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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 9. Environment
Agency 5. State Air Pollution Control Board
Chapter 60. Hazardous Air Pollutant Sources
11/28/2021

9VAC5-60-20. Compliance.

A. Ninety days after the effective date of any emission standard prescribed under this chapter no owner or other person shall operate any existing hazardous air pollutant source in violation of such standard. After the effective date of any emission standard prescribed under this chapter no owner or other person shall operate any new or modified hazardous air pollutant source in violation of such standard.

1. Compliance with standards in this chapter shall be determined by emission tests established by 9VAC5-60-30, unless specified otherwise in the applicable standard.

2. Compliance with federal requirements in this chapter may be determined by alternative or equivalent methods only if approved by the administrator. For purposes of this subsection, federal requirements consist of the following:

a. Emission standards, alternative emission standards, alternative emission limitations, and equivalent emission limitations established pursuant to § 112 of the federal Clean Air Act as amended in 1990.

b. Emission standards established pursuant to § 112 of the federal Clean Air Act before it was amended in 1990.

c. All terms and conditions in a federal operating permit, including any provisions that limit a source's potential to emit, unless expressly designated as not federally enforceable.

d. Limitations and conditions that are part of an implementation plan.

e. Limitations and conditions that are part of a section 111(d) or section 111(d)/129 plan.

f. Limitations and conditions that are part of a federal construction permit issued under 40 CFR 52.21 or any construction permit issued under regulations approved by EPA in accordance with 40 CFR Part 51.

g. Limitations and conditions that are part of an operating permit issued pursuant to a program approved by EPA into an implementation plan as meeting EPA's minimum criteria for federal enforceability, including adequate notice and opportunity for EPA and public comment prior to issuance of the final permit and practicable enforceability.

h. Limitations and conditions in a Virginia regulation or program that has been approved by EPA under subpart E of 40 CFR Part 63 for the purposes of implementing and enforcing § 112 of the federal Clean Air Act.

B. No owner of a hazardous air pollutant source subject to the provisions of this chapter shall fail to conduct emission tests as required under this chapter.

C. No owner of a hazardous air pollutant source subject to the provisions of this chapter shall fail to install, calibrate, maintain and operate equipment for continuously monitoring and recording emissions, process parameters or air quality, or both, as required in this chapter.

D. No owner of a hazardous air pollutant source subject to the provisions of this chapter shall fail to provide notifications and reports, revise reports, maintain records or report emission test or monitoring results, or both, as required under this chapter.

E. For the purpose of submitting compliance certifications or establishing whether or not a person has violated or is in violation of any standard in this chapter, nothing in this chapter shall preclude the use, including the exclusive use, of any credible evidence or information relevant to whether a source would have been in compliance with applicable requirements if the appropriate performance or compliance test or procedure had been performed.

Statutory Authority

§ 10.1-1308 of the Code of Virginia; §§ 110, 111, 123, 129, 171, 172, and 182 of the Clean Air Act; 40 CFR Parts 51 and 60.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR120-06-0101, eff. April 1, 1988; amended, Virginia Register Volume 12, Issue 3, eff. December 1, 1995; Volume 13, Issue 14, eff. May 1, 1997; Volume 14, Issue 11, eff. April 1, 1998; Volume 15, Issue 13, eff. April 14, 1999; Virginia Register Volume 16, Issue 14, eff. May 1, 2000; Volume 17, Issue 15, eff. June 1, 2001; Volume 18, Issue 7, eff. February 1, 2002; Volume 19, Issue 6, eff. February 1, 2003; Volume 20, Issue 16, eff. June 1, 2004; Volume 21, Issue 7, eff. January 12, 2005; Volume 22, Issue 4, eff. December 1, 2005; Volume 23, Issue 17, eff. June 1, 2007; Volume 24, Issue 5, eff. December 12, 2007; Volume 25, Issue 12, eff. March 18, 2009; Volume 26, Issue 8, eff. January 20, 2010; Volume 27, Issue 11, eff. March 2, 2011; Volume 28, Issue 10, eff. February 15, 2012; Volume 29, Issue 10, eff. February 13, 2013; Volume 30, Issue 10, eff. July 1, 2014; Volume 31, Issue 12, eff. March 11, 2015; Volume 32, Issue 10, eff. February 10, 2016; Volume 33, Issue 10, eff. February 22, 2017; Volume 34, Issue 11, eff. February 21, 2018; Volume 35, Issue 11, eff. February 20, 2019; Volume 36, Issue 12, eff. March 4, 2020; Volume 37, Issue 4, eff. November 11, 2020.

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