Code of Virginia

Code of Virginia
Title 45.1. Mines and Mining

Chapter 14.7:1. Rights of Owners of Land Adjacent to Mineral Mines.

§ 45.1-161.311:1. Consent required before working mine near land of another.

No owner or tenant of any land containing minerals, within this Commonwealth, shall open or sink, dig, excavate or work in any mine on such land within five feet of the line dividing such land from that of another person, without the consent, in writing, of every person interested in or having title to such adjoining lands or mineral rights in possession, reversion or remainder, or of the guardian of any such person that may be under a disability. If any person violates this section, he shall forfeit $500 to any person injured by such activity and to anyone whose consent is required but not obtained.

1997, c. 390.

§ 45.1-161.311:2. Adjacent owner to be permitted to survey mine; proceedings to compel entry for survey.

A. The owner, tenant, or occupant of any land or minerals, on or in which a mine is opened and worked, or his agent, shall permit any person interested in or having title to any land or mineral rights coterminal with that in which such mine is located, if he has reason to believe his property is being trespassed, to have ingress and egress with surveyors and assistants to explore and survey such mine at his own expense, for the purpose of ascertaining whether a violation of § 45.1-161.311:1 has occurred; however, such person shall not be entitled to enter the property more often than once a month. Every owner, tenant, occupant or agent who shall refuse such permission, exploration or survey shall forfeit twenty dollars for each refusal, to the person so refused.

B. The judge of the general district court of the county or city in which such mine is located, before whom complaint of such refusal shall be made, may issue a summons to such owner, tenant, occupant or agent, to answer such complaint. On the return of the summons executed, and proof that the complainant has right of entry, and that it has been refused without sufficient cause, the judge shall designate an early and convenient time for such entry to be made, and issue his warrant, commanding the sheriff of the county or city to attend and prevent obstructions and impediments to such entry, exploration and survey. The costs of such summons, and a fee of three dollars to the sheriff executing the warrant, shall be paid by the person whose refusal caused the complaint. If the court dismisses the complaint, the costs shall be paid by the party making the complaint.

1997, c. 390.

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