Administrative Code

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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 12. Health
Agency 30. Department of Medical Assistance Services
Chapter 122. Community Waiver Services for Individuals with Developmental Disabilities

12VAC30-122-290. Center-based crisis support service.

A. Service description. Center-based crisis support service means planned crisis prevention and emergency crisis stabilization services in a crisis therapeutic home using planned and emergency admissions. Planned admissions shall be provided to individuals receiving crisis services and who need temporary, therapeutic interventions outside of their home setting to maintain stability. Emergency admissions shall be provided to individuals who are experiencing an identified behavioral health need or behavior challenge that is preventing them from reaching stability within their home settings. Center-based crisis support service shall be covered in the FIS, CL, and BI waivers.

B. Criteria and allowable activities.

1. Center-based crisis support service is designed for individuals with a history of at least one of the following:

a. Psychiatric hospitalization;

b. Incarceration;

c. Residential or day placement that was terminated; or

d. Behavior that has significantly jeopardized placement.

2. In addition, the individual shall meet at least one of the following:

a. Is currently experiencing a marked reduction in psychiatric, adaptive, or behavioral functioning;

b. Is currently experiencing an increase in emotional distress;

c. Currently needs continuous intervention to maintain stability; or

d. Is causing harm to himself or others.

3. The individual shall also be:

a. At risk of psychiatric hospitalization;

b. At risk of emergency ICF/IID placement;

c. At immediate risk of loss of community service due to severe situational reaction; or

d. Actually causing harm to himself or others.

4. Allowable activities shall include as appropriate for the individual as documented in the plan for supports:

a. A variety of types of face-to-face assessments (e.g., psychiatric, neuropsychiatric, psychological, behavioral) and stabilization techniques;

b. Medication management and monitoring;

c. Behavior assessment and positive behavior support;

d. Intensive care coordination with other agencies or providers to maintain the individual's community placement;

e. Training for family members/caregivers and providers in positive behavior supports;

f. Skill building related to the behavior creating the crisis such as self-care or ADLs, independent living skills, self-esteem, appropriate self-expression, coping skills, and medication compliance; and

g. Supervising the individual in crisis to ensure his safety and that of other persons in the environment.

C. Service units and limitations. Center-based crisis support service shall be limited to six months per ISP year and shall be authorized in increments of up to a maximum of 30 consecutive days with each authorization. Center-based crisis support service shall not be provided during the occurrence of the following waiver services and shall not be billed concurrently (i.e., same dates and times): (i) group home residential service, (ii) sponsored residential service, (iii) supported living residential service, or (iv) respite service. Center-based crisis support service is available through a waiver only when it is not available through the State Plan.

D. Provider qualifications and requirements.

1. Providers shall meet all of the requirements set out in 12VAC30-122-110 through 12VAC30-122-140.

2. Providers shall have current signed participation agreements with DMAS and shall directly provide the services and bill DMAS for Medicaid reimbursement.

3. Providers shall renew their participation agreements as directed by DMAS.

4. Providers for adults shall be licensed by DBHDS as providers of Group Home Service-REACH (Regional Education Assessment Crisis Services Habilitation) or, for children, a residential group home-REACH for children and adolescents with co-occurring diagnosis of developmental disability and behavioral health needs.

5. Center-based crisis support service shall be provided by a licensed mental health professional (LMHP), LMHP-supervisee, LMHP-resident, LMHP-RP, certified pre-screener, QMHP, QDDP, or for skill-building and supervising the individual in crisis, a DSP under the supervision of one of the professionals listed in this subdivision D 5.

6. Providers shall ensure that DSP staff meet provider training and competency training requirements as specified in 12VAC30-122-180.

7. Providers shall develop and maintain individual-specific contemporaneous documentation that supports the provider's claims for payment. Claims that are not supported by individual-specific documentation shall be subject to payment recovery actions by DMAS.

E. Service documentation and requirements.

1. Providers shall include signed and dated documentation of the following in each individual's record:

a. The provider's plan for supports per requirements detailed in 12VAC30-122-120.

b. Supporting documentation that has been developed (or revised, in the case of a request for an extension) and submitted to the to the support coordinator for authorization within 72 hours of the face-to-face assessment or reassessment.

c. Documentation as detailed in 12VAC30-122-120.

d. Documentation maintained for routine supervision and oversight of all services provided by direct support professional staff. All significant contacts shall be documented and dated.

2. Supervision of DSPs shall be provided consistent with the requirements in 12VAC30-122-120 by a supervisor meeting the requirements of 12VAC35-105-590. Providers shall make available for inspection documentation of supervision, and this documentation shall be completed and signed by the staff person designated to perform the supervision and oversight. This documentation shall include, at a minimum, the following: (i) date of contact or observation, (ii) person contacted or observed, (iii) a summary about the direct support professional's performance and service delivery, and (iv) any action planned or taken to correct problems identified during supervision and oversight.

3. Provider documentation shall support all claims submitted for DMAS reimbursement. Claims for payment that are not supported by supporting documentation shall be subject to recovery by DMAS or its designee as a result of utilization reviews or audits.

Statutory Authority

§ 32.1-325 of the Code of Virginia; 42 USC § 1396 et seq.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 37, Issue 14, eff. March 31, 2021.

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