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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 14. Insurance
Agency 5. State Corporation Commission, Bureau of Insurance
Chapter 270. Rules Governing Annual Financial Reporting

14VAC5-270-40. Definitions.

The following words and terms when used in this chapter shall have the following meanings, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

"Accountant" or "independent certified public accountant" means an independent certified public accountant or accounting firm in good standing with the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) and in all states in which the accountant or firm is licensed to practice; for Canadian and British companies, it means a Canadian-chartered or British-chartered accountant.

"Affiliate" of a specific person or a person "affiliated" with a specific person means a person that directly or indirectly through one or more intermediaries, controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with the specific person.

"Audit Committee" means a committee (or equivalent body) established by the board of directors of an entity for the purpose of overseeing the accounting and financial reporting processes of an insurer or group of insurers, the internal audit function of an insurer or group of insurers (if applicable), and external audits of financial statements of the insurer or group of insurers. The Audit Committee of an entity that controls a group of insurers may be deemed to be the Audit Committee for one or more of these controlled insurers solely for the purposes of this chapter at the election of the controlling person. If an Audit Committee is not designated by the insurer, the insurer's entire board of directors shall constitute the Audit Committee.

"Audited Financial Report" means and includes those items specified in 14VAC5-270-60.

"Commission" means the State Corporation Commission when acting pursuant to or in accordance with Title 38.2 of the Code of Virginia.

"Due date" means (i) June 1 for all domestic insurers; (ii) June 30 for all foreign or alien companies domiciled or entered through a state in which similar law, regulation, or administrative practice provides for a June 30 filing date; and (iii) for all other insurers, the earlier of June 30 or the date established by the insurer's state of domicile or entry for filing similar audited financial reports.

"Group of insurers" means those licensed insurers included in the reporting requirements of Article 5 (§ 38.2-1322 et seq.) of Chapter 13 of Title 38.2 of the Code of Virginia, or a set of insurers as identified by an entity's management, for the purpose of assessing the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting.

"Indemnification" means an agreement of indemnity or a release from liability where the intent or effect is to shift or limit in any manner the potential liability of the person or firm for failure to adhere to applicable auditing or professional standards, whether or not resulting in part from knowing or other misrepresentations made by the insurer or its representatives.

"Internal audit function" means a person or persons that provide independent, objective, and reasonable assurance designed to add value and improve an organization's operations and accomplish its objectives by bringing a systematic, disciplined approach to evaluate and improve the effectiveness of risk management, control and governance processes.

"Internal control over financial reporting" means a process effected by an entity's board of directors, management, and other personnel designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of the financial statements and includes those policies and procedures that:

1. Pertain to the maintenance of records that in reasonable detail accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of assets;

2. Provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of the financial statements and that receipts and expenditures are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors; and

3. Provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

"NAIC" means the National Association of Insurance Commissioners.

"RBC" means risk-based capital.

"RBC Level" means a licensee's Company Action Level RBC, Regulatory Action Level RBC, Authorized Control Level RBC, or Mandatory Control Level RBC where:

1. "Company Action Level RBC" means, with respect to any licensee, the product of 2.0 and its Authorized Control Level RBC;

2. "Regulatory Action Level RBC" means the product of 1.5 and its Authorized Control Level RBC;

3. "Authorized Control Level RBC" means the number determined under the risk-based capital formula in accordance with the RBC Instructions; and

4. "Mandatory Control Level RBC" means the product of 0.70 and the Authorized Control Level RBC.

"SEC" means the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.

"Section 404" means Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (15 USC § 7201 et seq.) and the SEC's rules and regulations promulgated thereunder.

"Section 404 report" means management's report on "internal control over financial reporting" as defined by the SEC and the related attestation report of the independent certified public accountant.

"SOX compliant entity" means an entity that either is required to be compliant with, or voluntarily is compliant with, all of the following provisions of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (15 USC § 7201 et seq.): (i) the preapproval requirements of Section 201 (Section 10A(i) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 USC § 78a et seq.)); (ii) the Audit Committee independence requirements of Section 301 (Section 10A(m)(3) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 USC § 78a et seq.)); and (iii) the internal control over financial reporting requirements of Section 404 (Item 308 of SEC Regulation S-K).

"Workpapers" means the records kept by the accountant of the procedures followed, the tests performed, the information obtained, and the conclusions reached pertinent to the accountant's examination of the financial statements of an insurer. Workpapers, accordingly, may include work programs, analyses, memoranda, letters of confirmation and representation, abstracts of company documents, and schedules or commentaries prepared or obtained by the accountant in the course of the examination of the financial statements of an insurer and which support the accountant's opinion thereof.

Statutory Authority

§§ 12.1-13 and 38.2-223 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Regulation 39, Case No. INS910072, § 5, eff. September 1, 1991; amended, Virginia Register Volume 16, Issue 5, eff. January 1, 2000; Volume 19, Issue 21, eff. July 1, 2003; Volume 24, Issue 12, eff. January 1, 2010; Volume 32, Issue 9, eff. January 1, 2016.

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