Administrative Code

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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 9. Environment
Agency 5. State Air Pollution Control Board
Chapter 40. Existing Stationary Sources
9/18/2020

9VAC5-40-7820. Standard for Volatile Organic Compounds.

A. No owner or other person shall use or permit the use of any lithographic printing process employing a fountain solution containing volatile organic compounds unless the fountain solution as applied to each lithographic press meets the following requirements:

1. For each heatset web press:

a. When the fountain solution contains alcohol:

(1) The fountain solution shall contain no more than a daily average of 1.6% volatile organic compounds by weight; or

(2) The temperature of the fountain solution shall be maintained at or below 60°F and the fountain solution shall contain no more than a daily average of 3.0° volatile organic compounds by weight; or

b. When the fountain solution contains no alcohol, the fountain solution shall contain no more than a daily average of 5.0° volatile organic compounds by weight.

2. For each non-heatset web press and each newspaper press, the fountain solution shall contain no alcohol and shall contain no more than a daily average 5.0° volatile organic compounds by weight.

3. For each sheet-fed press:

a. The fountain solution shall contain no more than a daily average of 5.0% volatile organic compounds by weight; or

b. The temperature of the fountain solution shall be maintained at or below 60°F and the fountain solution shall contain no more than a daily average of 8.5% volatile organic compounds by weight.

B. No owner or other person shall use or permit the use of any heatset web offset lithographic printing process unless:

1. A system is installed which achieves an emission reduction from the press dryer exhaust vent of 90% by weight of volatile organic compounds (minus methane and ethane); or

2. The maximum dryer exhaust outlet concentration is maintained at 50 ppmv as carbon (minus methane and ethane).

C. No owner or other person shall use or permit the use of any lithographic printing process employing a cleaning solution containing volatile organic compounds unless:

1. The daily average of the cleaning solution as applied contains no more than 30% volatile organic compounds by weight; or

2. The daily average of the volatile organic compound portion of the cleaning solution as applied has a composite partial vapor pressure of 10 millimeters of mercury or less at 68°F (20°C).

D. All printing inks, fountain solutions, cleaning solutions, and other products containing 25% or more volatile organic compounds by weight shall be disposed of by one of the following methods:

1. Reclamation, either in-house or by outside services; or

2. Incineration.

E. All cleaning solution and applicators shall be stored in covered containers or machines with remote reservoirs when not in use.

Statutory Authority

§ 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Volume 12, Issue 11, eff. April 1, 1996.

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