Administrative Code

Virginia Administrative Code
3/2/2024

Part III. Operation of Career and Technical Education Programs

8VAC20-120-100. Access to career and technical education programs.

Career and technical education programs administered by local education agencies receiving federal or state education funds shall be made equally available and accessible to all persons and specifically prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex, race, color, national origin , religion, age, political affiliation, or veteran status, or against otherwise qualified persons with disabilities.

Statutory Authority

§§ 22.1-16 and 22.1-227 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR270-01-0011 § 3.1, eff. August 19, 1987; amended, Virginia Register Volume 18, Issue 8, eff. January 31, 2002; Volume 29, Issue 6, eff. December 19, 2012.

8VAC20-120-110. New career and technical education programs.

The need for new career and technical preparation programs shall be based on student interests and labor market needs.

Statutory Authority

§§ 22.1-16 and 22.1-227 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR270-01-0011 § 3.2, eff. August 19, 1987; amended, Virginia Register Volume 18, Issue 8, eff. January 31, 2002; Volume 29, Issue 6, eff. December 19, 2012.

8VAC20-120-120. Program requirements.

A. Career and technical education programs shall be competency based and meet the following criteria:

1. Career and technical education programs are aligned with states' career clusters and career pathways that allow for utilization with academic and career plans;

2. State-established, industry-validated competencies are identified and stated;

3. Competencies are specified to students prior to instruction;

4. Measures for successful performance of individual competencies are identified, stated, and used to evaluate achievement of competencies;

5. A system exists for rating and documenting the competency performance of each student; and

6. Competencies shall address all aspects of an industry and workplace readiness skills.

B. Performance measures, as determined by the Department of Education, will be achieved annually.

C. Career and technical education programs must be provided in middle and secondary schools. The middle school must include a minimum of one career and technical offering. Each secondary school shall provide a minimum of three career and technical program areas to include a minimum of 11 course offerings.

D. Career and technical education programs must provide industry credentialing, certification, and licensure as approved by the Board of Education to meet requirements for verified credit.

Statutory Authority

§§ 22.1-16 and 22.1-227 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR270-01-0011 § 3.3, eff. August 19, 1987; amended, Virginia Register Volume 18, Issue 8, eff. January 31, 2002; Volume 29, Issue 6, eff. December 19, 2012.

8VAC20-120-130. Individualized programs for students with disabilities.

Essential competency profiles provided by the Department of Education for career and technical education courses may be modified for students with Individualized Education Programs (IEPs) or Section 504 Plans who are enrolled in career and technical education courses. Such modification shall be made in conformance with IEP requirements as stated in Regulations Governing Special Education Programs for Children with Disabilities in Virginia (8VAC20-81). The modified list of essential competencies must, as a group, be selected so that student attainment of the essential competencies prepares the student for a job or career.

Statutory Authority

§§ 22.1-16 and 22.1-227 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR270-01-0011 § 3.4, eff. August 19, 1987; amended, Virginia Register Volume 18, Issue 8, eff. January 31, 2002; Volume 29, Issue 6, eff. December 19, 2012.

8VAC20-120-140. Cooperative education.

Career and technical education programs using the cooperative education method of instruction shall:

1. Develop and follow a training plan and training agreement for each student receiving training through cooperative education.

Parties to the training agreement shall include the student, parent or guardian, instructor, employer, and a school administrator ; and

2. Specify provisions for instructor travel for on-the-job coordination.

Statutory Authority

§§ 22.1-16 and 22.1-227 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR270-01-0011 § 3.5, eff. August 19, 1987; amended, Virginia Register Volume 18, Issue 8, eff. January 31, 2002; Volume 29, Issue 6, eff. December 19, 2012.

8VAC20-120-150. Maximum class size.

Enrollments in career and technical education courses shall not exceed the number of individual work stations.

1. Career and technical education laboratory classes that use equipment that has been identified by the U.S. Department of Labor for hazardous occupations shall be limited to a maximum of 20 students per laboratory. The career and technical education courses that have this restriction are published annually by the Virginia Department of Education.

2. Career and technical education courses designed specifically and approved for students who are disadvantaged shall be limited to an average of 15 students per instructor per class period with no class being more than 18.

3. Career and technical education courses designed specifically and approved for students with disabilities shall be limited to an average of 10 students per instructor per class period with no class being more than 12 or up to an average of 12 students per class period with no class being more than 15 where an instructional aide is provided.

4. Career and technical education programs offering classes that require the cooperative education method of instruction shall:

a. Be limited to an average of 20 students per instructor per class period with no class being more than 24; and

b. Have a class period assigned to the instructor for on-the-job coordination for each 20 students participating in the on-the-job training.

Statutory Authority

§§ 22.1-16 and 22.1-227 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR270-01-0011 § 3.6, eff. August 19, 1987; amended, Virginia Register Volume 18, Issue 8, eff. January 31, 2002; Volume 29, Issue 6, eff. December 19, 2012.

8VAC20-120-160. Career and technical education student organizations.

A. All career and technical education students shall be provided opportunities to participate in instructional activities of the local organization.

B. A career and technical education student organization shall be an integral and active part of each secondary career and technical program (grades 9, 10, 11, 12) offered.

C. Each middle school career and technical education program (grades 6, 7, 8) offered shall include co-curricular instructional activities related to the respective career and technical education student organization.

D. Where dues are collected for membership in such organizations, payment of such dues shall not determine a student's participation in instructional activities of the local organization.

Statutory Authority

§§ 22.1-16 and 22.1-227 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR270-01-0011 § 3.7, eff. August 19, 1987; amended, Virginia Register Volume 18, Issue 8, eff. January 31, 2002; Volume 29, Issue 6, eff. December 19, 2012.

8VAC20-120-170. Student safety.

A. Each career and technical education program shall include health and safety standards, including protective eye devices, that are applicable to the operation of that program, that shall be made an integral part of program instruction.

B. Each career and technical education program shall comply with applicable federal and state laws and regulations related to health and safety.

Statutory Authority

§§ 22.1-16 and 22.1-227 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 18, Issue 8, eff. January 31, 2002; amended, Virginia Register Volume 29, Issue 6, eff. December 19, 2012.

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