Administrative Code

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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 12. Health
Agency 30. Department of Medical Assistance Services
Chapter 122. Community Waiver Services for Individuals with Developmental Disabilities

12VAC30-122-300. Community-based crisis support service.

A. Service description. Community-based crisis support service means planned crisis prevention and emergency crisis stabilization services provided to individuals experiencing crisis events that put them at risk for homelessness, incarceration, or hospitalization or that creates danger to self or others. This service shall provide supports to individuals in their homes and other community settings. This service provides temporary intensive services and supports that avert emergency psychiatric hospitalization or institutional placement or prevent other out-of-home placement. This service shall be designed to stabilize the individual and strengthen the current living situation so that the individual can be maintained during and beyond the crisis period. Community-based crisis support service shall be covered in the FIS, CL, and BI waivers.

B. Criteria and allowable activities.

1. Community-based crisis support service provides ongoing supports to the individual who may have:

a. A history of multiple psychiatric hospitalizations, frequent medication changes, or setting changes; or

b. A history of requiring enhanced staffing due to the individual's mental health or behavioral issues.

2. To be approved to receive this service, the individual shall have a history of at least one of the following:

a. Previous psychiatric hospitalization;

b. Previous incarceration;

c. Residential or day placement that was terminated; or

d. Behavior that has significantly jeopardized placement.

3. In addition, the individual shall meet at least one of the following:

a. Is experiencing a marked reduction in psychiatric, adaptive, or behavioral functioning;

b. Is experiencing an increase in extreme emotional distress;

c. Needs continuous intervention to maintain stability; or

d. Is actually causing harm to himself or others.

4. The individual shall also be:

a. At risk of psychiatric hospitalization;

b. At risk of emergency ICF/IID placement;

c. At immediate threat of loss of community service due to a severe situational reaction; or

d. Actually causing harm to himself or others.

5. Community-based crisis support service allowable activities shall be provided in either the individual's home or in community settings, or both. Crisis staff shall work directly with the individual and with his current support provider or his family/caregiver, or both. This service includes supports during the provision of any other waiver service and may be billed concurrently (i.e., same dates and times).

6. This service is provided using, for example, coaching, teaching, modeling, role-playing, problem solving, or direct assistance. Allowable activities shall include, as may be appropriate for the individual as documented in his plan for supports:

a. Psychiatric, neuropsychiatric psychological, and behavioral assessments and stabilization techniques;

b. Medication management and monitoring;

c. Behavior assessment and positive behavior support;

d. Intensive care coordination with agencies or providers to maintain the individual's community placement;

e. Family/caregiver training in positive behavioral supports to maintain the individual in the community;

f. Skill building related to the behavior creating the crisis such as self-care or ADLs, independent living skills, self-esteem, appropriate self-expression, coping skills, and medication compliance; and

g. Supervision to ensure the individual's safety and the safety of others in the environment.

C. Service units and limitations. Community-based crisis support service is provided in an hourly service unit and may be authorized for up to 24 hours per day if necessary in increments of no more than 15 days at a time. The annual limit is 1,080 hours. Requests for additional community-based crisis support service in excess of the 1,080-hour annual limit will be considered if justification of individual need is provided. This service is only available through a waiver when it is not available through the State Plan.

D. Provider qualifications and requirements.

1. Providers shall meet all of the requirements set out in 12VAC30-122-110 through 12VAC30-122-140.

2. Providers of all community-based crisis support service shall have current signed participation agreements with DMAS and shall directly provide the service and bill DMAS for Medicaid reimbursement. These providers shall renew their participation agreements as directed by DMAS.

3. Providers shall be licensed by DBHDS as providers of crisis stabilization service-REACH (Regional Education Assessment Crisis Services Habilitation). Community-based crisis support service shall be provided by an LMHP, LMHP-supervisee, LMHP-resident, LMHP-RP, a certified pre-screener, QMHP, or QDDP.

E. Service documentation and requirements.

1. Providers shall include signed and dated documentation of the following in each individual's record:

a. The provider's plan for supports per requirements detailed in 12VAC30-122-120.

b. Supporting documentation that has been developed (or revised, in the case of a request for an extension) and submitted to the support coordinator for authorization within 72 hours of the face-to-face assessment or reassessment.

c. Documentation as detailed in 12VAC30-122-120.

d. Documentation to support units of service delivered, and the documentation shall correspond with billing. Providers shall maintain separate documentation for each type of service rendered for an individual. Documentation shall include all correspondence and contacts related to the individual.

2. Provider documentation shall support all claims submitted for DMAS reimbursement. Claims for payment that are not supported by supporting contemporaneous documentation shall be subject to recovery by DMAS or its designee as a result of utilization reviews or audits.

Statutory Authority

§ 32.1-325 of the Code of Virginia; 42 USC § 1396 et seq.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 37, Issue 14, eff. March 31, 2021.

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