Administrative Code

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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 13. Housing
Agency 5. Department Of Housing And Community Development
Chapter 51. Virginia Statewide Fire Prevention Code
9/28/2021

13VAC5-51-151. IFC Chapter 57 Flammable and Combustible Liquids.

A. The following changes shall be made to Section 5701, General:

1. Add Section 5701.1.1 to read:

5701.1.1 Other regulations. Provisions of the Virginia State Water Control Board regulations 9VAC25-91 and 9VAC25-580 addressing the maintenance and operational aspects of underground and aboveground storage tanks subject to those regulations are hereby incorporated by reference to be an enforceable part of this code. Where differences occur between the provisions of this code and the incorporated provisions of the State Water Control Board regulations, the provisions of the State Water Control Board regulations shall apply.

Note: For requirements for the installation, repair, upgrade and closure of such tanks, see Section 414.6.2 of the USBC, Part I, Construction.

2. Change Section 5701.2 to read:

5701.2 Nonapplicability. This chapter shall not apply to liquids as otherwise provided in other laws or regulations or chapters of this code, including:

1. Specific provisions for flammable liquids in motor fuel-dispensing facilities, repair garages, airports and marinas in Chapter 23.

2. Medicines, foodstuffs, cosmetics, and commercial, institutional and industrial products containing not more than 50% by volume of water-miscible liquids and with the remainder of the solution not being flammable, provided that such materials are packaged in individual containers not exceeding 1.3 gallons (5 L).

3. Quantities of alcoholic beverages in retail or wholesale sales or storage occupancies, provided that the liquids are packaged in individual containers not exceeding 1.3 gallons (5 L).

4. Storage and use of fuel oil in tanks and containers connected to oil-burning equipment. Such storage and use shall be in accordance with Section 603. For abandonment of fuel oil tanks, this chapter applies.

5. Refrigerant liquids and oils in refrigeration systems (see Section 606).

6. Storage and display of aerosol products complying with Chapter 51.

7. Storage and use of liquids that have no fire point when tested in accordance with ASTM D 92.

8. Liquids with a flash point greater than 95°F (35°C) in a water-miscible solution or dispersion with a water and inert (noncombustible) solids content of more than 80% by weight, which do not sustain combustion.

9. Liquids without flash points that can be flammable under some conditions, such as certain halogenated hydrocarbons and mixtures containing halogenated hydrocarbons.

10. The storage of distilled spirits and wines in wooden barrels and casks.

3. Change Section 5701.3 to read:

5701.3 Referenced documents. The applicable requirements of Chapter 50, other chapters of this code, and the applicable building code pertaining to flammable liquids shall apply.

4. Change Section 5701.4 to read:

5701.4 Permits. Permits shall be required as set forth in Section 107.2.

B. The following changes shall be made to Section 5703, General Requirements:

1. Change Sections 5703.1 and 5703.1.1 to read:

5703.1 Electrical. Electrical wiring and equipment shall be maintained in accordance with Chapter 6, NFPA 70, and the applicable building code.

5703.1.1 Classified locations for flammable liquids. Where flammable liquids are stored, handled, dispensed or mixed, the extent of classified locations identified in accordance with the applicable building code shall be maintained. The extent of the classified area is allowed to be reduced, or eliminated, where sufficient technical justification is provided to the fire code official that a concentration in the area in excess of 25% of the lower flammable limit (LFL) cannot be generated.

2. Delete Table 5703.1.1.

3. Change Section 5703.1.2 to read:

5703.1.2 Classified locations for combustible liquids. In areas where Class II or III liquids are heated above their flash points the extent of classified locations identified in accordance with the applicable building code shall be maintained.

4. Change Section 5703.1.3 to read:

5703.1.3 Other applications. The fire code official is authorized to determine the extent of the Class I electrical equipment and wiring location when a condition is not regulated by the applicable building code, these requirements, or NFPA 70.

5. Change Sections 5703.2 and 5703.6 to read:

5703.2 Fire protection. Fire protection for the storage, use, dispensing, mixing, handling, and onsite transportation of flammable and combustible liquids shall be maintained in accordance with this chapter, Chapter 9, and the applicable building code.

5703.6 Piping systems. Piping systems, and their component parts, for flammable and combustible liquids shall be maintained in accordance with Sections 5703.6.1 through 5703.6.11 and the applicable building code.

6. Change Section 5703.6.1. Delete Section 5703.6.2.

5703.6.1 Nonapplicability. The provisions of Section 5703.6 shall not apply to gas or oil well installations; piping that is integral to stationary or portable engines, including aircraft, watercraft, and motor vehicles; and piping in connection with boilers and pressure vessels regulated by the applicable building code.

7. Delete Table 5703.6.2.

8. Delete Sections 5703.6.2.1 and 5703.6.3.

9. Change Section 5703.6.3.1 to read:

5703.6.3.1 Existing piping. Existing piping shall be tested in accordance with the applicable building code when the fire code official has reasonable cause to believe that a leak exists. Piping that could contain flammable or combustible liquids shall not be tested pneumatically. Such tests shall be at the expense of the owner or operator.

Exception: Vapor-recovery piping is allowed to be tested using an inert gas.

10. Delete Sections 5703.6.6 through 5703.6.7, 5703.6.9, 5703.6.9.1, and 5703.6.11. Change Sections 5703.6.4, 5703.6.5, 5703.6.8, and 5703.6.10 to read:

5703.6.4 Protection from vehicles. Guard posts or other approved means shall be maintained to protect piping, valves or fittings subject to vehicular damage in accordance with Section 312.

5703.6.5 Protection from external corrosion and galvanic action. Where subject to external corrosion, piping, related fluid-handling components, and supports for both underground and aboveground applications shall maintain corrosion protection.

5703.6.8 Piping supports. Piping systems required to be substantially supported and protected against physical damage and excessive stresses arising from settlement, vibration, expansion, contraction, or exposure to fire shall have the support and protection maintained.

5703.6.10 Pipe joints. Joints shall be maintained liquid tight.

C. The following changes shall be made to Section 5704, Storage:

1. Change Sections 5704.1 and 5704.2.5.

5704.1 General. The storage of flammable and combustible liquids in containers and tanks shall be in accordance with this section and the applicable sections of Chapter 50. For tanks subject to 9VAC25-91, Facility and Aboveground Storage Tank (AST) Regulation, and 9VAC25-580, Underground Storage Tanks: Technical Standards and Corrective Action Requirements, see Section 5701.1.1.

5704.2.5 Explosion control. Explosion control shall be maintained in accordance with Chapter 9 and the applicable building code.

2. Delete Sections 5704.2.7.1 through 5704.2.7.3.5.3 and change Section 5704.2.7 to read:

5704.2.7 Maintenance requirements for tanks. Tanks shall be maintained in accordance with NFPA 30. Each tank shall maintain a permanent nameplate or marking indicating the standard used as the basis of design.

3. Change Section 5704.2.7.4 to read:

5704.2.7.4 Emergency venting. Where provided in accordance with the applicable building code, emergency venting for stationary, aboveground tanks shall be maintained.

4. Delete Sections 5704.2.7.5 and 5704.2.7.5.1.

5. Delete Section 5704.2.7.5.3.

6. Delete Sections 5704.2.7.5.5 through 5704.2.7.5.5.2.

7. Delete Sections 5704.2.7.5.7 and 5704.2.7.5.8.

8. Change Section 5704.2.7.6 to read:

5704.2.7.6 Repair, alteration or reconstruction of tanks and piping. The repair, alteration, or reconstruction, including welding, cutting, and hot tapping of storage tanks and piping that have been placed in service shall be in accordance with NFPA 30 and the applicable building code. Hot work, as defined in Section 202, on such tanks shall be conducted in accordance with Section 3510.

9. Delete Sections 5704.2.7.7 through 5704.2.7.9.

10. Delete Sections 5704.2.7.11 through 5704.2.8.3.

11. Change Section 5704.2.8.5 to read:

5704.2.8.5 Anchoring. Vaults and their tanks shall maintain anchoring in accordance with the applicable building code to withstand uplifting by ground water or flooding, including when the tank is empty.

12. Delete Sections 5704.2.8.7 and 5704.2.8.8.

13. Change Section 5704.2.8.9 to read:

5704.2.8.9 Ventilation. Where required by the applicable building code, vaults that contain tanks of Class I liquids provided with an exhaust system shall be operated and maintained in accordance with Section 5004.3

14. Delete Sections 5704.2.8.10 and change Section 5704.2.8.11 to read:

5704.2.8.11 Liquid and vapor detection. Where required by the applicable building code, vaults shall maintain an approved vapor and liquid detection system. Where required by the applicable building code the following arrangements shall be maintained: The system shall be maintained with onsite audible and visual warning devices with battery backup. Vapor detection systems shall be maintained to sound an alarm when the system detects vapors that reach or exceed 25% of the lower explosive limit (LEL) of the liquid stored. Where required, liquid detection systems shall be maintained to sound an alarm upon detection of any liquid, including water. Liquid detectors shall be maintained in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. Where required, activation of either vapor or liquid detection systems shall cause a signal to be sounded at an approved, constantly attended location within the facility serving the tanks or at an approved location. Where required by the applicable building code, activation of vapor detection systems shall also shut off dispenser pumps.

15. Delete Sections 5704.2.8.13 and 5704.2.8.14.

16. Delete Section 5704.2.8.16.

17. Delete Section 5704.2.8.18.

18. Change Sections 5704.2.9 and 5704.2.9.1 to read:

5704.2.9 Aboveground tanks. Aboveground storage of flammable and combustible liquids in tanks shall comply with Section 5704.2 and Sections 5704.2.9.1 through 5704.2.9.7.10. For tanks subject to 9VAC25-91, Facility and Aboveground Storage Tank (AST) Regulation, see Section 5701.1.1.

5704.2.9.1 Existing noncompliant installations. Existing aboveground tanks shall be maintained in accordance with the code requirements that were applicable at the time of installation. Aboveground tanks that were installed in violation of code requirements applicable at the time of installation shall be made code compliant or shall be removed in accordance with Section 5704.2.14.

19. Delete Sections 5704.2.9.2 through 5704.2.9.2.3.

20. Change Section 5704.2.9.3 to read:

5704.2.9.3 Supports, foundations and anchorage. Supports, foundations and anchorages for aboveground tanks shall be maintained in accordance with NFPA 30 and the applicable building code.

21. Change Sections 5704.2.9.4 and 5704.2.9.5 to read:

5704.2.9.4 Stairways, platforms and walkways. Stairways, platforms and walkways shall be maintained in accordance with NFPA 30 and the applicable building code.

5704.2.9.5 Aboveground tanks inside of buildings. Aboveground tanks inside of buildings shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code and Sections 5704.2.9.5.1 and 5704.2.9.5.2.

22. Change Sections 5704.2.9.5.1 and 5704.2.9.5.2 to read:

5704.2.9.5.1 Overfill prevention. Where required by the applicable building code, aboveground tanks storing Class I, II, and IIIA liquids inside buildings shall maintain a device or other means to prevent overflow into the building including: a float valve; a preset meter on the fill line; a valve actuated by the weight of the tank's contents; a low-head pump that is incapable of producing overflow; or a liquid-tight overflow pipe at least one pipe size larger than the fill pipe and discharging by gravity back to the outside source of liquid or to an approved location. Where required, tanks containing Class IIIB liquids and connected to fuel-burning equipment shall maintain a means to prevent overflow into buildings in accordance with Section 5704.2.7.5.8.

5704.2.9.5.2 Fill pipe connection operations. Where required by the applicable building code, fill pipe connections for tanks storing Classes I, II, and IIIA liquids and Class IIIB liquids connected to fuel-burning equipment shall be maintained in accordance with Section 5704.2.9.7.7.

23. Change Section 5704.2.9.6 to read:

5704.2.9.6 Aboveground tanks outside of buildings. Aboveground tanks outside of buildings shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

24. Delete Sections 5704.2.9.6.1 through 5704.2.9.7.3.

25. Delete Section 5704.2.9.7.5.

26. Change Sections 5704.2.9.7.5.2 and 5704.2.9.7.6 to read:

5704.2.9.7.5.2 Determination of available tank capacity. The filling procedure shall require the person filling the tank to determine the gallonage (literage) required to fill it to 90% of capacity before commencing the fill operation.

5704.2.9.7.6 Overfill prevention. Protected aboveground tanks shall not be filled in excess of 95% of their capacity. Where required by the applicable building code, an overfill prevention system shall be maintained for each tank. During tank-filling operations, the system shall comply with one of the following unless otherwise approved in accordance with the applicable building code:

1.The system shall:

1.1.Provide an independent means of notifying the person filling the tank that the fluid level has reached 90% of tank capacity by providing an audible or visual alarm signal, providing a tank level gauge marked at 90% of tank capacity, or other approved means; and

1.2.Automatically shut off the flow of fuel to the tank when the quantity of liquid in the tank reaches 95% of tank capacity. For rigid hose fuel-delivery systems, an approved means shall be provided to empty the fill hose into the tank after the automatic shutoff device is activated.

2.The system shall reduce the flow rate to not more than 15 gallons per minute (0.95 L/s) so that at the reduced flow rate, the tank will not overfill for 30 minutes, and automatically shut off flow into the tank so that none of the fittings on the top of the tank are exposed to product because of overfilling.

27. Delete Sections 5704.2.9.7.8 through 5704.2.10.3.

28. Delete Section 5704.2.10.5.

29. Change Sections 5704.2.11 and 5704.2.11.1 to read:

5704.2.11 Underground tanks. Underground storage of flammable and combustible liquids in tanks shall comply with Section 5704.2 and Sections 5704.2.11.1 through 5704.2.11.4.2. For tanks subject to 9VAC25-580, Underground Storage Tanks: Technical Standards and Corrective Action Requirements, see Section 5701.1.1.

5704.2.11.1 Location. The location of flammable and combustible liquid storage tanks located underground, either outside or under buildings, shall be in accordance with the applicable building code.

30. Delete Section 5704.2.11.2 and change Sections 5704.2.11.3 and 5704.2.11.4 to read:

5704.2.11.3 Overfill protection and prevention systems. Fill pipes shall be equipped with a spill container and, where required by the applicable building code, an overfill prevention system in accordance with NFPA 30.

5704.2.11.4 Leak prevention. Leak prevention for underground tanks shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code and Sections 5704.2.11.4.1 and 5704.2.11.4.2.

31. Change Section 5704.2.11.4.2 to read:

5704.2.11.4.2 Leak detection. Where required by the applicable building code, underground storage tank systems shall maintain an approved method of leak detection from any component of the system that is designed and installed in accordance with NFPA 30.

32. Add the following exception to Section 5704.2.13.1.3 to read:

Exception: Underground storage tanks subject to the Virginia State Water Control Board regulation 9VAC25-580.

33. Change Section 5704.2.12.2 to read:

5704.2.12.2 Testing of underground tanks. Before being covered or placed in use, tanks and piping connected to underground tanks shall be tested for tightness in the presence of the fire code official. Piping shall be tested in accordance with the applicable building code. The system shall not be covered until it has been approved.

34. Change Section 5704.13.1.2 to read:

5704.2.13.1.2 Out of service for 90 days. Underground tanks not used for a period of 90 days shall be safeguarded in accordance with all the following or be removed in accordance with Section 5704.2.14:

1. Flammable or combustible liquids shall be removed from the tank.

2. All piping, including fill line, gauge opening, vapor return and pump connection, shall be capped or plugged and secured from tampering.

3. Vent lines shall remain open and be maintained in accordance with Section 5704.2.7.4.

35. Change Sections 5704.2.13.1.1, 5704.2.13.1.3, and 5704.2.13.1.5 to read:

5704.2.13.1.1 Temporarily out of service. Underground tanks temporarily out of service shall have the fill line, gauge opening, vapor return, and pump connection secure against tampering. Vent lines shall remain open and be maintained in accordance with Sections 5704.2.7.3 and 5704.2.7.4.

Exception: Underground storage tank systems subject to 9VAC25-580, Underground Storage Tanks: Technical Standards and Corrective Action Requirements, that are out-of-service shall comply with the temporary closure requirements of 9VAC25-580-310.

5704.2.13.1.3 Out of service for one year. Underground tanks that have been out of service for a period of one year shall be removed from the ground in accordance with Section 5704.2.14 or abandoned in place in accordance with Section 5704.2.13.1.4.

Exception: Underground storage tank systems subject to 9VAC25-580, Underground Storage Tanks: Technical Standards and Corrective Action Requirements, that are in compliance with the performance standards of 9VAC25-580-50 and 9VAC25-580-60 are allowed to remain temporarily closed for a period of more than one year in accordance with 9VAC25-580-310 as part of the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality's program.

5704.2.13.1.5 Reinstallation of underground tanks. Tanks that are to be reinstalled for flammable or combustible liquid service shall be approved by the building official.

36. Change Section 5704.3 to read:

5704.3 Container and portable tank storage. Storage of flammable and combustible liquids in closed containers that do not exceed 60 gallons (227 L) in individual capacity and portable tanks that do not exceed 660 gallons (2498 L) in individual capacity, and limited transfers incidental thereto, shall comply with Sections 5704.3.1 through 5704.3.8.4.

37. Change Section 5704.3.3.5 to read:

5704.3.3.5 Shelf storage. Shelving shall be of approved construction, adequately braced and anchored. Seismic requirements shall be in accordance with the applicable building code.

38. Delete Section 5704.3.3.5.2 and change Section 5704.3.3.5.1 to read:

5704.3.3.5.1 Use of wood. Wood of at least 1 inch (25 mm) nominal thickness is allowed to be used as shelving, racks, dunnage, scuffboards, floor overlay, and similar installations.

39. Change Section 5704.3.3.6 to read:

5704.3.3.6 Rack storage. Where storage on racks is allowed by the applicable building code and elsewhere in this code, a minimum 4-foot-wide (1219 mm) aisle shall be maintained between adjacent rack sections and any adjacent storage of liquids unless otherwise approved by the applicable building code. Main aisles shall be a minimum of 8 feet (2438 mm) wide unless otherwise approved by the applicable building code.

40. Change Section 5704.3.4 to read:

5704.3.4 Quantity limits for storage. Liquid storage quantity limitations comply with Sections 5704.3.4.1 through 5704.3.4.4 and the applicable building code.

41. Change Section 5704.3.4.1 to read:

5704.3.4.1 Maximum allowable quantity per control area. For occupancies other than Group M wholesale and retail sales uses, indoor storage of flammable and combustible liquids exceeding the maximum allowable quantities per control area indicated in the applicable building code or the additional limitations set forth in this section shall be approved by the Building Official in accordance with the applicable building code.

For Group M occupancy wholesale and retail sales uses, indoor storage of flammable and combustible liquids shall not exceed the maximum allowable quantities per control area indicated in the applicable building code unless approved by the Building Official in accordance with the applicable building code.

Storage of hazardous production material flammable and combustible liquids in Group H-5 occupancies shall be in accordance with Chapter 27 and the applicable building code.

42. Delete Table 5704.3.4.1.

43. Change Sections 5704.3.4.2 through 5704.3.4.4 to read:

5704.3.4.2 Occupancy quantity limits. The following limits for quantities of stored flammable or combustible liquids shall not be exceeded unless approved by the Building Official in accordance with the applicable building code:

1. Group A occupancies: Quantities in Group A occupancies shall not exceed that necessary for demonstration, treatment, laboratory work, maintenance purposes, and operation of equipment and shall not exceed quantities set forth in the applicable building code.

2. Group B occupancies: Quantities in drinking, dining, office, and school uses within Group B occupancies shall not exceed that necessary for demonstration, treatment, laboratory work, maintenance purposes, and operation of equipment and shall not exceed quantities set forth in the applicable building code.

3. Group E occupancies: Quantities in Group E occupancies shall not exceed that necessary for demonstration, treatment, laboratory work, maintenance purposes, and operation of equipment and shall not exceed quantities set forth in the applicable building code.

4. Group F occupancies: Quantities in dining, office, and school uses within Group F occupancies shall not exceed that necessary for demonstration, laboratory work, maintenance purposes, and operation of equipment and shall not exceed quantities set forth in the applicable building code.

5. Group I occupancies: Quantities in Group I occupancies shall not exceed that necessary for demonstration, laboratory work, maintenance purposes, and operation of equipment and shall not exceed quantities set forth in the applicable building code.

6. Group M occupancies: Quantities in dining, office, and school uses within Group M occupancies shall not exceed that necessary for demonstration, laboratory work, maintenance purposes, and operation of equipment and shall not exceed quantities set forth in the applicable building code. The maximum allowable quantities for storage in wholesale and retail sales areas shall be in accordance with Section 5704.3.4.1.

7. Group R occupancies: Quantities in Group R occupancies shall not exceed that necessary for maintenance purposes and operation of equipment and shall not exceed quantities set forth in the applicable building code.

8. Group S occupancies: Quantities in dining and office uses within Group S occupancies shall not exceed that necessary for demonstration, laboratory work, maintenance purposes, and operation of equipment and shall not exceed quantities set forth in the applicable building code.

5704.3.4.3 Quantities exceeding limits for control areas. Where required by the applicable building code, quantities exceeding those allowed in control areas set forth in Section 5704.3.4.1 shall be in liquid storage rooms or liquid storage warehouses approved by the Building Official in accordance with Sections 5704.3.7, 5704.3.8, and the applicable building code.

5704.3.4.4 Liquids for maintenance and operation of equipment. In all occupancies, quantities of flammable and combustible liquids in excess of 10 gallons (38 L) used for maintenance purposes and the operation of equipment shall be stored in liquid storage cabinets in accordance with Section 5704.3.2. Quantities not exceeding 10 gallons (38 L) are allowed to be stored outside of a cabinet when in approved containers located in private garages or other approved locations.

44. Change Section 5704.3.5 to read:

5704.3.5 Storage in control areas. Storage of flammable and combustible liquids in control areas shall be in accordance with Sections 5704.3.5.1 through 5704.3.5.4.

45. Change Section 5704.3.5.1 to read:

5704.3.5.1 Basement storage. Classes I, II, and IIIA liquids shall be allowed to be stored in basements in amounts not exceeding the maximum allowable quantity per control area for use-open systems when approved by the Building Official in accordance with the applicable building code.

46. Change Section 5704.3.6.2 to read:

5704.3.6.2 Container capacity. Containers for Class I liquids shall not exceed a capacity of 5 gallons (19 L).

Exception: Metal containers not exceeding 55 gallons (208 L) are allowed to store up to 240 gallons (908 L) of the maximum allowable quantity per control area of Classes IB and IC liquids in a control area. The building shall be equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with the applicable building code. The containers shall be provided with plastic caps without cap seals and shall be stored upright. Containers shall not be stacked or stored in racks and shall not be located in areas accessible to the public.

47. Change Section 5704.3.7.1 to read:

5704.3.7.1 General. Quantities of liquids exceeding those set forth in the applicable building code for storage in control areas shall be stored in a liquid storage room complying with the applicable building code.

48. Change Section 5704.3.7.2.2 to read:

5704.3.7.2.2 Separation and aisles. Unless otherwise approved in accordance with the applicable building code, separation and aisles shall comply with this section.

Piles shall be separated from each other by at least 4-foot (1219 mm) aisles. Aisles shall be provided so that all containers are 20 feet (6096 mm) or less from an aisle. Where the storage of liquids is on racks, a minimum 4-foot-wide (1219 mm) aisle shall be provided between adjacent rows of racks and adjacent storage of liquids. Main aisles shall be a minimum of 8 feet (2438 mm) wide.

Additional aisles shall be maintained for access to doors, required windows and ventilation openings, standpipe connections, mechanical equipment, and switches. Such aisles shall be at least 3 feet (914 mm) in width, unless greater widths are required for separation of piles or racks, in which case the greater width shall be provided.

49. Change Sections 5704.3.7.3 through 5704.3.7.5 to read:

5704.3.7.3 Spill control and secondary containment. Where provided or required by the applicable building code, liquid storage rooms shall maintain spill control and secondary containment in accordance with Section 5004.2 and the applicable building code.

5704.3.7.4 Ventilation. Where provided or required by the applicable building code, liquid storage rooms shall be ventilated in accordance with Section 5004.3 and the applicable building code.

5704.3.7.5 Fire protection. Fire protection for liquid storage rooms shall comply with the applicable building code and Sections 5704.3.7.5.1 and 5704.3.7.5.2.

50. Change Section 5704.3.7.5.1 to read:

5704.3.7.5.1 Fire-extinguishing systems for liquid storage rooms shall be maintained in accordance with Chapter 9 and the applicable building code.

51. Change Sections 5704.3.8 and 5704.3.8.1 to read:

5704.3.8 Liquid storage warehouses. Buildings used for storage of flammable or combustible liquids in quantities exceeding those set forth in Section 5704.3.4 for control areas and Section 5704.3.7 for liquid storage rooms shall be approved by the Building Official in accordance with the applicable building code.

5704.3.8.1 Quantities and storage arrangement. The total quantities of liquids in a liquid storage warehouse shall not be limited unless otherwise limited by the applicable building code. Unless otherwise approved by the applicable building code, the arrangement of storage shall be in accordance with Table 5704.3.6.3(2) or 5704.3.6.3(3).

52. Change Sections 5704.3.8.1.1 and 5704.3.8.1.2 to read:

5704.3.8.1.1 Mixed storage. Mixed storage shall be in accordance with Section 5704.3.7.2.1 unless otherwise required by the applicable building code.

5704.3.8.1.2 Separation and aisles. Separation and aisles shall be in accordance with Section 5704.3.7.2.2 unless otherwise required by the applicable building code.

53. Change Sections 5704.3.8.2 through 5704.3.8.4 to read:

5704.3.8.2 Spill control and secondary containment. Liquid storage warehouses shall maintain spill control and secondary containment as set forth in Section 5004.2 and the applicable building code.

5704.3.8.3 Ventilation. Ventilation for liquid storage warehouses storing containers greater than 5 gallons (19 L) in capacity shall be operated and maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

5704.3.8.4 Fire extinguishing systems. Automatic sprinkler systems for liquid storage warehouses shall be maintained in accordance with Chapter 9 and the applicable building code.

54. Change Section 5704.3.8.5 to read:

5704.3.8.5 Warehouse hose lines. Where provided or required by the applicable building code, in liquid storage warehouses either 1 1/2-inch (38 mm) lined or 1-inch (25 mm) hard rubber hand hose lines shall be maintained in sufficient number to reach all liquid storage areas and shall be maintained in accordance with Chapter 9.

55. Change Section 5704.4.3 to read:

5704.4.3 Spill control and secondary containment. Where provided in accordance with the applicable building code, spill control and secondary containment for storage areas shall be maintained in accordance with Section 5703.4 and the applicable building code.

Exception:

Containers stored on approved containment pallets in accordance with Section 5004.2.3 and containers stored in cabinets and lockers with integral spill containment.

56. Change Section 5704.4.7 to read:

5704.4.7 Weather protection. Weather protection for outdoor storage shall be maintained in accordance with Section 5004.13.and the applicable building code.

D. The following change shall be made to Section 5705, Dispensing, Use, Mixing and Handling:

1. Change Section 5705.3.6.2.3 to read:

5705.3.6.2.3 Solvent quantity limits. Solvent quantities shall be limited

in accordance with the applicable building code.

2. Change Section 5705.5 to read:

5705.5 Alcohol-based hand rubs classified as Class I or II liquids. The use of wall-mounted dispensers containing alcohol-based hand rubs classified as Class I or II liquids shall be in accordance with all of the following:

1. The maximum capacity of each dispenser shall be 68 ounces (2 L).

2. The minimum separation between dispensers shall be 48 inches (1219 mm).

3. The dispensers shall not be installed above, below, or closer than 1 inch (25 mm) to an electrical receptacle, switch, appliance, device or other ignition source. The wall space between the dispenser and the floor or intervening countertop shall be free of electrical receptacles, switches, appliances, devices or other ignition sources.

4. Dispensers shall be mounted so that the bottom of the dispenser is not less than 42 inches (1067 mm) and not more than 48 inches (1219 mm) above the finished floor.

5. Dispensers shall not release their contents except when the dispenser is manually activated. Facilities shall be permitted to install and use automatically activated "touch free" alcohol-based hand-rub dispensing devices with the following requirements:

5.1. The facility or persons responsible for the dispensers shall test the dispensers each time a new refill is installed in accordance with the manufacturer's care and use instructions.

5.2. Dispensers shall be designed and must operate in a manner that ensures accidental or malicious activations of the dispensing device are minimized. At a minimum, all devices subject to or used in accordance with this section shall have the following safety features:

5.2.1. Any activations of the dispenser shall only occur when an object is placed within 4 inches (98 mm) of the sensing device.

5.2.2. The dispenser shall not dispense more than the amount required for hand hygiene consistent with label instructions as regulated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (USFDA).

5.2.3. An object placed within the activation zone and left in place will cause only one activation.

6. Storage and use of alcohol-based hand rubs shall be in accordance with the applicable provisions of Sections 5704 and 5705.

7. Dispensers installed in occupancies with carpeted floors shall only be allowed in smoke compartments or fire areas equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with NFPA 13 or NFPA 13R or the applicable building code.

3. Change Section 5705.5.1 to read:

5705.5.1 Corridor installations. Where wall-mounted dispensers containing alcohol-based hand rubs are installed in corridors, they shall be in accordance with all of the following:

1. Level 2 and 3 aerosol containers shall not be allowed in corridors.

2. The maximum capacity of each Class I or II liquid dispenser shall be 41 ounces (1.21 L) and the maximum capacity of each Level 1 aerosol dispenser shall be 18 ounces (0.51 kg).

3. The maximum quantity allowed in a corridor within a control area shall be 10 gallons (37.85 L) of Class I or II liquids or 1,135 ounces (32.2 kg) of Level 1 aerosols, or a combination of Class I or II liquids and Level 1 aerosols not to exceed, in total, the equivalent of 10 gallons (37.85 L) or 1,135 ounces (32.2 kg) such that the sum of the ratios of the liquid and aerosol quantities divided by the allowable quantity of liquids and aerosols, respectively, shall not exceed one.

4. The minimum corridor width shall be 72 inches (1829 mm).

5. Projections into a corridor shall be in accordance with the applicable building code.

E. The following changes shall be made to Section 5706, Special Operations:

1. Change Section 5706.2.4.2 to read:

5706.2.4.2 Vents. Tanks shall be provided with a method of normal and emergency venting. Normal vents shall be in accordance with the applicable building code.

Emergency vents shall be in accordance with Section 5704.2.7.4. Emergency vents shall be arranged to discharge in a manner that prevents localized overheating or flame impingement on any part of the tank in the event that vapors from such vents are ignited.

2. Change Section 5706.2.6 to read:

5706.2.6 Spill control drainage control and diking. Where provided or required by the applicable building code indoor storage and dispensing areas shall be maintained with spill control and drainage control as set forth in Section 5703.4. Where provided or required by the applicable building code, outdoor storage areas shall be maintained with drainage control or diking as set forth in Section 5704.2.10.

3. Change Section 5706.3.3 to read:

5706.3.3 Sumps. Sumps associated with wells shall comply with Sections 5706.3.3.1 through 5706.3.3.3.

4. Delete Sections 5706.3.3.1 and change Section 5706.3.3.3 to read:

5706.3.3.3 Security. Sumps, diversion ditches, and depressions used as sumps shall be securely fenced or covered.

5. Change Sections 5706.4.1, 5706.4.2, 5706.4.4, 5706.4.7.6, and 5706.4.9 to read:

5706.4.1 Building construction. Buildings shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

5706.4.2 Means of egress. Rooms in which liquids are stored, used, or transferred by pumps shall have means of egress maintained in accordance with Chapter 10 and the applicable building code to prevent occupants from being trapped in the event of fire.

5706.4.4 Ventilation. Ventilation for rooms, buildings and enclosures in which Class I liquids are pumped, used or transferred shall be operated and maintained in accordance with the applicable building code. When natural ventilation is inadequate, mechanical ventilation shall be provided in accordance with the applicable building code.

5706.4.7.6 Piping, valves and fittings. Piping, valves and fittings shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

5706.4.9 Drainage control. Loading and unloading areas shall be maintained with drainage control in accordance with Section 5704.2.10 and the applicable building code.

6. Change Sections 5706.4.10, 5706.5.1.2, 5706.5.1.3, 5706.5.1.5, 5706.5.1.6, 5706.8.1, 5706.8.3, and 5706.8.5 to read:

5706.4.10 Fire protection. Fire protection for bulk plants or terminals shall be maintained in accordance with Chapter 9, Sections 5706.4.10.1 through 5706.4.10.4, and the applicable building code.

5706.5.1.2 Weather protection canopies. Where weather protection canopies are provided, they shall be approved by the Building Official and maintained in accordance with Section 5004.13 and the applicable building code.

5706.5.1.3 Ventilation. Ventilation shall be operated and maintained to prevent accumulation of vapors in accordance with the applicable building code.

5706.5.1.5 Spill control and secondary containment. Areas where transfer operations are located shall be maintained with spill control and secondary containment in accordance with the applicable building code.

5706.5.1.6 Fire protection. Fire protection shall be maintained in accordance with Chapter 9, Section 5703.2, and the applicable building code.

5706.8.1 Over-pressure or vacuum protection. Tanks and equipment shall have independent venting for over-pressure or vacuum conditions that might occur from malfunction of the vapor recovery or processing system.

Exception: For tanks, venting shall comply with the applicable building code.

5706.8.3 Vapor collection systems and overfill protection. The operation of the vapor collection system and overfill protection shall be in accordance with this section and Section 19.5 of NFPA 30.

5706.8.5 Overfill protection. Storage tanks served by vapor recovery or processing systems shall be equipped with overfill protection in accordance with the applicable building code.

7. Change Section 5707.1 and delete Sections 5707.1.1 through 5707.6.3.

Section 5707.1 to read:

5707.1 Mobile fueling operations. Delivery of Classes I, II, and III liquids to the fuel tank of a highway vehicle from a tank vehicle, a tank carried on a vehicle, or a nonportable container is prohibited.

Exceptions:

1. The refueling of highway vehicles in an emergency.

2. The refueling of vehicles in compliance with Sections 5706.5.4.1 through 5706.5.4.5.

3. Vehicles used for farm operations and machinery.

Statutory Authority

§ 27-97 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 30, Issue 16, eff. July 14, 2014; amended, Virginia Register Volume 34, Issue 18, eff. October 16, 2018; Volume 37, Issue 14, eff. July 1, 2021.

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