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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 12. Health
Agency 30. Department of Medical Assistance Services
Chapter 60. Standards Established and Methods Used to Assure High Quality Care
9/21/2020

12VAC30-60-150. Quality Management Review of Outpatient Rehabilitation Therapy Services.

A. The following general conditions shall apply to reimbursable outpatient rehabilitation therapy services:

1. The covered services and medical necessity criteria as set out in 12VAC30-50-200 shall apply to these outpatient rehabilitation therapy services.

2. Outpatient rehabilitative therapy services, as defined in 42 CFR 440.130, shall be prescribed by a licensed physician or a licensed practitioner of the healing arts, specifically either a nurse practitioner or physician assistant, and be part of a written plan of care.

3. Quality management reviews shall be performed by DMAS or its contractor to ensure that all rehabilitative services provided to Medicaid individuals are medically necessary and appropriate. Services not specifically documented in the individual's medical record as having been rendered shall be deemed not to have been rendered and no reimbursement shall be provided.

B. Covered outpatient rehabilitative therapy services. Rehabilitation services shall be initiated by a physician or licensed practitioner for the evaluation and plan of care. Both require a physician or licensed practitioner signature, title, and full date.

A plan of care for therapy services shall (i) include the specific procedures and modalities to be used, (ii) identify the specific discipline to carry out the plan of care, and (iii) indicate the frequency and duration of services.

C. All practitioners and providers of therapy services shall be required to meet state and federal licensing or certification requirements, or both as may be applicable.

D. Documentation of physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech-language pathology services provided in outpatient settings of acute and rehabilitation hospitals, nursing facilities, home health agencies, and rehabilitation agencies shall at a minimum include:

1. An initial evaluation that describes the clinical signs and symptoms of the individual's condition, including an accurate and complete chronological picture of the individual's clinical course and treatments. The initial evaluation or the reevaluation shall be signed, titled, and dated by the licensed therapist (i) when an individual is initially admitted to a service, (ii) when there is a significant change in the individual's condition, or (iii) when an individual is readmitted to a service.

2. A written plan of care specifically developed for the individual shall be signed, titled, and fully dated by a licensed therapist. Within 21 days of the plan of care start date, the physician or a licensed practitioner shall sign, title, and fully date the plan of care and it shall:

a. Describe specifically the anticipated goal-related improvements in functional level, frequency and duration of the ordered therapy or therapies, and the anticipated timeframes necessary to meet these long-term and short-term individual goals, including participation by the appropriate rehabilitation therapist or therapists, the individual, and the family or caregiver, as may be appropriate; and

b. Include a discharge plan that contains the anticipated improvements in functional levels and the anticipated timeframes necessary to meet the individual goals:

(1) For outpatient rehabilitative services for acute conditions, as defined in 12VAC30-50-200, the plan of care must be reviewed, updated, and signed and dated at least every 60 days by the licensed therapist and the physician or other licensed practitioner;

(2) For outpatient services for long-term, nonacute conditions, as defined in 12VAC30-50-200, the plan of care must be reviewed, updated, and signed and dated at least every 12 months by the licensed therapist and the physician or other licensed practitioner.

3. The documentation of all treatment rendered to the individual in the progress notes, in accordance with the written plan of care with specific attention to frequency, duration, modality, and the individual's response to treatment. The licensed therapist must sign, title, and fully date all progress notes in the medical record. If therapy assistants provide the treatment under the supervision of a licensed therapist, the assistant shall also sign, title, and fully date the progress notes in the medical record.

4. A description of all changes in the individual's condition, response to the rehabilitative written plan of care, and appropriate revisions to the written plan of care.

5. A discharge summary to be completed by the licensed therapist who is providing the service at the time that the service is terminated, including a description of the individual's response to services, level of independence in carrying out learned skills and abilities, assistive technology necessary to carry out and maintain activities and skills, and recommendations for continued services (i.e., referrals to alternate providers, home maintenance programs, training to individuals or caregivers, etc.).

6. The therapist's signature, title, and full date (month/day/year) shall appear on all documentation; if therapy assistants provide the treatment, under the supervision of a licensed therapist, the supervising licensed therapist must document the findings of the supervisory onsite visit every 30 days.

E. Restrictions.

1. The intentional altering of medical record documentation shall be prohibited and is fraudulent. If corrections are indicated, then they shall be made in medical records consistent with the procedures in the agency's provider-specific guidance documents (see https://www.virginiamedicaid.dmas.virginia.gov/wps/portal/ProviderManual).

2. DMAS shall not reimburse for evaluations provided prior to the date of the physician's or other licensed practitioner's signature. DMAS shall not reimburse for provider-initiated additional reevaluations that are not specific to DMAS requirements and that are in excess of DMAS' requirements.

Statutory Authority

§ 32.1-325 of the Code of Virginia; 42 USC § 1396 et seq.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR460-02-3.1300, §§ 11.1 through 11.4, eff. August 1, 1991; amended, Volume 10, Issue 22, eff. September 1, 1994; Volume 11, Issue 17, eff. July 1, 1995; Volume 12, Issue 16, eff. July 1, 1996; Volume 32, Issue 06, eff. January 1, 2016.

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