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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 12. Health
Agency 30. Department of Medical Assistance Services
Chapter 40. Eligibility Conditions and Requirements

12VAC30-40-240. More restrictive methods of treating resources than those of the SSI program: § 1902(f) states only.

A. The following limitations apply to resources in addition to the resource requirements of the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program for the aged, blind and disabled.

1. For income-producing property and other nonresidential property, appropriate equity and profit is to be determined by the pro rata share owned by an individual in relation to his proportionate share of the equity and profit.

2. Property in the form of an interest in an undivided estate is to be regarded as an asset when the value of the interest plus all other resources exceeds the applicable resource limit unless it is considered unsaleable for reasons other than being an undivided estate. An heir can initiate a court action to partition. If a partition suit is necessary (because at least one other owner of or heir to the property will not agree to sell the property) in order for the individual to liquidate the interest, estimated partition costs may be deducted from the property's value. However, if a partition would not result in the applicant or recipient securing title to property having value substantially in excess of the cost of the court action, the property would not be regarded as an asset.

B. Real property.

1. The current market value of real property is determined by ascertaining the tax assessed value of the property and applying to it the local assessment rate. For noncommercial real property only, the current market value may be determined through the use of a certified appraisal in lieu of the tax assessed value. The certified appraisal must be completed by an individual licensed by the Virginia Real Estate Appraiser Board and the cost of the certified appraisal shall be borne by the applicant or recipient or his designee. The equity value is the current market value less the amount due on any recorded liens against the property. "Recorded" means written evidence that can be substantiated, such as deeds of trust, liens, promissory notes, etc.

2. Real property contiguous to an individual's residence which does not meet the home property definitions in subdivision 3 of this subsection, the SSI income-producing requirement or the exceptions listed in subdivision 6 of this subsection and which is saleable according to the provisions in 12VAC30-40-290 C shall be counted as an available resource. The equity value of the contiguous property shall be added to the value of all other countable resources.

3. Ownership of a dwelling occupied by the applicant as his home does not affect eligibility. A home shall mean the house and lot used as the principal residence and all contiguous property as long as the value of the land, exclusive of the lot occupied by the house, does not exceed $5,000. In any case in which the definition of home as provided here is more restrictive than that provided in the State Plan for Medical Assistance in Virginia as it was in effect on January 1, 1972, then a home means the house and lot used as the principal residence and all contiguous property essential to the operation of the home regardless of value.

The lot occupied by the house shall be a measure of land as designated on a plat or survey or whatever the locality sets as a minimum size for a building lot, whichever is less. In localities where no minimum building lot requirement exists, a lot shall be a measure of land designated on a plat or survey or one acre, whichever is less.

Contiguous property essential to the operation of the home means:

a. Land used for the regular production of any food or goods for the household's consumption only, including:

(1) Vegetable gardens;

(2) Pasture land which supports livestock raised for milk or meat, and land used to raise chickens, pigs, etc. (the amount of land necessary to support such animals is established by the local extension service; however, in no case shall more land be allowed than that actually being used to support the livestock);

(3) Outbuildings used to process or store any of the above;

b. Driveways which connect the homesite to public roadways;

c. Land necessary to the home site to meet local zoning requirements (e.g. building sites, mobile home sites, road frontage, distance from road, etc.);

d. Land necessary for compliance with state or local health requirements (e.g., distance between home and septic tank, distance between septic tanks, etc.);

e. Water supply for the household;

f. Existing burial plots;

g. Outbuilding used in connection with the dwelling, such as garages or tool sheds.

All of the above facts must be fully reevaluated and documented in the case record before the home site determination is made.

4. An institutionalized individual's former residence is counted as an available resource if the recipient is institutionalized longer than six months after the date he was admitted. The former residence is disregarded if it is occupied by the recipient's:

a. Spouse;

b. Minor dependent child under age 18 years;

c. Dependent child under age 19 years if still in school or vocational training;

d. Adult child who is disabled according to the Medicaid or civil service disability definition, who was living in the home with the recipient for at least one year prior to the recipient's institutionalization, and who is dependent upon the recipient for his shelter needs; or

e. Parent who is age 65 years or older and who is disabled according to the Medicaid or civil service disability definition, who was living in the home with the recipient for at least one year prior to the recipient's institutionalization, and who is dependent upon the recipient for his shelter needs.

5. An applicant or recipient's proportional share of the value of property owned jointly with another person to whom the applicant or recipient is not married as tenants in common or joint tenants with the right of survivorship at common law is counted as a resource unless it is exempt property or is unsaleable.

6. Ownership of other real property generally precludes eligibility. Exceptions to this provision are: (i) when the equity value of the property, plus all other resources, does not exceed the appropriate resource limitation; (ii) the property is smaller than the county or city zoning ordinances allow for home sites or building purposes, or the property has less than the amount of road frontage required by the county or city for building purposes and adjoining land owners will not buy the property; or (iii) the property has no access, or the only access is through the exempted home site; or (iv) the property is contiguous to the recipient's home site and the survey expenses required for its sale reduce the value of such property, plus all other resources, below applicable resource limitations; or (v) the property cannot be sold after a reasonable effort to sell it has been made, as defined in 12VAC30-40-290.

C. Personal property.

1. Prepaid burial plans are counted as a resource since the money is refundable to the individual upon his request. Cemetery plots are not counted as resources. See 12VAC30-40-290.

2. Assets which can be liquidated such as cash, bank accounts, stocks, bonds, securities and deeds of trusts are considered resources.

Statutory Authority

§ 32.1-325 of the Code of Virginia; 42 USC § 1396 et seq.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR460-03-2.6105, eff. June 16, 1993; amended, Virginia Register Volume 17, Issue 13, eff. April 11, 2001; Volume 20, Issue 4, eff. December 3, 2003; Volume 32, Issue 26, eff. September 21, 2016.

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