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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 14. Insurance
Agency 5. State Corporation Commission, Bureau Of Insurance
Chapter 170. Rules Governing Minimum Standards for Medicare Supplement Policies
11/29/2020

14VAC5-170-120. Loss ratio standards and refund or credit of premium; annual filing; public hearing.

A. 1. Loss ratio standards. A Medicare supplement policy form or certificate form shall not be delivered or issued for delivery unless the policy form or certificate form can be expected, as estimated for the entire period for which rates are computed to provide coverage, to return to policyholders and certificateholders in the form of aggregate benefits (not including anticipated refunds or credits) provided under the policy form or certificate form:

a. At least 75% of the aggregate amount of premiums earned in the case of group policies; or

b. At least 65% of the aggregate amount of premiums earned in the case of individual policies, calculated on the basis of incurred claims experience or incurred health care expenses where coverage is provided by a health maintenance organization on a service rather than reimbursement basis and earned premiums for such period and in accordance with accepted actuarial principles and practices. Incurred health care expenses where coverage is provided by a health maintenance organization shall not include:

(1) Home office and overhead costs;

(2) Advertising costs;

(3) Commissions and other acquisition costs;

(4) Taxes;

(5) Capital costs;

(6) Administrative costs; and

(7) Claims processing costs.

2. All filings of rates and rating schedules shall demonstrate that expected claims in relation to premiums comply with the requirements of this section when combined with actual experience to date. Filings of rate revisions shall also demonstrate that the anticipated loss ratio over the entire future period for which the revised rates are computed to provide coverage can be expected to meet the appropriate loss ratio standards.

3. For policies issued prior to July 30, 1992, expected claims in relation to premiums shall meet:

a. The originally filed anticipated loss ratio when combined with the actual experience since inception;

b. The appropriate loss ratio requirement from subdivisions 1 a and b of this subsection when combined with actual experience beginning with July 1, 1991, to date; and

c. The appropriate loss ratio requirement from subdivisions 1 a and b of this subsection over the entire future period for which the rates are computed to provide coverage.

B. 1. Refund or credit calculation. An issuer shall collect and file with the State Corporation Commission by May 31 of each year the data contained in the applicable reporting form contained in Appendix A for each type in a standard Medicare supplement benefit plan.

2. If on the basis of the experience as reported the benchmark ratio since inception (ratio 1) exceeds the adjusted experience ratio since inception (ratio 3), a refund or credit calculation is required. The refund calculation shall be done on a statewide basis for each type in a standard Medicare supplement benefit plan. For purposes of the refund or credit calculation, experience on policies issued within the reporting year shall be excluded.

3. For the purposes of this section, for policies or certificates issued prior to July 30, 1992, the issuer shall make the refund or credit calculation separately for all individual policies (including all group policies subject to an individual loss ratio standard when issued) combined and all other group policies combined for experience after April 28, 1996.

4. A refund or credit shall be made only when the benchmark loss ratio exceeds the adjusted experience loss ratio and the amount to be refunded or credited exceeds a de minimis level. The refund shall include interest from the end of the calendar year to the date of the refund or credit at a rate specified by the Secretary, but in no event shall it be less than the average rate of interest for 13-week Treasury notes. A refund or credit against premiums due shall be made by September 30 following the experience year upon which the refund or credit is based.

C. Annual filing of premium rates. An issuer of Medicare supplement policies and certificates issued before or after July 30, 1992, in this Commonwealth shall file annually its rates, rating schedule, and supporting documentation including ratios of incurred losses to earned premiums by policy duration for approval by the State Corporation Commission in accordance with the filing requirements and procedures prescribed by the State Corporation Commission. The supporting documentation shall also demonstrate in accordance with actuarial standards of practice using reasonable assumptions that the appropriate loss ratio standards can be expected to be met over the entire period for which rates are computed. The demonstration shall exclude active life reserves. An expected third-year loss ratio which is greater than or equal to the applicable percentage shall be demonstrated for policies or certificates in force less than three years. The supporting documentation shall also include a certification by a qualified actuary that to the best of the actuary's knowledge and judgment, the following items are true with respect to the filing:

1. The assumptions present the actuary's best judgment as to the reasonable value for each assumption and are consistent with the issuer's business plan at the time of the filing;

2. The anticipated lifetime loss ratio, future loss ratios, and except for policies issued prior to July 30, 1992, third-year loss ratios all exceed the applicable ratio;

3. Except for policies issued prior to July 30, 1992, the filed rates maintain the proper relationship between policies which had different rating methodologies;

4. The filing was prepared based on the current standards of practices as promulgated by the Actuarial Standards Board, including the data quality standard of practice, as described at www.actuary.org;

5. The filing is in compliance with the applicable laws and regulations in this Commonwealth; and

6. The premiums are reasonable in relation to the benefits provided.

As soon as practicable, but prior to the effective date of enhancements in Medicare benefits, every issuer of Medicare supplement policies or certificates in this Commonwealth shall file with the State Corporation Commission, in accordance with the applicable filing procedures of this Commonwealth:

1. a. Appropriate premium adjustments necessary to produce loss ratios as anticipated for the current premium for the applicable policies or certificates. The supporting documents as necessary to justify the adjustment shall accompany the filing.

b. An issuer shall make such premium adjustments necessary to produce an expected loss ratio under the policy or certificate to conform with minimum loss ratio standards for Medicare supplement policies and which are expected to result in a loss ratio at least as great as that originally anticipated in the rates used to produce current premiums by the issuer for the Medicare supplement policies or certificates. No premium adjustment which would modify the loss ratio experience under the policy other than the adjustments described herein shall be made with respect to a policy at any time other than upon its renewal date or anniversary date.

c. If an issuer fails to make premium adjustments acceptable to the State Corporation Commission, the State Corporation Commission may order premium adjustments, refunds or premium credits deemed necessary to achieve the loss ratio required by this section.

2. Any appropriate riders, endorsements or policy forms needed to accomplish the Medicare supplement policy or certificate modifications necessary to eliminate benefit duplications with Medicare. The riders, endorsements or policy forms shall provide a clear description of the Medicare supplement benefits provided by the policy or certificate.

D. Public hearings. The State Corporation Commission may conduct a public hearing to gather information concerning a request by an issuer for an increase in a rate for a policy form or certificate form issued before or after July 30, 1992, if the experience of the form for the previous reporting period is not in compliance with the applicable loss ratio standard. The determination of compliance is made without consideration of any refund or credit for such reporting period. Public notice of the hearing shall be furnished in a manner deemed appropriate by the State Corporation Commission.

Statutory Authority

§§ 12.1-13 and 38.2-223 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Regulation 35, Case No. INS920112, § 13, eff. July 30, 1992; amended, Volume 12, Issue 17, eff. April 28, 1996; Volume 15, Issue 15, eff. April 26, 1999; Volume 17, Issue 24, eff. September 1, 2001; Volume 19, Issue 04, eff. October 24, 2002; Volume 21, Issue 25, eff. August 15, 2005.

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