Administrative Code

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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 12. Health
Agency 5. Department of Health
Chapter 610. Sewage Handling and Disposal Regulations

12VAC5-610-1160. Springs.

A. Sanitary survey. Only springs which are found acceptable following a sanitary survey (12VAC5-610-1150 B) will be considered for use as a source of potable water. The following shall be considered when making the sanitary survey:

1. The spring's source should be an aquifer which is not subject to pollution;

2. The spring should not be subject to flooding;

3. Consideration should be given to fencing an adequate area completely around the spring to prevent contamination by people and/or animals;

4. Consideration should be given to diverting surface water away from the spring; and

5. The distance from other sources of pollution shall be the same as for subsurface soil absorption systems contained in Table 4.4 and 12VAC5-610-810 A.

B. Construction of springs and/or reservoirs.

1. The spring shall be completely enclosed. The walls and cover shall be constructed of durable watertight material.

2. All springs and/or reservoirs shall be accessible for cleaning and maintenance. When access is through the top, the opening shall have a minimum dimension of 24 inches. The opening shall be fitted with a solid, watertight cover which overlaps the framed opening and extends vertically down around the frame at least two inches (shoe box).

3. The top of the cover frame shall be at least two 12 inches above the surrounding ground surface.

4. Overflows shall be screened to prevent entrance of undesirable materials (See 12VAC5-610-1170 C 9).

Statutory Authority

§§ 32.1-12 and 32.1-164 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from VR355-34-02 § 4.51, eff. February 5, 1986; amended, eff. May 11, 1988.

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