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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 12. Health
Agency 5. Department of Health
Chapter 590. Waterworks Regulations
5/30/2024

12VAC5-590-1120. Minimum pipe size.

A. The minimum size pipe for water distribution mains shall be four inches in diameter. Pipes of lesser diameter may be used in the following instances:

1. When the run is less than 300 feet, two-inch diameter pipe may be used.

2. When the run is less than 600 feet but more than 300 feet, three-inch diameter pipe may be used.

3. Any departure in sizing shall be justified by hydraulic analysis and future water demands.

B. Fire hydrants shall not be connected to water mains that are not designed to carry fire flows. Connection of a fire hydrant to a pipe of less than six inches in diameter is prohibited.

C. Where a noncommunity waterworks serves a single building, the plumbing shall be in accordance with the USBC. Where a noncommunity waterworks serves two or more buildings, the pipe shall be of sufficient size to provide adequate flow and pressure in order to meet the system demands.

Statutory Authority

§ 32.1-12 and 32.1-170 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR355-18-012.02 § 3.49, eff. August 1, 1991; amended, Virginia Register Volume 37, Issue 20, eff. June 23, 2021.

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