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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 22. Social Services
Agency 40. Department of Social Services
Chapter 211. Foster and Adoptive Home Approval Standards for Local Departments of Social Services
3/28/2020

22VAC40-211-60. Training.

A. The local department shall ensure that preservice training is provided for foster and adoptive providers. This training shall address but not be limited to the following core competencies:

1. Factors that contribute to neglect, emotional maltreatment, physical abuse, and sexual abuse, and the effects thereof;

2. Conditions and experiences that may cause developmental delays and affect attachment;

3. Stages of normal human growth and development;

4. Concept of permanence for children and selection of the permanency goal;

5. Reunification as the primary child welfare goal, the process and experience of reunification;

6. Importance of visits and other contacts in strengthening relationships between the child and his birth family, including his siblings;

7. Legal and social processes and implications of adoption;

8. Support of older youth's transition to independent living;

9. The professional team's role in supporting the transition to permanency and preventing unplanned placement disruptions;

10. Relationship between child welfare laws, the local department's mandates, and how the local department carries out its mandates;

11. Purpose of service planning;

12. Impact of multiple placements on a child's development;

13. Types of and response to loss, and the factors that influence the experience of separation, loss, and placement;

14. Cultural, spiritual, social, and economic similarities and differences between a child's primary family and foster or adoptive family;

15. Preparing a child for family visits and helping him manage his feelings in response to family contacts;

16. Developmentally appropriate, effective and nonphysical disciplinary techniques;

17. Promoting a child's sense of identity, history, culture, and values;

18. Respecting a child's connection to his birth family, previous foster families or adoptive families;

19. Being nonjudgmental in caring for the child, working with his family, and collaborating with other members of the team;

20. Roles, rights, and responsibilities of foster parents and adoptive parents;

21. Maintaining a home and community environment that promotes safety and well-being;

22. Mandated child abuse and neglect reporter laws and responsibilities; and

23. Normalcy for youth in foster care.

B. Local departments shall ensure that each foster and adoptive home provider receives annual in-service training.

1. Training shall be relevant to the needs of children and families and may be structured to include multiple types of training modalities (for example, online foster parent training courses; seminars and conferences).

2. The department shall provide opportunities for training on an annual basis.

C. The provider is required to complete preservice and annual in-service trainings. As a condition of reapproval each provider shall complete in-service training.

D. Local departments shall explain confidentiality requirements to providers and require providers to keep confidential all information regarding the child, his family, and the circumstances that resulted in the child coming into care.

Statutory Authority

§§ 63.2-217 and 63.2-319 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Volume 25, Issue 24, eff. September 2, 2009; amended, Virginia Register Volume 35, Issue 05, eff. December 1, 2018; Volume 36, Issue 07, eff. December 26, 2019.

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