Administrative Code

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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 12. Health
Agency 5. Department Of Health
Chapter 90. Regulations for Disease Reporting and Control
2/28/2021

12VAC5-90-225. Additional data to be reported related to persons with active tuberculosis disease (confirmed or suspected).

A. Physicians and directors of medical care facilities are required to submit all of the following:

1. An initial report to be completed when there are reasonable grounds to suspect that a person has active TB disease, but no later than when antituberculosis drug therapy is initiated. The reports must include the following: the affected person's name; age; date of birth; gender; address; pertinent clinical, radiographic, microbiologic and pathologic reports, whether pending or final; such other information as may be needed to locate the patient for follow-up; and name, address, and telephone number of the treating physician.

2. A secondary report to be completed simultaneously or within one to two weeks following the initial report. The report must include: the date and results of tuberculin skin test (TST); the date and results of the initial and any follow-up chest radiographs; the dates and results of bacteriologic or pathologic testing, the antituberculosis drug regimen, including names of the drugs, dosages and frequencies of administration, and start date; the date and results of drug susceptibility testing; HIV status; contact screening information; and name, address, and telephone number of treating physician.

3. Subsequent reports are to be made when updated information is available. Subsequent reports are required when: clinical status changes, the treatment regimen changes; treatment ceases for any reason; or there are any updates to laboratory results, treatment adherence, name, address, and telephone number of current provider, patient location or contact information, or other additional clinical information.

4. Physicians and/or directors of medical care facilities responsible for the care of a patient with active tuberculosis disease are required to develop and maintain a written treatment plan. This plan must be in place no later than the time when antituberculosis drug therapy is initiated. Patient adherence to this treatment plan must be documented. The treatment plan and adherence record are subject to review by the local health director or his designee at any time during the course of treatment.

5. The treatment plan for the following categories of patients must be submitted to the local health director or his designee for approval no later than the time when antituberculosis drug therapy is started or modified:

a. For individuals who are inpatients or incarcerated, the responsible provider or facility must submit the treatment plan for approval prior to discharge or transfer.

b. Individuals, whether inpatient, incarcerated, or outpatient, who also have one of the following conditions:

(1) HIV infection.

(2) Known or suspected active TB disease resistant to rifampin, rifabutin, rifapentine or other rifamycin with or without resistance to any other drug.

(3) A history of prior treated or untreated active TB disease, or a history of relapsed active TB disease.

(4) A demonstrated history of nonadherence to any medical treatment regimen.

B. Laboratories are required to submit the following:

1. Results of smears that are positive for acid fast bacilli.

2. Results of cultures positive for any member of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (i.e., M. tuberculosis, M. bovis, M. africanum) or any other mycobacteria.

3. Results of rapid methodologies, including acid hybridization or nucleic acid amplification, which are indicative of M. tuberculosis complex or any other mycobacteria.

4. Results of tests for antimicrobial susceptibility performed on cultures positive for tubercle bacilli.

5. Laboratories, whether testing is done in-house or referred to an out-of-state laboratory, shall submit a representative and viable sample of the initial culture positive for any member of the M. tuberculosis complex to the Virginia Division of Consolidated Laboratory Services or other laboratory designated by the board to receive such specimen.

Statutory Authority

§ 32.1-35 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Volume 20, Issue 21, eff. July 28, 2004; amended, Virginia Register Volume 23, Issue 15, eff. May 2, 2007; Volume 27, Issue 13, eff. March 28, 2011.

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