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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 9. Environment
Agency 25. State Water Control Board
Chapter 151. Virginia Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (VPDES) General Permit Regulation for Discharges of Stormwater Associated with Industrial Activity

9VAC25-151-130. Sector E - Clay, cement, concrete, and gypsum products.

A. Discharges covered under this section. The requirements listed under this section apply to stormwater discharges associated with industrial activity from facilities generally classified under SIC Codes 3251‑3259, 3261‑3269, 3274, and 3275 that are engaged in either manufacturing the following products or performing the following activities: structural clay products including tile and brick; pottery and porcelain electrical supplies; and concrete, plaster, and gypsum products.

Concrete block and brick facilities (SIC Code 3271), concrete products facilities, except block and brick (SIC Code 3272), and ready-mixed concrete facilities (SIC Code 3273) are not covered by this permit.

B. Stormwater controls. In addition to the requirements of Part III, the SWPPP shall include, at a minimum, the following items:

1. Facilities shall prevent or minimize the discharge of: spilled cement; aggregate (including sand or gravel); kiln dust; fly ash; settled dust; and other significant materials in stormwater from paved portions of the site that are exposed to stormwater. Measures used to minimize the presence of these materials may include regular sweeping, or other equivalent measures. The SWPPP shall indicate the frequency of sweeping or equivalent measures. The frequency shall be determined based upon consideration of the amount of industrial activity occurring in the area and frequency of precipitation, but shall not be less than once per week if cement, aggregate, kiln dust, fly ash, or settled dust are being handled or processed.

2. Facilities shall prevent the exposure of fine granular solids (such as cement, fly ash, kiln dust, etc.) to stormwater. Where practicable, these materials shall be stored in enclosed silos or hoppers, buildings, or under other covering.

C. Numeric effluent limitations. The following numeric effluent limitations shall be met by facilities with cement manufacturing and material storage runoff. Any discharge composed of runoff from the storage of materials, including raw materials, intermediate products, finished products, and waste materials from the manufacture of cement, shall not exceed the limitations in Table 130-1. Runoff from the storage piles shall not be diluted with other stormwater runoff or flows to meet these limitations. Any untreated overflow from facilities designed, constructed and operated to treat the volume of material storage pile runoff that is associated with a 10-year, 24-hour rainfall event shall not be subject to the TSS or pH limitations.

Table 130-1
Sector E – Numeric Effluent Limitations


Effluent Limitations

Daily Maximum

30-day Average

Cement Manufacturing Facility, Material Storage Runoff: Any discharge composed of runoff that derives from the storage of materials including raw materials, intermediate products, finished products, and waste materials that are used in or derived from the manufacture of cement.

Total Suspended Solids (TSS)

50 mg/L


6.0 - 9.0 s.u.

D. Benchmark monitoring and reporting requirements. Clay product manufacturers (SIC Codes 3251-3259, SIC Codes 3261-3269) and lime and gypsum product manufacturers (SIC Codes 3274, 3275) are required to monitor their stormwater discharges for the pollutants of concern listed in Table 130-2.

Table 130-2
Sector E – Benchmark Monitoring Requirements

Pollutants of Concern

Benchmark Concentration

Clay Product Manufacturers (SIC Codes 3251-3259, 3261-3269)

Total Recoverable Aluminum

750 ug/L

Lime and Gypsum Product Manufacturers (SIC Codes 3274, 3275)

Total Suspended Solids (TSS)

100 mg/L


6.0 - 9.0 s.u.

Total Recoverable Iron

1.0 mg/L

Statutory Authority

§ 62.1-44.15 of the Code of Virginia; § 402 of the federal Clean Water Act; 40 CFR Parts 122, 123, and 124.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 15, Issue 9, eff. June 30, 1999; amended, Virginia Register Volume 20, Issue 16, eff. July 1, 2004; Volume 25, Issue 19, eff. June 24, 2009; Volume 30, Issue 11, eff. July 1, 2014; Volume 35, Issue 19, eff. July 1, 2019.

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