Administrative Code

Creating a Report: Check the sections you'd like to appear in the report, then use the "Create Report" button at the bottom of the page to generate your report. Once the report is generated you'll then have the option to download it as a pdf, print or email the report.

Virginia Administrative Code
Title 13. Housing
Agency 5. Department of Housing and Community Development
Chapter 51. Virginia Statewide Fire Prevention Code
4/1/2020

13VAC5-51-151. Ifc Chapter 57 Flammable and Combustible Liquids.

A. The following changes shall be made to Section 5701, General:

1. Add Section 5701.1.1 to read:

5701.1.1 Other regulations. Provisions of the Virginia State Water Control Board regulations 9VAC25-91 and 9VAC25-580 addressing the maintenance and operational aspects of underground and aboveground storage tanks subject to those regulations are hereby incorporated by reference to be an enforceable part of this code. Where differences occur between the provisions of this code and the incorporated provisions of the State Water Control Board regulations, the provisions of the State Water Control Board regulations shall apply.

Note: For requirements for the installation, repair, upgrade and closure of such tanks, see Section 414.6.2 of the USBC, Part I, Construction.

2. Change Section 5701.2 to read:

(N)5701.2 Applicability. This chapter shall apply to the maintenance and operation of flammable and combustible liquids.

3. Delete Section 5701.3.

4. Change Section 5701.4 to read:

5701.4 Permits. Permits shall be required as set forth in Section 107.2.

B. The following changes shall be made to Section 5703, General Requirements:

1. Change Sections 5703.1 and 5703.1.1 to read:

(N)5703.1 Electrical. Electrical wiring and equipment shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

(N)5703.1.1 Classified locations for flammable liquids. Areas where flammable liquids are stored, handled, dispensed or mixed shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

2. Delete Table 5703.1.1.

3. Change Section 5703.1.2 to read:

(N)5702.1.2 Classified locations for combustible liquids. Areas where Class II or III liquids are heated above their flash points shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

4. Delete Section 5703.1.3.

5. Change Sections 5703.2 and 5703.6 to read:

(N)5703.2 Fire protection. Where provided, fire protection for the storage, use, dispensing, mixing, handling, and onsite transportation of flammable and combustible liquids shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

(N)5703.6 Piping systems. Piping systems, and their component parts, for flammable and combustible liquids shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

6. Delete Sections 5703.6.1 and 5703.6.2.

7. Delete Table 5703.6.2.

8. Delete Sections 5703.6.2.1 and 5703.6.3.

9. Change Section 5703.6.3.1 to read:

(N)5703.6.3.1 Existing piping. Existing piping shall be tested in accordance with the applicable building code where the fire official has reasonable cause to believe that a leak exists.

10. Delete Sections 5703.6.4 through 5703.6.11.

C. The following changes shall be made to Section 5704, Storage:

1. Delete Section 5704.2.5.

2. Delete Sections 5704.2.7 through 5704.2.7.3.5.3.

3. Change Section 5704.2.7.4 to read:

(N)5704.2.7.4 Emergency venting. Where required, emergency venting for stationary, aboveground tanks shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

4. Delete Sections 5704.2.7.5 and 5704.2.7.5.1.

5. Delete Section 5704.2.7.5.3.

6. Delete Sections 5704.2.7.5.5 through 5704.2.7.5.5.2.

7. Delete Sections 5704.2.7.5.7 and 5704.2.7.5.8.

8. Change Section 5704.2.7.6 to read:

(N)5704.2.7.6 Repair, alteration or reconstruction of tanks and piping. Hot work, as defined in Section 202, on storage tanks shall be conducted in accordance with Section 3510.

9. Delete Sections 5704.2.7.7 through 5704.2.7.9.

10. Delete Sections 5704.2.7.11 through 5704.2.8.3.

11. Change Section 5704.2.8.5 to read:

(N)5704.2.8.5 Anchoring. Anchoring for vaults shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

12. Delete Sections 5704.2.8.7 and 5704.2.8.8.

13. Change Section 5704.2.8.9 to read:

(N)5704.2.8.9 Ventilation. Where required, the exhaust system shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

14. Delete Sections 5704.2.8.10 and 5704.2.8.11.

15. Delete Sections 5704.2.8.13 and 5704.2.8.14.

16. Delete Section 5704.2.8.16.

17. Delete Section 5704.2.8.18.

18. Change Sections 5704.2.9 and 5704.2.9.1 to read:

(N)5704.2.9 Aboveground tanks. Aboveground storage of flammable and combustible liquids in tanks shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

(N)5704.2.9.1 Existing noncompliant installations. Existing aboveground tanks shall be maintained in accordance with the code requirements that were applicable at the time of installation.

19. Delete Sections 5704.2.9.2 through 5704.2.9.2.3.

20. Delete Section 5704.2.9.3.

21. Change Sections 5704.2.9.4 and 5704.2.9.5 to read:

(N)5704.2.9.4 Stairways, platforms and walkways. Stairways, platforms and walkways shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

(N)5704.2.9.5 Aboveground tanks inside of buildings. Aboveground tanks inside of buildings shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

22. Delete Sections 5704.2.9.5.1 and 5704.2.9.5.2.

23. Change Section 5704.2.9.6 to read:

(N)5704.2.9.6 Aboveground tanks outside of buildings. Aboveground tanks outside of buildings shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

24. Delete Sections 5704.2.9.6.1 through 5704.2.9.7.3.

25. Delete Section 5704.2.9.7.5.

26. Delete Sections 5704.2.9.7.5.2 and 5704.2.9.7.6.

27. Delete Sections 5704.2.9.7.8 through 5704.2.10.3.

28. Delete Section 5704.2.10.5.

29. Change Sections 5704.2.11 and 5704.2.11.1 to read:

(N)5704.2.11 Underground tanks. Underground storage of flammable and combustible liquids in tanks shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

(N)5704.2.11.1 Location. The location of flammable and combustible liquid storage tanks located underground, either outside or under buildings, shall be in accordance with the applicable building code.

30. Delete Sections 5704.2.11.2 through 5704.2.11.4.

31. Delete Section 5704.2.11.4.2.

32. Add the following exception to Section 5704.2.13.1.3 to read:

Exception: Underground storage tanks subject to the Virginia State Water Control Board regulation 9VAC25-580.

33. Change Section 5704.2.12.2 to read

5704.2.12.2 Testing of underground tanks. Before being covered or placed in use, tanks and piping connected to underground tanks shall be tested for tightness in the presence of the fire code official. Piping shall be tested in accordance with the applicable building code. The system shall not be covered until it has been approved.

34. Change Section 5704.13.1.2 to read:

5704.2.13.1.2 Out of service for 90 days. Underground tanks not used for a period of 90 days shall be safeguarded in accordance with all the following or be removed in accordance with Section 5704.2.14:

1. Flammable or combustible liquids shall be removed from the tank.

2. All piping, including fill line, gauge opening, vapor return and pump connection, shall be capped or plugged and secured from tampering.

3. Vent lines shall remain open and be maintained in accordance with Section 5704.2.7.4.

35. Change Section 5704.2.13.1.5 to read:

(N)5704.2.13.1.5 Reinstallation of underground tanks. Tanks that are to be reinstalled for flammable or combustible liquid service shall be approved by the building official.

36. Change Section 5704.3 to read:

5704.3 Container and portable tank storage. Storage of flammable and combustible liquids in closed containers that do not exceed 60 gallons (227 L) in individual capacity and portable tanks that do not exceed 660 gallons (2498 L) in individual capacity, and limited transfers incidental thereto, shall comply with Sections 5704.3.1 through 5704.3.8.4.

37. Change Section 5704.3.3.5 to read:

(N)5704.3.3.5 Shelf storage. Shelving shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

38. Delete Sections 5704.3.3.5.1 and 5704.3.3.5.2.

39. Delete Section 5704.3.3.6.

40. Change Section 5704.3.4 to read:

(N)5704.3.4 Quantity limits for storage. Liquid storage quantity limitations shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

41. Delete Section 5704.3.4.1.

42. Delete Table 5704.3.4.1.

43. Delete Sections 5704.3.4.2 and 5704.3.4.3.

44. Change Section 5704.3.5 to read:

(N)5704.3.5 Storage in control areas. Storage of flammable and combustible liquids in control areas shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

45. Delete Section 5704.3.5.1.

46. Change Section 5704.3.6.2 to read:

5704.3.6.2 Container capacity. Containers for Class I liquids shall not exceed a capacity of 5 gallons (19 L).

Exception: Metal containers not exceeding 55 gallons (208 L) are allowed to store up to 240 gallons (908 L) of the maximum allowable quantity per control area of Classes IB and IC liquids in a control area. The building shall be equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with the applicable building code. The containers shall be provided with plastic caps without cap seals and shall be stored upright. Containers shall not be stacked or stored in racks and shall not be located in areas accessible to the public.

47. Change Section 5704.3.7.1 to read:

(N)5704.3.7.1 General. Quantities of liquids exceeding those set forth in the applicable building code for storage in control areas shall be stored in a liquid storage room complying with the applicable building code.

48. Change Section 5704.3.7.2.2 to read:

(N)5704.3.7.2.2 Separation and aisles. Piles shall be separated from each other in accordance with the applicable building code. Aisles shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

49. Change Sections 5704.3.7.3 through 5704.3.7.5 to read:

(N)5704.3.7.3 Spill control and secondary containment. Liquid storage rooms shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

(N)5704.3.7.4 Ventilation. Ventilation for storage rooms shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

(N)5704.3.7.5 Fire protection. Fire protection for liquid storage rooms shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

50. Delete Section 5704.3.7.5.1.

51. Change Sections 5704.3.8 and 5704.3.8.1 to read:

(N)5704.3.8 Liquid storage warehouses. Liquid storage warehouses shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

(N)5704.3.8.1 Quantities and storage arrangement. The total quantities of liquids in a liquid storage warehouse shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code. The arrangement of storage shall be in accordance with Table 5704.3.6.3(2) or 5704.3.6.3(3).

52. Delete Sections 5704.3.8.1.1 and 5704.3.8.1.2.

53. Change Sections 5704.3.8.2 through 5704.3.8.4 to read:

(N)5704.3.8.2 Spill control and secondary containment. Spill control and secondary containment for liquid storage warehouses shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

(N)5704.3.8.3 Ventilation. Ventilation for liquid storage warehouses storing containers greater than 5 gallons (19 L) in capacity shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

(N)5704.3.8.4 Automatic sprinkler systems. Automatic sprinkler systems for storage warehouses shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

54. Delete Section 5704.3.8.5.

55. Change Section 5704.4.3 to read:

(N)5704.4.3 Spill control and secondary containment. Spill control and secondary containment for storage areas shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

56. Delete Section 5704.4.7.

D. The following change shall be made to Section 5705, Dispensing, Use, Mixing and Handling:

1. Change Section 5705.3.6.2.3 to read:

5705.3.6.2.3 Solvent quantity limits. Solvent quantities shall be limited as follows:

1. Machines without remote solvent reservoirs shall be limited to quantities set forth in Section 5705.3.5.

2. Machines with remote solvent reservoirs using Class I liquids shall be limited to quantities set forth in Section 5705.3.5.

3. Machines with remote solvent reservoirs using Class II liquids shall be limited to 35 gallons (132 L) per machine. The total quantities shall not exceed an aggregate of 240 gallons (908 L) per control area in buildings not equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system and an aggregate of 480 gallons (1817 L) per control area in buildings equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance the applicable building code.

4. Machines with remote solvent reservoirs using Class IIIA liquids shall be limited to 80 gallons (303 L) per machine.

2. Change Section 5705.5 to read:

5705.5 Alcohol-based hand rubs classified as Class I or II liquids. The use of wall-mounted dispensers containing alcohol-based hand rubs classified as Class I or II liquids shall be in accordance with all of the following:

1. The maximum capacity of each dispenser shall be 68 ounces (2 L).

2. The minimum separation between dispensers shall be 48 inches (1219 mm).

3. The dispensers shall not be installed above, below, or closer than 1 inch (25 mm) to an electrical receptacle, switch, appliance, device or other ignition source. The wall space between the dispenser and the floor or intervening countertop shall be free of electrical receptacles, switches, appliances, devices or other ignition sources.

4. Dispensers shall be mounted so that the bottom of the dispenser is not less than 42 inches (1067 mm) and not more than 48 inches (1219 mm) above the finished floor.

5. Dispensers shall not release their contents except when the dispenser is manually activated. Facilities shall be permitted to install and use automatically activated "touch free" alcohol-based hand-rub dispensing devices with the following requirements:

5.1. The facility or persons responsible for the dispensers shall test the dispensers each time a new refill is installed in accordance with the manufacturer's care and use instructions.

5.2. Dispensers shall be designed and must operate in a manner that ensures accidental or malicious activations of the dispensing device are minimized. At a minimum, all devices subject to or used in accordance with this section shall have the following safety features:

5.2.1. Any activations of the dispenser shall only occur when an object is placed within 4 inches (98 mm) of the sensing device.

5.2.2. The dispenser shall not dispense more than the amount required for hand hygiene consistent with label instructions as regulated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (USFDA).

5.2.3. An object placed within the activation zone and left in place will cause only one activation.

6. Storage and use of alcohol-based hand rubs shall be in accordance with the applicable provisions of Sections 5704 and 5705.

7. Dispensers installed in occupancies with carpeted floors shall only be allowed in smoke compartments or fire areas equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with the applicable building code.

3. Delete Section 5705.5.1.

E. The following changes shall be made to Section 5706, Special Operations:

1. Add Section 5706.1.1 to read:

5706.1.1 Mobile fueling operations. Delivery of Class I, Class II, and Class III liquids to the fuel tank of a highway vehicle from a tank vehicle, a tank carried on a vehicle, or a nonportable container is prohibited.

Exceptions:

1. The refueling of highway vehicles in an emergency.

2. The refueling of vehicles in compliance with Sections 5706.5.4.1 through 5706.5.4.5.

3. Vehicles used for farm operations and machinery.

2. Change Section 5706.2.4.2 to read:

5706.2.4.2 Vents. Tanks shall be provided with a method of normal and emergency venting. Normal vents shall be in accordance with the applicable building code.

Emergency vents shall be in accordance with Section 5704.2.7.4. Emergency vents shall be arranged to discharge in a manner that prevents localized overheating or flame impingement on any part of the tank in the event that vapors from such vents are ignited.

3. Change Sections 5706.2.6 and 5706.3.3 to read:

(N)5706.2.6 Spill control drainage control and diking. Outdoor storage areas shall be provided with drainage control or diking as set forth in the applicable building code.

(N)5706.3.3 Sumps. Sumps associated with wells shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

4. Delete Sections 5706.3.3.1 and 5706.3.3.3.

5. Change Sections 5706.4.1, 5706.4.2, 5706.4.4, 5706.4.7.6, and 5706.4.9 to read:

(N)5706.4.1 Building construction. Buildings shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

(N)5706.4.2 Means of egress. Means of egress from rooms in which liquids are stored, used or transferred by pumps shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

(N)5706.4.4 Ventilation. Ventilation for rooms, buildings and enclosures in which Class I liquids are pumped, used or transferred shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

(N)5706.4.7.6 Piping, valves and fittings. Piping, valves and fittings shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

(N)5706.4.9 Drainage control. Loading and unloading areas shall be provided with drainage control in accordance with the applicable building code.

6. Change Sections 5706.4.10, 5706.5.1.2, 5706.5.1.3, 5706.5.1.5, 5706.5.1.6, 5706.8.1, 5706.8.3, and 5706.8.5 to read:

(N)5706.4.10 Fire protection. Fire protection for bulk plants or terminals shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

(N)5706.5.1.2 Weather protection canopies. Where weather protection canopies are provided, they shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

(N)5706.5.1.3 Ventilation. Ventilation shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

(N)5706.5.1.5 Spill control and secondary containment. The spill control and secondary containment system shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

(N)5706.5.1.6 Fire protection. Fire protection shall be maintained in accordance with the applicable building code.

5706.8.1 Over-pressure or vacuum protection. Tanks and equipment shall have independent venting for over-pressure or vacuum conditions that might occur from malfunction of the vapor recovery or processing system.

Exception: For tanks, venting shall comply with the applicable building code.

5706.8.3 Vapor collection systems and overfill protection. The operation of the vapor collection system and overfill protection shall be in accordance with this section and Section 19.5 of NFPA 30.

5706.8.5 Overfill protection. Storage tanks served by vapor recovery or processing systems shall be equipped with overfill protection in accordance with the applicable building code.

Statutory Authority

§ 27-97 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Volume 30, Issue 16, eff. July 14, 2014; amended, Virginia Register Volume 34, Issue 18, eff. October 16, 2018.

Website addresses provided in the Virginia Administrative Code to documents incorporated by reference are for the reader's convenience only, may not necessarily be active or current, and should not be relied upon. To ensure the information incorporated by reference is accurate, the reader is encouraged to use the source document described in the regulation.

As a service to the public, the Virginia Administrative Code is provided online by the Virginia General Assembly. We are unable to answer legal questions or respond to requests for legal advice, including application of law to specific fact. To understand and protect your legal rights, you should consult an attorney.