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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 21. Securities And Retail Franchising
Agency 5. State Corporation Commission, Division Of Securities And Retail Franchising
Chapter 80. Investment Advisors
12/3/2021

21VAC5-80-220. Performance based fees.

A. In accordance with § 13.1-503 C of the Act, an investment advisor may enter into, extend, or renew any investment advisory contract to provide for compensation to the investment advisor on the basis of a share of the capital gains upon, or the capital appreciation of, the funds or any portion of the funds of a client, provided that the following conditions of this section are satisfied.

B. Nature of the client:

1. a. The client entering into the contract subject to this section must be a natural person or a company, as defined in subdivision 2 of this subsection and in the definition of "company" in subsection E of this section, who immediately after entering into the contract has at least $1 million under the management of the investment advisor; or

b. A person who the registered investment advisor (and any person acting on his behalf) entering into the contract reasonably believes, immediately prior to entering into the contract, is a natural person or a company, as defined in subdivision 2 of this subsection and in the definition of "company" in subsection E of this section, whose net worth at the time the contract is entered into exceeds $2 million. (The net worth of a natural person may include assets held jointly with such person's spouse.)

2. The term "company" as used in subdivision 1 of this subsection does not include:

a. A private investment company, as defined in subsection E of this section;

b. An investment company registered under the Investment Company Act of 1940; or

c. A business development company, as defined in § 202(a)(22) of the Investment Advisers Act of 1940 (15 USC § 80b-2(a)(22))

unless each of the equity owners (other than the investment advisor entering into a contract under this section) of any such company identified in subdivision 2 of this subsection, is a natural person or company described in this subsection.

C. Disclosure. In addition to the disclosure requirements of Form ADV, the advisor shall disclose to the client, or the client's independent agent, prior to entering into an advisory contract permitted by this section, all material information concerning the proposed advisory arrangement including the following:

1. That the fee arrangement may create an incentive for the advisor to make investments that are riskier or more speculative than would be the case in the absence of a performance fee;

2. Where relevant, that the advisor may receive increased compensation with regard to unrealized appreciation as well as realized gains in the client's account;

3. The time period which will be used to measure investment performance throughout the term of the contract and its significance in the computation of the fee;

4. The nature of any index which will be used as a comparative measure of investment performance, the significance of the index, and the reason the advisor believes the index is appropriate; and

5. Where an advisor's compensation is based on the unrealized appreciation of securities for which market quotations are not readily available, how such securities will be valued and the extent to which the valuation will be independently determined.

D. Arm's-length contract. The investment advisor (and any person acting on its behalf) who enters into the contract must reasonably believe, immediately prior to entering into the contract, that the contract represents an arm's-length arrangement between the parties and that the client (or in the case of a client which is a company as defined in subsection E of this section, the person representing the company), alone or together with the client's independent agent, understands the proposed method of compensation and its risks. The representative of a company may be a partner, director, officer, or an employee of the company or the trustee, where the company is a trust, or any other person designated by the company or trustee, but must satisfy the definition of client's independent agent set forth in subsection E of this section.

E. Definitions. For the purpose of this section:

The term "affiliated person" has the same meaning as in § 2 (a)(3) of the Investment Company Act of 1940 (15 USC § 80a-2(a)(3)).

The term "client's independent agent" means any person agreeing to act as the client's agent in connection with the contract other than:

1. The investment advisor acting in reliance upon this section, an affiliated person of the investment advisor, an affiliated person of an affiliated person of the investment advisor, or an interested person of the investment advisor as defined in this subsection;

2. A person who receives, directly or indirectly, any compensation in connection with the contract from the investment advisor, an affiliated person of the investment advisor, an affiliated person of an affiliated person of the investment advisor or an interested person of the investment advisor as defined in this subsection; or

3. A person with any material relationship between himself (or an affiliated person of such person) and the investment advisor (or an affiliated person of the investment advisor) that exists, or has existed at any time during the previous two years.

The term "company" has the same meaning as in § 202 (a)(5) of the Investment Advisers Act of 1940 (15 USC § 80b-2(a)(5)).

The term "interested person" as used in the definition of "client's independent agent" of this section means:

1. Any member of the immediate family of any natural person who is an affiliated person of the investment advisor;

2. Any person who knowingly has any direct or indirect beneficial interest in, or who is designated as trustee, executor, or guardian of any legal interest in, any security issued by the investment advisor or by a controlling person of the investment advisor if the beneficial or legal interest of the person in any security issued by the investment advisor or by a controlling person of the investment advisor:

a. Exceeds one tenth of one percent of any class of outstanding securities of the investment advisor or a controlling person of the investment advisor; or

b. Exceeds 5.0% of the total assets of the person (seeking to act as the client's independent agent); or

3. Any person or partner or employee of any person who at any time since the beginning of the last two years has acted as legal counsel for the investment advisor.

The term "private investment company" means a company which would be defined as an investment company under § 3 (a) of the Investment Company Act of 1940 (15 USC § 80a-3(a)) but for the exception provided from that definition by § 3 (c)(1) of such Act.

The term "securities for which market quotations are readily available" in subsection C of this section has the same meaning as in Rule 2a-4 (a)(1) under the Investment Company Act of 1940 (17 CFR 270.2a-4 (a)(1)).

The term "securities for which market quotations are not readily available" in subsection C of this section means securities not described in the above paragraph.

Statutory Authority

§§ 12.1-13 and 13.1-523 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Rule 1301, Case No. SEC900034, eff. July 1, 1990; amended by Case No. SEC920008, eff. October 15, 1992; Virginia Register Volume 14, Issue 22, eff. July 1, 1998; Volume 15, Issue 22, eff. July 1, 1999; Volume 31, Issue 25, eff. July 31, 2015.

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