a malfunction of the console unit, activating devices, or medication-monitoring unit.

5. The PERS provider must properly install all PERS equipment into a PERS individual's functioning telephone line or cellular system and must furnish all supplies necessary to ensure that the PERS system is installed and working properly.

6. The PERS installation shall include local seize line circuitry, which guarantees that the unit shall have priority over the telephone connected to the console unit should the phone be off the hook or in use when the unit is activated.

7. A PERS provider shall install, test, and demonstrate to the individual and family/caregiver, as appropriate, the PERS system before submitting his claim for services to DMAS.

8. A PERS provider shall maintain a data record for each PERS individual at no additional cost to DMAS or DBHDS. The record must document the following:

a. Delivery date and installation date of the PERS;

b. Individual or family/caregiver, as appropriate, signature verifying receipt of PERS device;

c. Verification by a monthly, or more frequently as needed, test that the PERS device is operational;

d. Updated and current individual responder and contact information, as provided by the individual, the individual's family/caregiver, or case manager; and

e. A case log documenting the individual's utilization of the system and contacts and communications with the individual, family/caregiver, case manager, and responders.

9. The PERS provider shall have back-up monitoring capacity in case the primary system cannot handle incoming emergency signals.

10. All PERS equipment shall be approved by the Federal Communications Commission and meet the Underwriters' Laboratories, Inc. (UL) safety standard for home health care signaling equipment in Underwriter's Laboratories Safety Standard 1637, Standard for Home Health Care Signaling Equipment, Fourth Edition, December 29, 2006. The UL listing mark on the equipment shall be accepted as evidence of the equipment's compliance with such standard. The PERS device shall be automatically reset by the response center after each activation, ensuring that subsequent signals can be transmitted without requiring manual reset by the individual enrolled in the waiver or family/caregiver, as appropriate.

11. A PERS provider shall instruct the individual, family/caregiver, and responders in the use of the PERS service.

12. The emergency response activator shall be able to be activated either by breath, by touch, or by some other means, and must be usable by individuals who are visually or hearing impaired or physically disabled. The emergency response communicator must be capable of operating without external power during a power failure at the individual's home for a minimum period of 24-hours and automatically transmit a low battery alert signal to the response center if the back-up battery is low. The emergency response console unit must also be able to self-disconnect and redial the back-up monitoring site without the individual or family/caregiver resetting the system in the event it cannot get its signal accepted at the response center.

13. The PERS provider shall be capable of continuously monitoring and responding to emergencies under all conditions, including power failures and mechanical malfunctions. It shall be the PERS provider's responsibility to ensure that the monitoring function and the agency's equipment meets the following requirements. The PERS provider must be capable of simultaneously responding to signals for help from multiple individuals' PERS equipment. The PERS provider's equipment shall include the following:

a. A primary receiver and a back-up receiver, which must be independent and interchangeable;

b. A back-up information retrieval system;

c. A clock printer, which must print out the time and date of the emergency signal, the PERS individual's identification code, and the emergency code that indicates whether the signal is active, passive, or a responder test;

d. A back-up power supply;

e. A separate telephone service;

f. A toll-free number to be used by the PERS equipment in order to contact the primary or back-up response center; and

g. A telephone line monitor, which must give visual and audible signals when the incoming telephone line is disconnected for more than 10 seconds.

14. The PERS provider shall maintain detailed technical and operations manuals that describe PERS elements, including the installation, functioning, and testing of PERS equipment, emergency response protocols, and recordkeeping and reporting procedures.

15. The PERS provider shall document and furnish within 30 days of the action taken a written report to the case manager for each emergency signal that results in action being taken on behalf of the individual, excluding test signals or activations made in error.

K. Prevocational services. In addition to meeting the service coverage requirements in 12VAC30-120-1020 and the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based services participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-1040, prevocational providers shall also meet the following qualifications:

1. The provider of prevocational services shall be a vendor of either extended employment services, long-term employment services, or supported employment services for DRS, or be licensed by DBHDS as a provider of day support services. Both licensee groups must also be enrolled with DMAS.

2. In addition to licensing requirements, prevocational staff shall also have training in the characteristics of ID and the appropriate interventions, skill building strategies, and support methods for individuals with ID and such functional limitations. All providers of prevocational services shall pass an objective, standardized test of skills, knowledge, and abilities approved by DBHDS and administered according to DBHDS' defined procedures. (See www.dbhds.virginia.gov for further information.)

3. Preparation and maintenance of documentation confirming the individual's attendance and amount of time in services and specific information regarding the individual's response to various settings and supports as agreed to in the Plan for Supports. An attendance log or similar document must be maintained that indicates the individual's name, date, type of services rendered, staff signature and date, and the number of service units delivered, in accordance with the DMAS fee schedule.

4. Preparation and maintenance of documentation indicating whether the services were center-based or noncenter-based shall be included on the Plan for Supports.

5. In instances where prevocational staff may be required to ride with the individual enrolled in the waiver to and from prevocational services, the prevocational staff transportation time (actual time spent in transit) may be billed as prevocational services and documentation maintained, provided that billing for this time does not exceed 25% of the total time spent in prevocational services for that day.

6. If intensive prevocational services are requested, documentation indicating the specific supports and the reasons they are needed shall be included in the Plan for Supports. For ongoing intensive prevocational services, there shall be specific documentation of the ongoing needs and associated staff supports.

7. Preparation and maintenance of documentation indicating that prevocational services are not available in vocational rehabilitation agencies through § 110 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 or through the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).

L. Residential support services.

1. In addition to meeting the service coverage requirements in 12VAC30-120-1020 and the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-1040 and in order to be reimbursed by DMAS for rendering these services, the provider of residential services shall have the appropriate DBHDS residential license (12VAC35-105).

2. Residential support services may also be provided in adult foster care homes approved by local department of social services' offices pursuant to 22VAC40-771-20.

3. In addition to licensing requirements, provider personnel rendering residential support services shall participate in training in the characteristics of ID and appropriate interventions, skill building strategies, and support methods for individuals who have diagnoses of ID and functional limitations. See www.dbhds.virginia.gov for information about such training. All providers of residential support services must pass an objective, standardized test of skills, knowledge, and abilities approved by DBHDS and administered according to DBHDS' defined procedures.

4. Provider professional documentation shall confirm the individual's participation in the services and provide specific information regarding the individual's responses to various settings and supports as set out in the Plan for Supports.

M. Respite services (both consumer-directed and agency-directed models). In addition to meeting the service coverage requirements in 12VAC30-120-1020 and the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-1040, respite services providers shall meet additional provider requirements:

1. For the agency-directed model, services shall be provided by an enrolled DMAS respite care provider or by a residential services provider licensed by the DBHDS that is also enrolled by DMAS. In addition, respite services may be provided by a DBHDS-licensed respite services provider or a local department of social services-approved foster care home for children or by an adult foster care provider that is also enrolled by DMAS.

2. For the CD model, services shall meet the requirements found in Services Facilitation, 12VAC30-120-1020.

3. For DBHDS-licensed residential or respite services providers, a residential or respite supervisor shall provide ongoing supervision of all respite assistants.

4. For DMAS-enrolled respite care providers, the provider shall employ or subcontract with and directly supervise an RN or an LPN who will provide ongoing supervision of all assistants. The supervising RN or LPN must have at least one year of related clinical nursing experience that may include work in an acute care hospital, public health clinic, home health agency, ICF/ID, or nursing facility.

5. For agency-directed services, the supervisor, or for CD services the services facilitator, shall make a home visit to conduct an initial assessment prior to the start of services for all individuals enrolled in the waiver requesting respite services. The supervisor or services facilitator, as appropriate, shall also perform any subsequent reassessments or changes to the Plan for Supports.

6. The supervisor or services facilitator, as appropriate, shall make supervisory home visits as often as needed to ensure both quality and appropriateness of services. The minimum frequency of these visits shall be every 30 to 90 days under the agency-directed model and semi-annually (every six months) under the CD model of services, depending on the individual's needs.

a. When respite services are not received on a routine basis, but are episodic in nature, the supervisor or services facilitator shall conduct the initial home visit with the respite assistant immediately preceding the start of services and make a second home visit within the respite service authorization period. The supervisor or services facilitator, as appropriate, shall review the use of respite services either every six months or upon the use of 240 respite service hours, whichever comes first.

b. When respite services are routine in nature, that is occurring with a scheduled regularity for specific periods of time, and offered in conjunction with personal assistance, the supervisory visit conducted for personal assistance may serve as the supervisory visit for respite services. However, the supervisor or services facilitator, as appropriate, shall document supervision of respite services separately. For this purpose, the same individual record shall be used with a separate section for respite services documentation.

7. Based on continuing evaluations of the assistant's performance and individual's needs, the supervisor (for agency-directed services) or the individual or the EOR (for the CD model) shall identify any gaps in the assistant's ability to function competently and shall provide training as indicated.

8. Qualifications for respite assistants. The assistant shall:

a. Be 18 years of age or older and possess a valid social security number that has been issued by the Social Security Administration to the person who is to function as the respite assistant;

b. Be able to read and write English to the degree necessary to perform the tasks expected and possess basic math skills; and

c. Have the required skills to perform services as specified in the individual's Plan for Supports and shall be physically able to perform the tasks required by the individual enrolled in the waiver.

9. Additional requirements for DMAS-enrolled (agency-directed) respite care providers.

a. Respite assistants shall have completed an educational curriculum of at least 40 hours of study related to the needs of individuals who have disabilities, including intellectual/developmental disabilities, as ensured by the provider prior to being assigned to support an individual, and have the required skills and training to perform the services as specified in the individual's Plan for Supports and related supporting documentation. Respite assistants' required training, as further detailed in the applicable provider manual, shall be met in one of the following ways:

(1) Registration with the Board of Nursing as a certified nurse aide;

(2) Graduation from an approved educational curriculum as listed by the Board of Nursing; or

(3) Completion of the provider's educational curriculum, as taught by an RN who shall have at least one year of related clinical nursing experience that may include work in an acute care hospital, public health clinic, home health agency, ICF/ID, or nursing facility.

b. Assistants shall have a satisfactory work record, as evidenced by two references from prior job experiences including no evidence of possible abuse, neglect, or exploitation of any person regardless of age or disability.

10. Additional requirements for respite assistants for the CD option. The assistant shall:

a. Be willing to attend training at the individual's and the individual family/caregiver's, as appropriate, request;

b. Understand and agree to comply with the DMAS' ID Waiver requirements as contained in 12VAC30-120-1000 et seq.; and

c. Receive an annual tuberculosis screening.

11. Assistants to be paid by DMAS shall not be the parents of individuals enrolled in the waiver who are minor children or the individuals' spouses. Payment shall not be made for services furnished by other family members living under the same roof as the individual who is receiving services unless there is objective written documentation completed by the services facilitator, or the case manager when the individual does not select services facilitation, as to why there are no other providers available to render the services required by the individual. Family members who are approved to be reimbursed for providing this service shall meet the same qualifications as all other respite assistants.

12. Provider inability to render services and substitution of assistants (agency-directed model).

a. When assistants are absent or otherwise unable to render scheduled supports to individuals enrolled in the waiver, the provider shall be responsible for ensuring that services continue to be provided to individuals. The provider may either provide another assistant, obtain a substitute assistant from another provider if the lapse in coverage is expected to be less than two weeks in duration, or transfer the individual's services to another respite care provider. The provider that has the service authorization to provide services to the individual enrolled in the waiver must contact the case manager to determine if additional, or modified, service authorization is necessary.

b. If no other provider is available who can supply a substitute assistant, the provider shall notify the individual and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, and the case manager so that the case manager may find another available provider of the individual's choice.

c. During temporary, short-term lapses in coverage not to exceed two weeks in duration, the following procedures shall apply:

(1) The service authorized provider shall provide the supervision for the substitute assistant;

(2) The provider of the substitute assistant shall send a copy of the assistant's daily documentation signed by the assistant, the individual and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, to the provider having the service authorization; and

(3) The service authorized provider shall bill DMAS for services rendered by the substitute assistant.

d. If a provider secures a substitute assistant, the provider agency shall be responsible for ensuring that all DMAS requirements continue to be met including documentation of services rendered by the substitute assistant and documentation that the substitute assistant's qualifications meet DMAS' requirements. The two providers involved shall be responsible for negotiating the financial arrangements of paying the substitute assistant.

13. For the agency-directed model, the assistant record shall contain:

a. The specific services delivered to the individual enrolled in the waiver by the assistant, dated the day of service delivery, and the individual's responses;

b. The assistant's arrival and departure times;

c. The assistant's weekly comments or observations about the individual enrolled in the waiver to include observations of the individual's physical and emotional condition, daily activities, and responses to services rendered; and

d. The assistant's and individual's and the individual's family/caregiver's, as appropriate, weekly signatures recorded on the last day of service delivery for any given week to verify that services during that week have been rendered.

N. Services facilitation and consumer directed model of service delivery.

1. If the services facilitator is not an RN, the services facilitator shall inform the primary health care provider that services are being provided and request skilled nursing or other consultation as needed by the individual.

2. To be enrolled as a Medicaid CD services facilitator and maintain provider status, the services facilitator shall have sufficient resources to perform the required activities, including the ability to maintain and retain business and professional records sufficient to document fully and accurately the nature, scope, and details of the services provided. To be enrolled, the services facilitator shall also meet the combination of work experience and relevant education set out in this subsection that indicate the possession of the specific knowledge, skills, and abilities to perform this function. The services facilitator shall maintain a record of each individual containing elements as set out in this section.

a. It is preferred that the CD services facilitator possess a minimum of an undergraduate degree in a human services field or be a registered nurse currently licensed to practice in the Commonwealth or hold multi-state licensure privilege pursuant to Chapter 30 (§ 54.1-3000 et seq.) of Title 54.1 of the Code of Virginia. In addition, it is preferable that the CD services facilitator have two years of satisfactory experience in a human service field working with individuals with intellectual disability or individuals with other developmental disabilities. Such knowledge, skills, and abilities must be documented on the provider's application form, found in supporting documentation, or be observed during a job interview. Observations during the interview must be documented. The knowledge, skills, and abilities include:

(1) Knowledge of:

(a) Types of functional limitations and health problems that may occur in individuals with intellectual disability or individuals with other developmental disabilities, as well as strategies to reduce limitations and health problems;

(b) Physical assistance that may be required by individuals with intellectual disabilities, such as transferring, bathing techniques, bowel and bladder care, and the approximate time those activities normally take;

(c) Equipment and environmental modifications that may be required by individuals with intellectual disabilities that reduce the need for human help and improve safety;

(d) Various long-term care program requirements, including nursing home and ICF/ID placement criteria, Medicaid waiver services, and other federal, state, and local resources that provide personal assistance, respite, and companion services;

(e) ID Waiver requirements, as well as the administrative duties for which the services facilitator will be responsible;

(f) Conducting assessments (including environmental, psychosocial, health, and functional factors) and their uses in service planning;

(g) Interviewing techniques;

(h) The individual's right to make decisions about, direct the provisions of, and control his consumer-directed personal assistance, companion and respite services, including hiring, training, managing, approving timesheets, and firing an assistant/companion;

(i) The principles of human behavior and interpersonal relationships; and

(j) General principles of record documentation.

(2) Skills in:

(a) Negotiating with individuals and the individual's family/caregivers, as appropriate, and service providers;

(b) Assessing, supporting, observing, recording, and reporting behaviors;

(c) Identifying, developing, or providing services to individuals with intellectual disabilities; and

(d) Identifying services within the established services system to meet the individual's needs.

(3) Abilities to:

(a) Report findings of the assessment or onsite visit, either in writing or an alternative format, for individuals who have visual impairments;

(b) Demonstrate a positive regard for individuals and their families;

(c) Be persistent and remain objective;

(d) Work independently, performing position duties under general supervision;

(e) Communicate effectively, orally and in writing; and

(f) Develop a rapport and communicate with individuals of diverse cultural backgrounds.

3. The services facilitator's record shall contain:

a. Documentation of all employer management training provided to the individual enrolled in the waiver and the EOR, as appropriate, including the individual's or the EOR's, as appropriate, receipt of training on their responsibility for the accuracy and timeliness of the assistant's timesheets; and

b. All documents signed by the individual enrolled in the waiver or the EOR, as appropriate, which acknowledge their legal responsibilities as the employer.

O. Skilled nursing services. In addition to meeting the service coverage requirements in 12VAC30-120-1020 and the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-1040, participating skilled nursing providers shall meet the following qualifications:

1. Skilled nursing services shall be provided by either a DMAS-enrolled home health provider, or by a licensed registered nurse (RN), or licensed practical nurse (LPN) under the supervision of a licensed RN who shall be contracted with or employed by DBHDS-licensed day support, respite, or residential providers.

2. Skilled nursing services providers shall not be the parents (natural, adoptive, or foster) of individuals enrolled in the waiver who are minor children or the individual's spouse. Payment shall not be made for services furnished by other family members who are living under the same roof as the individual receiving services unless there is objective written documentation as to why there are no other providers available to provide the care. Other family members who are approved to provide skilled nursing services must meet the same skilled nursing provider requirements as all other licensed providers.

3. Foster care providers shall not be the skilled nursing services providers for the same individuals for whom they provide foster care.

4. Skilled nursing hours shall not be reimbursed while the individual enrolled in the waiver is receiving emergency care or is an inpatient in an acute care hospital or during emergency transport of the individual to such facilities. The attending RN or LPN shall not transport the individual enrolled in the waiver to such facilities.

5. Skilled nursing services may be ordered but shall not be provided simultaneously with respite or personal assistance services.

6. Reimbursement for skilled nursing services shall not be made for services that may be delivered prior to the attending physician's dated signature on the individual's support plan in the form of the physician's order.

7. DMAS shall not reimburse for skilled nursing services that may be rendered simultaneously through the Medicaid EPSDT benefit and the Medicare home health skilled nursing service benefit.

8. Required documentation. The provider shall maintain a record, for each individual enrolled in the waiver whom he serves, that contains:

a. A Plan for Supports that contains, at a minimum, the following elements:

(1) The individual's strengths, desired outcomes, required or desired supports;

(2) Services to be rendered and the frequency of services to accomplish the above desired outcomes and support activities;

(3) The estimated duration of the individual's needs for services; and

(4) The provider staff responsible for the overall coordination and integration of the services specified in the Plan for Supports;

b. Documentation of all training, including the dates and times, provided to family/caregivers or staff, or both, including the person or persons being trained and the content of the training. Training of professional staff shall be consistent with the Nurse Practice Act;

c. Documentation of the physician's determination of medical necessity prior to services being rendered;

d. Documentation of nursing license/qualifications of providers;

e. Documentation indicating the dates and times of nursing services that are provided and the amount and type of service;

f. Documentation that the Plan for Supports was reviewed by the provider quarterly, annually, and more often as needed, modified as appropriate, and results of these reviews submitted to the CSB/BHA case manager. For the annual review and in cases where the Plan for Supports is modified, the Plan for Supports shall be reviewed with and agreed to by the individual and the family/caregiver, as appropriate; and

g. Documentation that the Plan for Supports has been reviewed by a physician within 30 days of initiation of services, when any changes are made to the Plan for Supports, and also reviewed and approved annually by a physician.

P. Supported employment services. In addition to meeting the service coverage requirements in 12VAC30-120-1020 and the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-1040, supported employment provider qualifications shall include:

1. Group and individual supported employment shall be provided only by agencies that are DRS-vendors of supported employment services;

2. Documentation indicating that supported employment services are not available in vocational rehabilitation agencies through § 110 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 or through the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA); and

3. In instances where supported employment staff are required to ride with the individual enrolled in the waiver to and from supported employment activities, the supported employment staff's transportation time (actual transport time) may be billed as supported employment, provided that the billing for this time does not exceed 25% of the total time spent in supported employment for that day.

Q. Therapeutic consultation. In addition to meeting the service coverage requirements in 12VAC30-120-1020 and the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-1040, professionals rendering therapeutic consultation services shall meet all applicable state or national licensure, endorsement or certification requirements. The following documentation shall be required for therapeutic consultation:

1. A Plan for Supports, that contains at a minimum, the following elements:

a. Identifying information;

b. Desired outcomes, support activities, and time frames; and

c. Specific consultation activities.

2. A written support plan detailing the recommended interventions or support strategies for providers and family/caregivers to better support the individual enrolled in the waiver in the service.

3. Ongoing documentation of rendered consultative services which may be in the form of contact-by-contact or monthly notes, which must be signed and dated, that identify each contact, what was accomplished, the professional who made the contact and rendered the service.

4. If the consultation services extend three months or longer, written quarterly reviews are required to be completed by the service provider and shall be forwarded to the case manager. If the consultation service extends beyond one year or when there are changes to the Plan for Supports, the Plan shall be reviewed by the provider with the individual and family/caregiver, as appropriate. The Plan for Supports shall be agreed to by the individual and family/caregiver, as appropriate, and the case manager and shall be submitted to the case manager. All changes to the Plan for Supports shall be reviewed with and agreed to by the individual and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate.

5. A final disposition summary must be forwarded to the case manager within 30 days following the end of this service.

R. Transition services. Providers shall be enrolled as a Medicaid provider for case management. DMAS or the DMAS designated agent shall reimburse for the purchase of appropriate transition goods or services on behalf of the individual as set out in 12VAC30-120-1020 and 12VAC30-120-2010.

S. Case manager's responsibilities for the Medicaid Long-Term Care Communication Form (DMAS-225).

1. When any of the following circumstances occur, it shall be the responsibility of the case management provider to notify DBHDS and the local department of social services, in writing using the DMAS-225 form, and the responsibility of DBHDS to update DMAS, as requested:

a. Home and community-based waiver services are implemented.

b. An individual enrolled in the waiver dies.

c. An individual enrolled in the waiver is discharged from all ID Waiver services.

d. Any other circumstances (including hospitalization) that cause home and community-based waiver services to cease or be interrupted for more than 30 days.

e. A selection by the individual enrolled in the waiver and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, of an alternative community services board/behavioral health authority that provides case management services.

2. Documentation requirements. The case manager shall maintain the following documentation for review by DMAS for a period of not less than six years from each individual's last date of service:

a. The initial comprehensive assessment, subsequent updated assessments, and all Individual Support Plans completed for the individual;

b. All Plans for Support from every provider rendering waiver services to the individual;

c. All supporting documentation related to any change in the Individual Support Plans;

d. All related communication with the individual and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, consultants, providers, DBHDS, DMAS, DRS, local departments of social services, or other related parties;

e. An ongoing log that documents all contacts made by the case manager related to the individual enrolled in the waiver and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate; and

f. When a service provider or consumer-directed personal or respite assistant or companion is designated by the case manager to collect the patient pay amount, a copy of the case manager's written designation, as specified in 12VAC30-120-1010 D 5, and documentation of monthly monitoring of DMAS-designated system.

T. The service providers shall maintain, for a period of not less than six years from the individual's last date of service, documentation necessary to support services billed. Review of individual-specific documentation shall be conducted by DMAS staff. This documentation shall contain, up to and including the last date of service, all of the following:

1. All assessments and reassessments.

2. All Plans for Support developed for that individual and the written reviews.

3. Documentation of the date services were rendered and the amount and type of services rendered.

4. Appropriate data, contact notes, or progress notes reflecting an individual's status and, as appropriate, progress or lack of progress toward the outcomes on the Plans for Support.

5. Any documentation to support that services provided are appropriate and necessary to maintain the individual in the home and in the community.

6. Documentation shall be filed in the individual's record upon the documentation's completion but not later than two weeks from the date of the document's preparation. Documentation for an individual's record shall not be created or modified once a review or audit of that individual enrolled in the waiver has been initiated by either DBHDS or DMAS.

Statutory Authority

§ 32.1-325 of the Code of Virginia; 42 USC § 1396 et seq.

Historical Notes

Derived from Volume 29, Issue 20, eff. July 4, 2013.

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