Administrative Code

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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 12. Health
Agency 30. Department of Medical Assistance Services
Chapter 60. Standards Established and Methods Used to Assure High Quality Care

12VAC30-60-361. Criteria for supports and services in intermediate care facilities for individuals with intellectual disabilities.

A. This section establishes standard criteria that shall be met by individuals in order to receive Medicaid payment for care in intermediate care facilities for individuals with intellectual disabilities (ICF/IID). Once the individual has been screened and found to meet these criteria, Medicaid covers the costs of care only when the individual is receiving appropriate supports and services and when active treatment, as set forth in 42 CFR 483.440(a), is being provided.

B. Supports and services that are provided in facilities for individuals with developmental or intellectual disabilities for the purpose of claiming Medicaid reimbursement requires individualized, person-centered planned programs of supports and services to address habilitative needs or health needs, or both, as set forth in 42 CFR 483.21.

1. Such care may be a combination of habilitative, rehabilitative, and health services directed toward increasing or maintaining the highest mental, physical, and psychosocial skills and abilities of the individual. Individuals with degenerative conditions shall receive supports and services designed to retain skills and functioning and to prevent further regression to the extent possible. Examples of such care include (i) skill building in the activities of daily living, (ii) skill building in task-learning, (iii) learning socially acceptable behaviors, (iv) learning basic community living skills, (v) health care and health maintenance, and (vi) skill building in self direction.

2. The overall objective of facility based supports and services, as set out in the person-centered plan, shall be the attainment of the optimal physical, intellectual, social, or task learning level that the individual can presently or potentially achieve.

C. Level of dependency and level of functioning criteria.

1. An individual's need for care shall meet the level of functioning criteria in the Virginia Individual Developmental Disability Eligibility Survey (VIDES) before any authorization for payment by Medicaid will be made for institutional services.

2. The level of dependency in each category shall be indicated from the most dependent to the least dependent. In some categories, the dependency status shall be rated by the degree of assistance required, while in other categories, the dependency shall be established by the frequency of a behavior or the ability to perform a given task.

a. The adult-individual (18 years of age and older) shall demonstrate an overall total level for the VIDES assessment of dependency in three or more of the skills or statuses on the VIDES; to demonstrate a skill or exhibit a status, the individual shall meet the criteria for the dependency level set out for that skill or status in DMAS Form P237.

b. Children (ages three years through 17 years old) shall demonstrate an overall total level for the VIDES assessment of dependency in two or more areas for the VIDES specific for the child's age as set forth in DMAS Form P236.

c. Infants (younger than three years of age) shall demonstrate an overall total level for the VIDES assessment of dependency in two or more areas for the VIDES specific for the infant's age as set forth in DMAS Form P235.

D. Screening process for entrance into an ICF/IID shall be coordinated through DMAS or its designee.

1. ICF/IID screening requests:

a. DMAS or its designee shall accept requests for ICF/IID screenings and ensure that, within seven calendar days of referral, those screenings are scheduled.

b. DMAS or its designee shall accept requests for ICF/IID screenings and ensure that those who need emergency access are scheduled and screened within 48 hours. The criteria to determine the need for emergency access shall be one of the following:

(1) Child protective services has substantiated abuse or neglect against the primary caregiver and has removed the individual from the home, or for adults where (i) adult protective services has found that the individual needs and accepts protective services or (ii) abuse or neglect has not been founded, but corroborating information from other sources (agencies) indicate that there is an inherent risk present and there are no other caregivers available to provide support services to the individual.

(2) Death of primary caregiver or lack of alternative caregiver coupled with the individual's inability to care for himself and endangerment to self or others without supports.

c. The screening will be provided to the chosen ICF/IID during its assessment and admission process when requested by the facility.

d. Screenings by the DMAS designee shall be completed or approved prior to admission to an ICF/IID.

2. DMAS or its designee shall also explore and review more integrated community options with the individual and family or guardian at the time of screening and through the established review recommendations and procedures with DBHDS.

E. Upon admission to an ICF/IID, the facility shall perform an assessment of the individual consistent with 42 CFR 483.440.

F. The assessment and reassessment for determination of continued stay in the ICF/IID level of care shall be performed by the interdisciplinary team and be based on (i) the needs of the individual, (ii) the individual's capabilities, (iii) the appropriateness of services and supports to be provided, (iv) the progress the individual demonstrates from the skill building, and (v) whether the services and supports could reasonably be provided and are available in a less restrictive environment.

G. The individual assessment shall be evaluated in detail to determine the skills, abilities, and status that will be the basis for the development of an individual program plan (IPP). The assessment process shall indicate a need for an IPP that addresses the individual's skills, abilities, and need for health care services as set forth in 42 CFR 483.440.

Statutory Authority

§ 32.1-325 of the Code of Virginia; 42 USC § 1396 et seq.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 35, Issue 9, eff. February 7, 2019.

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