Administrative Code

Virginia Administrative Code
Title 6. Criminal Justice and Corrections
Agency 15. Department of Corrections
9/26/2020

Chapter 70. Standards for Community Residential Programs

Part I
Introduction

6VAC15-70-10. Definitions.

The following words and terms when used in these standards shall have the following meaning unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

"Agency" means the public or private organization that has direct responsibility for the operation of a community residential program including the implementation of policy established by the governing authority.

"Agency staff" means any agency administrator, facility director, counselor, case manager, clerical worker or supervisor or others who are employed by, contract with, or volunteer services to the program.

"Community residential program" means any group home, halfway house, or other physically unrestricting facility used for the housing treatment or care of adult offenders established or operated with funds appropriated to the Department of Corrections from the state treasury and maintained or operated by any political subdivision, combination of political subdivisions or privately operated agency within the Commonwealth.

"Contraband" means items prohibited on facility premises by statute, regulation, or policy.

"Facility" means the physical plant.

"Foot-candle" means a unit for measuring the intensity of illumination defined as the amount of light thrown on a surface one foot away from the light source.

"Furlough" means a written approval that allows a resident to leave the facility for a period of time, including overnight.

"Governing authority" means those persons responsible for facilitating communication with program administrators, establishing policy, exploring problems, ensuring conformity to legal and fiscal requirements, and implementing community residential programs.

"Pass" means a written approval that allows a resident to leave the facility for a period of time, other than overnight.

"Program" means the plan or system of residential services of a public or private agency.

"Recognized health authority" means health authority as defined by the American Red Cross or the American Heart Association.

"Resident" means an individual participating in a community residential program under the purview of a contractual agreement.

Statutory Authority

§ 53.1-5 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR230-30-004:1 § 1.1, eff. July 1, 1993; amended, Virginia Register Volume 16, Issue 24, eff. September 17, 2000; Volume 25, Issue 3, eff. November 15, 2008.

6VAC15-70-20. Legal basis.

Sections 53.1-5 and 53.1-178 of the Code of Virginia are the legal basis for these standards since they direct the State Board of Corrections to prescribe standards for the development, operation and evaluation of programs and services.

Statutory Authority

§§ 53.1-5 and 53.1-178 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR230-30-004:1 § 1.2, eff. July 1, 1993.

6VAC15-70-30. Responsibility; enforcement.

A. The public or private contracted agency shall be responsible for the application of these standards.

B. This chapter shall be enforced through the Board of Corrections' Regulations Governing Certification and Inspection (6VAC15-20-10 et seq.).

Statutory Authority

§ 53.1-5 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR230-30-004:1 § 1.3, eff. July 1, 1993; amended, Virginia Register Volume 16, Issue 24, eff. September 17, 2000.

Part II
General Administration and Management

6VAC15-70-40. Organization and administration.

A. The agency shall appoint a governing authority that serves as a link between the residential program and the community.

B. The governing authority of the public or private community residential program shall hold meetings at least quarterly with the community residential program administrator in order to facilitate communication, establish policy, explore problems, ensure conformity to legal and fiscal requirements, and implement community residential programs.

C. A single administrative officer who reports directly to the governing authority shall manage the agency and its programs.

D. The agency shall have an operations manual which summarizes approved methods of implementing agency policies and procedures and provides details for daily operations of the program that is available to all employees.

E. The governing authority or agency administrator shall annually review the operations manual and update when necessary.

F. The administrator or designated agency staff shall monitor implementation of policies and procedures set forth in the operations manual through a review that occurs at least every 12 months.

G. There shall be a written policy that persons connected with the agency shall not use their official position to secure privileges or advantages for themselves.

H. Any community residential program operated exclusively by the Department of Corrections shall have a written policy to ensure that it conforms to governmental statutes and regulations relating to campaigning, lobbying and political practices.

I. The agency shall have a current organizational chart that accurately reflects the structure of authority and accountability within the agency.

J. Agency staff shall identify and document the agency's tax status with the Internal Revenue Service.

K. The agency shall have by-laws, approved by the governing authority, which shall be filed with the appropriate local, state or federal body.

L. The agency by-laws for the governing authority shall include:

1. Membership;

2. Size of the governing authority;

3. Method of selection;

4. Terms of office;

5. Duties and responsibilities of officers;

6. Times authority will meet;

7. Committees;

8. Quorums;

9. Parliamentary procedures;

10. Recording of minutes;

11. Method of amending by-laws;

12. Conflict of interest provisions; and

13. Specification of the relationship of the agency administrator to the governing authority.

M. A permanent record shall be kept of all meeting minutes of the governing authority.

Statutory Authority

§ 53.1-5 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR230-30-004:1 § 2.1, eff. July 1, 1993; amended, Virginia Register Volume 16, Issue 24, eff. September 17, 2000; Volume 25, Issue 3, eff. November 15, 2008.

6VAC15-70-50. Fiscal management.

A. The agency administrator shall prepare an annual written budget of anticipated revenues and expenditures which shall be approved by the governing authority.

B. The agency administrator shall participate in budget reviews conducted by the governing authority.

C. Written procedures shall govern revisions to the budget.

D. Written procedure shall govern the handling and use of residents' money. This procedure shall comply with current community corrections operating procedures.

E. An annual independent financial audit of the agency shall be performed by a certified public accounting firm or a governmental auditing agency.

F. The agency administrator shall prepare and distribute the following documents to its governing authority and the Department of Corrections annually:

1. Annual budget;

2. Income and expenditure statements;

3. Funding source financial reports; and

4. Independent audit report.

G. Written fiscal policies and procedures, which are adopted by the governing authority shall include at a minimum:

1. Internal controls;

2. Petty cash;

3. Bonding;

4. Signature control on checks;

5. Resident funds;

6. Employee expense reimbursement; and

7. Accounting of income and expenditures.

H. The agency shall have insurance coverage which includes coverage for:

1. Physical plant;

2. Equipment;

3. Personal and property injury to employees, residents and third parties; and

4. Comprehensive general liability.

I. Written procedure shall govern vendor selection and purchasing and requisitioning of supplies and equipment.

J. There shall be written procedure for documenting and authorizing compensation to consultants.

Statutory Authority

§ 53.1-5 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR230-30-004:1 § 2.2, eff. July 1, 1993; amended, Virginia Register Volume 16, Issue 24, eff. September 17, 2000; Volume 25, Issue 3, eff. November 15, 2008.

6VAC15-70-60. Personnel.

A. Written personnel policies and procedures, which are approved by the governing authority, shall include at a minimum:

1. Recruitment;

2. Employment practices and procedures including in-service training and staff development;

3. Promotion;

4. Fraternization (per Prison Rape Elimination Act);

5. Grievance and appeal;

6. Personnel records and contents;

7. Benefits;

8. Holidays;

9. Leave;

10. Hours of work;

11. Salaries;

12. Disciplinary action procedures; and

13. Termination and resignation.

B. Written personnel policies and procedures shall be made available to all employees. Each employee shall confirm in writing the availability and review of current policies and procedures.

C. The agency administrator shall maintain written job descriptions and job qualifications for all positions in the agency.

D. Confidentiality of personnel records shall be governed by written procedure.

E. Written procedure shall allow an employee to challenge information in their personnel file and have it corrected or removed if proven inaccurate.

F. All employees shall have a performance evaluation every 12 months. This evaluation shall be in writing and shall be based upon defined criteria. Each performance evaluation shall be reviewed and discussed with the employee.

G. Agency staff shall provide all new employees orientation, to include a review of all policies and procedures, beginning the first day of employment and concluding within 30 days. The employee shall sign and date a statement that orientation has been completed.

H. An employee shall not assume sole responsibility for any working shift prior to the completion of orientation and formal training.

I. The agency shall not discriminate or exclude women from working in men's programs nor men from working in women's programs.

J. The agency shall comply with all governmental regulatory requirements related to employment and personnel practices.

K. Written policy shall govern experience and education equivalents necessary for employment.

L. Criminal records checks shall be performed on all employees prior to hiring. The Department of Corrections regional director must provide written authorization prior to the hiring of any exoffender who has been convicted of an offense for which a sentence of 12 months or more could have been imposed.

Statutory Authority

§ 53.1-5 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR230-30-004:1 § 2.3, eff. July 1, 1993; amended, Virginia Register Volume 16, Issue 24, eff. September 17, 2000; Volume 25, Issue 3, eff. November 15, 2008.

Part III
Facility

6VAC15-70-70. Facility operation.

A. The agency administrator shall ensure that the facility conforms to all applicable laws, codes and zoning ordinances.

B. The agency administrator shall ensure that the facility complies with applicable state and local building codes.

C. The agency administrator shall ensure that the facility complies with sanitation and health codes of the state or local jurisdiction. Any sanitation and health deficiencies shall have a documented plan of corrective action that has been approved by the appropriate state or local inspector.

D. The agency administrator shall ensure that the facility complies with the regulations of the state or local fire safety authority that has jurisdiction over the facility. Any fire safety deficiencies shall have a documented plan of corrective action that has been approved by the appropriate state or local inspector.

E. Smoke detectors shall be installed, operational and inspected as recommended by the fire marshal or fire department representative.

F. Automatic, permanent emergency lights shall be installed, operational, and inspected as recommended by the fire marshal or fire department representative.

G. Agency staff shall have a housekeeping and maintenance plan. The facility shall be clean and in good repair.

H. The facility shall be located within 10 city blocks of public transportation or other means of transportation shall be available.

I. Sleeping quarters and bathroom areas shall have a minimum of 20 foot-candles of light.

J. Sleeping quarters shall be properly ventilated.

K. Sleeping quarters shall have a minimum of 60 square feet of floor space per resident.

L. Male and female residents shall not occupy the same sleeping quarters.

M. Each resident shall be provided, at a minimum, the following:

1. Bed;

2. Mattress and pillow;

3. Supply of bed linens;

4. Chair; and

5. Closet or locker space.

N. Residents shall be afforded space in the facility for:

1. Private counseling;

2. Group meetings; and

3. Visitation.

O. The facility shall have a minimum of one toilet and one shower or bathing facility for every 10 residents.

P. The facility shall have a minimum of one wash basin for every six residents.

Q. The facility shall have one washer and one dryer for every 16 residents, or equivalent laundry service shall be available in the immediate vicinity of the facility.

R. Rules and regulations pertaining to residents shall be conspicuously posted in the facility.

S. Written procedures shall govern transportation of residents that ensure at a minimum:

1. Those staff providing transportation shall have a valid operator's license;

2. Reporting of accidents; and

3. The vehicle's operation is in accordance with all state and local laws or ordinances.

T. Reasonable accommodations shall be available for the disabled.

Statutory Authority

§ 53.1-5 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR230-30-004:1 § 3.1, eff. July 1, 1993; amended, Virginia Register Volume 16, Issue 24, eff. September 17, 2000; Volume 25, Issue 3, eff. November 15, 2008.

6VAC15-70-80. Staffing.

A. The staffing schedule shall be formulated to accommodate the best possible ratio of staff to residents.

B. There shall be at least one agency staff person on facility premises who is available to the residents 24 hours a day.

Statutory Authority

§§ 53.1-5 and 53.1-178 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR230-30-004:1 § 3.2, eff. July 1, 1993; amended, Virginia Register Volume 25, Issue 3, eff. November 15, 2008.

6VAC15-70-90. Resident movement.

A. Resident movement into and out of the facility shall be governed by written procedure. The procedure shall include, at a minimum, a sign-in and sign-out system that includes:

1. Destination and phone number;

2. Reason for signing out;

3. Time and date out;

4. Expected time of return;

5. Resident's signature at time of departure;

6. Staff signature or initials at time of departure;

7. Date of return;

8. Time of return;

9. Resident's signature at time of return; and

10. Staff signature or initials at time of return.

B. Passes and furloughs shall be issued in conformance with Department of Corrections operating procedures.

C. Movement within the facility shall be governed by procedures that provide for:

1. An account of the residents' whereabouts in the facility at all times;

2. A population count, by resident name, conducted by staff three times daily;

3. Visual contact with each resident in the facility during the count; and

4. Count results documented and initialed by staff.

D. Verification of a resident's whereabouts when not in the facility shall be governed by written procedures. The forms of verification may include but not be limited to:

1. Random telephone contacts to the authorized destination;

2. Documentation from authorized destination that includes:

a. Signature of individual visited;

b. Date and time of visit; and

3. Random on-site visits to authorized destination.

Statutory Authority

§ 53.1-5 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR230-30-004:1 § 3.3, eff. July 1, 1993; amended, Virginia Register Volume 16, Issue 24, eff. September 17, 2000; Volume 25, Issue 3, eff. November 15, 2008.

6VAC15-70-100. Special procedures.

A. There shall be written emergency procedures that shall include the following:

1. Fire;

2. Evacuation;

3. Bomb or bomb threat;

4. Hostage;

5. Disturbances, which at a minimum include riots, assaults, and fights;

6. Deaths;

7. Power failure;

8. Loss of heat;

9. Loss of water;

10. Escape or absconding; and

11. Employee work stoppage.

B. Fire emergency procedures shall be posted conspicuously in the facility.

C. Agency staff shall conduct and document monthly and random emergency fire drills, including evacuation of residents.

D. No resident or group of residents shall be in a position of control or authority over other residents.

E. Written procedure shall restrict the use of physical force to instances of justifiable self-protection, protection of others, and the minimum degree necessary to control the situation.

F. Agency administrator shall maintain and make available to all employees written procedures for conducting searches of residents, agency staff, visitors and the facility in order to control contraband.

G. Written procedures shall govern the disposal of contraband.

H. Written procedures for reporting absconders shall comply with Department of Corrections operating procedures.

I. Written policy shall prohibit the carrying and use of weapons in the facility.

J. Agency staff shall maintain a log of occurrences and daily events that shall:

1. Be kept in a bound book for permanent retention;

2. Be written legibly in ink;

3. At each entry, contain the full names, at least once, of the residents involved in the events;

4. Document a briefing of occurrences and important events between outgoing and incoming staff;

5. Contain a signature or initials of staff at the conclusion of their shift; and

6. Become a legal document of the facility and shall be maintained as such.

Statutory Authority

§ 53.1-5 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR230-30-004:1 § 3.4, eff. July 1, 1993; amended, Virginia Register Volume 16, Issue 24, eff. September 17, 2000; Volume 25, Issue 3, eff. November 15, 2008.

Part IV
Program Services

6VAC15-70-110. Intake.

A. Criteria for acceptance into the program and intake shall be governed by written procedure.

B. Agency staff shall complete an initial intake information form on each resident admitted which, unless prohibited by statute, includes at a minimum:

1. Name;

2. Address;

3. Date of birth;

4. Social Security number;

5. Current photograph;

6. Gender;

7. Race or ethnic origin;

8. Reason for referral;

9. Whom to notify in case of emergency;

10. Date information gathered;

11. Signature of both resident and employee gathering information;

12. Name and telephone number of referring agency or committing authority;

13. Special medical problems or needs;

14. Personal physician, if applicable;

15. Legal status, including jurisdiction, and length and conditions of sentence; and

16. Sexual abuse history (per Prison Rape Elimination Act).

C. Agency staff shall distribute a copy of the criteria for acceptance into the program and intake procedures to referral agencies and interested parties.

D. Agency staff shall provide in writing to the referral agency and prospective resident, reasons for nonacceptance into the program.

E. At the time of intake, agency staff shall review goals, services available, program rules, and disciplinary actions with the resident. This procedure shall be documented by employee and resident signatures.

F. Written procedure shall govern the assignment of case management of each resident to a staff member.

G. Where a language or literacy problem exists which may lead to a resident's misunderstanding of agency rules and regulations, assistance shall be provided to the resident either by staff or by another qualified individual under the supervision of a staff member.

Statutory Authority

§ 53.1-5 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR230-30-004:1 § 4.1, eff. July 1, 1993; amended, Virginia Register Volume 16, Issue 24, eff. September 17, 2000; Volume 25, Issue 3, eff. November 15, 2008.

6VAC15-70-120. Programs.

A. Agency staff shall design a personalized program with and for each resident that includes:

1. Measurable criteria of expected behavior and accomplishments;

2. Time schedule for achievement; and

3. Signatures of employee and resident.

B. Agency staff shall review changes in the personalized program with the resident and document this procedure with employee and resident signatures.

C. Agency staff shall review resident progress with the resident every two weeks. The outcome of each review shall be documented in the resident's case file.

D. Written procedures shall provide residents increasing involvement with family and community activities prior to final release.

E. Residents' attendance and participation in religious services and activities shall be voluntary. Residents shall be permitted to attend religious services of their choice in the community once eligible to go out on pass and to receive visits from representatives of their religious affiliation.

F. Written procedures shall ensure that residents receive approved visitors during established visiting hours, except where there is substantial evidence that a visitor poses a threat to the safety of the resident or the security of the facility.

G. The agency program shall provide for recreational and leisure time activities.

H. Agency staff shall provide, or make referrals when needed, for the following services:

1. Supervision in the community;

2. Shelter;

3. Food service (where applicable);

4. Financial assistance;

5. Individual counseling;

6. Assistance with transportation;

7. Medical health services;

8. Mental health services;

9. Vocational evaluation, counseling and training;

10. Employment counseling and placement;

11. Education or training counseling and placement; and

12. Group counseling.

I. Agency staff shall use community resources, either through referrals for service or by contractual agreement, to provide residents with the services to become self-sufficient.

J. Agency staff shall ensure that residents' mail, both incoming and outgoing, is not read or withheld and that inspection of residents' mail for money or contraband shall occur in the presence of the resident.

K. Resident grievances shall be governed by written procedures that shall include an appeals process.

Statutory Authority

§ 53.1-5 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR230-30-004:1 § 4.2, eff. July 1, 1993; amended, Virginia Register Volume 16, Issue 24, eff. September 17, 2000; Volume 25, Issue 3, eff. November 15, 2008.

6VAC15-70-130. Case records.

A. Agency staff shall maintain a case record for each resident in which all significant decisions and events are recorded. The records shall include, at a minimum, but are not limited to, the following information:

1. Initial intake information form;

2. Case information from referral source;

3. Case and social history;

4. Emergency contact information;

5. Medical record, when available;

6. Individual plan or program, group and family counseling;

7. Signed release of information forms;

8. Evaluation and progress reports;

9. Current employment data;

10. Documentation that program rules and policies have been reviewed with the resident;

11. Grievance and disciplinary record;

12. Subsequent referrals to other agencies by the program; and

13. Termination summary.

B. Agency staff shall make entries into the case records and date and initial each entry.

C. Case records shall be marked "confidential" and maintained in locked file cabinets or rooms to minimize the possibility of theft, loss, destruction or unauthorized use.

D. Supervisory staff or a designee shall review case records monthly to ensure that the case is current and accurate.

E. The confidentiality of case records shall be maintained in accordance with federal and state laws. Written procedures shall govern access to case records and designate personnel responsible for release of resident information.

F. Written procedure shall govern the retention and destruction of case records in accordance with state law.

G. Agency staff shall provide a "Release of Information Consent Form" which at a minimum complies with applicable federal and state laws and includes:

1. Person, agency or organization requesting information;

2. Person, agency or organization releasing information;

3. Specific information to be disclosed;

4. Purpose or need for the information;

5. Expiration date;

6. Date consent form is signed;

7. Signature of the resident; and

8. Signature of individual witnessing resident's signature.

Statutory Authority

§ 53.1-5 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR230-30-004:1 § 4.3, eff. July 1, 1993; amended, Virginia Register Volume 16, Issue 24, eff. September 17, 2000; Volume 25, Issue 3, eff. November 15, 2008.

6VAC15-70-140. Citizen and volunteer involvement.

A. Written procedure shall govern citizen involvement in the programs and shall include recruitment, selection, training, orientation, responsibilities, evaluation, supervision and termination of volunteers.

B. Agency staff shall document that volunteers complete an orientation and training program before they participate in their assignments.

Statutory Authority

§ 53.1-5 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR230-30-004:1 § 4.4, eff. July 1, 1993; amended, Virginia Register Volume 16, Issue 24, eff. September 17, 2000.

Part V
Support Services

6VAC15-70-150. Food services.

A. Agency staff shall provide or contract for food service and ensure that the service meets or exceeds nationally recommended dietary allowances.

B. The food service program shall have an annual health and sanitation inspection by state or local authorities. Any health and sanitation deficiencies shall have a documented plan of corrective action that has been approved by the appropriate state or local inspector.

C. Written procedure and practice shall require that accurate records are maintained of all meals served and that meals are planned at least one week in advance.

D. The dining area shall be ventilated and properly furnished.

E. Food service personnel, including residents, shall receive a preassignment medical examination by medical personnel and an examination at least every 12 months thereafter to ensure freedom from diarrhea, skin infections, and other illnesses transmissible by food or utensils. Residents and other persons working in food service shall be monitored continuously for health and cleanliness by the food service manager or his designee.

F. When agency staff provide a food service program, all foods shall be properly stored at the completion of each meal.

G. Special diets shall be provided to meet the documented medical and religious needs of residents.

H. Written procedure and practice shall require weekly inspections of all food service areas, including dining and food preparation areas and equipment, by the person supervising food service operations or his designee.

Statutory Authority

§ 53.1-5 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR230-30-004:1 § 5.1, eff. July 1, 1993; amended, Virginia Register Volume 16, Issue 24, eff. September 17, 2000.

6VAC15-70-160. Medical care and health services.

A. Agency staff shall maintain first aid equipment approved by a recognized health authority for medical emergencies.

B. Written procedure shall ensure perpetual availability of first aid equipment and supplies.

C. Agency staff shall maintain a current inventory control list of first aid equipment and supplies.

D. One employee on each shift of the community residential program shall be trained in emergency first aid procedures, including cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

E. Routine medical care and 24-hour emergency medical services shall be available to residents.

F. At the time of the resident's referral, a medical assessment shall be completed to determine if the resident has any special medical needs. Agency staff shall be made aware of residents' special medical problems.

G. Written procedures shall provide for medical examination of any employee or resident suspected of having a communicable disease.

H. Written procedures shall address the management of serious and infectious diseases for residents and agency staff.

I. When a urine screening program is in effect, written procedures shall govern collection of samples and interpretation of results.

J. Written procedures shall govern the possession and control of prescribed medications and over-the-counter medication.

Statutory Authority

§ 53.1-5 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR230-30-004:1 § 5.2, eff. July 1, 1993; amended, Virginia Register Volume 16, Issue 24, eff. September 17, 2000; Volume 25, Issue 3, eff. November 15, 2008.



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