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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 12. Health
Agency 30. Department Of Medical Assistance Services
Chapter 90. Methods and Standards for Establishing Payment Rates for Long-Term Care
9/20/2021

12VAC30-90-28. Mid-year fair rental value rate determination.

A. New facilities and facilities undergoing a major renovation may apply for a mid-year fair rental value (FRV) rate determination or change if putting into service a major renovation or new beds. Providers are allowed only one mid-year FRV rate change during a state fiscal year (SFY).

1. New facilities. A new nursing facility is defined as a facility that is required to obtain a certificate of occupancy prior to the admittance of a resident. New nursing facilities should file a mid-year FRV report when the facility's certificate of occupancy has been issued. The nursing facility shall submit complete pro forma documentation at least 60 days prior to the certificate of occupancy effective date, and the new FRV rate shall be effective at the beginning of the month following the end of the 60 days, subject to confirmation that the new beds are operational.

a. For any facility whose FRV report has less than 12 months of experience, the department shall develop an occupancy schedule as defined in the nursing facility capital payment methodology (12VAC30-90-36) that represents the average statewide occupancy by month of operation for use in calculating the per diem rate in lieu of a minimum occupancy requirement or actual occupancy. After the initial FRV report filing, actual occupancy data shall be used.

b. New facilities shall use the occupancy schedule developed by the Department of Medical Assistance Services (DMAS) to estimate patient days for their first FRV report until actual patient days are available. The occupancy percentage used to calculate estimated patient days shall be based on the number of months remaining within the calendar year from the month of receipt of the certificate of occupancy. For example, if the certificate of occupancy is received in February, then the number of months remaining in the calendar year would be 11, and the occupancy percentage to use would be 85.84% (see Table 1 in 12VAC30-90-36). The estimated patient days would be equal to the occupancy percentage times the annualized bed days available for the report period.

c. DMAS shall have 15 days from the date of the provider's submission to determine if the filing is complete for purposes of setting a rate for a new facility. The facility shall have 15 days from the date the filing is deemed incomplete to submit the required information. The deadline for setting the rate shall be extended for 30 days after the filing is deemed complete.

2. Major renovations. Facilities undergoing major renovations shall file a mid-year FRV report when there is an increase in capital expenditures of at least $3,000 per total number of beds. The nursing facility shall submit complete pro forma documentation at least 60 days prior to the effective occupancy date and the new rate shall be effective at the beginning of the month following the end of the 60 days, subject to confirmation that the renovated beds are operational. No mid-year rate changes shall be made for an effective date after April 30 of the SFY.

a. Any new beds or major renovations placed in service between the reporting year and the rate year shall be treated as a mid-year rate adjustment. No new FRV rate change will be made after April 30. Rate updates that fall between May 1 and June 30 shall be effective as stated below.

b. DMAS shall have 15 days from the date of the provider's submission to determine if the filing is complete for purposes of setting a rate for a renovated facility. The facility shall have 15 days from the date the filing is deemed incomplete to submit the required information.

c. Providers may propose a phased major renovation subject to approval by DMAS. The phased major renovation may include reductions to available beds. Any modifications to the proposed renovation are also subject to approval by DMAS. Phased major renovations include construction or major renovations that span more than one FRV report period. Only one annual FRV report and one mid-year FRV report can be filed in a SFY to change the plant rate. A mid-year FRV report can be filed only if capital cost per bed increases by a minimum of $3,000 per bed. Major renovation cost may only be included on Schedule R-1 as it is placed into service. Cost cannot be duplicated throughout the project on Schedule R-1. Major renovations for independent and assisted living are not allowed on the Schedule R-1.

B. The following are applicable to new facilities and facilities undergoing major renovation:

1. DMAS shall annualize real estate taxes, property taxes, and property insurance costs that do not represent a full year's cost.

a. Actual paid tax bills shall be provided to support real estate taxes and personal property taxes. When the taxing authority has not invoiced a new facility, building value per the most recent contractor invoice multiplied by the locality's mill rate shall be used to estimate real estate and tax liability for the period. Only the nursing facility's building value can be included in the calculation.

b. Actual paid insurance premiums shall be provided to support property insurance. For newly constructed nursing facilities, a reasonable estimate from the insurance company can be used to document property insurance cost until the first insurance policy and the premium are incurred. Only the nursing facility's property insurance can be included on the schedule.

2. Costs shall be based on currently available documentation at the time but are subject to audit. DMAS may use any reasonable method to estimate costs for which there is inadequate documentation. Reasonable method includes using tax rates from the taxing authority in the location of the facility, the most recent contractor's invoice to determine building cost, and estimates from insurance companies related to the nursing facility portion of the building. Any adjustments based on subsequent year documentation or audit for a current rate year shall be applied beginning July 1 of the next rate year.

Statutory Authority

§ 32.1-325 of the Code of Virginia; 42 USC § 1396 et seq.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 37, Issue 14, eff. April 15, 2021.

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