Administrative Code

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Virginia Administrative Code
Title 18. Professional And Occupational Licensing
Agency 15. Virginia Board For Asbestos, Lead, And Home Inspectors
Chapter 30. Virginia Lead-Based Paint Activities Regulations
9/26/2021

18VAC15-30-511. Determination of the presence of lead-based paint, a paint-lead hazard, a dust-lead hazard, and a soil-lead hazard.

A. Lead-based paint is present:

1. On any surface that is tested and found to contain lead equal to or in excess of 1.0 milligrams per square centimeter or equal to or in excess of 0.5% by weight; and

2. On any surface like a surface tested in the same room equivalent that has a similar painting history and that is found to be lead-based paint.

B. A paint-lead hazard is present:

1. On any friction surface that is subject to abrasion and where the lead dust levels on the nearest horizontal surface underneath the friction surface (e.g., the window sill or floor) are equal to or greater than the dust hazard levels identified by EPA, pursuant to 15 USC § 2683;

2. On any chewable lead-based paint surface on which there is evidence of teeth marks;

3. Where there is any damaged or otherwise deteriorated lead-based paint on an impact surface that is caused by impact from a related building component (such as a door knob that knocks into a wall or a door that knocks against its door frame); and

4. If there is any other deteriorated lead-based paint in any residential building or child-occupied facility or on the exterior of any residential building or child-occupied facility.

C. A dust-lead hazard is present in a residential dwelling or child-occupied facility:

1. In a residential dwelling on floors and interior window sills when the weighted arithmetic mean lead loading for all single surface or composite samples of floors and interior window sills are equal to or greater than identified by EPA, pursuant to 15 USC § 2683 for floors and interior window sills;

2. On floors or interior window sills in an unsampled residential dwelling in a multi-family dwelling, if a dust-lead hazard is present on floors or interior window sills, respectively, in at least one sampled residential unit on the property; and

3. On floors or interior window sills in an unsampled common area in a multi-family dwelling, if a dust-lead hazard is present on floors or interior window sills, respectively, in at least one sampled common area in the same common area group on the property.

D. A soil-lead hazard is present:

1. In a play area when the soil-lead concentration from a composite play area sample of bare soil is equal to or greater than identified by EPA pursuant to 15 USC § 2683; or

2. In the rest of the yard when the arithmetic mean lead concentration from a composite sample (or arithmetic mean of composite samples) of bare soil from the rest of the yard (i.e., nonplay areas) for each residential building on a property is equal to or greater than identified by EPA pursuant to 15 USC § 2683.

Statutory Authority

§ 54.1-501 of the Code of Virginia.

Historical Notes

Derived from Virginia Register Volume 19, Issue 24, eff. October 1, 2003; Errata 19:26 VA.R. 2926 September 8, 2003.

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