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Code of Virginia
Title 46.2. Motor Vehicles
4/16/2024

Title 46.2. Motor Vehicles (2023 Updates)

  • Subtitle I. General Provisions; Department of Motor Vehicles
  • Chapter 1. General Provisions
  • Chapter 2. Department of Motor Vehicles
    • Article 1. Powers and Duties of Department, Generally
    • § 46.2-208
      Records of Department; when open for inspection; release of privileged information
      § 46.2-214.3
      (Effective until July 1, 2024) Discount for multiyear registration
      § 46.2-214.3
      (Effective July 1, 2024) Discount for multiyear registration
      § 46.2-221
      Certain state agencies to report to Department concerning the blind and nearly blind; use of such information by Department; Department to report names of persons refused licenses for defective vision; reports to law-enforcement agencies concerning certain blind or vision impaired individuals who operate motor vehicles
    • Article 2. Powers and Duties of Department Related to Transportation Safety
    • § 46.2-223.1
      Collection and reporting of data related to driving under the influence of alcohol, drugs, or a combination thereof
  • Subtitle II. Titling, Registration and Licensure
  • Chapter 3. Licensure of Drivers
    • Article 3. Persons Not to Be Licensed
    • § 46.2-322
      Examination of licensee believed incompetent; suspension or restriction of license; license application to include questions as to physical or mental conditions of applicant; false answers; examination of applicant; physician's, advanced practice registered nurse's, or physician assistant's statement
    • Article 4. Obtaining Licenses, Generally
    • § 46.2-326.1
      (Effective until July 1, 2024) Designation of commercial driver's license skills testing examiners
      § 46.2-326.1
      (Effective July 1, 2024) Designation of commercial driver's license skills testing examiners
    • Article 6.1. Commercial Driver's Licenses
    • § 46.2-341.20:7
      (Effective until January 1, 2024) Possession of marijuana in commercial motor vehicle unlawful; civil penalty
      § 46.2-341.20:7
      (Effective January 1, 2024) Possession of marijuana in commercial motor vehicle unlawful; civil penalty
    • Article 7. Form of Licenses; Identity Documents Issued by Department
    • § 46.2-342
      What license to contain; organ donor information; Uniform Donor Document
      § 46.2-345
      Issuance of special identification cards; fee; confidentiality; penalties
      § 46.2-345.2
      Issuance of special identification cards without photographs; fee; confidentiality; penalties
      § 46.2-345.3
      Issuance of identification privilege cards; fee; confidentiality; penalties
    • Article 11. Accident Reports
    • § 46.2-380
      Reports made under certain sections open to inspection by certain persons; copies; maintenance of reports and photographs for three-year period
    • Article 12. Suspension and Revocation of Licenses, Generally; Additional Penalties
    • § 46.2-392
      Suspension of license or issuance of a restricted license on conviction of certain offenses; probationary conditions required; generally
    • Article 19. Driver Improvement Program
    • § 46.2-490
      (Effective until July 1, 2024) Establishment of driver improvement clinic program; application fees
      § 46.2-490
      (Effective July 1, 2024) Establishment of driver improvement clinic program; application fees
  • Chapter 6. Titling and Registration of Motor Vehicles
    • Article 3. Registration of Vehicles
    • § 46.2-646
      (Effective until July 1, 2024) Expiration and renewal of registration
      § 46.2-646
      (Effective July 1, 2024) Expiration and renewal of registration
      § 46.2-646.1
      (Effective until July 1, 2024) Deactivation and reactivation of registration; fees
      § 46.2-646.1
      (Effective July 1, 2024) Deactivation and reactivation of registration; fees
    • Article 6. Exemptions from Registration
    • § 46.2-665
      (Effective until July 1, 2024) Vehicles used for agricultural or horticultural purposes
      § 46.2-665
      (Effective July 1, 2024) Vehicles used for agricultural or horticultural purposes
      § 46.2-666
      (Effective until July 1, 2024) Vehicles used for seasonal transportation of farm produce and livestock
      § 46.2-666
      (Effective July 1, 2024) Vehicles used for seasonal transportation of farm produce and livestock
      § 46.2-667
      Farm machinery and tractors
      § 46.2-670
      (Effective until July 1, 2024) Vehicles owned by farmers and used to transport certain wood products
      § 46.2-670
      (Effective July 1, 2024) Vehicles owned by farmers and used to transport certain wood products
      § 46.2-672
      (Effective until July 1, 2024) Certain vehicles transporting fertilizer, cotton, or peanuts
      § 46.2-672
      (Effective July 1, 2024) Certain vehicles transporting fertilizer, cotton, or peanuts
      § 46.2-673
      (Effective until July 1, 2024) Return trips of exempted farm vehicles
      § 46.2-673
      (Effective July 1, 2024) Return trips of exempted farm vehicles
      § 46.2-684.2
      Permanent farm use placards
    • Article 8. Verification of Motor Vehicle Insurance
    • § 46.2-706
      (Effective until July 1, 2024) Additional fee; proof of insurance required of applicants for registration of insured motor vehicles; verification of insurance; suspension of driver's license, registration certificates, and license plates for certain violations
      § 46.2-706
      (Effective July 1, 2024) Proof of insurance required of applicants for registration of motor vehicles; verification of insurance; suspension of driver's license, registration certificates, and license plates for certain violations
      § 46.2-707
      (Effective until July 1, 2024) Operating uninsured motor vehicle without payment of fee; verification of insurance; false evidence of insurance
      § 46.2-707
      (Effective July 1, 2024) Operation of uninsured vehicle; false evidence of insurance; penalty
      § 46.2-707.1
      (Effective until July 1, 2024) Noncompliance fee payment plan
      § 46.2-707.1
      (Effective July 1, 2024) Noncompliance fee payment plan
      § 46.2-708
      (Effective until July 1, 2024) Suspension of driver's license and registration when uninsured motor vehicle is involved in reportable accident; hearing prior to suspension
      § 46.2-708
      (Effective July 1, 2024) Suspension of driver's license and registration when uninsured motor vehicle is involved in reportable accident; hearing prior to suspension
    • Article 10. Special License Plates
    • § 46.2-731
      Disabled parking license plates; owners of vehicles specially equipped and used to transport persons with disabilities; fees
      § 46.2-739
      Special license plates for certain disabled veterans; fees
      § 46.2-740
      Special license plates for survivors of Battle of Chosin Reservoir
      § 46.2-741
      Special license plates for survivors of attack on Pearl Harbor; fees
      § 46.2-742.4
      Special license plates for persons awarded the Combat Infantryman Badge
      § 46.2-743
      Special license plates for active duty members of the armed forces of the United States and certain veterans; fees
      § 46.2-744
      Special license plates for members of National Guard; fees
      § 46.2-746.1
      Special license plates for members of military assault forces
      § 46.2-746.2:2
      Special license plates; members and former members of the 173rd Airborne Brigade
      § 46.2-746.2:3
      Members and former members of the 3rd Infantry Regiment (Old Guard)
      § 46.2-746.2:4
      Members of the Special Forces Association; fee
      § 46.2-746.2:6
      Special license plates; members of the Veterans of Foreign Wars of the United States organization
      § 46.2-746.3
      Special license plates for members or veterans of certain military reserve organizations
      § 46.2-746.5
      Special license plates for National Guard retirees; fees
      § 46.2-746.24
      Special license plates for supporters of women veterans
      § 46.2-749.46
      Special license plates; naval aviators
  • Chapter 7. Highway Use Fee and Mileage-Based User Fee Program
    • § 46.2-772
      (For contingent expiration, see Acts 2020, cc. 1230 and 1275) Highway use fee
  • Subtitle III. Operation
  • Chapter 8. Regulation of Traffic
    • Article 1. General and Miscellaneous
    • § 46.2-818.2
      Use of handheld personal communications devices in certain motor vehicles; exceptions; penalty
    • Article 3. Traffic Signs, Lights, and Markings
    • § 46.2-832
      Damaging or removing traffic control devices, work signs, or street address signs
    • Article 4. Passing
    • § 46.2-844
      Passing stopped school buses; prima facie evidence; penalty.
    • Article 7. Reckless Driving and Improper Driving
    • § 46.2-859
      Passing a stopped school bus; prima facie evidence
      § 46.2-861.1
      Drivers to yield right-of-way or reduce speed when approaching stationary vehicles displaying certain warning lights on highways; penalties
    • Article 8. Speed
    • § 46.2-873
      Maximum speed limits at school crossings; penalty
      § 46.2-874.1
      Authority to increase penalties in residence districts
    • Article 11. Accidents
    • § 46.2-902.1
      (Effective until July 1, 2024) Officer may require certain motorists to furnish proof of insurance or payment of fee for registration of an uninsured motor vehicle; penalty
      § 46.2-902.1
      (Effective July 1, 2024) Officer may require certain motorists to furnish proof of insurance; penalty
    • Article 13.1. Golf Cart and Utility Vehicle Operation
    • § 46.2-916.2
      Designation of public highways for golf cart and utility vehicle operations
    • Article 14. School Buses
    • § 46.2-917
      Operation of yellow motor vehicles of certain seating capacity on state highways prohibited; exceptions; penalty
    • Article 15. Emergency Vehicles
    • § 46.2-920
      Certain vehicles exempt from regulations in certain situations; exceptions and additional requirements
    • Article 16. Pedestrians
    • § 46.2-924
      Drivers to stop for pedestrians; installation of certain signs; penalty
  • Chapter 10. Motor Vehicle and Equipment Safety
    • Article 3. Lights and Turn Signals
    • § 46.2-1011
      Headlights on motor vehicles
      § 46.2-1012
      Headlights, auxiliary headlights, tail lights, brake lights, auxiliary lights, and illumination of license plates on motorcycles or autocycles
      § 46.2-1015
      Lights on bicycles, electric personal assistive mobility devices, personal delivery devices, electric power-assisted bicycles, mopeds, and motorized skateboards or scooters
      § 46.2-1016
      Lights on other vehicles; reflectors
      § 46.2-1023
      Flashing red or red and white warning lights
      § 46.2-1025
      Flashing amber, purple, or green warning lights
      § 46.2-1030
      When lights to be lighted; number of lights to be lighted at any time; use of warning lights
    • Article 6. Windshields and Windows
    • § 46.2-1054
      Suspension of objects or alteration of vehicle so as to obstruct driver's view
    • Article 11. Paint, Lettering, and Special Equipment for School Buses
    • § 46.2-1090
      Warning devices on school buses; other buses; use thereof; penalties
    • Article 16. Maximum Vehicle Lengths
    • § 46.2-1121
      Flag or light at end of load
    • Article 21. Safety Inspections
    • § 46.2-1158.01
      Exceptions to motor vehicle inspection requirement
    • Article 23. Motorcycle Rider Safety
    • § 46.2-1190
      Regional motorcycle rider safety training centers; requirements
      § 46.2-1190.1
      Curricula requirements
      § 46.2-1190.2
      Facilities and equipment; requirements and approval
      § 46.2-1190.4
      Administrative and reporting requirements
  • Chapter 12. Abandoned, Immobilized, Unattended and Trespassing Vehicles; Parking
    • Article 2. Immobilized and Unattended Vehicles
    • § 46.2-1213
      Removal and disposition of unattended or immobile vehicles; ordinances in counties, cities, and towns
    • Article 3. Trespassing Vehicles, Parking, and Towing
    • § 46.2-1231.2
      Attorney fees and costs; towing and recovery operators
      § 46.2-1233.1
      Limitation on charges for towing and storage of certain vehicles
  • Chapter 12.1. Parking for Persons with Disabilities
  • Subtitle IV. Dealers and Driver Training Schools
  • Chapter 15. Motor Vehicle Dealers
    • Article 1. Motor Vehicle Dealers, Generally
    • § 46.2-1503.2
      State Personnel and Public Procurement Acts not applicable
    • Article 4. Conduct of Business
    • § 46.2-1530
      (Effective until July 1, 2024) Buyer's order
    • Article 7. Franchises
    • § 46.2-1569
      Other coercion of dealers; transfer, grant, succession to and cancellation of dealer franchises; delivery of vehicles, parts, and accessories
      § 46.2-1571
      Recall, warranty, maintenance and sales incentive obligations
      § 46.2-1572
      Operation of dealership by manufacturer
  • Chapter 16. Salvage, Nonrepairable, and Rebuilt Vehicles
    • § 46.2-1602.1
      Duties of insurance companies upon acquiring certain vehicles
      § 46.2-1602.3
      Exception; vehicles sold for recycling parts, dismantling, demolishing, or utilizing for scrap
      § 46.2-1603.2
      Owner may declare vehicle nonrepairable; insurance company required to obtain a nonrepairable certificate; applicability of certain other laws to nonrepairable certificates; titling and registration of nonrepairable vehicle prohibited
      § 46.2-1608.2
      Licensees to update records of the Department for motor vehicles that are to be demolished or dismantled
  • Chapter 17. Driver Training Schools
    • Article 1. Driver Training Schools, Generally
    • § 46.2-1701
      (Effective until July 1, 2024) Licenses required for school and instructor; fees
      § 46.2-1701
      (Effective July 1, 2024) Licenses required for school and instructor; fees
  • Subtitle V. Motor Carriers
  • Chapter 20. Regulation of Passenger Carriers
    • Article 2. Insurance Requirements
    • § 46.2-2057
      Taxicab insurance required
  • Chapter 21. Regulation of Property Carriers
    • Article 2. Insurance Requirements
    • § 46.2-2143.1
      Insurance requirement for motor carriers