## 11VAC10-20-320. Straight wagering.

A. Generally. Win, place, and show pari-mutuel wagering pools shall be considered "straight wagering." In any race, the win, place, and show pools are treated separately, and the distribution of the profits are calculated independently of each other. The "net pool" to be distributed as profit shall be all sums wagered in the pool, less retainage and breakage, as defined elsewhere in these rules.

B. Win pools. The amount wagered to win on the horse or wagering interest which finished first is deducted from the net pool and the balance which remains is profit. The profit is divided by the amount wagered on the horse or wagering interest finishing first, this quotient being the profit per dollar wagered to win. The return to the holder includes the amount wagered and the profit. In addition, the following provisions apply to win pools:

1. If there is a dead heat for first involving two horses of two different wagering interests, the net win pool shall be distributed as if it were a place pool. If the dead heat involves horses of three wagering interests, the net win pool is distributed as if it were a show pool; and

2. If no win ticket is sold on the horse which finishes first, then the net win pool is distributed to the holders of win tickets on the horse or wagering interest finishing second. If no such ticket is sold, then the licensee shall make a prompt refund.

C. Place pools. The amounts wagered to place on the first two horses to finish are deducted from the net place pool and the balance which remains is profit. The profit is divided into two equal amounts; one-half of the profit is divided by the amount wagered to place on the first finisher, this quotient being the profit per dollar wagered to place on the first finisher; and one-half of the profit is divided by the amount wagered to place on the second finisher, this quotient being the profit per dollar wagered to place on the second finisher. The return to the holder includes the amount wagered and the profit.

1. If there is a dead heat for first between horses representing the same wagering interest, the net place pool is distributed as if it were a win pool. If the dead heat is between horses representing two different wagering interests, the place pool is distributed as if one wagering interest finished first and the other finished second. If the dead heat is among horses representing three different wagering interests, the net place pool is distributed as if it were a show pool.

2. If there is a dead heat for second between horses representing the same wagering interest, the net place pool is distributed as if no dead heat occurred. If the dead heat for second is between horses representing two or more wagering interests, the net place pool is divided in half, with one-half allocated to the horse finishing first and the other one-half divided equally so as to allocate one-fourth of the net place pool for wagers to place on each of the two horses finishing in a dead heat for second, or one-sixth of the net place pool for wagers to place on each of three horses finishing in a dead heat for second.

3. If the first and second finishers comprise a single wagering interest, the net place pool is distributed as if it were a win pool.

4. If no place ticket is sold on a horse which finishes first or second, then the horse which finished third shall replace that horse in the distribution of wagers in the net place pool. If no such ticket is sold, then the licensee shall make a prompt refund.

D. Show pools. The amounts wagered to show on the first three horses to finish are deducted from the net pool to determine the profit. The profit is divided into three equal amounts. One-third of the net show pool is divided by the amount wagered to show on the first finisher, the quotient being the profit per dollar wagered to show on the first finisher; one-third of the net show pool is divided by the amount wagered to show on the second finisher, the quotient being the profit per dollar wagered to show on the second finisher; and one-third of the profit is divided by the amount wagered to show on the third finisher, the quotient being the profit per dollar wagered to show on the third finisher. The return to the holder includes the amount wagered and the profit.

1. If there is a dead heat for first between two horses involving different wagering interests, or three horses involving three different wagering interests, the show pool is distributed as if no dead heat occurred. If the dead heat for first is between two horses including the same wagering interest, two-thirds of the profit is allocated to wagers to show on the coupled wagering interest and one-third of the profit is allocated to wagers to show on the other horse among the first three finishers. If the dead heat for first is among three horses including one wagering interest, the show pool is distributed as if it were a win pool.

2. If there is a dead heat for second between two horses including different wagering interests, the show pool is distributed as if no dead heat occurred. If the dead heat for second is between horses including the same wagering interest, two-thirds of the net show pool shall be allocated to wagers to show on the coupled wagering interest and one-third of the profit shall be allocated to wagers to show on the horse finishing first. If the dead heat for second is among three horses involving two or three wagering interests, one-third of the net show pool is allocated to wagers to show on the horse finishing first and the remaining two-thirds of the net show pool is divided equally by the number of wagering interests finishing in a dead heat for second for proportionate distribution on wagers to show for each wagering interest finishing in a dead heat for second.

3. If there is a dead heat for third between horses involving the same wagering interests, the net show pool is distributed as if no dead heat occurred. If the dead heat for third is among horses involving two or more wagering interests, two-thirds of the net show pool shall be allocated to wagers to show on the first two finishers and the remaining one-third of the net show pool is divided equally by the number of wagering interests finishing in a dead heat for third for proportionate distribution on wagers to show for each wagering interest finishing in a dead heat for third.

4. If the first three horses to finish comprise one wagering interest, the net show pool shall be distributed as if it were a win pool. If two horses coupled as a single wagering interest finish first and second, or first and third, or second and third, two-thirds of the net show pool shall be allocated to wagers to show on the single wagering interest and one-third of the net show pool shall be allocated to wagers on the other horse among the first three finishers.

5. In the event one horse coupled in the wagering by reason of being in the mutuel field or part of a mutuel entry finishes first or second and another horse included in the same wagering interest finishes in a dead heat for third, the allocation of the net show pool shall be:

One-half of the net show pool shall be allocated to the wagers on the field or entry, one-third of the net show pool shall be allocated to the horse finishing first or second, and one-sixth of the net show pool allocated for the horse finishing in a dead heat for third. The remaining one-sixth of the net show pool shall be allocated to wagers on the horse, which was not a part of the mutuel field or entry, finishing in a dead heat for third.

6. In the event only two horses finish, the net show pool, if any, shall be distributed as if it were a place pool. If only one horse finishes, the net show and place pools, if any, shall be distributed as if it were a win pool.

7. If, in the event no show ticket is sold on a horse which finishes first, or second, or third, then, the horse which finished fourth shall replace that horse in the distribution of wagers in the show pool. If no such ticket is sold, then the licensee shall make a prompt refund.

Statutory Authority

§ 59.1-369 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR662-01-02 § 3.7, Virginia Register Volume 6, Issue 13, eff. April 25, 1990.