Administrative Code

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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 12. Health
Agency 30. Department Of Medical Assistance Services
Chapter 50. Amount, Duration, and Scope of Medical and Remedial Care Services
11/29/2021

12VAC30-50-110. Outpatient hospital and rural health clinic services.

A. Outpatient hospital services.

1. Outpatient hospital services means preventive, diagnostic, therapeutic, rehabilitative, or palliative services that:

a. Are furnished to outpatients;

b. Except in the case of nurse-midwife services, as specified in 42 CFR 440.165, are furnished by or under the direction of a physician or dentist; and

c. Are furnished by an institution that:

(1) Is licensed or formally approved as a hospital by an officially designated authority for state standard-setting; and

(2) Except in the case of medical supervision of nurse-midwife services, as specified in 42 CFR 440.165, meets the requirements for participation in Medicare.

2. Reimbursement for induced abortions is provided in only those cases in which there would be substantial endangerment of life to the mother if the fetus was carried to term.

3. The following limits and requirements shall apply to DMAS coverage of outpatient observation beds.

a. Observation bed services shall be covered when they are reasonable and necessary to evaluate a medical condition to determine appropriate level of treatment.

b. Nonroutine observation for underlying medical complications, as explained in documentation attached to the provider's claim for payment, after surgery or diagnostic services shall be covered. Routine use of an observation bed shall not be covered. Noncovered routine use shall be:

(1) Routine preparatory services and routine recovery time for outpatient surgical or diagnostic testing services (e.g., services for routine post-operative monitoring during a normal recovery period (four to six hours)).

(2) Observation services provided in conjunction with emergency room services, unless, following the emergency treatment, there are clear medical complications which must be managed by a physician other than the original emergency physician.

(3) Any substitution of an outpatient observation service for a medically appropriate inpatient admission.

c. These services must be billed as outpatient care and may be provided for up to 23 hours. A patient stay of 24 hours or more shall require inpatient precertification, where applicable.

d. When inpatient admission is required following observation services and prior approval has been obtained for the inpatient stay, observation charges must be combined with the appropriate inpatient admission and be shown on the inpatient claim for payment. Observation bed charges and inpatient hospital charges shall not be reimbursed for the same day.

4. Addiction and recovery treatment services shall be covered in outpatient hospital facilities consistent with 12VAC30-130-5000 et seq.

B. Rural health clinic services and other ambulatory services furnished by a rural health clinic.

1. The same service limitations apply to rural health clinics as to all other services.

2. Addiction and recovery treatment services shall be covered in rural health clinics consistent with 12VAC30-130-5000 et seq.

C. Federally qualified health center (FQHC) services and other ambulatory services that are covered under the plan and furnished by an FQHC in accordance with § 4231 of the State Medicaid Manual (HCFA-Pub. 45‑4).

1. The same service limitations apply to FQHCs as to all other services.

2. Addiction and recovery treatment services shall be covered in FQHCs consistent with 12VAC30-130-5000 et seq.

Statutory Authority

§ 32.1-325 of the Code of Virginia; 42 USC § 1396 et seq.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR460-03-3.1100 § 2, eff. November 7, 1990; amended, eff. June 30, 1993; amended, Virginia Register Volume 8, Issue 14, eff. April 1, 1992; amended, Volume 10, Issue 22, eff. September 1, 1994; amended, Volume 11, Issue 17, eff. July 1, 1995; Volume 15, Issue 5, eff. January 1, 1999; Volume 26, Issue 19, eff. July 1, 2010; Volume 33, Issue 12, eff. April 1, 2017.

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