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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 18. Professional and Occupational Licensing
Agency 41. Board for Barbers and Cosmetology
Chapter 70. Esthetics Regulations
5/22/2019

18VAC41-70-190. Curriculum and Hours of Instruction Requirements.

A. Each esthetics school shall submit with its application a curriculum including, but not limited to, a course syllabus, a detailed course content outline, a sample of five lessons plans, a sample of evaluation methods to be used, and a breakdown of hours or credit hours and performances for all courses to be taught that will lead to licensure or certification. In addition, if a school awards credit in accordance with subsection D of this section, the school shall submit copies of the assessment policy, method of evaluation of transcripts and the examination to be used in making the assessment.

B. The esthetics curriculum and hours of instruction in this technology shall consist of 600 hours or equivalent credit hours and shall include, but not be limited to, the following:

1. Orientation and business topics - minimum of 25 hours of instruction.

a. School policies;

b. Management;

c. Sales, inventory and retailing;

d. Taxes and payroll;

e. Insurance;

f. Client records and confidentiality; and

g. Professional ethics and practices.

2. Laws and regulations - minimum of 10 hours of instruction.

3. General sciences - minimum of 80 hours of instruction.

a. Bacteriology;

b. Microorganisms;

c. Infection control, disinfection, sterilization;

d. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) requirements;

e. Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS);

f. General procedures and safety measures;

g. Cosmetic chemistry;

h. Products and ingredients; and

i. Nutrition.

4. Applied sciences - minimum of 95 hours of instruction.

a. Anatomy and physiology;

b. Skin structure and function;

c. Skin types;

d. Skin conditions; and

e. Diseases and disorders of the skin.

5. Skin care - minimum of 255 hours of instruction.

a. Health screening;

b. Skin analysis and consultation;

c. Effleurage and related movements and manipulations of the face and body;

d. Cleansings procedures;

e. Masks;

f. Extraction techniques;

g. Machines, equipment and electricity;

h. Manual facials and treatments;

i. Machine, electrical facials and treatments; and

j. General procedures and safety measures.

6. Makeup - minimum of 65 hours of instruction.

a. Setup, supplies and implements;

b. Color theory;

c. Consultation;

d. General and special occasion application;

e. Camouflage;

f. Application of false lashes and lash extensions;

g. Lash and tinting;

h. Lash perming;

i. Lightning of the hair on body except scalp; and

j. General procedures and safety measures.

7. Body and other treatments - minimum of 20 hours of instruction.

a. Body treatments;

b. Body wraps;

c. Body masks;

d. Body scrubs;

e. Aromatherapy; and

f. General procedures and safety measures.

8. Hair removal - minimum of 50 hours of instruction.

a. Types of hair removal;

b. Wax types;

c. Tweezing;

d. Chemical hair removal;

e. Mechanical hair removal; and

f. General procedures and safety measures.

C. The master esthetics curriculum and hours of instruction in this technology shall consist of 600 hours or equivalent credit hours and shall include, but not be limited to, the following:

1. Orientation, advanced business subjects, and infection control - minimum of 45 hours of instruction.

a. School policies and procedures;

b. Professional ethics and practices;

c. Ethics and professional conduct;

d. Insurance and liability issues;

e. Confidentiality and Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 Privacy Rule (HIPAA);

f. Client records and documentation;

g. Microbiology and bacteriology;

h. Infection control, disinfection, and sterilization;

i. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA); and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS); and

j. Personal protective equipment.

2. State laws, rules and regulations - minimum of 10 hours of instruction.

3. Advanced anatomy and physiology - minimum of 65 hours of instruction.

a. Advanced anatomy and physiology;

b. Advanced skin structure and functions;

c. Advanced skin typing, and conditions;

d. Advanced disease and disorders;

e. Advanced cosmetic ingredients;

f. Pharmacology; and

g. Advanced homecare.

4. Advanced skin care and advanced modalities - minimum of 90 hours of instruction.

a. Introduction to microdermabrasion and dermaplaning;

b. Indications and contraindications for crystal microdermabrasion;

c. General procedures and safety measures for crystal microdermabrasion;

d. Indications and contraindications for crystal-free microdermabrasion and dermaplaning;

e. General procedures and safety measures for crystal-free microdermabrasion and dermaplaning;

f. Equipment safety: crystal and crystal-free microdermabrasion and dermaplaning;

g. Waste disposal, Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA);

h. Introduction to microdermabrasion techniques and proper protocols;

i. Machine parts, operation, protocols, care, waste disposal and safety;

j. Practical application and consultation for crystal microdermabrasion;

k. Practical application and consultation for crystal-free microdermabrasion and dermaplaning; and

l. Pretreatment and posttreatment for microdermabrasion.

5. Advanced procedures and chemical exfoliation - minimum of 270 hours of instruction.

a. Advanced skin analysis and consultation and health screening and documentation;

b. Advanced procedures, light treatments, light-emitting diode (LED), intense pulsed light device (IPL);

c. Advanced manual, machine, and electric treatments, microcurrent, and ultrasound;

d. Introduction to chemical exfoliation and peels of the epidermis;

e. Fundamentals of skin care associated with chemical exfoliation and peels and wound healing;

f. Pretreatment and posttreatment for chemical exfoliation and peels;

g. Assessing suitability and predicting chemical exfoliation efficacy;

h. General practical application and consultation protocols;

i. Practical application and consultation for enzymes, herbal exfoliations, and vitamin-based peels;

j. Indications and contraindications for enzymes, herbal exfoliations, and vitamin-based peels;

k. General procedures and safety measures for herbal exfoliations, and vitamin-based peels;

l. Pretreatments and posttreatments for herbal exfoliations, and vitamin-based peels;

m. Practical application and consultation for alpha hydroxy peels;

n. Indications and contraindications for alpha hydroxy peels;

o. General procedures and safety measures for alpha hydroxy peels;

p. Pretreatment and posttreatment for alpha hydroxy peels;

q. Practical application and consultation for beta hydroxy peels;

r. Indications and contraindications for beta hydroxy peels;

s. General procedures and safety measures for beta hydroxy peels;

t. Pretreatment and posttreatment for beta hydroxy peels;

u. Practical application and consultation for Jessner and Modified Jessner peels;

v. Indications and contraindications for Jessner and Modified Jessner peels;

w. General procedures and safety measures for Jessner and Modified Jessner peels;

x. Pretreatment and posttreatment for Jessner and Modified Jessner peels;

y. Practical application and consultation for trichloracetic acid peels;

z. Indications and contraindications for trichloracetic acid peels;

aa. General procedures and safety measures for trichloracetic acid peels; and

bb. Pretreatment and posttreatment for trichloracetic acid peels.

6. Lymphatic drainage - minimum of 120 hours of instruction.

a. Introduction to lymphatic drainage;

b. Tissues and organs of the lymphatic system;

c. Functions of the lymphatic system;

d. Immunity;

e. Etiology of edema;

f. Indications and contraindications for lymphatic drainage;

g. Lymphatic drainage manipulations and movements;

h. Face and neck treatment sequence;

i. Lymphatic drainage on the trunk and upper extremities;

j. Lymphatic drainage on the trunk and lower extremities;

k. Cellulite;

l. Using lymphatic drainage with other treatments; and

m. Machine-aided lymphatic drainage.

D. A licensed esthetics school with an approved esthetics program may conduct an assessment of a student's competence in esthetics and, based on the assessment, give a maximum of 300 hours credit towards the requirements specified in subsection B of this section and 18VAC41-70-200 A. A licensed esthetics school with an approved master esthetics program may conduct an assessment of a student's competence in master esthetics and, based on the assessment, give a maximum of 300 hours credit towards the requirements specified in subsection C of this section and 18VAC41-70-200 B.

The school shall make the assessment based on a review of the student's transcript and the successful completion of a board-approved competency examination administered by the school. The school may also request a copy of a catalog or bulletin giving the full course description when making the evaluation. The number of credit hours awarded shall not exceed the actual hours of instruction verified on the transcript or the number of hours specified in the board-approved curriculum for a specific topic.

E. The instructor curriculum and hours of instruction shall consist of 400 hours or equivalent credit hours and shall include, but not be limited to, the following:

1. Orientation;

2. Curriculum;

3. Course outline and development;

4. Lesson planning;

5. Classroom management;

6. Teaching techniques;

7. Methods of instruction;

8. Learning styles;

9. Learning disabilities;

10. Teaching aids;

11. Developing, administering and grading examinations;

12. School administration;

13. Recordkeeping;

14. Laws and regulations;

15. Presentation of theoretical subjects;

16. Presentation of practical subjects;

17. Supervision of clinic floor; and

18. Practicum teaching.

Statutory Authority

§ 54.1-201 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Volume 23, Issue 25, eff. September 20, 2007.

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