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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 22. Social Services
Agency 40. Department of Social Services
Chapter 185. Standards for Licensed Child Day Centers
3/29/2020

22VAC40-185-320. Restroom Areas and Furnishings.

Part IV
Physical Plant

A. Centers shall be provided with at least two toilets and two sinks.

B. Each restroom area provided for children shall:

1. Be within a contained area, readily available and within the building used by the children (Exception: Restrooms used by school age children at camps are not required to be located within the building);

2. Have toilets that are flushable;

3. Have sinks located near the toilets and that are supplied with running warm water that does not exceed 120°F (Exception: Camps are exempt from the requirement that running water be warm); and

4. Be equipped with soap, toilet paper, and disposable towels or an air dryer within reach of children.

C. For restrooms available to males, urinals shall not be substituted for more than one-half the required number of toilets.

D. An adult size toilet with privacy shall be provided for staff use. Staff toilets may be counted in the number of required toilets for children only if children are allowed unrestricted access to them.

Exception: Primitive camps are not required to have a toilet with privacy for staff.

E. Centers shall be provided with at least one toilet and one sink per 20 preschool children and at least one standard size toilet and one sink per 30 school age children. When sharing restroom areas with other programs, the children in those programs shall be included in the toilet and sink ratio calculations. The toilet and sink ratio appropriate to the younger age group shall apply.

F. When child size toilets, urinals, and low sinks are not available in restrooms used by children of preschool age and younger, one or more platforms or sets of steps shall be provided.

G. School age children of the opposite sex shall not use the same restroom at the same time.

H. A restroom used for school age children that contains more than one toilet shall have at least one toilet enclosed.

I. Restrooms used by school age children at primitive camps are not required to have:

1. Sinks, if adequate water, supplies, and equipment for hand washing are available; and

2. Flushable toilets, if the number of sanitary privies or portable toilets constructed and operated in accordance with the applicable law and regulations of the Virginia Department of Health meets the toilet ratio stated in subsection E of this section. No privy or outdoor toilet shall be located within 75 feet of other buildings or camp activities.

Statutory Authority

§§ 63.2-217 and 63.2-1734 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Former 22VAC15-30-390 derived from VR175-08-01 § 4.8, eff. November 1, 1993; amended, Volume 12, Issue 04, eff. March 1, 1996; Volume 14, Issue 21, eff. September 1, 1998; Volume 21, Issue 12, eff. June 1, 2005; amended and renumbered as 22VAC40-185-320, Virginia Register Volume 29, Issue 01, eff. November 1, 2012.

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