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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 12. Health
Agency 30. Department of Medical Assistance Services
Chapter 90. Methods and Standards for Establishing Payment Rates for Long-Term Care

12VAC30-90-280. Leasing of facilities.

Appendix II
Leasing of Facilities

The substance of this appendix shall apply only to Article 2 (12VAC30-90-30 et seq.) of Subpart II of Part II of this chapter.


A. The provisions of this appendix shall apply to all lease agreements, including sales and leaseback agreements and lease purchase agreements, and including whether or not such agreements are between parties which are related (as defined in 12VAC30-90-50 of the Nursing Home Payment System (NHPS)).

B. Reimbursement of lease costs pursuant to a lease between parties which are not related shall be limited to the DMAS allowable cost of ownership as determined in subsection I E of this section. Reimbursement of lease costs pursuant to a lease between parties which are related (as defined in 12VAC30-90-50) shall be adjusted to the DMAS allowable cost of ownership. Whether the lease is between parties which are or are not related, the computation of the allowable annual lease expense shall be subject to DMAS audit.

C. The DMAS allowable cost of ownership shall be determined by the historical cost of the facility to the owner of record at the date the lease becomes effective. When a lease agreement is in effect, whether during the original term or a subsequent renewal, no increase in the reimbursement shall be allowed as a result of a subsequent sale of the facility.

D. When a bona fide sale has taken place, the facility must have been held by the seller for a period of no less than five years for a lease effected subsequent to the sale date to be compared to the buyer's cost of ownership. Where the facility has been held for less than five years, the allowable lease cost shall be computed using the seller's historical cost.

E. Reimbursement of lease costs pursuant to a lease between parties which are not related (as defined in 12VAC30-90-50) shall be limited to the DMAS allowable cost of ownership. The following reimbursement principles shall apply to leases, other than those covered in 12VAC30-90-50 and subsection IV of this appendix, entered into on or after October 1, 1990:

1. An "Allowable Cost of Ownership" schedule shall be created for the lease period to compare the total lease expense to the allowable cost of ownership.

2. If the lease cost for any cost reporting period is below the cost of ownership for that period, no adjustment shall be made to the lease cost, and a "carryover credit" to the extent of the amount allowable for that period under the "Allowable Cost of Ownership" schedule shall be created but not paid.

3. If the lease cost for a future cost reporting period is greater than the "Cost of Ownership" for that period, the provider shall be paid this "carryover credit" from prior period(s), not to exceed the cumulative carryover credit or his actual lease cost, whichever is less. At no time during the lease period shall DMAS reimbursement exceed the actual cumulative "Cost of Ownership."

4. Once DMAS has determined the allowable cost of ownership, the provider shall be responsible for preparing a verifiable and auditable schedule to support cumulative computations of cost of ownership vs. lease cost to support the "carryover credit" as reported in the "Allowable Cost of Ownership" schedule, and shall submit such a schedule with each cost report.


A. Leases shall provide that the lessee or DMAS shall have access to any and all documents required to establish the underlying cost of ownership.

B. In those instances where the lessor will not share this information with the lessee, the lessor can forward this information direct to DMAS for confidential review.


A. Before any rate determination for allowable lease costs is made, the lessee must supply a schedule comparing lease expense to the underlying cost of ownership for the life of the lease. Supporting documentation, including but not limited to, the lease and the actual cost of ownership (mortgage instruments, financial statements, purchase agreements, etc.) must be included with this schedule.

B. The underlying straight-line depreciation, interest, property taxes, insurance, and amortization of legal and commitment fees shall be used to determine the cost of ownership for comparison to the lease costs. Any cost associated with the acquisition of a lease other than those outlined herein shall not be considered allowable unless specifically approved by the Department of Medical Assistance Services.

1. Straight line depreciation.

a. Depreciation shall be computed on a straight line basis only.

b. New or additions facilities shall be depreciated in accordance with AHA Guidelines.

c. Allowable depreciation for on-going facilities shall be computed on the historical cost of the facility determined in accordance with limits on allowable building and fixed equipment cost.

d. The limits contained in 12VAC30-90-30, and Part VI (12VAC30-90-160) shall apply, as appropriate, whether the facility is newly constructed or an on-going facility.

2. Interest. Interest expense shall be limited to actual expense incurred by the owner of the facility in servicing long-term debt and shall be subject to the interest rate limitations stated in 12VAC30-90-30.

3. Taxes and insurance. Taxes are limited to actual incurred real estate and property taxes. Insurance is limited to the actual cost of mortgage insurance, fire and property liability insurance. When included in the lease as the direct responsibility of the lessee, such taxes and insurance shall not be a part of the computation of the cost of ownership.

4. Legal and commitment fees. Amortization of actual incurred closing costs paid by the owner, such as attorney's fees, recording fees, transfer taxes and service or "finance" charges from the lending institution may be included in the comparison of the cost of ownership computation. Such fees shall be subject to limitations and tests of reasonableness stated in these regulations. These costs shall be amortized over the life of the mortgage.

5. Return on Equity.

a. Return on equity will be limited to the equity of the facility's owner when determining allowable lease expense. Return on equity shall be equal to the rental rate percentage used in connection with the fair rental value (FRV) methodology described in Article 3 (12VAC30-90-35 et seq.) of Subpart II of Part II of this chapter. For the purpose of determining allowable lease expense, equity will be computed in accordance with PRM-15 principles. The allowable base will be determined by monthly averaging of the annual equity balances. The base will be increased by the amount of paid up principal in a period but will be reduced by depreciation expense in that period.

b. Item 398D of the 1987 Appropriations Act (as amended), effective April 8, 1987 eliminated reimbursement of return on equity capital to proprietary providers for periods or portions thereof on or after July 1, 1987.

c. Leased facilities shall be eligible for return on equity capital after July 1, 2001, only if they were receiving return on equity capital on June 30, 2000.


A. Leases approved prior to August 18, 1975, shall have the terms of those leases honored for reimbursement throughout the duration of the lease.

B. Renewals and extensions to these leases shall be honored for reimbursement purposes only when the dollar amount negotiated at the time of renewal does not exceed the amount in effect at the termination date of the existing lease. No escalation clauses shall be approved.

C. Payments of rental costs for leases reimbursed pursuant to subsection IV A of this section shall be allowed whether the provider occupies the premises as a lessee, sublessee, assignee, or otherwise. Regardless of the terms of any present or future document creating a provider's tenancy or right of possession, and regardless of whether the terms thereof or the parties thereto may change from time to time, future reimbursement shall be limited to the lesser of (i) the amount actually paid by the provider, or (ii) the amount reimbursable by DMAS under these regulations as of July 1, 2002. In the event extensions or renewals are approved pursuant to subsection IV B of this section, no escalation clauses shall be approved or honored for reimbursement purposes.


Statutory Authority

§ 31.1-325 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR460-03-4.1942:1, eff. October 1, 1990; amended, Virginia Register Volume 17, Issue 18, eff. July 1, 2001; Volume 18, Issue 18, eff. July 1, 2002.

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