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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 12. Health
Agency 30. Department of Medical Assistance Services
Chapter 130. Amount, Duration and Scope of Selected Services
12/6/2022

12VAC30-130-820. Client Medical Management Program for providers.

A. Purpose. The CMM Program for providers is a utilization control program designed to promote improved and cost-efficient medical management of essential health care.

B. Authority.

1. Federal regulations at 42 CFR 456.3 require the Medicaid agency to implement a statewide surveillance and utilization control program and at 42 CFR 455.1 through 455.16 require the Medicaid agency to conduct investigations of abuse by providers.

2. Federal regulations at 42 CFR 431.54(f) allow states to restrict providers' participation in the Medicaid program if the agency finds that providers of items or services under the State Plan have provided items or services at a frequency or amount not medically necessary in accordance with utilization guidelines established by the state or have provided items or services of a quality that do not meet professionally recognized standards of health care.

C. Identification of participants for inclusion in the CMM Program for providers. DMAS shall identify providers for review through computerized reports such as but not limited to JSURS, Oracle, VAMMIS, or by written referrals from agencies, health care professionals, or other individuals.

D. Provider evaluation for restriction.

1. DMAS shall review providers to determine if health care services are being provided at a frequency or amount that is not medically necessary or that are not of a quality to meet professionally recognized standards of health care. Evaluation of utilization patterns can include but is not limited to review by the department of medical records or computerized reports generated by the department reflecting claims submitted for physician visits, drugs or prescriptions, outpatient and emergency room visits, lab or diagnostic procedures, hospital admissions, and referrals.

2. DMAS may restrict providers if any one or more of the following conditions is identified in a significant number or proportion of cases. These conditions include but shall not be limited to the following:

a. Visits billed at a frequency or level exceeding that which is medically necessary;

b. Diagnostic tests billed in excess of what is medically necessary;

c. Diagnostic tests billed which are unrelated to the diagnosis;

d. Medications prescribed or prescriptions dispensed in excess of recommended dosages;

e. Medications prescribed or prescriptions dispensed unrelated to the diagnosis; or

f. The provider's license to practice in any state has been revoked or suspended.

E. Provider restriction procedures.

1. DMAS shall advise affected providers by written notice of the proposed restriction under the CMM Program for providers. Written notice shall include an explanation of the basis for the decision, request for additional documentation, if any, and notification of the provider's right to appeal the proposed action.

2. DMAS shall restrict providers from being the designated provider, a referral provider, or a covering provider for individuals in the CMM Program for providers for 24 months.

3. DMAS shall notify the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) and the general public of the restriction and its duration.

4. DMAS shall not implement provider restriction if a valid appeal is noted.

F. Review of provider restriction status.

1. DMAS shall review a restricted provider's claims history record prior to the end of the restriction period to determine restriction termination or continuation (See subsection D of this section). DMAS shall extend provider restriction for 24 months in one or more of the following situations:

a. Where abuse by the provider is identified.

b. Where the practices which led to restriction continue.

2. In cases where the provider has submitted an insufficient number of claims during the restriction period to enable DMAS to conduct a claims history review, DMAS shall continue restriction until a reviewable six-month claims history is available for evaluation.

3. If DMAS continues restriction following the review, the provider shall be notified of the agency's proposed action, the basis for the action, and appeal rights. (See subsection E of this section).

4. If the provider continues a pattern of inappropriate health care services, DMAS may make a referral to the appropriate peer review group or regulatory agency for recommendation and action as appropriate.

G. Provider appeals.

1. Providers shall have the right to appeal any action taken by the department under this part pursuant to § 32.1-325.1 of the Code of Virginia.

2. Provider appeals shall be held pursuant to the provisions of Article 3 (§ 2.2-4018 et seq.) of the Administrative Process Act.

Statutory Authority

§ 32.1-325 of the Code of Virginia; 42 USC § 1396 et seq.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR460-04-8.3 § 3, eff. January 1, 1993; amended, Virginia Register Volume 14, Issue 10, eff. March 4, 1998; Volume 25, Issue 14, eff. April 15, 2009; Volume 32, Issue 4, eff. December 3, 2015.

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