Administrative Code

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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 13. Housing
Agency 5. Department of Housing And Community Development
Chapter 95. Virginia Manufactured Home Safety Regulations

13VAC5-95-20.  Application and enforcement.

A. This chapter shall apply to manufactured homes as defined in 13VAC5-95-10 and as set out in this section.

B. Enforcement of this chapter shall be in accordance with the federal regulations 24 CFR 3285, 24 CFR 3286, and 24 CFR 3288.

C. Manufactured homes produced on or after June 15, 1976, shall conform to all the requirements of the federal standards, as amended.

D. DHCD is delegated all lawful authority for the enforcement of the federal standards pertaining to manufactured homes by the administrator according to § 36-85.5 of the Code of Virginia. The Division of Building and Fire Regulation of DHCD is designated as a state administrative agency in the HUD enforcement program, and shall act as an agent of HUD. The administrator is authorized to perform the activities required of an SAA by the HUD enforcement plan including investigation, citation of violations, handling of complaints, conducting hearings, supervising remedial actions, monitoring, making such reports as may be required, and seeking enforcement of the civil and criminal penalties established by § 36-85.12 of the Code of Virginia.

E. In accordance with § 36-85.11 of the Code of Virginia, all local building officials are authorized to and shall enforce the provisions of this chapter within the limits of their jurisdiction and shall be responsible for the following:

1. Verify through inspection that a manufactured home displays the required HUD label and data plate;

2. Determine whether the manufactured home has been damaged during transit. If the manufactured home has been damaged, then the local building official is authorized to require tests, in accordance with the federal standards, for tightness of plumbing systems and gas piping and an operational test to ensure that all luminaries and receptacles are operable. If a manufactured home has sustained damage to the structural components, the local building official shall require the appropriate design approval primary inspection agency approval on any repairs or designs;

3. Prevent the use of a manufactured home that in the opinion of the local building official contains a serious defect or imminent safety hazard, and notify the administrator immediately;

4. Notify the administrator of any apparent violations of this chapter, to include defects and noncompliance that occurred during the manufacturing process and any alterations that occurred during installation; and

5. Verify through inspection that the installation is in accordance with the federal installation standards. Where the local building official finds that the installation of the manufactured home is not in accordance with the federal installation standards, the local building official shall order the home to be brought into compliance within a reasonable time. If the order is not complied with, then the local building official shall notify the administrator.

F. In accordance with § 36-85.11 of the Code of Virginia, site preparation, utility connection, and skirting installation for manufactured homes shall meet the requirements of the USBC. In addition, as a requirement of this chapter and the USBC, administrative provisions of the USBC, such as requirements for permits, inspections, and certificates of occupancy, and the specific requirements of § 429 of Part I of the USBC (13VAC5-63-220 L through 13VAC5-63-220 Q), shall also be applicable.

Statutory Authority

§ 36-85.2. et seq. of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 13, Issue 12, eff. April 15, 1997; amended, Virginia Register Volume 30, Issue 25, eff. September 10, 2014; Volume 37, Issue 26, eff. September 16, 2021.

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