Administrative Code

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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 12. Health
Agency 30. Department of Medical Assistance Services
Chapter 130. Amount, Duration and Scope of Selected Services

12VAC30-130-5050. Covered services: clinic services - opioid treatment program services.

A. Settings for opioid treatment program (OTP) services. The agency-based OTP provider shall be licensed by DBHDS and contracted by DMAS or its contractor or an MCO. The staffing requirements for OTP providers shall follow the DBHDS licensing requirements set forth in 12VAC35-105-925 and in the DBHDS guidance document entitled "Opioid Medication Assisted Treatment License and Oversight" (March, 2017). The interdisciplinary team shall include CATPs acting within the scope of practice in accordance to their professional regulatory board and state and federal requirements, including an addiction-credentialed physician as defined in 12VAC30-130-5020. OTP services are allowed simultaneously for members in other ASAM Levels, including 1.0 through 3.7 (excluding inpatient services). OTPs shall meet the service components, staff requirements, and risk management requirements.

B. OTP service components.

1. Linking the individual to psychological, medical, and psychiatric consultation as necessary to meet the individual's needs.

2. Access to emergency medical and psychiatric care through connections with more intensive levels of care.

3. Access to evaluation and ongoing primary care.

4. Ability to conduct or arrange for appropriate laboratory and toxicology tests including drug screenings, using either urine or blood serums.

5. Physicians who are available to evaluate and monitor (i) use of methadone, buprenorphine products, or naltrexone products and (ii) pharmacists and nurses to dispense and administer these medications and who follow the Board of Medicine guidance for treatment of individuals with buprenorphine for addiction.

6. Individualized, patient-centered assessment and treatment.

7. Ability to assess, order, administer, reassess, and regulate medication and dose levels appropriate to the individual; supervise withdrawal management from opioid analgesics, including methadone, buprenorphine products, or naltrexone products; and oversee and facilitate access to appropriate treatment for opioid use disorder.

8. Medication for other physical and mental health illness is provided as needed either onsite or through collaboration with other providers.

9. Cognitive, behavioral, and other substance use disorder-focused psychotherapies and substance use disorder counseling by a CATP reflecting a variety of treatment approaches, provided to the individual on an individual, group, or family basis. CSACs and CSAC-supervisees are recognized to provide substance use disorder counseling in these settings as allowed within scopes of practice as defined in § 54.1-3507.1 of the Code of Virginia.

10. Optional substance use care coordination that includes integrating behavioral health into primary care and specialty medical settings through interdisciplinary care planning and monitoring individual progress and tracking individual outcomes; supporting conversations between buprenorphine-waivered practitioners and behavioral health professionals to develop and monitor individualized treatment plans; linking individuals with community resources to facilitate referrals and respond to social service needs; and tracking and supporting individuals when they obtain medical, behavioral health, or social services outside the practice.

11. Provision of onsite screening or the ability to refer for screening for infectious diseases such as human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis B and C, and tuberculosis at treatment initiation and then at least annually or more often based on risk factors and the ability to provide or refer for treatment of infectious diseases as necessary.

12. Onsite medication administration treatment during the induction phase, which must be provided by a physician, nurse practitioner, physician assistant, or registered nurse. Medication administration during the maintenance phase may be provided either by a registered nurse or licensed practical nurse.

13. Prescription of naloxone for each member receiving methadone, buprenorphine products, or naltrexone products.

14. Ability to provide pregnancy testing for women of childbearing age.

15. For individuals of childbearing age, the ability to provide family planning services or to refer the individual for family planning services.

C. OTP staff requirements.

1. Staff requirements shall meet the licensing requirements of 12VAC35-105-925. The interdisciplinary team shall include CATPs trained in the treatment of opioid use disorder, including an addiction credentialed physician or physician extender and CATPs as defined in 12VAC30-130-5020. OTPs may utilize CSACs and CSAC-supervisees to provide substance use disorder counseling and psychoeducational services within their scopes of practice as defined in § 54.1-3507.1 of the Code of Virginia. OTPs may also utilize CSAC-As pursuant to § 54.1-3507.2 of the Code of Virginia as well as registered peer recovery specialists within their scopes of practice. A registered peer recovery specialist shall meet the definition in § 54.1-3500 of the Code of Virginia.

2. Staff shall be knowledgeable in the assessment, interpretation, and treatment of the biopsychosocial dimensions of alcohol or other substance use disorders.

3. A physician or physician extender as defined in 12VAC30-130-5020 shall be available during medication dispensing and clinical operating hours in person or by telephone.

D. OTP risk management shall be clearly and adequately documented in each individual's record and shall include:

1. Random drug screening, using either urine or blood serums, for all individuals, conducted at least eight times during a 12-month period as described in 12VAC35-105-980. Definitive screenings shall only be utilized when clinically indicated. Outcomes of the drug screening shall be used to support positive patient outcomes and recovery.

2. A check of the Virginia Prescription Monitoring Program prior to initiation of buprenorphine products or naltrexone products and at least quarterly for all individuals.

3. Prescription of naloxone.

4. Opioid overdose prevention education, including the purpose of and the administration of naloxone and the impact of polysubstance use. Education shall include discussion of the role of medication assisted treatment and the opportunity to reduce harm associated with polysubstance use. The goal is to help individuals remain in treatment to reduce the risk for harm.

5. Clinically indicated infectious disease testing for diseases such as HIV; hepatitis A, B, and C; syphilis; and tuberculosis at treatment initiation and then annually or more frequently, depending on the clinical scenario and the patient's risk. Those who test positive shall be treated either onsite or through referral.

6. For individuals without immunity to the hepatitis B virus, vaccination, either onsite or through referral, shall be offered.

7. For individuals without HIV infection, pre-exposure prophylaxis to prevent HIV infection, either onsite or through referral, shall be offered.

8. Pregnancy testing for women of childbearing age, and contraceptive services, either onsite or through referral, shall be offered.

Statutory Authority

§ 32.1-325 of the Code of Virginia; 42 USC § 1396 et seq.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 33, Issue 12, eff. April 1, 2017; amended, Virginia Register Volume 36, Issue 11, eff. March 5, 2020.

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