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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 12. Health
Agency 5. Department of Health
Chapter 71. Regulations Governing Virginia Newborn Screening Services
5/21/2024

12VAC5-71-220. Critical congenital heart disease screening.

A. A licensed practitioner shall perform the CCHD screening.

B. Except as specified in subsection C of this section and 12VAC5-71-260, CCHD screening using pulse oximetry shall be performed on every newborn in the birth hospital between 24 and 48 hours of life, or if the newborn is discharged from the hospital before reaching 24 hours of life, the CCHD screening shall be performed as late as practical before discharge.

C. If CCHD screening using pulse oximetry is not performed, the reason shall be documented in the newborn's medical record. The reasons include but are not limited to:

1. The newborn's current clinical evaluation has included an echocardiogram that ruled out CCHD;

2. The newborn has confirmed CCHD;

3. The newborn is under the care of a specialty level or subspecialty level nursery, in which case the screening shall be performed in accordance with the protocols developed in subsection D of this section; or

4. The parent or guardian refuses CCHD screening on the basis of religious practices or tenets pursuant to 12VAC5-71-260.

D. Hospitals shall develop protocols for screening newborns in specialty level nurseries and subspecialty level nurseries.

Statutory Authority

§§ 32.1-12 and 32.1-67 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 33, Issue 2, eff. October 20, 2016.

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