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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 22. Social Services
Agency 30. Department for Aging and Rehabilitative Services
Chapter 120. Chapter 120 Adult Services Approved Providers
10/26/2020

22VAC30-120-150. Rights of Adults in Care.

A. Adults in the care of local department-approved providers shall have the rights and responsibilities specified in this section. The provisions of this section shall not be construed to restrict or abridge any right that any adult has under the law. The provider shall establish policies and procedures to ensure that adults in care are aware of the following rights:

1. To be fully informed, prior to the beginning of the provision of services, of his rights and of all rules and expectations governing his conduct and responsibilities; the adult and, if appropriate, his responsible persons shall acknowledge, in writing, receipt of this information, which shall be filed in his record;

2. To be fully informed, prior to the beginning of the provision of services, of services available and of related charges, if any; this shall be reflected by the adult's written acknowledgment of having been so informed, which shall be filed in his record;

3. Unless a conservator of such person has been appointed, to be free to manage his personal finances and funds; to be entitled to access to personal account statements reflecting financial transactions made; and, when receiving adult foster care, to be given at least a quarterly accounting of financial transactions made on his behalf;

4. To be afforded confidential treatment of his personal affairs and records and to approve or refuse their release to any individual outside the home except as otherwise provided in law and except in case of his transfer to another setting;

5. When receiving adult foster care or adult day services, to be transferred or discharged only when provided with a statement of reasons, or for nonpayment for his stay, and to be given advance notice of at least 30 days; upon notice of discharge or upon giving reasonable advance notice of his desire to move, the adult shall be afforded reasonable assistance to ensure an orderly transfer or discharge; such actions shall be documented in his record; the local department that made the placement shall be given advance notice of at least 30 days for any transfer or discharge;

6. An adult receiving adult foster care or adult day services may be discharged immediately if his physical or mental health conditions or his behavior places himself or others at risk of serious bodily harm or injury; the discharge must be to a setting that will ensure the protection of the adult's health, safety and welfare; the local department that made the placement must be notified of the emergency discharge as soon as practicable but no later than 24 hours after the emergency discharge;

7. In the event a medical condition should arise while he is under the care of the provider, to be afforded the opportunity to participate in the planning of his program or care and medical treatment and the right to refuse treatment;

8. When receiving care from an adult foster care or adult day services provider, to not be required to perform services for the home except as voluntarily contracted pursuant to an agreement for services that states the terms of consideration or remuneration and is documented in writing and retained in his record;

9. To be free to select health care services from reasonably available resources;

10. To be free from mental, emotional, physical, sexual, and financial abuse or exploitation; to be free from forced isolation, threats, or other degrading or demeaning acts against him; and, when receiving care from an adult foster care or adult day services provider, to not have his known needs neglected or ignored by the provider;

11. To be treated with courtesy, respect, and consideration as a person of worth, sensitivity, and dignity;

12. To be free to voice grievances and recommend changes in policies and services, free of coercion, discrimination, threats, or reprisal;

13. When receiving care from an out-of-home local department-approved provider, to be permitted to retain and use his personal clothing and possessions as space permits unless to do so would infringe upon rights of other adults;

14. To be encouraged to function at his highest mental, emotional, physical, and social potential;

15. To receive and send uncensored, unopened mail;

16. To refuse medication unless there has been a court finding of incapacity;

17. To choose which services are included in the service agreement and to receive all physician-prescribed treatments. Adults also have the right to refuse services, if doing so does not endanger the health or safety of other adults;

18. To be free of physical, mechanical or chemical restraint except in the following situations and with appropriate safeguards, including training for the provider on the use of restraints:

a. As necessary to respond to unmanageable behavior in an emergency situation that threatens the immediate safety of the adult or others; and

b. As medically necessary, as authorized in writing by a physician, to provide physical support to a weakened adult;

19. To be free of prescription drugs except where medically necessary, specifically prescribed, and supervised by the attending physician;

20. To be accorded respect for ordinary privacy in every aspect of daily living, including but not limited to the following:

a. In the care of his personal needs except as assistance may be needed;

b. In any medical examination or health-related consultations that the adult may have at the home;

c. In communications, in writing or by telephone;

d. During visitations with other persons;

e. When receiving care from an out-of-home provider, in the adult's room or portion thereof; adults shall be permitted to have guests or other adults in their rooms unless to do so would infringe upon the rights of other adults; staff shall not enter an adult's room without making their presence known except in an emergency or in accordance with safety oversight requirements included in regulations administered by the Commissioner for Aging and Rehabilitative Services; and

f. When receiving care from an out-of-home provider, in visits with his spouse; if both are adults of the home they are permitted, but not required, to share a room unless otherwise provided in the adult's agreements; and

21. Is permitted to meet with and participate in activities of social, faith-based, and community groups at his discretion unless medically contraindicated as documented by his physician in his medical record.

B. If the adult is unable to fully understand and exercise the rights and responsibilities contained in this section, the local department shall require that a responsible person, of the adult's choice when possible, designated in writing in the adult's record, be made aware of each item in this section and the decisions that affect the adult or relate to specific items in this section; an adult shall be assumed capable of understanding and exercising these rights unless a physician determines otherwise and documents the reasons for such determination in the adult's record.

C. The out-of-home provider shall make available in an easily accessible place a copy of these rights and responsibilities and shall include in them the name and telephone number of the Adult Protective Services Hotline as well as the toll-free telephone number for the Virginia Long-Term Care Ombudsman Program and any state ombudsman program serving the area.

D. The out-of-home provider shall make its policies and procedures for implementing this section available and accessible to adults, relatives, agencies, and the general public.

E. Each out-of-home provider shall provide appropriate staff training to implement each adult's rights included in this section.

F. Adults in care have the right to be fully informed in advance about recommended care and treatment and of any recommended changes in that care or treatment.

G. Adults in care have the right to freedom from searches of personal belongings without the adult or responsible person's permission, unless the care provider has reason to suspect that the adult possesses items that are illegal or prohibited in the out-of-home provider setting and the adult is present during the search.

H. When receiving care from an out-of-home provider, adults have the right to be notified before the adult's room or roommate is changed.

I. When receiving care from an out-of-home provider, adults have the right to communicate privately and without restriction with any other adult who does not object to the communications.

Statutory Authority

§ 51.5-131 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Former 22VAC40-771-150, derived from Volume 24, Issue 02, eff. November 1, 2007; amended and renumbered as 22VAC30-120-150, Virginia Register Volume 30, Issue 01, eff. October 9, 2013.

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