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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 11. Gaming
Agency 10. Virginia Racing Commission
Chapter 180. Medication
7/5/2020

11VAC10-180-35. Prohibited Practices.

A. No trainer shall allow a horse to appear in a race, qualifying race, or official timed workout when the horse contains in its system any prohibited substance, as determined by testing of blood, saliva, or urine, or any other reasonable means.

B. No person shall administer any prohibited substance to a horse on race day. Furosemide is the only substance specifically permitted for use in approved horses on race day.

C. No veterinarian or permit holder shall, without good cause, possess or administer any substance to a horse stabled within the enclosure or at any facility under the jurisdiction of the commission if the substance:

1. Has not been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for any use (human or animal) or by the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Center for Veterinary Biologics;

2. Is on the U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency's Schedule I or Schedule II of controlled substances as prepared by the Attorney General of the United States pursuant to 21 USC §§ 811 and 812;

3. May endanger the health and welfare of the horse or endanger the safety of the rider or driver, or may adversely affect the integrity of racing; or

4. Does not have a recognized laboratory analytical method to detect and confirm its administration.

D. No person, except a veterinarian holding a valid veterinarian's permit or an assistant under the veterinarian's immediate supervision, shall have in his possession within the enclosure of a horse racing facility any prescription substance for animal use unless:

1. The person actually possesses within the enclosure of the horse racing facility documentary evidence that a prescription has been issued to him for the substance by a licensed veterinarian;

2. The prescription substance is labeled with a dosage for the horse to be treated with the prescription substance; and

3. The horse or horses named in the prescription are then under the care and supervision of the permit holder and are then stabled within the enclosure of the horse racing facility.

E. The possession or administration of equine growth hormone, venoms, erythropoietin (Epogen), darbepoietin, oxyglobin, Hemopure, or any analogous substance that increases oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood is prohibited. Furthermore, should the analysis of a test sample detect the presence of antibodies of erythropoietin or darbepoietin or any analogous substance in the horse's blood that indicates a history of use of these substances, the horse shall be prohibited from racing and placed on the veterinarian's list until the horse tests negative for the presence of such antibodies.

F. The use of androgenic and anabolic steroids is prohibited in racing horses as stipulated in 11VAC10-180-75.

G. The use of an extracorporeal shockwave therapy device or radial pulse wave therapy device is prohibited on the racetrack premises and at any site that falls under the jurisdiction of the Virginia Racing Commission unless:

1. The therapy device is registered with the commission veterinarian;

2. The therapy device is used by a veterinarian who is a permit holder; and

3. Each use of the therapy device is reported to the commission veterinarian on the treatment report.

Notwithstanding the provisions in this subsection, whether on or off the premises, a shockwave therapy device or radial pulse wave therapy device shall not be used on a racehorse fewer than 10 days before the horse is to race or train at racing speed. For the purposes of this calculation, the day of treatment shall be considered day one.

H. Tubing of horses prohibited. The tubing or dosing of any horse for any reason on race day is prohibited unless administered for medical emergency purposes by a licensed veterinarian in which case the horse shall be scratched. The practice of administration of any substance via a tube or other method into a horse's stomach on race day is considered a violation of this chapter.

1. Using or possessing the ingredients or the paraphernalia associated with forced feeding to a horse of any alkalinizing agent with or without a concentrated form of carbohydrate, or administering any substance by tubing or other method on race day shall be considered a violation of this chapter.

2. Under the provisions of this subsection, endoscopic examination by a licensed veterinarian shall not be considered a violation of this chapter.

I. Notwithstanding any other provision in this chapter, no substance of any kind may be administered to a horse within four hours, or three hours for a ship-in meet, of the scheduled post time for the race in which the horse is entered. To ensure uniform supervision and conformity to this this chapter, the trainer shall have each horse programmed to race stabled in its assigned stall within the enclosure of the horse race facility no fewer than five hours, or four hours for a ship-in meet, prior to post time for the respective race.

J. Intra-articular injections prohibited. Injecting any substance or inserting a needle into a joint space is prohibited within seven days prior to the horse's race.

K. Peri-neural injections prohibited. Injecting a local anesthetic or other chemical agent adjacent to a nerve is prohibited within three days prior to the horse's race.

L. Hyperbaric oxygen chamber prohibited. Subjecting a horse to therapy utilizing a hyperbaric oxygen chamber is prohibited within four days prior to the horse's race.

Statutory Authority

§ 59.1-369 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Volume 24, Issue 16, eff. April 14, 2008; amended, Virginia Register Volume 25, Issue 17, eff. May 27, 2009; Volume 26, Issue 19, eff. May 29, 2010; Volume 30, Issue 08, eff. January 1, 2014; Volume 31, Issue 18, eff. May 1, 2015; Volume 35, Issue 22, eff. July 8, 2019.

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