Administrative Code

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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 12. Health
Agency 30. Department of Medical Assistance Services
Chapter 120. Waivered Services

12VAC30-120-600. Definitions.

The following words and terms when used in this part shall have the following meanings unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

"Adverse action" means the denial, suspension, or reduction in services or the denial or retraction, in whole or in part, of payment for a service that has already been rendered.

"Adverse benefit determination" means, consistent with 42 CFR 438.400, any of the following: (i) the denial or limited authorization of a requested service, including determinations based on the type or level of service, requirements for medical necessity, appropriateness, setting, or effectiveness of a covered benefit; (ii) the reduction, suspension, or termination of a previously authorized service; (iii) the denial, in whole or in part, of payment for a service; (iv) the failure to provide services in a timely manner, as defined by the state; (v) the failure of an MCO, PIHP, or PAHP to act within the timeframes provided in 42 CFR 438.408(b)(1) and 42 CFR 438.408(b)(2) regarding the standard resolution of grievances and appeals; (vi) for a resident of a rural area with only one MCO, the denial of an enrollee's request to exercise the enrollee's right under 42 CFR 438.52(b)(2)(ii) to obtain services outside the network; or (vii) the denial of an enrollee's request to dispute a financial liability, including cost sharing, copayments, premiums, deductibles, coinsurance, and other enrollee financial liabilities.

"Appellant" means an applicant for or recipient of Medicaid benefits who seeks to challenge an adverse benefit determination taken by the participating plan, subcontractor, service provider, or DMAS regarding eligibility for services and payment determinations.

"Authorized representative" means the same as set forth in 12VAC30-110-1380 and 12VAC30-110-1390.

"Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services" or "CMS" means the federal agency of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services that is responsible for the administration of Titles XVIII, XIX, and XXI of the Social Security Act.

"Commonwealth Coordinated Care Plus program" or "CCC Plus" means the department's mandatory integrated care initiative for certain qualifying individuals, including dual eligible individuals and individuals receiving long-term services and supports (LTSS). The CCC Plus program includes individuals who receive services through nursing facility (NF) care or from the four home and community-based services (HCBS) § 1915(c) waivers .

"Continuity of care period" means a set period of time during which the MCO shall ensure a seamless transition from Medicaid FFS, or from another MCO, for all members upon enrollment into a plan.

"Contractor" means a managed care health plan selected by DMAS and contracted to participate in the CCC Plus program.

"Covered services" means the set of required services offered by the participating plan.

"Department of Medical Assistance Services," "department," or "DMAS" means the Virginia Department of Medical Assistance Services, the single state agency for the Medicaid program in Virginia that is responsible for implementation and oversight of CCC Plus.

"Disenrollment" means the process of changing enrollment from one participating plan to another participating plan or the process of being excluded from CCC Plus by the department as described in 12VAC30-120-610.

"Division" or "Appeals Division" means the Appeals Division of the Department of Medical Assistance Services.

"Dual eligible" means a Medicare member who receives Medicare Parts A, B, and D benefits and also receives full Medicaid benefits.

"Effective date" means the date on which a participating plan's coverage begins for a member.

"Enrollment" means assignment of an individual to a health plan by the department in accordance with the terms of the contract with the participating plan. This does not include attaining eligibility for the Medicaid program.

"Enrollment broker" means an independent contractor that enrolls individuals in the contractor's plan and is responsible for the operation and documentation of a toll-free individual service helpline. The responsibilities of the enrollment broker include individual education and MCO enrollment and assistance with and tracking of individuals' complaints and their resolutions and may include individual marketing and outreach.

"Enrollment period" means the time that a member is actually enrolled in a participating plan.

"External appeal" means an appeal, subsequent to the participating plan internal appeal or reconsideration decision, to the state fair hearing process (for a member appeal) or informal appeals process (for a provider appeal).

"Fee-for-service" or "FFS" means the traditional health care payment system in which physicians and other providers receive a payment for each service they provide.

"Final decision" means a written determination by a department hearing officer from an appeal of an internal appeal decision that is binding on the department, unless modified during or after the judicial process.

"Handbook" means a document prepared by the MCO and provided to the member that is consistent with the requirements of 42 CFR 438.10 and the CCC Plus contract and includes information about all the services covered by that plan.

"Hearing officer" means an impartial decision maker who conducts evidentiary state fair hearings for member appeals on behalf of the department.

"Internal appeal" means an oral or a written request to the MCO by a member, a member's authorized representative, or a provider acting on behalf of the member and with the member's written consent for review of a contractor's adverse benefit determination. The internal appeal is the only level of appeal with the MCO and must be exhausted by a member or deemed exhausted according to 42 CFR 438.408(c)(3) before the member may initiate a state fair hearing.

"Long-term services and supports" or "LTSS" means a variety of services and supports that (i) help elderly s members and s members with disabilities who need assistance to perform activities of daily living and instrumental activities of daily living to improve the quality of their lives and (ii) are provided over an extended period, predominantly in homes and communities, but also in facility-based settings such as nursing facilities.

"MCO" means a health plan selected to participate in Virginia's CCC Plus program. "MCO" means the same as "participating plan."

"Medicaid" means the program of medical assistance benefits under Title XIX of the Social Security Act.

"Medically complex" means those who have a complex medical or behavioral health condition and a functional impairment or an intellectual or developmental disability.

"Medically necessary" or "medical necessity" means an item or service provided for the diagnosis or treatment of an enrollee's condition consistent with standards of medical practice and in accordance with Virginia Medicaid policy (12VAC30-130-600 et seq.) or EPSDT criteria, for those younger than 21 years of age, in accordance with 42 CFR 441 Subpart B (§§ 50 through 62), 42 CFR 438.210, and 42 CFR 440.230.

"Medicare" means Title XVIII of the Social Security Act, the federal health insurance program for people age 65 years or older, people younger than 65 years of age who have certain disabilities, and people with end stage renal disease or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

"Member" means an individual who has enrolled in a participating plan to receive services under CCC plus.

"Member appeal" means a member's request for review of an adverse benefit determination.

"Network provider" means a doctor, hospital, or other health care provider that participates or contracts with a participating plan and, as a result, agrees to accept a mutually-agreed upon payment amount or fee schedule as payment in full for covered services that are rendered to eligible s members.

"Nursing facility" means any skilled nursing facility, skilled care facility, intermediate care facility, nursing care facility, or nursing facility, whether freestanding or a portion of a freestanding medical care facility, that is certified for participation as a Medicare or Medicaid provider, or both, pursuant to Title XVIII and Title XIX of the Social Security Act, as amended, and § 32.1-137 of the Code of Virginia.

"Open enrollment" means the timeframe in which members are permitted to change from one MCO to another without cause.

"Participating plan" means the same as "MCO."

"Previously authorized" means, in relation to continuation of benefits, as described in 42 CFR 438.420, a prior approved course of treatment.

"Primary care provider" means a practitioner who provides preventive and primary medical care and certifies service authorizations and referrals for medically necessary specialty services. Primary care providers may include pediatricians, family and general practitioners, internists, obstetricians or gynecologists, geriatricians, specialists who perform primary care functions (such as surgeons), and clinics, including local health departments, federally qualified health centers, and rural health clinics.

"Program of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly" or "PACE" means the program in which the PACE provider provides the entire spectrum of health services (preventive, primary, and acute) and long-term services and supports to its s members without limit as to duration or cost of services pursuant to 12VAC30-50-320 et seq.

"Provider appeal" means an appeal to the department filed by a Medicaid-enrolled or network service provider that has already provided a service to a member and has received an adverse reconsideration decision regarding service authorization, payment, or audit result.

"Reconsideration" means a provider's request to the MCO for review of an adverse action related to service authorization or payment. The MCO's reconsideration decision is a prerequisite to a provider's filing of an appeal to the Appeals Division.

"Remand" means the return of a case by the department's hearing officer to the MCO for further review, evaluation, and action.

"Reverse" means to overturn the MCO's internal appeal decision and to direct that the MCO fully approve the amount, duration, and scope of requested services.

"Social Security Act" means the federal act, codified through Chapter 7 of Title 42 of the United States Code, that established social insurance programs including Medicare and Medicaid.

"State fair hearing" means the DMAS evidentiary hearing as administered by the Appeals Division. A state fair hearing is conducted by a department hearing officer to allow a member the opportunity to present the member's concerns with or objections to the participating plan's internal appeal decision.

"Subcontractor" means an entity that has contracted with the contractor to perform part of the responsibilities within the CCC Plus program. All subcontractors shall be approved by DMAS.

"Sustain" means to uphold the MCO's appeal decision.

"Withdraw" means a written request from the member or the 's member's authorized representative for the department to terminate the member appeal.

Statutory Authority

§ 32.1-325 of the Code of Virginia; 42 USC § 1396 et seq.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 37, Issue 14, eff. March 31, 2021.

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