Administrative Code

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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 8. Education
Agency 20. State Board of Education
Chapter 780. Standards for Licensed Child Day Centers

8VAC20-780-500. Hand washing and toileting procedures.

A. Hand washing.

1. Children's hands shall be washed with soap and running water or disposable wipes before and after eating meals or snacks.

2. Children's hands shall be washed with soap and running water after toileting and any contact with blood, feces, or urine.

3. Staff shall wash their hands with soap and running water:

a. Before and after helping a child use the toilet;

b. Before and after a diaper change;

c. After the staff member uses the toilet;

d. After any contact with body fluids;

e. Before feeding or helping children with feeding; and

f. Before preparing or serving food or beverages.

4. If running water is not available, a germicidal cleansing agent administered per manufacturer's instruction may be used.

B. Diapering; soiled clothing.

1. The diapering area shall be accessible and within the building used by children.

2. There shall be sight and sound supervision for all children when a child is being diapered.

3. The diapering area shall have the following:

a. A sink with running warm water not to exceed 120°F;

b. Soap, disposable towels, and single use gloves such as surgical or examination gloves;

c. A nonabsorbent surface for diapering or changing shall be used. For children younger than three years, this surface shall be a changing table or countertop designated for changing;

d. The appropriate disposal container as required by subdivision 6 of this subsection; and

e. A leakproof covered receptacle for soiled linens.

4. When a child's clothing or diaper becomes wet or soiled, the child shall be cleaned and changed immediately.

5. Disposable diapers shall be disposed in a leakproof or plastic-lined storage system that is either foot-operated or used in such a way that neither the staff member's hand nor the soiled diaper touches an exterior surface of the storage system during disposal.

6. When cloth diapers are used, a separate leakproof storage system as specified in subdivision 5 of this subsection shall be used for each individual child.

7. The diapering surface shall be used only for diapering or cleaning children, and it shall be cleaned with soap and at least room temperature water and sanitized after each use. Tables used for children's activities or meals shall not be used for changing diapers.

8. Individual disposable barriers may be used between each diaper change. If the changing surface becomes soiled, the surface shall be cleaned and sanitized before another child is diapered.

9. Staff shall ensure the immediate safety of a child during diapering.

C. Toilet training. For every 10 children in the process of being toilet trained, there shall be at least one toilet chair or one child-sized toilet, or at least one adult sized toilet with a platform or steps and adapter seat.

1. The location of these items shall allow for sight and sound supervision of children in the classroom if necessary for the required staff-to-children ratios to be maintained.

2. Toilet chairs shall be emptied promptly and cleaned and sanitized after each use.

Statutory Authority

§§ 22.1-16 and 22.1-289.046 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Former 22VAC15-30-575 derived from Virginia Register Volume 14, Issue 21, eff. September 1, 1998; amended, Virginia Register Volume 21, Issue 12, eff. June 1, 2005; Errata, 21:13 VA.R. 1941 March 7, 2005; amended and renumbered as 22VAC40-185-500, Virginia Register Volume 29, Issue 1, eff. November 1, 2012; renumbered Volume 37, Issue 21, eff. July 1, 2021; Volume 38, Issue 2, eff. October 13, 2021.

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