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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 12. Health
Agency 5. Department of Health
Chapter 590. Waterworks Regulations
6/16/2024

12VAC5-590-910. Aeration.

A. Aeration treatment is acceptable for oxidation, separation of gases, or for taste and odor control. General design requirements include the following:

1. The aerated water shall be chlorinated following aeration.

2. The equipment shall incorporate materials resistant to deterioration and corrosion and shall be designed to eliminate the potential for fouling problems from calcium carbonate and iron precipitation and from algae, slime, and bacteriological growth. Disinfection capability shall be provided before the aeration treatment units.

3. The equipment shall be easily accessed and serviced.

4. The air introduced into the treatment units shall be filtered and shall be free of insects, obnoxious fumes, dust, dirt, and other contaminants. If blowers are located inside a building, then the air intakes shall extend to the outside and be furnished with appropriate air filters.

5. Air exhaust outlets shall be located to avoid induced contaminants, particularly at or near occupied areas or blower intakes.

6. Duplicate blowers, motors, or multiple treatment units shall be required for treatment processes designed to meet the drinking water quality standards in 12VAC5-590-340.

B. Natural, forced, or induced draft aeration units shall be designed to provide an adequate liquid distribution and countercurrent of air through the enclosed aeration column, and adequately seal the water outlet to prevent unwanted loss of air.

C. Pressure aeration means the injection of compressed air into the water to be treated, typically for oxidation. Pressure aeration shall not be approved for removal of dissolved gases. Filters following pressure aeration shall have adequate exhaust devices for the release of air. Pressure aeration devices shall be designed to provide thorough mixing of compressed air with the water being treated.

D. Packed tower aeration (air stripping) is suitable for removing VOCs, THMs, carbon dioxide, and radon.

1. Justification shall be provided for the selected design parameters (e.g., height and diameter of the unit, air-to-water ratio, packing depth, surface loading rate, and other features). The design shall consider the effects of temperature change and the resulting impact in contaminant removal efficiency. Pilot plant studies may be required to substantiate the design.

2. The packing material used shall be resistant to the aggressiveness of the water, dissolved gases, and cleaning materials, and shall meet requirements of 12VAC5-590-810.

3. Water shall be evenly distributed at the top of the tower using spray nozzles or orifice-type distributor trays that will prevent short circuiting. A mist eliminator above the water distribution system may be required.

4. A means to allow for discharge and wasting of water or chemicals used to clean the tower shall be provided.

5. Sample taps shall be provided in the influent and effluent piping.

6. The design shall prevent freezing of the influent riser and effluent piping.

7. An overflow pipe discharging 12 to 24 inches above the ground and over a drainage inlet structure or splash pad shall be provided.

8. A sufficient number of access ports with a minimum diameter of 24 inches shall be provided to facilitate inspection, media replacement, media cleaning, and maintenance of the unit interior.

9. A positive air flow sensing device and a pressure gauge shall be installed on the air influent line. If the aeration unit is designed to remove a contaminant with a PMCL, then the positive air flow sensing device shall be an integral part of an automatic control system that will turn off the influent water if positive air flow is not detected.

E. Other methods of aeration shall be designed to meet the particular needs of the water to be treated and are subject to the approval of the department.

Statutory Authority

§§ 32.1-12 and 32.1-170 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR355-18-009.07 § 3.28, eff. August 1, 1991; amended, Virginia Register Volume 37, Issue 20, eff. June 23, 2021.

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