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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 12. Health
Agency 5. Department of Health
Chapter 450. Rules and Regulations Governing Campgrounds
7/14/2020

12VAC5-450-100. Sanitary Facilities.

A. Each campground shall provide an adequate number of sanitary facilities. The minimum ratio of sanitary facilities to the number of campsites is established in the following schedule. The provision of showers and lavatories is optional on the part of the campground owner, but when they are provided the schedule will apply. Facilities shall either be gender-balanced in number or single-occupant access with no gender designation.

Campsites

Toilets

Lavatories

Showers

1 - 15

2

2

2

16 - 30

4

4

2

31 - 45

6

6

2

46 - 60

8

6

4

61 - 75

10

8

4

76 - 90

12

8

4

91 - 105

14

8

6

106 - 120

16

10

6

121 - 135

18

10

8

136 - 150

20

10

8

B. For campgrounds having more than 150 campsites located contiguous to the sanitary facilities required by the schedule in subsection A of this section, there shall be provided two toilet seats and two lavatories for each additional 30 campsites, and two additional showers for each additional 40 campsites. Regardless of the number of campsites, when portions of a campground are found to be noncontiguous, the Health Commissioner shall apply the schedule in subsection A of this section for such portion of the campground.

C. Campsites with individual sewer connections used solely for self-contained camping units or cabins with indoor plumbing and approved sewage disposal shall not count towards the number of campsites used to determine the minimum number of facilities required in subsections A and B of this section. If all campsites in a campground are used solely for self-contained camping units or cabins, then the campground shall provide at least the required number of facilities for a campground of 15 campsites or fewer.

D. When a campground is operated in connection with a resort or other business operation, the campground facilities provided shall be in excess of those required by the schedules in subsections A and B of this section by the number of facilities required by the Virginia Statewide Building Code (13VAC5-63) or other applicable regulation.

E. Sanitary facilities required by subsections A and B of this section may be in service buildings or may be located outside of service buildings. Privies of a type approved by 12VAC5-610-980 may be substituted for flush toilets when provided according to the schedule in subsection A of this section. Where present, privies shall be maintained in good repair, pumped as needed, and kept clean and sanitary at all times. When portable privies are used to meet the requirements of the schedule in subsection A of this section, they shall not serve nonprimitive campsites or more than 30 campsites in a campground.

F. Urinals may be substituted for up to one half of the required male toilets. Where existing urinal troughs are used, two feet of urinal trough shall constitute one urinal.

G. All service buildings and toilets, urinals, lavatories, showers, and other appurtenances located therein shall be maintained in a state of good repair and shall be kept in a clean and sanitary condition at all times. Toilet and shower rooms shall not be used for miscellaneous storage during operation of the campground.

H. Toilet tissue shall be provided at each privy and toilet, and a covered receptacle for sanitary product disposal shall be provided at each privy and female and gender-neutral toilet. Where provided, lavatories shall be in the immediate vicinity of toilet fixtures, and soap and a method of hand drying shall be provided.

I. Shower compartments, whether individual type with partitions or group type without partitions, shall have not less than 1,024 square inches in floor area and shall be at least 30 inches in shortest dimension.

J. Sanitary facilities shall be located no farther than 500 feet from any campsite served by such building nor closer than 30 feet from any campsite. Additionally, privies shall be no closer than 50 feet from any campsite. When two or more service buildings or areas with other sanitary facilities exist, the ratio of facilities as specified in subsections A and B of this section shall be in approximate relation to the number of campsites located within a 500-foot radius of each building.

Statutory Authority

§§ 35.1-11 and 35.1-17 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR355-35-04 § 1, eff. July 21, 1971; amended, Volume 35, Issue 05, eff. November 28, 2018.

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