Administrative Code

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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 4. Conservation and Natural Resources
Agency 25. Department of Mines, Minerals and Energy
Chapter 130. Coal Surface Mining Reclamation Regulations

4VAC25-130-816.150. Roads; General.

(a) Road classification system.

(1) Each road, as defined in 4VAC25-130-700.5, shall be classified as either a primary road or an ancillary road.

(2) A primary road is any road which is--

(i) Used for transporting coal or spoil;

(ii) Frequently used for access or other purposes for a period in excess of six months; or

(iii) To be retained for an approved postmining land use.

(3) An ancillary road is any road not classified as a primary road.

(b) Performance standards. Each road shall be located, designed, constructed, reconstructed, used, maintained and reclaimed so as to:

(1) Control or prevent erosion, siltation, and the air pollution attendant to erosion, including road dust as well as dust occurring on other exposed surfaces, by measures such as vegetating, watering, using chemical or other dust suppressants, or otherwise stabilizing all exposed surfaces in accordance with current, prudent engineering practices;

(2) Control or prevent damage to fish, wildlife or their habitat and related environmental values;

(3) Control or prevent additional contributions of suspended solids to stream flow or runoff outside the permit area;

(4) Neither cause nor contribute to, directly or indirectly, the violation of State or Federal water quality standards applicable to receiving waters;

(5) Refrain from significantly altering the normal flow of water in streambeds or drainage channels;

(6) Prevent or control damage to public or private property including the prevention or mitigation of adverse effects on lands within the boundaries of units of The National Park System, The National Wildlife Refuge System, The National System of Trails, The National Wilderness Preservation System, The Wild and Scenic Rivers System, including designated study rivers, and national recreation areas designated by Act of Congress; and

(7) Use non-acid and non-toxic-forming substances in road surfacing.

(c) Design and construction limits and establishment of design criteria. To ensure environmental protection appropriate for their planned duration and use, including consideration of the type and size of equipment used, the design and construction or reconstruction of roads shall incorporate appropriate limits for grade, width, surface materials, surface drainage control, culvert placement, and culvert size, in accordance with current, prudent engineering practices, and any necessary design criteria established by the division.

(d) Location.

(1) No part of any road shall be located in the channel of an intermittent or perennial stream unless specifically approved by the division in accordance with the applicable portions of 4VAC25-130-816.41 through 4VAC25-130-816.43 and 4VAC25-130-816.57.

(2) Roads shall be located to minimize downstream sedimentation and flooding.

(e) Maintenance.

(1) A road shall be maintained to meet the performance standards of this Part and any additional criteria specified by the division.

(2) A road damaged by a catastrophic event, such as a flood or earthquake, shall be repaired as soon as practical after the damage has occurred.

(f) Reclamation.

(1) A road not to be retained under an approved post-mining land use shall be reclaimed in accordance with the approved reclamation plan as soon as practicable after it is no longer needed for mining and reclamation operations. This reclamation shall include:

(i) Closing the road to traffic;

(ii) Removing all bridges and culverts unless approved as part of the postmining land use;

(iii) Removing or otherwise disposing of road-surfacing materials that are incompatible with the postmining land use and revegetation requirements;

(iv) Reshaping cut and fill slopes as necessary to be compatible with the post-mining land use and to complement the drainage pattern of the surrounding terrain;

(v) Protecting the natural drainage patterns by installing dikes or cross drains as necessary to control surface runoff and erosion. A water bar shall be placed at the head of all pitched grades regardless of other spacing. Water bars shall cross the road at approximately a 30 degree angle. Water bars of the ditch and earth berm type shall be installed according to the following provisions:

Percent of Road Grade

Spacing of Water Bars in Feet

0 - 2


3 - 5


6 - 10


11 - 15


15 + 20


(vi) Scarifying or ripping the roadbed; replacing topsoil or substitute material, and revegetating disturbed surfaces in accordance with 4VAC25-130-816.22 and 4VAC25-130-816.111 through 4VAC25-130-816.116.

(2) Roads which are to be retained as part of an approved post-mining land use shall be constructed or reconstructed to be compatible with that use. Construction or reconstruction shall include:

(i) Restoring an existing road to a condition equal to or better than its pre-mining condition; and

(ii) Meeting the requirements of 4VAC25-130-816.151 as appropriate.

(g) The division may approve alternative specifications if they are demonstrated to result in performance equal to or better than that resulting from roads complying with 4VAC25-130-816.150 and 4VAC25-130-816.151.

Statutory Authority

§§ 45.1-161.3 and 45.1-230 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR480-03-19 § 816.150, eff. December 15, 1981; amended, eff. June 28, 1982; October 28, 1982; December 14, 1982; October 11, 1983; December 27, 1983; May 8, 1984; June 22, 1984; August 2, 1984; October 16, 1985; January 7, 1987; July 22, 1987; November 25, 1987; October 12, 1988; December 26, 1990; July 1, 1991; July 17, 1991; November 20, 1991; July 7, 1992; May 5, 1993; October 19, 1994.

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