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Code of Virginia
Title 46.2. Motor Vehicles
7/6/2020

Title 46.2. Motor Vehicles (2020 Updates)

  • Subtitle I. General Provisions; Department of Motor Vehicles
  • Chapter 1. General Provisions
    • § 46.2-100
      Definitions
      § 46.2-102
      Enforcement by law-enforcement officers; officers to be uniformed; officers to be paid fixed salaries
      § 46.2-116
      Registration with Department of Criminal Justice Services required for tow truck drivers; penalty
      § 46.2-117
      Revocation and suspension of registration of tow truck driver; notice and hearing; assessment of costs
      § 46.2-118
      Prohibited acts by tow truck drivers and towing and recovery operators
  • Chapter 2. Department of Motor Vehicles
    • Article 1. Powers and Duties of Department, Generally
    • § 46.2-203.1
      Provision of updated addresses by persons completing forms; acknowledgment of future receipt of official notices
      § 46.2-208
      Records of Department; when open for inspection; release of privileged information
      § 46.2-208.1
      Electronic transfer of information in Department records for voter registration purposes
      § 46.2-208.3
      Notice by Department
      § 46.2-214.3
      Discount for multiyear registration
      § 46.2-221.5
      (Effective January 1, 2021) Information on veterans services provided
  • Subtitle II. Titling, Registration and Licensure
  • Chapter 3. Licensure of Drivers
    • Article 1. Unlicensed Driving Prohibited
    • § 46.2-301
      Driving while license, permit, or privilege to drive suspended or revoked
    • Article 4. Obtaining Licenses, Generally
    • § 46.2-323
      Application for driver's license; proof of completion of driver education program; penalty
      § 46.2-324
      Applicants and license holders to notify Department of change of address; fee
      § 46.2-326.1
      Designation of commercial driver's license skills testing examiners
      § 46.2-328.1
      (Effective until January 1, 2021) Licenses, permits, and special identification cards to be issued only to United States citizens, legal permanent resident aliens, or holders of valid unexpired nonimmigrant visas; exceptions; renewal, duplication, or reissuance
      § 46.2-328.1
      (Effective January 1, 2021) Licenses, permits, and special identification cards to be issued only to United States citizens, legal permanent resident aliens, or holders of valid unexpired nonimmigrant visas; exceptions; renewal, duplication, or reissuance
      § 46.2-328.3
      (Effective January 1, 2021) Driver privilege cards and permits
      § 46.2-330
      (Effective until January 1, 2021) Expiration and renewal of licenses; examinations required
      § 46.2-330
      (Effective January 1, 2021) Expiration and renewal of licenses; examinations required
      § 46.2-332
      (Effective until January 1, 2021) Fees
      § 46.2-332
      (Effective January 1, 2021) Fees
      § 46.2-333.1
      (Effective until January 1, 2021) Surcharges on certain fees of Department; disposition of proceeds
      § 46.2-333.1
      (Effective January 1, 2021) Surcharges on certain fees of Department; disposition of proceeds
    • Article 5. Licensure of Minors, Student Drivers, School Bus Drivers, and Motorcyclists
    • § 46.2-335
      (Effective until January 1, 2021) Learner's permits; fees; certification required
      § 46.2-335
      (Effective January 1, 2021) Learner's permits; fees; certification required
    • Article 6.1. Commercial Driver's Licenses
    • § 46.2-341.9
      (Effective until July 1, 2021) Eligibility for commercial driver's license or commercial learner's permit
      § 46.2-341.9
      (Effective July 1, 2021) Eligibility for commercial driver's license or commercial learner's permit
      § 46.2-341.10
      (Effective until July 1, 2021) Special provisions relating to commercial learner's permit
      § 46.2-341.10
      (Effective July 1, 2021) Special provisions relating to commercial learner's permit
      § 46.2-341.12
      (For expiration date, see Acts 2019, c. 750, cl. 3, as amended by Acts 2020, c. 546) Application for commercial driver's license or commercial learner's permit
      § 46.2-341.12
      (For effective date, see Acts 2019, c. 750, cl. 3, as amended by Acts 2020, c. 546) Application for commercial driver's license or commercial learner's permit
      § 46.2-341.14
      (For expiration date, see Acts 2020, c. 546, cl. 2) Testing requirements for commercial driver's license; behind-the-wheel and knowledge examinations
      § 46.2-341.14:01
      Military third party testers and military third party examiners; substitute for knowledge and driving skills tests for drivers with military commercial motor vehicle experience
      § 46.2-341.14:1
      Requirements for third party testers
      § 46.2-341.14:10
      Waiver of requirement that third party tester applicant employ 50 drivers
      § 46.2-341.18:3
      (Effective until July 1, 2021) Cancellation of commercial driver's license endorsement for certain offenders
      § 46.2-341.18:3
      (Effective July 1, 2021) Cancellation of commercial driver's license endorsement for certain offenders
      § 46.2-341.20:5
      Prohibition on texting and use of handheld mobile telephone; penalties
      § 46.2-341.20:6
      Prohibition on requiring use of handheld mobile telephone or texting; motor carrier penalty
    • Article 7. Form of Licenses; Identity Documents Issued by Department
    • § 46.2-342
      What license to contain; organ donor information; Uniform Donor Document
      § 46.2-343
      (Effective until January 1, 2021) Duplicate driver's license, reissued driver's licenses, learner's permit; fees
      § 46.2-343
      (Effective January 1, 2021) Duplicate driver's license, reissued driver's licenses, learner's permit; fees
      § 46.2-345
      Issuance of special identification cards; fee; confidentiality; penalties
      § 46.2-345.2
      Issuance of special identification cards without photographs; fee; confidentiality; penalties
    • Article 9. Habitual Offenders
    • § 46.2-361
      Restoration of privilege after driving while license revoked or suspended for failure to furnish proof of financial responsibility or pay uninsured motorist fee
    • Article 11. Accident Reports
    • § 46.2-380
      Reports made under certain sections open to inspection by certain persons; copies; maintenance of reports and photographs for three-year period
      § 46.2-383
      Courts to forward abstracts of records or furnish abstract data of conviction by electronic means in certain cases; records in office of Department; inspection; clerk's fee for reports
    • Article 12. Suspension and Revocation of Licenses, Generally; Additional Penalties
    • § 46.2-391.1
      Suspension of registration certificates and plates upon suspension or revocation of driver's license
      § 46.2-391.2
      Administrative suspension of license or privilege to operate a motor vehicle
      § 46.2-410.1
      Judicial review of revocation or suspension by Commissioner
      § 46.2-416
      Notice of suspension or revocation of license
    • Article 13. Suspension of Licenses for Unsatisfied Judgments and After Certain Accidents
    • § 46.2-427
      When suspensions to remain effective; relief from furnishing proof of financial responsibility; prohibition against registration in name of another person
  • Chapter 6. Titling and Registration of Motor Vehicles
    • Article 1. Titling and Registration, Generally
    • § 46.2-600.1
      Indication of special communication needs
    • Article 2. Titling Vehicles
    • § 46.2-633.2
      Transfer of title on death
      § 46.2-638
      Certificate as notice of security interest
    • Article 6. Exemptions from Registration
    • § 46.2-665
      Vehicles used for agricultural or horticultural purposes
    • Article 7. Fees for Registration
    • § 46.2-686
      Portion of certain fees to be paid into special fund
      § 46.2-694
      (Contingent expiration date) Fees for vehicles designed and used for transportation of passengers; weights used for computing fees; burden of proof
      § 46.2-694
      (Contingent effective date) Fees for vehicles designed and used for transportation of passengers; weights used for computing fees; burden of proof
      § 46.2-697
      (Contingent expiration date) Fees for vehicles not designed or used for transportation of passengers
      § 46.2-697
      (Contingent effective date — see Editor's note) Fees for vehicles not designed or used for transportation of passengers
      § 46.2-698
      (Contingent expiration date — see Acts 2019, cc. 837 and 846) Fees for farm vehicles
      § 46.2-698
      (Contingent effective date — see Acts 2019, cc. 837 and 846) Fees for farm vehicles
    • Article 8. Registration of Uninsured Motor Vehicles
    • § 46.2-706.1
      Insurance and surety companies to furnish certain insurance information
    • Article 10. Special License Plates
    • § 46.2-745.3
      Special license plates for persons awarded the Air Medal
    • Article 11. State and Local Motor Vehicle Registration
    • § 46.2-752
      Taxes and license fees imposed by counties, cities, and towns; limitations on amounts; disposition of revenues; requiring evidence of payment of personal property taxes and certain fines; prohibiting display of licenses after expiration; failure to display valid local license required by other localities; penalty
  • Chapter 7. Highway Use Fee and Mileage-Based User Fee Program
    • § 46.2-770
      (For contingent expiration, see Acts 2020, cc. 1230 and 1275) Definitions
      § 46.2-771
      (For contingent expiration, see Acts 2020, cc. 1230 and 1275) Purpose
      § 46.2-772
      (For contingent expiration, see Acts 2020, cc. 1230 and 1275) Highway use fee
      § 46.2-773
      (Effective July 1, 2022; for contingent expiration, see Acts 2020, cc. 1230 and 1275) Mileage-based user fee program
      § 46.2-774
      (For contingent expiration, see Acts 2020, cc. 1230 and 1275) Distribution of revenues
  • Subtitle III. Operation
  • Chapter 8. Regulation of Traffic
    • Article 1. General and Miscellaneous
    • § 46.2-808.2
      Violations committed within highway safety corridor; report on benefits
      § 46.2-810.1
      Smoking in vehicle with a minor present; civil penalty
      § 46.2-816.1
      Careless driving and infliction of injury on vulnerable road users; penalty
      § 46.2-818.2
      (Effective January 1, 2021) Use of handheld personal communications devices in certain motor vehicles; exceptions; penalty
    • Article 1.1. Toll Violations and Enforcement
    • § 46.2-819.1
      Installation and use of photo-monitoring system or automatic vehicle identification system in conjunction with electronic or manual toll facilities; penalty
      § 46.2-819.2
      Driving a motor vehicle from establishment where motor fuel offered for sale; penalty
      § 46.2-819.3
      Use of toll facility without payment of toll; enforcement; penalty
      § 46.2-819.3:1
      Installation and use of video-monitoring system and automatic vehicle identification system in conjunction with all-electronic toll facilities; penalty
      § 46.2-819.5
      Enforcement through use of photo-monitoring system or automatic vehicle identification system in conjunction with usage of Dulles Access Highway
    • Article 4. Passing
    • § 46.2-841
      When overtaking vehicle may pass on right
      § 46.2-842
      Driver to give way to overtaking vehicle
      § 46.2-842.1
      Drivers to give way to certain overtaking vehicles on divided highways
      § 46.2-844
      Passing stopped school buses; penalty; prima facie evidence; penalty
    • Article 7. Reckless Driving and Improper Driving
    • § 46.2-862
      Exceeding speed limit
      § 46.2-868
      (Effective until January 1, 2021) Reckless driving; penalties
      § 46.2-868
      (Effective January 1, 2021) Reckless driving; penalties
    • Article 8. Speed
    • § 46.2-878.2:1
      Maximum speed limits on certain roads
      § 46.2-878.3
      Prepayment of fines for violations of speed limits
      § 46.2-882
      Determining speed with various devices; certificate as to accuracy of device; arrest without warrant
      § 46.2-882.1
      Use of photo speed monitoring devices in highway work zones and school crossing zones; civil penalty
    • Article 12. Bicycles
    • § 46.2-903
      Riding or driving vehicles on sidewalks; exceptions
      § 46.2-904
      Use of roller skates and skateboards on sidewalks and shared-use paths; operation of bicycles and certain motorized and electric items and devices on sidewalks, crosswalks, and shared-use paths; local ordinances
      § 46.2-904.1
      Electric power-assisted bicycles
      § 46.2-908.1
      Electric personal assistive mobility devices, electrically powered toy vehicles, electric power-assisted bicycles, and motorized skateboards or scooters
      § 46.2-908.1:1
      Personal delivery devices
    • Article 16. Pedestrians
    • § 46.2-924
      Drivers to stop for pedestrians; installation of certain signs; penalty
    • Article 17. Legal Procedures and Requirements
    • § 46.2-940
      When arresting officer shall take person before issuing authority
  • Chapter 10. Motor Vehicle and Equipment Safety
    • Article 1. Vehicle and Equipment Safety, Generally
    • § 46.2-1004
      Trademark or name and instructions required
    • Article 3. Lights and Turn Signals
    • § 46.2-1012
      Headlights, auxiliary headlights, tail lights, brake lights, auxiliary lights, and illumination of license plates on motorcycles or autocycles
      § 46.2-1015
      Lights on bicycles, electric personal assistive mobility devices, personal delivery devices, electric power-assisted bicycles, mopeds, and motorized skateboards or scooters
      § 46.2-1020
      Other permissible lights
    • Article 10. Miscellaneous Equipment
    • § 46.2-1078.1
      (Repealed effective January 1, 2021) Use of handheld personal communications devices in certain motor vehicles; exceptions; penalty
    • Article 14. Maximum Vehicle Size, Generally
    • § 46.2-1102
      Size and weight limitations inapplicable to farm machinery, agricultural multipurpose drying units, and firefighting equipment; amber warning lights
    • Article 17. Maximum Vehicle Weights
    • § 46.2-1138
      County ordinances fixing weight limits on roads that have been withdrawn from secondary system
    • Article 18. Permits for Excessive Size and Weight
    • § 46.2-1140.1
      Annual overweight permits; fees
      § 46.2-1148.1
      Overweight permit for hauling forest products
    • Article 21. Safety Inspections
    • § 46.2-1158
      Frequency of inspection; scope of inspection
      § 46.2-1158.02
      Penalty for failure to have motor vehicle inspection
  • Chapter 12. Abandoned, Immobilized, Unattended and Trespassing Vehicles; Parking
    • Article 2. Immobilized and Unattended Vehicles
    • § 46.2-1209
      Unattended or immobile vehicles, generally
    • Article 3. Trespassing Vehicles, Parking, and Towing
    • § 46.2-1216
      Removal or immobilization of motor vehicles, vehicles, and trailers against which there are outstanding parking violations; ordinances
      § 46.2-1222.1
      Regulation or prohibition of parking of certain vehicles in certain counties and towns
      § 46.2-1233
      Localities may regulate towing fees
      § 46.2-1233.1
      Limitation on charges for towing and storage of certain vehicles
      § 46.2-1235
      Authority of Chesterfield County law-enforcement officers to issue parking tickets
  • Chapter 13. Powers of Local Governments
    • § 46.2-1315
      Powers of localities to regulate use of motorized skateboards or scooters, bicycles, or electric power-assisted bicycles for hire
  • Subtitle IV. Dealers and Driver Training Schools
  • Chapter 15. Motor Vehicle Dealers
    • Article 7. Franchises
    • § 46.2-1573
      Hearings and other remedies; civil penalties
    • Article 7.2. Recreational Vehicle Franchises
    • § 46.2-1573.11
      Hearings and other remedies; civil penalties
    • Article 7.3. Trailer Franchises
    • § 46.2-1573.23
      Hearings and other remedies; civil penalties
    • Article 7.4. Motorcycle Franchises
    • § 46.2-1573.36
      Hearings and other remedies; civil penalties
    • Article 9. Motor Vehicle Dealer Advertising
    • § 46.2-1582
      Enforcement; regulations
  • Chapter 16. Salvage, Nonrepairable, and Rebuilt Vehicles
    • § 46.2-1605
      Vehicles rebuilt for highway use; examinations; branding of titles
  • Chapter 17. Driver Training Schools
    • Article 1. Driver Training Schools, Generally
    • § 46.2-1702
      Certification of driver education courses by Commissioner
    • Article 2. Entry-Level Driver Training Providers
    • § 46.2-1708
      (For effective date, see Acts 2019, c. 750, cl. 3, as amended by Acts 2020, c. 546) Licenses required for school and instructors
      § 46.2-1709
      (For effective date, see Acts 2019, c. 750, cl. 3, as amended by Acts 2020, c. 546) Business and equipment requirements
  • Subtitle V. Motor Carriers
  • Chapter 20. Regulation of Passenger Carriers
    • Article 1. Motor Carriers of Passengers — Generally
    • § 46.2-2011.33
      Prohibition on taxicab operators; registered sex offender
    • Article 15. Transportation Network Companies
    • § 46.2-2099.50
      Requirements for TNC partner vehicles; trade dress issued by transportation network company
  • Chapter 21. Regulation of Property Carriers
    • Article 1. Motor Carriers of Property — Generally
    • § 46.2-2101
      Exemptions from chapter