Administrative Code

Creating a Report: Check the sections you'd like to appear in the report, then use the "Create Report" button at the bottom of the page to generate your report. Once the report is generated you'll then have the option to download it as a pdf, print or email the report.

Virginia Administrative Code
Title 16. Labor And Employment
Agency 15. Department of Labor And Industry
Chapter 60. Regulation Governing On-The-Job Training Programs or Other Training Programs
7/18/2024

16VAC15-60-20. Requirements for job training programs.

Beginning May 1, 2021, an employee enrolled in an established on-the-job or other training program may, for the first 90 calendar days after start of employment, be paid a training wage of not less than the federal minimum wage or 75% of the minimum hourly wage specified at § 40.1-28.10 of the Code of Virginia, whichever is greater, provided the following conditions are met:

1. The employee has been hired in and is receiving training for an occupation in which the employee has no previous similar or related experience;

2. The employer is not utilizing the employee being paid the training wage in a manner that causes, induces, encourages, or assists any displacement or partial displacement of any currently employed worker, including:

a. By displacing any previous recipient of the training wage;

b. By reducing hours of a currently employed worker;

c. By replacing a current or laid off employee with a trainee; or

d. In a manner that replaces, supplants, competes with, or duplicates any approved apprenticeship program;

3. The occupation for which the employee is receiving training must require a sufficient degree of technical skill to necessitate a learning period. The training must not be for the purpose of acquiring manual dexterity and high production speed in repetitive operations;

4. Such a training program must involve either formal instruction or on-the-job training during a period when the learners are entrusted with limited responsibility and are under supervision or guidance;

5. Such a training program shall describe in writing the nature and extent of the instruction and supervision provided;

6. The employer makes a good faith effort to continue to employ the employee after the period of the training wage expires;

7. The employer shall not hire the employee at the training wage unless there is a reasonable expectation that there will be employment, paying at or above the effective minimum wage, for the trainee upon the successful completion of the period of the training wage. The training wage shall not be applied to:

a. Seasonal employees; or

b. Temporary employees; and

8. An employee can only undergo one on-the-job training program or other training program established in accordance with § 40.1-28.10 of the Code of Virginia per employer.

a. A change in employment classification or duties required by the employer of the employee would not allow an employer to place that employee in another on-the-job training program or other training program established in accordance with § 40.1-28.10 of the Code of Virginia.

b. An employee may be placed in another on-the-job training program or other training program established in accordance with § 40.1-28.10 of the Code of Virginia with a subsequent employer so long as placing that employee in the on-the-job training program or other training program established in accordance with § 40.1-28.10 of the Code of Virginia would not violate subdivision 1 of this subsection.

Statutory Authority

§§ 40.1-6 and 40.1-28.10 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived Virginia Register Volume 40, Issue 13, eff. March 13, 2024.

Website addresses provided in the Virginia Administrative Code to documents incorporated by reference are for the reader's convenience only, may not necessarily be active or current, and should not be relied upon. To ensure the information incorporated by reference is accurate, the reader is encouraged to use the source document described in the regulation.

As a service to the public, the Virginia Administrative Code is provided online by the Virginia General Assembly. We are unable to answer legal questions or respond to requests for legal advice, including application of law to specific fact. To understand and protect your legal rights, you should consult an attorney.