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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 9. Environment
Agency 25. State Water Control Board
Chapter 610. Groundwater Withdrawal Regulations
2/21/2024

9VAC25-610-95. General permits.

A. The board may issue a general permit by regulation for withdrawals of groundwater within a groundwater management area as it deems appropriate in accordance with the following:

1. A general permit may be written to cover the following:

a. Withdrawals of a certain size;

b. Withdrawals from a specific aquifer or confining unit; or

c. Other categories of withdrawals deemed appropriate by the board.

2. A general permit must clearly identify the applicable conditions of this chapter for each category or subcategory of withdrawals covered by the permit.

3. The general permit may exclude specified withdrawals or areas from coverage.

B. When the board determines on a case-by-case basis that concerns for the aquifer, water quality, or the ecosystem services that depend on the groundwater so indicate, the board may require individual applications and individual permits rather than approving coverage under a general permit regulation. Cases where an individual permit may be required include the following:

1. The wells of two or more groundwater users within the area are interfering or may reasonably be expected to interfere substantially with one another;

2. The available groundwater or surface water supply that rely on surficial aquifer input has been or may be adversely impacted or instream beneficial uses may be impacted;

3. The groundwater or surface water in the area has been or may become polluted. Such pollution includes any alteration of the physical, chemical, or biological properties of groundwater or surface waters that has a harmful or detrimental effect on the quality or quantity of such waters;

4. The applicant or permittee is not in compliance with the conditions of the general permit regulation or coverage; or

5. An applicant or permittee no longer qualifies for coverage under the general permit.

C. General permit coverage may be revoked from a permittee for any of the reasons set forth in 9VAC25-610-300 A subject to appropriate opportunity for a hearing.

D. Activities authorized under a general permit and general permit regulation shall be authorized for the fixed term stated in the applicable general permit and general permit regulation.

E. When an individual permit is issued to a permittee, the applicability of general permit coverage to the individual permittee is automatically terminated on the effective date of the groundwater withdrawal individual permit.

F. When a groundwater withdrawal general permit regulation is issued that applies to a permittee that is already covered by an individual permit, that person may request exclusion from the provisions of the general permit regulation and subsequent coverage under an individual permit.

G. General permits may be issued, modified, revoked and reissued, or terminated in accordance with the provisions of the Administrative Process Act (§ 2.2-4000 et seq. of the Code of Virginia).

Statutory Authority

§§ 62.1-256 and 62.1-262.1 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 39, Issue 7, eff. December 21, 2022.

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