Administrative Code

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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 12. Health
Agency 5. Department of Health
Chapter 391. Regulations for the Licensure of Hospice

12VAC5-391-350. Home attendant services.

A. Services of the home attendants may include:

1. Assisting patients with (i) activities of daily living; (ii) ambulation and prescribed exercise; (iii) other special duties with appropriate training and demonstrated competency;

2. Administration of normally self-administered drugs in a patient's private residence as allowed by § 54.1-3408 of the Virginia Drug Control Act (Chapter 34 (§ 54.1-3400 et seq.) of Title 54.1 of the Code of Virginia);

3. Taking and recording vital signs as indicated in the plan of care;

4. Measuring and recording fluid intake and output;

5. Recording and reporting to the health care professional changes in the patient's physical condition, behavior or appearance;

6. Documenting services and observations in the medical record; and

7. Performing any other duties that the attendant is qualified to do by additional training and demonstrated competency, within state guidelines.

B. Prior to the initial delivery of services, the home attendant shall receive specific written instructions for the patient's care from the appropriate health care professional responsible for the care.

C. Home attendants shall work under the supervision of the appropriate health care professional responsible for the patient's care.

D. The nurse responsible for supervising the home attendant shall make visits to the patient's home as frequently as necessary, but not less than every two weeks. The results of each visit shall be documented in the medical record.

E. Relevant in-service education or training for home attendants shall consist of at least 12 hours annually. In-service training may be in conjunction with on-site supervision.

F. Home attendants shall be able to speak, read and write English and shall meet one of the following qualifications before providing services to the hospice program's patients:

1. Have satisfactorily completed a nursing education hospice program preparing for registered nurse licensure or practical nurse licensure;

2. Have satisfactorily completed a nurse aide education hospice program approved by the Virginia Board of Nursing;

3. Have certification as a nurse aide issued by the Virginia Board of Nursing;

4. Be successfully enrolled in a nursing education hospice program preparing for registered nurse or practical nurse licensure and have currently completed at least one nursing course that includes clinical experience involving patient care; or

5. Have satisfactorily passed a competency evaluation that meets the criteria of 42 CFR 484.36 (b).

If the home attendant is a volunteer, the home attendant shall meet one of the qualifications listed in subdivisions 1 through 5 of this subsection or have satisfactorily completed training provided by a hospice program or other entity that meets the requirements of subsection G.

G. Hospice programs may develop a 40-hour training program for volunteers. The program shall:

1. Include education addressing:

a. Goals of personal care;

b. Prevention of skin breakdown;

c. Physical and biological aspects of aging;

d. Physical and emotional needs of older adults;

e. Orientation to types of physical disabilities;

f. Personal care and rehabilitative services;

g. Body mechanics;

h. Home management;

i. Safety and accident prevention in the home;

j. Policies and procedures regarding accidents or injuries;

k. Food, nutrition, and meal preparation;

l. Special considerations in preparation of special diets;

m. Care of the home and personal belongings; and

n. Documentation requirements for Medicaid individuals.

2. Be conducted by a registered nurse who meets the requirements in 18VAC90-26-30.
3. Issue and maintain certificates of completion containing:

a. The instructor's printed name and signature;

b. The participant's printed name; and

c. The date of completion of the program.

Statutory Authority

§§ 32.1-12 and 32.1-162.5 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 21, Issue 23, eff. November 1, 2005; amended, Virginia Register Volume 28, Issue 4, eff. November 23, 2011; amended, Virginia Register Volume 37, Issue 14, eff. April 15, 2021.

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