Administrative Code

Virginia Administrative Code
Title 10. Finance and Financial Institutions
Agency 5. State Corporation Commission
2/21/2019

Chapter 190. Common Trust Funds

10VAC5-190-10. Definition of terms.

As used in this chapter:

"Common trust fund" shall have the meaning set forth in § 6.2-1009 of the Code of Virginia.

"Common trust fund" will be equivalent in meaning to the term "collective investment fund" used in the regulations of the Comptroller of the Currency (12 CFR 9.18) and will include the following types of fund: (i) a fund maintained by a bank exclusively for the collective investment and re-investment of moneys contributed thereto by the bank in its capacity as trustee, executor, administrator, guardian, or custodian under a uniform gifts-to-minors act, and (ii) a fund consisting solely of assets of retirement, pensions, profit-sharing, stock-bonus, or other such trusts.

Funds described in (i) above will be referred to herein as "fiduciary funds," and funds described in (ii) will be called "employee benefit trusts."

Statutory Authority

§§ 6.2-1009 and 12.1-13 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR225-01-0202, eff. July 20, 1984; amended, Virginia Register Volume 28, Issue 20, eff. June 1, 2012.

10VAC5-190-20. Operating rules.

Common trust funds shall be administered in accordance with the following regulations:

1. Each common trust fund shall be established and maintained in accordance with a written plan, which shall be approved by a resolution of the bank's board of directors and filed with the Commissioner of Financial Institutions. The plan shall contain appropriate provisions as to the manner in which the fund is to be operated, which provisions shall not be inconsistent with the regulations applicable thereto. The plan shall include provisions relating to: the investment powers of the maintaining bank; a general statement of the investment policy of the bank with respect to the fund; the allocation of income, profits and losses; the terms and conditions governing the admission or withdrawal of participations in the fund; the auditing of accounts of the bank with respect to the fund; the basis and method of valuing assets in the fund, setting forth specific criteria for each type of asset; the minimum frequency for valuation of assets of the fund; the period following each such valuation date during which the valuation may be made (which period in usual circumstances should not exceed 10 business days); the basis upon which the fund may be terminated; and other such matters as may be necessary to define clearly the rights of participants in the fund. Except as otherwise provided in subdivision 15 of this chapter, fund assets shall be valued at market value unless such value is not readily ascertainable, in which case a fair value determined in good faith by the fund trustees may be used. A copy of each such plan shall be available at the principal office of the bank for inspection during all banking hours, and upon request a copy of that plan shall be furnished to any person.

2. Property held by a bank in its capacity as trustee of retirement, pension, profit sharing, stock bonus, or other trusts which are exempt from federal income taxation under any provision of the Internal Revenue Code may be invested in fiduciary funds or employee benefit trusts, subject to the provisions herein contained pertaining to such funds and may qualify for tax exemption pursuant to section 584 of the Internal Revenue Code. Assets of retirement, pension, profit-sharing, stock-bonus, or other trusts which are exempt from federal income taxation by reason of being described in section 401 of the Code may be invested in employee benefit trusts if such trust qualifies for tax exemption under Revenue Ruling 56-267.

3. Participation in a common trust fund shall be on the basis of a proportionate interest in all the assets of the fund. In order to determine whether the investment of funds received or held by a bank as fiduciary in a participation in a common trust fund is proper, a bank may consider the common trust fund as a whole and shall not, for example, be prohibited from making such investment because any particular asset of the fund is not income-producing.

4. Not less frequently than once during each three-month period, a maintaining bank shall determine the value of the assets in a common trust fund as of the date set for the valuation of assets. No participation shall be admitted to or withdrawn from the fund except (i) on the basis of such valuation, and (ii) as of such valuation date. No participation shall be admitted to or withdrawn from the fund unless a written request for such action or a notice of intention to take such action shall have been entered in the fiduciary records of the bank on or before the valuation date and approved in a manner prescribed by the board of directors. No request or notice may be cancelled or countermanded after the valuation date. If an employee benefit trust is to be invested in real estate or in some other asset that is not readily marketable, the bank may require a prior notice period, not to exceed a year, for withdrawals.

5.a. A bank administering a common trust fund shall at least once during each 12-month period cause an adequate audit to be made of the fund by auditors responsible only to the board of directors of the bank. In the event such audit is performed by independent public accountants, the reasonable expenses of such audit may be charged to the fund.

b. A bank administering a common trust fund shall at least once during each 12-month period prepare a financial report of the fund. This report, based upon the above audit, shall contain: (i) a list of investments in the fund showing the cost and the current market value of each investment; and (ii) a statement for the period since the previous report showing: purchases, with cost; sales, with profit or loss; any other investment changes; income and disbursements; and an appropriate notation as to any investment in default.

c. The financial report may include a description of the fund's value on previous dates, as well as its income and disbursements during previous accounting periods. No predictions or representations as to future results may be made. In addition, as to fiduciary funds (as defined herein), neither the report nor any other publication of the bank shall make reference to the performance of funds other than those administered by the bank.

d. A copy of the financial report shall be furnished, or notice shall be given that a copy of such report is available and will be furnished without charge upon request, to each person to whom a regular periodic accounting would ordinarily be rendered with respect to each participating account. A copy of such financial report may be furnished to prospective customers. The cost of printing and distribution of these reports shall be borne by the bank. In addition, a copy of the report shall be furnished upon request to any person for a reasonable charge. The fact of the availability of the report on any fiduciary fund may be given publicity solely in connection with the promotion of the fiduciary services of the bank.

e. Except as herein provided, the bank shall not advertise or publicize its fiduciary funds.

6. When participations are withdrawn from a common trust fund, distributions may be made in cash, or ratably in kind, or partly in cash and partly in kind. However, all distributions made as of any one valuation date shall be made on the same basis.

7. If for any reason an investment is withdrawn in kind from a common trust fund for the benefit of all participants in the fund at the time of such withdrawal, and such investment is not distributed ratably in kind, it shall be segregated and administered or realized upon for the benefit ratably of all those who were participants in the fund at the time of withdrawal.

8.a. No bank shall have any interest in a common trust fund other than in its fiduciary capacity. Except for temporary net cash overdrafts, or as otherwise specifically provided herein, it may not lend money to a fund, sell property to a fund, or purchase property from a fund. No asset of a common trust fund may be invested in any stock or obligation, including any time or savings deposit, of the bank or of any of its affiliates. However, such deposits may be made of funds awaiting investment or distribution.

Subject to all other provisions of this chapter, funds held by a bank as fiduciary for its own employees may be invested in a common trust fund. A bank may not make any loan on the security of a participation in a fund. If, because of a credit relationship or otherwise, the bank acquires an interest in a participation in a fund, the participation shall be withdrawn on the first date when such withdrawal can be effected. However, an unsecured advance to an account holding a participation until the time of the next valuation date shall not be deemed to constitute the acquisition of an interest by the bank.

b. A maintaining bank may purchase for its own account from a common trust fund any defaulted, fixed-income investment held by such fund, if in the judgment of the board of directors the cost of segregation of such investment would be greater than the difference between its market value and its principal amount plus interest and penalty charges due. If the bank elects to make such a purchase of an investment, it must do so at the market value of the investment or at the sum of cost, accrued unpaid interest, and penalty charges - whichever is greater.

9. Except in the case of qualifying employee benefit trusts:

a. No funds or other property shall be invested in a participation in a common trust fund if, as a result of such investment, the participant would have an interest aggregating in excess of 10 % of the market value of the fund at the time the investment is contemplated. In applying this limitation, if two or more accounts are created by the same person or persons and as much as ½ the income or principal of each account is payable or applicable to the use of the same person or persons, such accounts shall be considered as one;

b. No investment for a common trust fund shall be made in stocks, bonds, or other obligations of a particular person, firm, or corporation if as a result of such investment the total investment of such fund in the obligations issued or guaranteed by such person, firm, or corporation would exceed 10 % of the then market value of the fund. However, this limitation shall not apply to investments in direct obligations of the United States or in other obligations fully guaranteed by the United States as to principal and interest;

c. A maintaining bank shall keep in cash and readily marketable investments such percentage of the assets of the fund as is necessary to provide adequately for the liquidity needs of the fund and to prevent inequity among participants in the fund.

10. The reasonable expenses incurred in servicing mortgages held by a common trust fund may be charged against the income account of the fund and paid to servicing agents, including the bank maintaining the fund.

11.a. A bank may (but shall not be required to) transfer up to 5.0 % of the net income derived by a common trust fund from mortgages held by such fund during any regular accounting period to a reserve account, but no such transfer shall be made which would cause the amount in the reserve to exceed 1.0 % of the outstanding principal amount of all mortgages held in the fund. The amount of any such reserve account shall be deducted from the assets of the fund in determining the fair market value of the fund for purposes of admissions and withdrawals.

b. At the end of each accounting period, all interest payments which are due but unpaid with respect to mortgages in the fund shall be charged against such reserve account (to the extent one is available) and credited to income distributed to participants. In the event of subsequent recovery of such interest payments by the fund, the reserve account shall be credited with the amount so recovered.

12. A bank maintaining a common trust fund shall have the exclusive management thereof. A bank may charge a fee for managing such a fund. However, the fractional part of such fee proportionate to the interest of any participant, when added to all other compensation charged by a bank to the participant, shall not exceed the total amount of compensation which would have been charged to said participant if no asset of that participant had been invested in the common trust fund. The bank shall absorb the cost of establishing or reorganizing a common trust fund.

13. A maintaining bank shall not issue any certificate or other document evidencing a direct or indirect interest in a common trust fund.

14. No mistake made in good faith and in the exercise of due care in connection with maintaining a common trust fund shall be deemed to be a violation of this chapter, if, promptly after discovery of the mistake, the bank takes whatever action may be practicable in the circumstances to remedy the mistake.

15. Short-term investment funds that are fiduciary funds may be operated for purposes of admissions and withdrawals on a cost basis, rather than on the basis of market value, if the plan of operation satisfies the following conditions:

a. Investments of such funds must be limited to bonds, notes, or other evidences of indebtedness which are payable on demand (including variable amount notes) or which have a maturity date not exceeding 91 days from the date of purchase. However, 20% of the value of the fund may be invested in longer-term obligations;

b. The difference between the cost and anticipated principal receipt on maturity must be accrued on a straight-line basis;

c. Assets of the fund must be held until maturity under usual circumstances; and

d. After effecting admissions and withdrawals, not less than 20% of the value of the remaining assets of the fund must be composed of cash, demand obligations, and assets that will mature on the fund's next business day.

Statutory Authority

§ 6.2-1009 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR225-01-0202, eff. July 20, 1984.

10VAC5-190-30. Investment authorization.

To the extent not otherwise prohibited by Virginia law, funds or other property received or held by a bank as fiduciary may be invested collectively as follows:

1.a. In a single real estate loan, a direct obligation of the United States, or an obligation fully guaranteed by the United States, or in a single, fixed-amount security, obligation, or other property (real, personal, or mixed) of a single issuer; or

b. On a short-term basis, in a variable-amount note of a borrower of prime credit. However, such note shall be maintained by the bank on its premises and may be utilized by it only for investment of moneys held in its trust department accounts.

Furthermore, a bank may not own any participation in a loan or obligation authorized for investment under subdivisions 1a or 1b and may have no interest in any investment therein except in its capacity as fiduciary.

2. In a common trust fund maintained by the bank for the collective investment of cash balances received or held by a bank in its capacity as trustee, executor, administrator, or guardian, which balances the bank considers to be individually too small to be invested separately to advantage. The total investment for such fund must not exceed $100,000; the number of participating accounts is limited to 100, and no participating account may have an interest in the fund in excess of $10,000.

In applying these limitations, if two or more accounts are created by the same person or persons, and ½ or more of the income or principal of each account is presently payable or applicable to the use of the same person or persons, such accounts shall be considered as one. No fund may be established or operated under this subdivision 2 for the purpose of avoiding any provision of 10VAC5-190-20.

3. In any investment specifically authorized by court order, or authorized by the instrument creating the fiduciary relationship in the case of trusts created by a corporation, its subsidiaries and affiliates, or by several individual settlers who are closely related. However, such investment may not be made under this subdivision 3 for the purpose of avoiding the provisions of 10VAC5-190-20.

4. In such other manner, consistent with applicable law, as may be approved in writing by the Commissioner of Financial Institutions.

The foregoing authorizations are not exclusive; rather they are in addition to such other investment authorizations as are provided in Virginia law.

Statutory Authority

§ 6.2-1009 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR225-01-0202, eff. July 20, 1984.

10VAC5-190-40. Status of Comptroller's "Precedents and Opinions."

Certain statements designated "Precedents and Opinions" of the Comptroller of the Currency and numbered 9.5000 through 9.6940 relate to § 9.18 of the Comptroller's regulations, "Collective Investment."

These "Precedents and Opinions" are not binding on the Bureau of Financial Institutions. However, such statements may furnish guidance and may be persuasive in determining the Bureau's position on an issue.

Statutory Authority

§ 6.2-1009 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR225-01-0202, eff. July 20, 1984.

Forms (10VAC5-190)

BANKS

Report of Examination.

Oaths of Directors, CCB-122 (rev. 1/85).

Oath of Director, CCB-122a.

Supplemental Sheet - Directors' Responsibilities (Bank), CCB-1117 (rev. 7/87).

Application of a New Bank or New Savings Institution for a Certificate of Authority to Begin Business, CCB-1121 (rev. 7/92).

Financial Report, CCB-1123 (rev. 5/87).

Application by an Out-of-State Institution to Acquire a Virginia Bank, CCB-1124 (rev. 8/94).

Application to Establish a Branch, CCB-1125 (rev. 7/92).

Application to Change the Location of Main Office or Branch, CCB-1126 (rev. 7/92).

Application to Engage in the Trust Business (By a Bank or Savings Institution), CCB-1127 (rev. 7/87).

Application for Approval of Merger, CCB-1128 (rev. 7/92).

Application of a Subsidiary Trust Company for a Certificate of Authority to Begin Business, CCB-1129 (rev. 12/93).

Application of an Interim Institution, CCB-1131 (rev. 8/94).

Application of an EFT Terminal, CCB-1133 (rev. 4/89).

Application for Permission to Acquire Voting Shares of a Virginia Financial Institution, CCB-1137 (rev. 10/90).

Consent to Service of Process, CCB-1137a (rev. 12/90).

Notice of Intent to Acquire a Bank Outside Virginia, CCB-1138 (rev. 9/94).

Application to Acquire a Virginia Bank Holding Company or Virginia Bank, CCB-1139 (rev. 9/94).

Oath of Office or Organizing Directors, CCB-1140 (rev. 7/87).

Limited Financial Report, CCB-1143 (rev. 1/88).

Application of a Bank Holding Company for Acquisition of a Federal Savings Institution, CCB-1144 (rev. 2/94).

SAVINGS INSTITUTIONS

Report of Examination.

Supplemental Sheet - Directors' Responsibilities (Savings Institutions), CCB-2206 (rev. 10/85).

Application of a Savings Institution Holding Company for Acquisition of Control, CCB-2207 (rev. 9/88).

Application by Out-of-State Mutual Savings Institution to Transact a Savings Institution Business in Virginia, CCB-2209 (rev. 8/94).

Application to Acquire a Regional Savings Institution Holding Company or Virginia Savings Institution, CCB-2210 (rev. 9/94).

Notice of Intent to Acquire a Savings Institution Outside Virginia, CCB-2211 (rev. 9/94).

Notice of Proposed Change of Location of a Main Office or Branch of a Savings Institution, CCB-2212 (rev. 7/85).

Notice of Intent to Establish a Non-Depository Office by a Savings Institution, CCB-2213 (rev. 7/85).

Application for a Certificate of Authority to Begin Business as a Savings Bank, CCB-2215 (rev. 8/91).

CREDIT UNIONS

Report of Examination.

Application for Permission to Establish and Operate a Credit Union, CCB-3302 (rev. 12/90).

Consent to Service of Process, CCB-3304 (rev. 12/90).

Application by an Out-of-State Credit Union to Conduct Business as a Credit Union in Virginia, CCB-3305 (rev. 12/90).

Application for Approval of Merger of Credit Unions, CCB-3306 (rev. 12/90).

Application for Credit Union Service Facility, CCB-3307 (rev. 12/90).

CONSUMER FINANCE LICENSES

Report of Examination.

Application for a Consumer Finance License, CCB-4402 (rev. 6/90).

Application to Conduct Consumer Finance Business and Other Business at the same Location, CCB-4403 (rev. 10/85).

Application to Change the Location of a Consumer Finance Office, CCB-4406 (rev. 6/90).

MONEY ORDER SELLERS

Application for a License to Sell Money Orders, CCB-5500 (rev. 7/94).

Surety Bond - Three or More Offices, CCB-5501 (rev. 7/94).

License Renewal Virginia Money Order Sales, CCB-5504 (rev. 4/92).

Surety Bond Money Transmission, CCB-5505 (rev. 7/94).

Surety Bond for Money Order Sales and Money Transmission, CCB-5506 (rev. 7/94).

NON-PROFIT DEBT COUNSELING AGENCIES

Report of Examination.

Application to Engage in the Business of a Non-Profit Debt Counseling Agency, CCB-7700 (rev. 3/94).

Application for Additional Office, CCB-7702 (rev. 7/90).

MORTGAGE LENDERS/BROKERS

Report of Examination.

Mortgage Company Lender/Broker Bond, CCB-8802 (rev. 9/91).

Application for a Mortgage Lender/Broker License, CCB-8804 (rev. 7/92).

Application to Acquire a Controlling Interest in Mortgage Lender/Broker, CCB-8808 (rev. 7/88).

Application for Additional Office or Relocation, CCB-8809 (rev. 7/92).

TRUST COMPANIES

Report of Examination.

Application of Trust Company for a Certificate of Authority to Begin Business, CCB-9900 (rev. 6/93).

Certificate of a Control Person, CCB-9901 (rev. 7/93).

Bond of a Trust Company, CCB-9902 (rev. 7/93).

State of Condition, CCB-9903 (rev. 3/94).



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