Administrative Code

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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 12. Health
Agency 5. Department of Health
Chapter 31. Virginia Emergency Medical Services Regulations
8/8/2022

12VAC5-31-720. EMS vehicle sanitation.

The following requirements for sanitary conditions and supplies apply to an EMS vehicle in accordance with standards established by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Virginia Occupational Safety and Health Law:

1. The interior of an EMS vehicle, including storage areas, linens, equipment, and supplies shall be kept clean and sanitary.

2. Linen or disposable sheets and pillowcases or their equivalent used in the transport of patients shall be changed after each use.

3. Blankets, pillows and mattresses used in an EMS vehicle shall be intact and kept clean and in good repair.

4. A device inserted into the patient's nose or mouth that is single-use shall be disposed of after use. A reusable item shall be sterilized or high-level disinfected according to current CDC guidelines before reuse. If not individually wrapped, this item shall be stored in a separate closed container or bag.

5. A used sharp item shall be disposed of in a leakproof, puncture-resistant and appropriately marked biohazard container (needle-safe device/sharps box) that is securely mounted.

6. Following patient treatment/transport within the vehicle and before being occupied by another patient:

a. Contaminated surfaces shall be cleaned and disinfected using a method recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

b. All soiled supplies and used disposable items shall be stored or disposed of in plastic bags, covered containers or compartments provided for this purpose. Regulated waste shall be stored in a red or orange bag or container clearly marked with a biohazard label.

Statutory Authority

§§ 32.1-12 and 32.1-111.4 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 19, Issue 3 and Volume 19, Issue 9, eff. January 15, 2003.

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