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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 13. Housing
Agency 6. Virginia Manufactured Housing Board
Chapter 20. Manufactured Housing Licensing and Transaction Recovery Fund Regulations
9/30/2020

13VAC6-20-230. Grant, Transfer, Succession to and Cancellation of Dealer or Manufacturer Sales Agreements: Delivery of Homes, Parts, Accessories.

A. Prior to granting an additional dealer or manufacturer sales agreement for a particular line of manufactured home in a relevant market area in which a dealer or dealers are already located, a manufacturer shall notify, in writing, all other dealers in the line of homes in that relevant market area. Any dealer in the same line of homes in the relevant marketing area may request a conference or hearing before the board within 30 days of receipt of the manufacturer's notice of intention to establish the additional dealer or manufacturer sales agreement. The additional sales agreement may be established at the proposed site if, after the conference or hearing, the board determines that there is reasonable evidence that after the grant of the new sales agreement, the market will support all of the dealers in that line of homes in the relevant market area.

Establishing a dealer or manufacturer sales agreement in a relevant market area to replace a dealer that has ceased operation shall constitute the establishment of a new dealer or manufacturer sales agreement subject to the terms of this section.

EXCEPTIONS:

1. The relocation of an existing dealer within that dealer's relevant market area if the relocation site is to be more than 25 miles from any other dealer in the same line of homes.

2. The relocation of an existing dealer within that dealer's relevant market area if the relocation site will be further away from all other dealers of the same line of homes in that relevant market area than the relocating dealer's current site.

3. The relocation of an existing dealer within two miles of that dealer's current site.

B. A dealer shall give written notice to the manufacturer at least 90 days prior to the sale, assignment, or transfer of the dealer or manufacturer sales agreement. The notice shall include the identity, financial ability, and qualifications of the proposed transferee. The sale or transfer of the sales agreement or business shall not involve a relocation of the sales agreement without the manufacturer's consent. The manufacturer shall not prevent or refuse to approve the sale or transfer of the ownership of a dealer by the sale of the business, stock transfer, or otherwise, or the sale, transfer, or assignment of a dealer or manufacturer sales agreement or a change in the executive management or principal operator of the dealership, unless the manufacturer provides written notice to the dealer of its objections and the reasons therefor at least 30 days prior to the proposed effective date of the sale, transfer, assignment, or change. The dealer shall have 30 days from receipt of the manufacturer's objection to file a written request for a conference or hearing by the board. At the conference or hearing, the manufacturer and the dealer shall be allowed to present their reasons for and objections to the sale or transfer. The board shall determine whether the manufacturer's objection to the sale, assignment, transfer or change of the dealership is reasonable or unreasonable. The sale, transfer, assignment or change of the dealer or manufacturer sales agreement shall be allowed if the board determines the objection is unreasonable.

C. A dealer shall be allowed to designate a member of his family as a successor to the dealer or manufacturer sales agreement in the event of the death or incapacity of the dealer by providing written notice to the manufacturer of the identity, financial ability, and qualifications of the member of the family designated as successor. The manufacturer shall have the right to prevent or refuse to honor the succession to the sales agreement by notifying the family member in writing of its objections and of the person's right to request a conference or hearing on the matter before the board. The dealer shall have 30 days from receipt of the manufacturer's notice to file a written request to the board for a conference or hearing. At the conference or hearing, the dealer and manufacturer shall be allowed to present their reasons for and objections to the succession. The board shall determine if the manufacturer's objection to the succession is reasonable. The designated succession shall be allowed if the board determines the manufacturer's objection is unreasonable.

D. A dealer or manufacturer sales agreement may be cancelled or terminated at any time by mutual consent.

E. A manufacturer may terminate, cancel, or refuse to renew the sales agreement of a dealer with good cause. At least 60 days prior to the effective date of such termination, cancellation, or the expiration date of the sales agreement the manufacturer shall give written notice of his intentions to the dealer and the board, setting forth the specific grounds for the action. Within the 60-day period, the dealer may request, in writing, a conference or hearing before the board to determine if there is good cause for the termination, cancellation, or nonrenewal of the sales agreement. When the dealer has requested a board conference or hearing, the sales agreement in question shall continue in effect until the board issues a finding of good cause for the action.

If a manufacturer neither advises a dealer that it does not intend to renew a sales agreement nor takes any action to renew a sales agreement beyond its expiration date, the sales agreement in question shall continue in effect on the terms last agreed to by the parties.

A manufacturer may provide written notice of termination, cancellation or nonrenewal to a dealer not less than 15 days prior to the effective date of such termination, cancellation or nonrenewal when the grounds for such action are any of the following:

1. Insolvency of the dealer or filing of any petition by or against the dealer, under any bankruptcy or receivership law, leading to liquidation or which is intended to lead to liquidation of the dealer's business.

2. Failure of the dealer to conduct its customary sales and service operations during its established business hours for 10 consecutive business days, except where the failure results from acts of God or circumstances beyond the direct control of the dealer.

3. Revocation of any license which the dealer is required to have to operate a dealership.

4. Conviction of the dealer or any principal of the dealer of a felony, during the term of the sales agreement.

F. The change or discontinuance of a marketing or distribution system of a particular line of manufactured homes by a manufacturer, while the name identification of the home is continued in substantial form by the same or different manufacturer, may be considered to be a sales agreement termination, cancellation, or nonrenewal. A manufacturer shall provide continued parts and service support to a dealer for a discontinued line of homes for at least five years from the date of such discontinuance.

Statutory Authority

§ 36-85.18 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR449-01-02 § 3.3, eff. April 1, 1994.

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